Research Translation and Dissemination: CDC Initiatives and Activities - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Research Translation and Dissemination: CDC Initiatives and Activities PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 4aac7a-YzFhM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Research Translation and Dissemination: CDC Initiatives and Activities

Description:

The South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control developed a 5-year Strategic Plan ... Disease Control and Prevention ... Communicable Disease ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:93
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 54
Provided by: cdc65
Learn more at: http://www.gswi.org
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Research Translation and Dissemination: CDC Initiatives and Activities


1
Research Translation and Dissemination CDC
Initiatives and Activities
  • Lynda A. Anderson, PhD

Director, Healthy Aging Program Division of Adult
and Community Health National Center for Chronic
Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC
Hartford Geriatric Social Work Scholars
Leadership Conference April 6, 2008
2
Topics for Discussion
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
  • Examples of CDC activities that can help with
    moving science to practice
  • CDCs Healthy Aging Program
  • Examples of activities that can help with moving
    science to practice

3
Public Health and Medicine
Public Health Medicine
Focus Populations Individuals
Ethic Public service Personal service
Emphasis Prevention, Community Health Promotion Diagnosis treatment, Patient care
Interventions Environment, Behavior, Link to clinical care Medical care
H Fineberg, Harvard School of Public Health, 1990
4
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
5
  • CDC's Mission
  • To promote health and quality of life by
    preventing and controlling disease, injury, and
    disability"  

CDC's History Founded as the Communicable
Disease Center 60th anniversary in 2006
6
(No Transcript)
7
(No Transcript)
8
(No Transcript)
9
(No Transcript)
10
(No Transcript)
11
CDC Activities Select Examples
  • National and state-based surveillance systems
  • Reviews of community-based interventions
  • Research Translation
  • Grants (R 18)
  • Prevention Research Centers

12
National and State-based Surveillance
13
Actual Causes of Death United States, 2000
Leading Causes of Death United States, 2000
Tobacco
Heart Disease
Poor diet/Physical inactivity
Cancer
Alcohol consumption
Stroke
Chronic lower respiratory disease
Microbial agents
Toxic agents
Unintentional Injuries
Motor vehicles
Diabetes
Firearms
Pneumonia/influenza
Alzheimers disease
Sexual behavior
Kidney disease
Illicit drug use
0
5
10
15
20
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Percentage (of all deaths)
Percentage (of all deaths)

Minino AM, et al. Deaths final data for 2000.
National Vital Statistics Reports 2002
50(15)1-120. Mokdad AH, et al. Actual causes
of death in the United States, 2000. JAMA.
2004291(10)1238-1246.
14
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
  • Established in 1984
  • Largest continuously conducted telephone health
    survey in the world
  • 356,112 interviews in 2005
  • Conducted by health departments in all states,
    the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin
    Islands, and Guam

15
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
  • Collects information from adults aged 18 years
    and older
  • Enables the CDC, state health departments, and
    other health and education agencies to monitor
    risk behaviors related to chronic diseases,
    injuries, and death
  • Effective tool in preventing disease and
    promoting health

16
Applications of BRFSS
  • Identify health problems
  • Establish and track health objectives
  • Support health policies and legislation
  • Develop and evaluate public health programs

17
(No Transcript)
18
(No Transcript)
19
Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1990
(BMI ? 30, or 30 lbs overweight for 54 woman)
Source Mokdad A H, et al. J Am Med Assoc
200128610
20
Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1996
(BMI ? 30, or 30 lbs overweight for 54 woman)
Source Mokdad A H, et al. J Am Med Assoc
200128610
21
Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2004
(BMI ? 30, or 30 lbs overweight for 54 woman)
Source Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention, BRFSS, 2004
22
Establish and Track Health Objectives
  • Healthy People 2010 Objectives
  • Chronic Disease Indicators
  • State Goals Objectives

23
(No Transcript)
24
Reviews of Community-based Interventions
25
Evidence-based Reviews
www.thecommunityguide.org
26
Guide to Community Preventive Services
  • U.S. Community Preventive Services Task Force
    Appointed by CDC Director in 1996
  • Non-Federal independent task force of experts in
    multiple relevant disciplines
  • Epidemiology
  • Public health practice
  • Behavioral sciences
  • Evidence-based public health

27
Community Guide
  • Provides information about high-priority
    interventions in high-priority areas
  • More than 175 evidence-based findings
  • Provides information on key health, proxy, or
    behavioral outcomes
  • Includes economic analysis when available
  • Implementation information is recognized but not
    yet addressed by the Community Guide

28
Community Guide Topics
Environmental Influences Environmental Influences
Sociocultural Environment Sociocultural Environment
Physical Environment Physical Environment
Risk Behaviors Specific Conditions
Tobacco Use Alcohol Abuse/Misuse Other Substance Abuse Poor Nutrition Inadequate Physical Activity Unhealthy Sexual Behaviors Vaccine Preventable Disease Pregnancy Outcomes Violence Motor Vehicle Injuries Depression Cancer Diabetes Oral Health
29
How Do I Locate Findings From the Guide?
  • Publications
  • MMWR Reports Recommendations (RR) series
  • American Journal of Preventive Medicine special
    supplements
  • Website
  • www.thecommunityguide.org

30
Translational Grants and Programs
31
Translation Research Grant
  • "Elimination of Health Disparities through
    Translation Research (R18)"
  • Published in www.grants.com
  • The direct link to the FOA is
  • www.cdc.gov/od/gov/funding/CD08-001.htm
  • Applications are due May 2, 2008
  • Purpose
  • Accelerate the translation of research findings
    into public health practice through
    implementation, dissemination, and diffusion
    research
  • Agency-wide announcement that addresses CDC's
    strategic imperatives and Health Protection Goals

32
  • 1984 Congress authorizes PRC Program
  • Centers to conduct research and dissemination
    related to health promotion and disease
    prevention
  • Located in an academic health centers -- school
    of public health or schools of medicine or
    osteopathy with a preventive residency program
  • Wide range of population groups with incidences
    of diseases most amenable to preventive
    intervention

33
PRC Research Settings
  • Schools
  • Communities
  • Homes
  • Workplaces
  • Healthcare settings
  • Places of worship

34
PRC Health Issues
  • Aging
  • Risks for obesity, heart disease,
  • and cancer
  • Health conditions such as asthma
  • and arthritis
  • Prevention of HIV/AIDS
  • Oral Health
  • Vision and hearing impairment

35
PRC Strengths
  • Build relationships with underserved communities
  • Utilize a community-based participatory research
    approach (CBPR)
  • Produce quality research and move effective
    intervention into practice
  • Offer training to colleagues
  • Special Interest Projects

36
Prevention Research Centers 2004 - 2009
University of Rochester
University of
Washington at Seattle
University of
State University of New York at Albany
Minnesota
University
of Illinois
at Chicago
Oregon Health and Sciences University
University of
Michigan
West Virginia
Harvard University
University
Boston University
Yale University
University of Iowa
Columbia University
University of Pittsburgh
University of
The Johns Hopkins
California
University
University of
at Berkeley
Colorado
St. Louis
University
University of
University of
University
California
North Carolina at
of
San Diego State University
at Los Angeles
University of
Chapel Hill
Oklahoma
New Mexico
University of
South Carolina
University of
Texas AM University
Morehouse
Arizona
School of
Medicine
University Of Texas HSC, Houston
University of
Tulane
Alabama at
Emory University
University
Birmingham
University of
South Florida
37

Healthy Aging Program
www.cdc.gov/prc
38
Healthy Aging Program
  • Division of Adult and Community Health,
  • National Center for Chronic Disease and
  • Health Promotion

39
Healthy Aging Program
  • Healthy Aging Program
  • Data into action
  • Link public health and aging networks
  • Promote research translation
  • Healthy Brain Initiative (Alzheimers segment)

40
Healthy Aging Program Activities Select Examples
  • Turning data into action
  • Promote research translation

41
Data into Action
42
The State of Aging and Health in America Reports
43
Report Data
  • National level
  • 15 key indicators
  • BRFSS
  • National Hospital Discharge Survey
  • Measures progress made toward Healthy People
    targets
  • State level
  • 14 key indicators (no hip fracture
    hospitalizations)
  • BRFSS
  • State-by-state comparison for each indicator

44
Key Indicators
  • Preventive Care Screening
  • Flu vaccine in the past year
  • Ever had pneumonia vaccine
  • Mammogram in past two years
  • Colorectal cancer screening
  • Cholesterol screening
  • Up-to-date on select preventive
    services (men women)
  • Injury
  • Hip fracture hospitalization
  • Health Status
  • Physically unhealthy days
  • Frequent mental distress
  • Complete tooth loss
  • Disability
  • Health Risk Behaviors
  • No leisure-time physical activity
  • Eating 5 fruits vegetables daily
  • Obesity
  • Current smoking

45
(No Transcript)
46
Research Translation
47
Healthy Aging Research Network
  • Formed in 2001
  • CDCs Prevention Research Centers Program
  • Mission
  • To better understand the determinants of healthy
    aging
  • To identify interventions that promote healthy
    aging
  • To assist in the translation of research into
    sustainable community-based programs

http//depts.washington.edu/harn/
48
Promoting Translation of Prevention Research
49
Special Interest Projects Examples in Aging
  • PRC Healthy Aging Research Network (PRC HAN)
  • Lead Center plus 9 PRC programs (550,000/year)
  • Evidence-based review of depression interventions
    for older adults (250,000)
  • Evidence-based review of emotional health
    interventions for older adults (150,000)
  • Identification and Development of Prevention
    Opportunities to Promote or Maintain Brain Health
    in Older Adults (250,000/year)
  • Data on the Health of Older Adults at State and
    Local Levels (100,000)

50
  • The RE-AIM model has been successfully used as a
    planning and evaluation framework in many
    different health and lifestyle programs.
  • It is most timely to have RE-AIM applied to
    caregiving issues with examples that will
    resonate with both researchers and practitioners
    . . . .
  • Marcia G. Ory, Ph.D., M.P.H.
  • Texas Healthy Aging Network
  • School of Rural Public Health
  • The Texas AM Health Science Center


51
One of the Centers for Disease Control and
Preventions (CDC) highest priorities is to
efficiently and effectively translate science
into meaningful public health practice,
recognizing this is a reciprocal process.
  • Janet Collins, PhD
  • Director, National Center for Chronic Disease
    Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC

52

www.cdc.gov/aging
53
Research Translation and Dissemination CDC
Initiatives and Activities
  • Lynda A. Anderson, PhD

Director, Healthy Aging Program Division of Adult
and Community Health National Center for Chronic
Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC
Disclaimer The findings and conclusions in this
presentation are those of the author and do not
necessarily represent the official position of
the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
or the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease
Registry.
About PowerShow.com