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Artists Working in the Landscape

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Artists Working in the Landscape Land Art / Earthworks Mario Merz (Italian, 1925-2003) (right) Guggenheim NYC retrospective, 1989, centerpiece: Unreal ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Artists Working in the Landscape


1
Artists Working in the LandscapeLand Art /
Earthworks
2
Michael Heizer (US, b. Berkeley 1944) Double
Negative 1969-70, 24 thousand ton displacement, 2
trenches together are 1,500 feet long, 50 feet
deep, and 30 feet wide Virgin River Mesa,
Nevada"Un-sculpture "There is nothing there,
yet it is still a sculpture. - Michael
Heizer
3
Heizer, Double Negative, aerial view (right)
4
Michael Heizer, City, begun 1970 - ongoing
(photograph 1999), Nevada desert, two miles from
the nearest paved road, funded by Dia and Lannon
Foundation
5
It is interesting to build a sculpture that
attempts to create an atmosphere of awe. -
Michael Heizer
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Teotihuacán, Mexico, between 150 and 450
CECompare Heizers City (below). Artists father
was an archaeologist.
Heizer came up with the idea for City in
1970 when he was in the Yucatan studying the
serpent motif in the ball court at Chichen
Itza. He was 24.
10
Chichen Itzá ballcourt (500-1200 CE), Yucatan,
Mexico
11
http//youtu.be/Se4QlVExLnk
  • Michael Heizer, preliminary sketch for Levitated
    Mass, 2011, LACMA. Installation, March, 2012
    http//lacma.wordpress.com/2012/03/15/levitated-ma
    ss-what-next/

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Robert Smithson (US, 1938-1973), A Nonsite
Franklin, New Jersey, summer, 1968wood,
limestone, aerial photographs, 16 1/2" x 82" x
110(right top and bottom) Chalk and Mirror
Displacement, 1969, 6 mirrors / chalk from quarry
in Oxted, England, each 10"x 5" (overall 10)
15
Robert Smithson (US, 1938-1973) Spiral Jetty,
1970, Great Salt Lake, black rocks, salt
crystals, Dia foundation collection
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Stonehenge, England, over 5000 years old
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Robert Smithson (left) and Donald Judd (right) at
site of Spiral Jetty, 1970Minimalism
Post-Minimalism
21
Nancy Holt (US b. 1938, environmental artist) Sun
Tunnels, exterior and interior view (Sunset on
the Summer Solstice), 1973-76, Great Basin
Desert, Utah Compare (right) Center for Land
Use Interpretation Viewing Area, Nevada, 2006
(commission, Whitney Biennial) http//clui.org/sec
tion/new-center-0
22
Robert Smithson, Floating Island to Travel Around
Manhattan Island (1970/2005) 30-x-90-foot barge
landscaped with earth, rocks, and native trees
and shrubs, towed by a tugboat around the island
of Manhattan, produced by Minetta Brook in
collaboration with the Whitney Museum of American
Art during Smithsons 2005 retrospective.(right)
Smithson, Study for Floating Island, 1970.
pencil on paper. 19? x 24?
23
Ana Mendieta (b. Havana, 1948 d. New York,1985),
Untitled (Facial Hair Transplants), 1972compare
Frida Kahlo, Self-Portrait with Cropped Hair, 1946
24
Mendieta, Untitled (Death of a Chicken), 1972
compare Hermann Nitsch, Viennese Actionism,
First Action, 1962
25
Carl Andre, Equivalent VIII, 1966
Mendieta, Untitled (People Looking at Blood), 1973
26
Ana Mendieta, Untitled (Body Tracks), 1975
27
"I am overwhelmed by the feeling of having been
cast from the womb (nature). My art is the way I
re-establish the bonds that unite me to the
universe."
Mendieta, Untitled (Blood Feathers), 1974
28
Mendieta, (left) Maroya (Moon), 1982 (right)
Untitled (Silueta Series, Iowa), 1979
29
Mendieta, Silueta, 1979
30
Mendieta, Totem Grove Series, 1984-85
(installation Whitney MA, NYC, 2001)
31
Walter de Maria (US, b. 1935) The Broken
Kilometer, 1979, located at 393 West Broadway in
New York City. 500 polished solid brass rods,
each measuring two meters (6.5 feet) in length
and five centimeters (two inches) in diameter.
The 500 rods are placed in five parallel rows of
100 rods each. The sculpture weighs 18 3/4 tons
(right) companion piece De Maria's 1977
Vertical Earth Kilometer at Kassel, Germany, a
permanently installed earth sculpture, a brass
rod of the same diameter, total weight and total
length has been inserted 1,000 meters into the
ground.
32
Walter de Maria, The New York Earth Room,
1977-present, 141 Wooster Street, NYC, interior
earth sculpture, 250 cubic yards of earth, 3,600
square feet of floor space, 22 inch depth of
material,Total weight of sculpture 280,000 lbs
33
Walter de Maria, The Lightning Field, 1974-77,
near Quemado, New Mexico, 400 stainless steel
poles, average height 20' 7 ½" Overall
dimensions 5,280 x 3,300'
34
Mario Merz (Italian, 1925-2003) (right)
Guggenheim NYC retrospective, 1989, centerpiece
Unreal City, Nineteen Hundred Eighty-Nine, 1989
glass, mirror, metal pipes, twigs, rubber, clay,
and clamps, 197 x 504 x 392 in. overall. Arte
Povera
Merz, Giap Igloo, 1968 Metal tubes, wire
mesh, neon tubes, dirt, 910 diameter
35
James Turrell, Roden Crater, near Flagstaff,
Arizona, in progress since 1980 (right) Roden
Crater section plan
36
Turrell, Roden Crater, East Portal Entryway, 2000
37
  • "I wanted to use the very fine qualities of
    light. First of all, moonlight. There's a space
    where you can see your shadow from the light of
    Venus alonethings like this. I also wanted to
    gather starlight that was from outside the
    planetary system, which would be from the sun or
    reflected off of the moon or a planet...you've
    got this older light that's away from the light
    even of our galaxy. So that is light that would
    be at least three and a half billion years old.
    So you're gathering light that's older than our
    solar system."
  • James Turrell

38
James Turrell, Dhatu, 2010
39
Andy Goldsworthy (Scottish, b.1956) Stone River,
stone wall, Stanford University, 2004
40
Andy Goldsworthys global Cairns
Cairn with clay wall, London - temporary
Roof of NYC Metropolitan MA - temporary
La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art - permanent
41
Andy Goldsworthy, Woven bamboo, windy..., Before
the Mirror, 1987, photograph
42
Goldsworthys photographs of art made on his
walks in nature of stones, berries, leaves
http//youtu.be/YkHRZQU6bjI Excerpt from a
highly recommended film on Goldsworthys art
Rivers and Tides, DVD 000134 available in the Sac
State library. You can get extra credit for
watching it.
43
Christo Javacheff, (Bulgarian-American, b.1935),
(top left) Package on Wheelbarrow, 1963, Paris,
New RealistChristo Jeanne Claude (French, b.
1935) (top right) Wrapped Reichstag, Berlin,
197195 (bottom left) The Pont Neuf Wrapped,
197585 (bottom right) Surrounded Islands,
Biscayne Bay, Greater Miami, Florida, 198083.
Christo Javacheff, self-portrait around the time
of his escape from Soviet Bulgaria to Vienna then
Paris in January of 1957
In all of his interviews the artist insists that
his art is a scream for freedom.
44
Christo Javashev, Man Posing, academic study,
pencil on paper, 1953-1956, collection Academy of
Fine Art Gallery in Sofia (right top) Christo
Javashev, Rural Worker, watercolor, 1956 at the
Academy of Fine Art
Soviet Realism, Andrei Milnikovs Peaceful
Fields, won a Stalin prize in 1951
45
Wrapped Coast, Little Bay, Australia, 1968-69
46
Christo Jeanne-Claude, Wrapped Coast, Little
Bay, Australia, 1968-69
47
Christo Jeanne-Claude, Valley Curtain, Rifle,
Colorado, 1970-72 9 tons of orange nylon
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Christo Jeanne-Claude, Running Fence, Sonoma
and Marin Counties 1972-76, September 1976
50
Surrounded Islands, Biscayne Bay, Miami, Florida,
1980-83, May 1983
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Christo and Jeanne-Claude, The Umbrellas,
Japan-U.S.A., 1974-1991
54
Christo and Jeanne-Claude, Umbrellas, Japan
U.S.A., 1984-91
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Christo Jeanne-Claude, 2010, The Gates, 7,500
gates, 23 miles of pedestrian walkways in Central
Park, NYC, a 20-year project. http//youtu.be/z057
rxwJXPo
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