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Social Studies Strands

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Title: Social Studies Strands


1
Social Studies Strands
  • Thomas Miller

2
Seventh Grade Social Studies Gettysburg Address
3
Table of Contents
  • Strands 1-8 in order, clearly labeled
  • Objectives
  • Materials
  • Websites
  • Lincoln Facts
  • Presentable slides on Lincoln, the civil war, and
    the Gettysburg Address.

4
Strand 1
  • HISTORY
  • November 19, 1863
  • A nation is at war, most brutal battle had just
    taken place.
  • Civil war, brother against brother, father
    against son.

5
Strand 2
  • PEOPLE IN SOCIETIES
  • The people were torn by war.
  • The identity was less by familial lines and more
    by view points of the time.
  • Groups and institutions would include the
    confederacy and the union.

6
Strand 3
  • Geography
  • Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
  • At the time, few global connections could be
    made, today this is more of a national gathering
    spot.
  • Map

7
Strand 4
  • ECONOMICS
  • This time and place has little connection to
    economics.
  • The north did have a much stronger economy than
    the south at this time.

8
Strand 5
  • Government
  • This time, and this event have a great impact on
    the formation of American national government
    today.
  • Had things not developed the way they had then,
    we would not be the way we are today.

9
Strand 6
  • Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities
  • I feel that it is the responsibility of all
    Americans to understand the basics of their
    backgrounds.

10
Strand 7
  • Social Studies Skills and Methods
  • Knowledge of what happened and when and why it is
    important to you today.

11
Strand 8
  • Science Technology and Society
  • Use of technology to teach information.
  • Websites come later

12
Objectives
  • To Achieve an understanding of Why the Gettysburg
    Address was so crucial and why the war it was
    given during was so crucial.

13
Materials
  • 1 computer (with power point)
  • 1 projection screen
  • 1 projector

14
Websites
  • http//odur.let.rug.nl/usa/P/al16/speeches/gettys
    .htm
  • http//www.prometheusonline.de/heureka/politik/vor
    traege/lincoln/gett/lincgett.htm
  • http//showcase.netins.net/web/creative/lincoln/sp
    eeches/gettysburg.htm
  • http//www.factmonster.com/ce6/history/A0820683.ht
    ml
  • http//www.kids.net.au/profile.php?id14225

15
Fast Facts about Lincoln
  • Took place on November 19, 1863
  • Civil War began in 1861.
  • Lincoln predicted the civil war in his inaugural
    speech.
  • Civil war began when the south attacked Fort
    Sumter.
  • Abraham Lincoln was the sixteenth president.

16
Image of Lincoln
  • Go to www.google.com images, type in Abraham
    Lincoln, click search

17
Quotations of Lincoln
  • "Those who deny freedom to others, deserve it not
    for themselves and, under a just God, can not
    long retain it." The Collected Works of Abraham
    Lincoln edited by Roy P. Basler, Volume III,
    "Letter To Henry L. Pierce and Others" (April 6,
    1859), p. 376.

18
Quotes
  • "As I would not be a slave, so I would not be a
    master. This expresses my idea of democracy.
    Whatever differs from this, to the extent of the
    difference, is no democracy." The Collected Works
    of Abraham Lincoln edited by Roy P. Basler,
    Volume II, (August 1, 1858?), p. 532.

19
quotes
  • "Let us have faith that right makes might, and in
    that faith, let us, to the end, dare to do our
    duty as we understand it." Lincoln's Cooper
    Institute Address, February 27, 1860.

20
Gettysburg Address quote
  • The Gettysburg Address Nov. 19, 1863
  • Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought
    forth on this continent a new nation, conceived
    in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that
    all men are created equal.
  • Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing
    whether that nation or any nation so conceived
    and so dedicated can long endure. We are met on a
    great battlefield of that war. We have come to
    dedicate a portion of it as a final resting place
    for those who died here that the nation might
    live. This we may, in all propriety do. But in a
    larger sense, we cannot dedicate, we cannot
    consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground. The
    brave men, living and dead who struggled here
    have hallowed it far above our poor power to add
    or detract. The world will little note nor long
    remember what we say here, but it can never
    forget what they did here.
  • It is rather for us the living, we here be
    dedicated to the great task remaining before
    us--that from these honored dead we take
    increased devotion to that cause for which they
    here gave the last full measure of devotion--that
    we here highly resolve that these dead shall not
    have died in vain, that this nation shall have a
    new birth of freedom, and that government of the
    people, by the people, for the people shall not
    perish from the earth."

21
Lincoln as a President
  • Lincoln warned the South in his Inaugural
    Address "In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow
    countrymen, and not in mine, is the momentous
    issue of civil war. The government will not
    assail you.... You have no oath registered in
    Heaven to destroy the government, while I shall
    have the most solemn one to preserve, protect and
    defend it."
  • Lincoln thought secession illegal, and was
    willing to use force to defend Federal law and
    the Union. When Confederate batteries fired on
    Fort Sumter and forced its surrender, he called
    on the states for 75,000 volunteers. Four more
    slave states joined the Confederacy but four
    remained within the Union. The Civil War had
    begun.
  • The son of a Kentucky frontiersman, Lincoln had
    to struggle for a living and for learning

22
Lincoln Sketches his own life
  • "I was born Feb. 12, 1809, in Hardin County,
    Kentucky. My parents were both born in Virginia,
    of undistinguished families--second families,
    perhaps I should say. My mother, who died in my
    tenth year, was of a family of the name of
    Hanks.... My father ... removed from Kentucky to
    ... Indiana, in my eighth year.... It was a wild
    region, with many bears and other wild animals
    still in the woods. There I grew up.... Of course
    when I came of age I did not know much. Still
    somehow, I could read, write, and cipher ... but
    that was all."

23
Friends on Lincoln
  • Lincoln made extraordinary efforts to attain
    knowledge while working on a farm, splitting
    rails for fences, and keeping store at New Salem,
    Illinois. He was a captain in the Black Hawk War,
    spent eight years in the Illinois legislature,
    and rode the circuit of courts for many years.
    His law partner said of him, "His ambition was a
    little engine that knew no rest."

24
Family
  • He married Mary Todd, and they had four boys,
    only one of whom lived to maturity. In 1858
    Lincoln ran against Stephen A. Douglas for
    Senator. He lost the election, but in debating
    with Douglas he gained a national reputation that
    won him the Republican nomination for President
    in 1860.

25
Lincolns Party
  • As President, he built the Republican Party into
    a strong national organization. Further, he
    rallied most of the northern Democrats to the
    Union cause. On January 1, 1863, he issued the
    Emancipation Proclamation that declared forever
    free those slaves within the Confederacy.

26
Re-election
  • Lincoln won re-election in 1864, as Union
    military triumphs heralded an end to the war. In
    his planning for peace, the President was
    flexible and generous, encouraging Southerners to
    lay down their arms and join speedily in reunion.

27
Lincoln Quiz
  • When did Lincoln Threaten the Civil War?
  • Quote the Gettysburg Address.
  • Give another Quote of Lincolns and explain it in
    your own words
  • Who did Lincoln Marry?
  • How did Lincolns Friends describe him?
  • What party did Lincoln make strong?
  • Re-create Lincolns life sketch.
  • Was Lincoln re-elected? If so, what year?
  • How many boys did Lincoln have?
  • When and how did Lincoln Free the Slaves?

28
Artistic Rendition
  • You have seen pictures of Abraham Lincoln, you
    may either re-create one of them, create your own
    picture of him, write a poem about him, make a
    song for him, or any other artistic Endeavor
    which you see fit.

29
Strand 1 Activities
  • 1. Make a time line of the civil war.
  • 2.list 5 changes from that time to our time.
  • 3.write a story placing yourself as Lincolns
    right hand man, tell me what this was like.
  • 4.Would you want to have lived back then, why or
    why not?
  • 5.What existed then, that still exists now?

30
Strand 2 Activities
  • 1. Discuss how you think the people then would
    act.
  • 2. Do you think you would have gotten along with
    someone from back then? Why or why not?
  • 3. How do you think people are similar and
    different from then to now?
  • 4. What do you think your family was like back
    then?
  • 5. Are you happy to be alive now, or would you
    have rather lived back then?

31
Strand 3 Activities
  • 1. Draw a map of your town back then.
  • 2. Draw a map of what you think the country
    looked like back then.
  • 3. Draw a map of your town then, next to a map of
    your town now.
  • 4. Make a three dimensional model of a town in
    1865.
  • 5. Sketch a picture of the world then, compared
    to a globe of the world now in the classroom.

32
Strand 4 Activities
  • 1. go to http//www.frbsf.org/currency/civilwar/
  • And tell me what you find about our economy
    compared to theirs.
  • 2. The south issued millions of dollars for the
    war effort, how much does a war effort cost
    today?
  • 3. If the south spent millions of dollars over 4
    years, say they spent 1 million a year, how much
    did they spend a day, week, month? How does that
    compare to today.
  • 4. What types of economys did the north and
    south have then? Compare them.
  • 5. Who had a stronger economy us then, or us now?

33
Strand 5 Activities
  • 1. Describe our government in 1861.
  • 2. Describe our government in 1865.
  • 3. Compare our government today with our
    governments of 1861 and 1865.
  • 4. Simulate a debate between the president of the
    north and the president of the south in 1860.
  • 5. Name 5 major differences between the
    government of then and now.

34
Strand 6 Activities
  • 1. Who were allowed to be citizens in 1860.
  • 2. What does the constitution say about
    citizenship?
  • 3. What do we say about citizenship today?
  • 4. Who are citizens today? Are you?
  • 5. Compare and contrast citizenship today with
    then.

35
Strand 7 Activities
  • 1. Review factual material
  • 2. Review speeches and personal accounts of
    people at that time.
  • 3. Read stories about what happened and why.
  • 4. Give our own accounts on what happened.
  • 5. Relive Debates, acting them out in class.

36
Strand 8 Activities
  • http//odur.let.rug.nl/usa/P/al16/speeches/gettys
    .htm
  • http//www.prometheusonline.de/heureka/politik/vor
    traege/lincoln/gett/lincgett.htm
  • http//showcase.netins.net/web/creative/lincoln/sp
    eeches/gettysburg.htm
  • http//www.factmonster.com/ce6/history/A0820683.ht
    ml
  • http//www.kids.net.au/profile.php?id14225
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