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FUTURE OF PHILIPPINE FORESTRY: TOWARDS SFM OBJECTIVE 2010

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FUTURE OF PHILIPPINE FORESTRY: TOWARDS SFM OBJECTIVE 2010 Society of Filipino foresters, Inc. 56th Anniversary and National Convention 27 to 30 September 2004 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: FUTURE OF PHILIPPINE FORESTRY: TOWARDS SFM OBJECTIVE 2010


1
FUTURE OF PHILIPPINE FORESTRY TOWARDS SFM
OBJECTIVE 2010
Society of Filipino foresters, Inc. 56th
Anniversary and National Convention 27 to 30
September 2004, General Santos City
2
Who relies on trees and forests?
  • 60 million indigenous people living in the
    rainforests of Latin America, Southeast Asia and
    West Africa depend heavily on forests
  • 350 million people living in, or next to, dense
    forests rely on them for subsistence or income
  • 1.2 billion people in developing countries use
    trees on farms to generate food and cash
  • Source International Institute for Environment
    and Development (IIED) in its preparatory work
    for the World summit on sustainable Development
    (Johannesburg 2002)

3
Some Definitions of Sustainable Forest Management
(SFM)
  • Forest resources and forest lands shall be
    managed and used sustainably to fulfill social,
    economic, ecological,, cultural and spiritual
    needs of present and future generations (UNCED,
    Rio de Janeiro, 1992)
  • Process of managing forest lands and resources
    found therein to achieve one or more clearly
    specified objectives of management with regard to
    the production of continuous flow of its inherent
    values and future productivity and without undue
    undesirable effects on the social and physical
    environment (International Tropical Timber
    Organization, ITTO)

4
Executive Order 318 Promoting Sustainable
Forest Management in the Philippines
Policy Sustainable management of forests and
forestlands in watersheds which shall be managed
in a holistic, scientific, rights-based,
technology-based and community-based manner and
observing the principles of multiple-use,
decentralization and devolution, and active
participation of LGUs, synergism of economic,
ecological, social and cultural objectives, and
the rational utilization of all resources found
therein. It shall likewise be the policy to
promote sound, effective and efficient,
globally-competitive and equitable forestry
practices in both public and private domains.
5
Guiding Principles
  • Delineation, Classification and Demarcation of
    State forestlands
  • Holistic, sustainable and Integrated Development
    of Forestry Resources
  • Community-Based Forest Conservation and
    Development
  • Incentives for Enhancing Private Investments,
    Economic Contribution and Global Competitiveness
    of Forest-Based Industries
  • Proper Valuation and Pricing of Forestry
    Resources and Financing SFM
  • Institutional Support for SFM

6
Current Efforts of Government
  • Delineation, Classification and Demarcation of
    State Forestlands
  • a. Forest Boundary delineation
  • b. Land Classification of unclassified
  • c. Identification of production and
    protection forests nationwide
  • d. Issuance of RA for A and D lands

7
Current Efforts of Government
2. Holistic, sustainable and Integrated
Development of Forestry Resources a. ENR Shell
(Framework Plan) b. Philippine Forest Policy
2001 c. Philippine Master Plan for Forest
Development c. Adoption of Watershed Ecosystem
Management (WEM) Framework d. Comprehensive
Management and Development Plans/Multi-Year
Operational Plan c. Urban Forestry
8
Current Efforts of Government
3. Community-Based Forest Conservation and
Development a. CBFM Program/Strategy/Approach
b. CADT/CALT c. Resource Use Permit/Resource
Access Rights d. Joint Ventures with private
investor e. Partnership with LGU/NGO f. CLASP
9
Current Efforts of Government
  • Incentives for Enhancing Private Investments,
    Economic Contribution and Global Competitiveness
    of Forest-Based Industries
  • a. Rationalize/Harmonize policies
  • b. Streamline/simplify permitting system
  • c. Devolution/Deregulation in some areas
  • d. Forest-Based Industry Advisory Council
  • e. Oil Palm Plantation
  • f. Co-management

10
Current Efforts of Government
  • Proper Valuation and Pricing of Forestry
    Resources and Financing SFM
  • a. Environmental Users Fee
  • b. RA 7161
  • c. Environment and Natural Resource
    Accounting (ENRA)
  • d. Revival of Securitization
  • e. Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)

11
Current Efforts of Government
6. Institutional Support for SFM a. Philippine
Environmental governance Project
(EcoGov) b. Good Governance (principles of
transparency, accountability and
participatory decision-making c.
Decentralization, Devolution,
Deregulation, Streamlining d. Strengthening
Partnership/Linkages e. Resource Management
Course (RMC) f. FLUP g. C I
12
Challenges of SFM
DENR as the primary government agency mandated
to pursue the sustainable development and
management of the countrys environment and
natural resources it is generally perceived as
inefficient and ineffective in the delivery of
its desired services to the LGUs and
communities
13
CONCLUSIONS ON CODE- NGO ASSESSMENT
1. QUESTIONS ON RELEVANCE
1.1 NOT ABLE TO ADEQUATELY PROTECT ENVIRONMENT
AND CONSERVE NATURAL RESOURCES. 1.2. NOT ABLE TO
CONTRIBUTE TO NATIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT.
PLUS POINTS ? DEGREE OF EFFORTS MADE.  SOME
IMPROVEMENTS MADE.  REFORMS INITIATED.  NEGAT
IVE POINT ? NO IMPACT.
14
2. QUESTIONS OF CREDIBILITY
2.1. EFFORTS NOT HARD ENOUGH (WEIGH DOWN BY
PERCEIVED VESTED INTERESTS). 2.2. LEVELS OF
CORRUPTION AND INEFFICIENCY DROWNING GOOD
ONES. 2.3. INADEQUATE RESOURCES AND LEGAL
AUTHORITY. 2.4. INCONSISTENT AND UNSTABLE POLICY
ENVIRONMENT.
15
3. QUESTIONS ON VISIBILITY
3.1. NOT AWARE OF DENR EFFORTS. 3.2. DOES NOT
UNDERSTAND DENR EFFORTS.
NOTE HARIBON STUDY LEVEL OF PUBLIC AWARENESS
ON BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION IS 2 OUT OF 10,000
PEOPLE (0.02).
16
HUGE POTENTIALS OF DENR
17
P H I L. F O R E S T C O V E R
18
Forest cover loss 1950 - 1970
19
Forest cover loss 1970 - 1987
20
Status of Philippine Forest
Land Classification (as of Dec.
2002) Timberland- - - - - - - 15,854,922
(52.85) A D- - - - - - - - - - - 14,145,078
(42.15) Forest Cover (as of 2003) Forest- - -
- - - - - - - - 7,168,400 (24) Current data
used - - 5,400,000 (18) Increase in
forest cover - - - - - - - - - - - 1.8 million
hectares
21
Map of the Philippines 30 Million Hectares
Forestlands - 15M ha. (50)
Unclassified - .88M ha. (2.94)
Alienable Disposable 14.12 M ha. (47.06)
22
Ideal Ecological Land Balance or Ratio
60 per cent as A and D - - - - 18 million
has. 40 per cent forest cover- - - - 12 million
has. Deficit - - - - - 7.2 (24)- - - - 4.8
million has. (16) 5.4 (18)- -
- - 6.6 million has. (22)
23
Forestry Sector Problem Tree
24
Challenges to SFM in the Philippines
  • Effects of globalization both positive and
    negative, i.e. forest policies, liberalization of
    capital movements, corporate environmental
    management
  • Need for an institutionalized and legislated
    long-term policy on SFM
  • Forests for reducing poverty
  • Redefinition of roles of major stakeholders like
    DENR, LGUs, communities, private sector
  • Movement from Forest Management to Forest
    Governance
  • Reengineering and Retooling the Bureaucracy

25
Challenges to Filipino Foresters
  • New Mindset ---local to global
  • forest to ecosystem
  • trees to forest
  • needs to rights
  • regulation to development forests
    for people
  • forests for the planet

26
Challenges to Filipino Foresters
  • Professional Foresters
  • increasing importance of
    biodiversity
  • ICT, GIS, data base
  • integrated ecosystems
  • urban forestry
  • knowledge-sharing and capacity
    building
  • new technologies

27
Challenges to Filipino Foresters
  • Private-Public Sector Dynamics
  • increasing importance of
    private forests or trees
    outside forests
  • accountability of resource
    users
  • fundamental right of indigenous
    people
  • mainstreaming stakeholders
  • integrating forestry in rural
    and local development
  • Forest Certification

28
Mabuhay ang mga Foresters Maraming Salamat
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