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Title: European Initiatives in the field of


1
European Initiatives in the field of Hydrogen
Safety, Regulations, Codes and Standards

Pisa, Italy, 8-10 September 2005
Angel PEREZ SAINZ European Commission,
Directorate-General Research Marc
STEEN Institute for Energy European Commission,
Directorate-General Joint Research Centre
2
Presentation outline
  • EU energy policy context
  • The EU Framework Programmes (FP) for Research and
    Technology Development
  • Projects on hydrogen safety in FP5 and FP6
  • European Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology
    Platform H2 safety, IG-RCS
  • Energy Research in FP7

3
The European Commission
  • The European Union (EU)
  • a treaty-based political association of European
    countries
  • defines and manages economic and political
    cooperation among its members.
  • From May 1st 2004, the EU includes 25 member
    countries and 450 million people.
  • The European Commission (EC)
  • the executive arm of the EU institutions and
    embodies the general interests of the EU.
  • proposes policies and legislation and implements
    the measures approved by the governments of the
    member states, represented in the European
    Council, and by the European Parliament.
  • Its responsibilities include policy areas such as
    trade, competition, agricultural policy and
    economic development, but also research, public
    health and humanitarian aid.


4
EU Energy Policy Context
5
EU Policy Context
  • Drivers
  • Security of EU energy supply
  • Reduction of EU greenhouse gases and pollutant
    emissions (Kyoto and beyond)
  • Improve EU industrial competitiveness
  • Means
  • Improve energy efficiency, reduce energy
    intensity
  • Increase share of renewable energy
  • Develop diversified energy supply mix

6
Public funding of H2/FC RDDin Europe
  • RDD on H2/FC activities in Europe is funded at
    different levels EU, national and regional.
  • The main instrument for EU funding is the RTDD
    Framework Programme (FP).
  • The overall public budget of EU, national and
    regional programmes is estimated to be more than
    160 Mio per year industry budgets are even
    larger.
  • Up to recently the EU RD efforts were relatively
    dispersed, fragmented and lacking a clear overall
    common strategy
  • Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology Platform
  • Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Coordination (HY-CO) as
    ERA-NET project

7
EU Support to Fuel Cell and Hydrogen RD in
Framework Programmes
275
M
8
FP6 Budget Breakdown for H2/FCs
H2 production
15
JRC
Validation and
5
H2 Storage
demonstration
8
18
H2 distribution
4
Transport applications
Pathways and socio-
(including FC hybrid
economic analysis
vehicles)
9
17
Low Temperature FC-
Safety, RCS
Stationary and portable
basic research
4
applications
8
High Temperature FC -
6
basic research
6
Total EC Contribution 275 M
9
Main dedicated projects on H2 safety RCS in FP5
Project Coordinator Duration (months) EC funding Emphasis
EIHP2 LBST(B) 36 (finished) 2.3 M Input for RCS at EU and global level - safe development of H2 vehicles on roads - refuelling station
ELEDRIVE AVERE (B) 36 (finished) 0.7 M To create synergies at EU level to accelerate the deployment of FC vehicles, including recommendations for legislation and standardisation
FCTESTNET VDI(D)/JRC 36 (about to finish) 2.5 M Development and harmonisation of FC testing protocols
10
Main dedicated projects on H2 safety RCS in FP6
submitted, pending submission for IPHE
recognition
11
  • NoE qualifiers
  • Lasting integration of RD capacities
  • Long-term, multidisciplinary objectives
  • .
  • Main Goals
  • Contribute to a safe transition to a sustainable
    development in Europe by facilitating the safe
    introduction of hydrogen technologies /
    applications
  • Strengthen and focus, integrate fragmented
    research on hydrogen safety ? competitive
    scientific and industrial community
  • Consortium
  • 24 partners from 12 Eur. Countries, 1 from Canada
  • 12 public research organisations, 7 industrial
    partners, 5 universities

12
HySafe Activity Matrix
Risk Control
Distribution
Fires andExplosions
Mitigation
Risk Analysis
RCS
Application
Production
Transport
Refuelling
Street Vehicles
Other Vehicles
Portables
Preliminary Ranking
13
HySafe Action Plan on H2 safety
Risk Control
Distribution
Fires andExplosions
Mitigation
Risk Analysis
RCS
Application
  • Outcome
  • Experimental databases for hydrogen safety
    analyses
  • Validated analytical and numerical tools for
    assessment of safety
  • Experimentally validated mitigation techniques
    and safety devices
  • Innovative hydrogen mitigation technologies
  • Methodologies for risk evaluation
  • Improved technical culture to handle hydrogen as
    an energy carrier
  • Inputs to European/global regulatory and
    standardization activities

Production
Transport
Refuelling
Street Vehicles
Other Vehicles
Portables
14
HySafe - main outcomes
  • Organisation of the First International
    Conference on Hydrogen Safety
  • Preparation of the 1st edition of the Biennial
    Report on Hydrogen Safety including the Handbook
    on Hydrogen Safety
  • Curriculum for Professional Education (safety
    engineers)
  • Setting up Hydrogen Incidences and Accidents
    Database
  • CFD codes validation, benchmarking and
    integration of test facilities
  • Integrated Programme of Activities
  • - IgnHyd project to study ignition and to
    derive a probabilistic ignition model
  • - HyTunnel, expert study of available mitigation
    measures (ventilation, spray,) for large scale
    accidental releases
  • - insHYde, addressing most realistic releases in
    (partially) confined areas (acceptable limits,
    sensors, ventilation, standards,)
  • Proposed activities
  • - HyGuide Deriving suitable, comparable and
    common Q-D rules for the new H2 applications
    (refuelling, home,)
  • - Training, open summer school on H2 safety

15
HySafe links with other initiatives
ISO
IEA
IPHE
CEN
HFP
NorthAmerica
Zeroregio
StorHy
Japan
NATURALHY
Russia
HyApproval
CUTE
etc
16
HARMONHY - Harmonization of Standards and
Regulations for a sustainable H2/FC technology
  • Main objective
  • To render European collaboration in the field as
    effective as possible and to increase its
    contribution at the worldwide level
  • Approach
  • make an assessment of the activities on H2/FC
    related regulations and standards on a worldwide
    level
  • identify gaps and make propositions to solve
    fragmentation
  • identify conflicts between codes, standards and
    regulations and make propositions to solve them
  • Consortium 12 participants from 5 EU countries,
    1 from NO and 1 from Canada- 5 industrial
    partners, 3 research organisations

17
HYAPPROVAL -Handbook for Approval of Hydrogen
Refuelling Stations
  • Main objectives
  • To develop a Handbook (HB) facilitating the
    approval of hydrogen refuelling stations (HRS),
    which can assist companies and organisations in
    their implementation and operation, and to
    contribute to the international standard in ISO
    TC197
  • Approach
  • The HB will be based on best practices to be
    derived from key EU demonstration projects (CUTE,
    ZERO-REGIO, ECTOS, CEP)
  • Safety work in HyApproval will identify minimum
    requirements for which no supporting technical
    data exist (e.g. safety distances, etc.),
  • Strong cooperation between Hyapproval and Hysafe
    (simulation work, safety studies, safety
     review )
  • Consortium 25 partners from 8 EU countries,
    including 11 industrial partners, 10 research
    organisations, 4 regulatory institutions. Outside
    EU partners NREL (US), Dalian Institute
    (China), ENAA (Japan)

18
FCTESTQA Fuel Cell Testing, Safety and Quality
Assurance
  • Main objectives
  • Pre-normative research, benchmarking, validation
    through RRT of harmonised, industry-wide test
    protocols and testing methodologies of FC, stacks
    and systems
  • Approach
  • Risk assessment of the system, component or
    procedure
  • Definition of safety issues and necessary tests
  • Identification, validation and benchmarking of
    recommended methods
  • Consortium 30 partners from 7 EU countries,
    including 18 research organisations and 10
    industrial partners. 2 partners from China, 1
    from Korea, 1 from Japan, 1 from US.

19
Other major FP5 demo projects with safety
components
  • CUTE/ECTOS- demonstration of 30 FC buses- 10 EU
    cities
  • Safety associated to H2 infrastructure,
    production, distribution, refuelling, maintenance
  • VIRTUAL FUEL CELL POWER PLANT - development,
    installation and testing of a VFCPP with
    decentralized fuel cell microCHP systems- 58
    microCHP in 7 EU countries
  • Safety concepts, sensors, testing methods for
    CHP, installation requirements

20
Other major FP6 projects with safety components
  • NATURALHY - H2/natural gas mixes using existing
    pipeline network
  • Safety issues related to transmission,
    distribution and end use of mixes (e.g. pipeline
    durability and integrity)
  • STORHY - Development of safe and efficient
    on-board vehicle storage system
  • Improvement of safety equipment, safety
    evaluation of design and approval, crash
    behaviour
  • ZEROREGIO - Development of H2 infrastructure
    systems and demonstration of H2 in FC car fleets
  • Safety issues related to HP (850 bar) H2
    pipeline, hydrogen compression and refuelling
    infrastructure
  • FLAMESOFC - Development of innovative micro
    SOFC-based CHP system
  • Safety issues, HAZOP analysis, component and
    system certification

21
JRC efforts on hydrogen safety
  • Own RD projects in networking mode with
    EU-projects and stakeholders
  • Feed-in to RCS
  • International outreach IPHE RCS, IEA Task 19
  • Security aspects
  • high pressure gas storage
  • solid state hybrid storage
  • sensor testing
  • safety modelling

22
Numerical modelling of accident scenarios (gas
release and distribution, explosions)
23
  • EU Harmonisation of Risk Assessment for Different
    H2 Applications
  • to contribute to development of pre-normative
    guidelines for determination of safety distances
    and hazardous zones, and input to regulatory
    issues.
  • to include the hydrogen dimension into an EU-wide
    consistent comparison of risk information and
    risk communication (Energy Risks Monitor (ERMON))
  • EU Hydrogen Incident and Accident Database (HIAD)
  • a classical "lessons learnt from accidents" type
    of database does not work for the case of HIAD
  • to collect information on H2 related events from
    open sources, and provide easily accessible,
    reliable and unbiased information on
    incidents/accidents

24
Elements of aEuropean Strategy for H2FC
  • High Level Group H2 and FCs (2002-2003) - Vision
    report Hydrogen energy and Fuel Cells A
    vision of our future
  • European Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology
    Platform (January 2004) involving main
    stakeholders
  • Elaboration of two foundation documents
    Strategic Research Agenda and Deployment
    Strategy Endorsed in March 2005 at Platform
    General Assembly
  • Strategic Overview of the above 2 documents
    March 2005
  • FP7 (2006 - 2013) Hydrogen Joint Technology
    Initiative

25
The H2/FC Technology PlatformStructure and
Participants
  • Participants
  • Research Community, Industry, Public Authorities,
    Financial Community, Users and Consumers, Civil
    Society
  • Platform Operations General Assembly
  • On-going and future projects, networks and
    initiatives, supported by EC, national and
    regional programmes
  • Steering and support structures
  • Advisory Council (and Executive Group),
  • Steering Panels and Initiative Groups,
  • Member States Mirror Group,
  • Commission Inter-service Hydrogen Project Team
  • Secretariat

26
SRA Foundation document
  • - The SRA recommends a prioritised, 10-year
    research programme, a medium-term strategy up to
    2030 and a long-term strategic outlook up to
    2050.
  • Safety is considered as a very important issue to
    be part in all RD efforts - it is treated as
    cross-cutting to all applications and
    technologies
  • - Specific safety RD needs are also identified.

27
Specific RD needs from SRA on Hydrogen Safety
  • Safety monitoring including sensors
  • Hydrogen leakage detection in CGH2 systems
  • Core components for refuelling stations
  • Novel materials, safety studies for metal hydride
    storage
  • Fail-safe methods to handle hydrogen boil-off
  • Risk assessment and design of components
  • Computational tools for safety studies
  • Evaluation of social impacts (potential poor
    safety perception of H2)

28
Technology Platform recommendations H2 safety
and RCS
  • The H2/FC Technology Platform has produced a
    preliminary action plan
  • to address the RD needs identified in the SRA
  • to establish a EU harmonised standardisation and
    regulatory framework for the safe operation of
    hydrogen fuel cell systems,
  • with the following main steps
  • develop handbooks/codes of best practice for the
    safe introduction of H2
  • establish a formal process / task force for
    assessing due diligence as regards safe use of
    hydrogen in projects, especially demonstration
    actions
  • assimilate and structure knowledge from
    pre-normative research, safety dedicated projects
    and demonstration activities
  • enhance international co-operation to secure
    globally compatible infrastructure and equipment
  • Key EU projects of international added value are
    being recognised by IPHE for potential
    collaboration

29
Call FP6-2004-Energy-4 M-L research activities
  • Research related to hydrogen safety will be
    implemented under the following topics
  • Research to develop permitting guides for the
    installation of stationary H2/FC systems, to
    remove non-technical barriers and safety barriers
  • Enhancement of intl cooperation dimension of
    running FP6 H2/FC related projects, to stimulate
    cooperation and exchange through IPHE framework
  • NOTE call to be officially opened end of
    September

30
7th FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME Building the ERA
of Knowledge for Growth
Energy Research in FP7
31
Cooperation Collaborative Research
  • 9 themes
  • Health
  • Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology
  • Information and Communication Technologies
  • Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new
    Production Technologies
  • Energy
  • Environment (including Climate Change)
  • Transport (including Aeronautics)
  • Socio-Economic Sciences and the Humanities
  • Security and Space

32
FP 7 Proposed Priority Topics in Energy
Hydrogen and fuel cells
33
FP7 proposes concept of a Joint Technology
Initiative (JTI) for H2/FC
  • Public-Private-Partnership with an appropriate
    legal, governance and management structure
    leveraging funding from various sources
  • Strong industrial participation in shared
    management of integrated RTD and demonstration
    activities, based on the research and deployment
    strategies developed in the Technology Platform
  • Supporting a European Energy Research Area
  • Developing outreach at international level
  • Capitalising on results of FP5 and FP6

34
From Technology Platform to Joint Technology
Initiative (JTI)
35
Staying Informed
Energy Research at Europa http//europa.eu.int/com
m/research/energy/index_en.html General
information on the Sixth Framework Programme
http//europa.eu.int/comm/research/fp6/index_en.ht
ml Next Call for proposals http//fp6.cordis.lu/
fp6/calls.cfm Energy helpdesk rtd-energy_at_cec.eu.
int Towards FP7 http//europa.eu.int/comm/researc
h/future/index_en.html HFP Technology Platform
www.HFPeurope.org Joint Research Centre
http//jrc.cec.eu.int JRC Institute for
Energy http//ie.jrc.cec.eu.int
36
THANK YOU !!!
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