State schools - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – State schools PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 4a370e-ZjNjN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

State schools

Description:

Pre-industrial Post-Industrial 1700 1800 1900 2000 Eighteenth Century Nineteenth Century Twentieth Century Popular Recreation Public School developments - Athleticism – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:21
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 21
Provided by: Jos776
Category:
Tags: schools | state | weapons

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: State schools


1
Pre-industrial
Post-Industrial
1700
1800
1900
2000
Eighteenth Century
Nineteenth Century
Twentieth Century
Popular Recreation
Public School developments - Athleticism
Rational Recreation
State schools
2
(No Transcript)
3
  • School drill at end of C19
  • Impact of Boer War
  • Establishment of 1902 Model Course
  • Early Syllabuses of Physical Training
  • Effects of WW1 and adoption of 1919
  • and 1933 Syllabuses
  • Effects of WWII
  • 1950s Moving and Growing Planning The Programme

4
  • Almost 40 of army recruits rejected as too unfit
    in 1866
  • Forster Education Act establishes board schools
    (state schools)
  • School compulsory from 5-10
  • 1899 leaving age raised to 12
  • Board schools very little space for games

5
  • What?
  • 1870s, military Drill
  • 1890s Swedish Drill
  • 1900s Games seen as an alternative to Swedish
    Drill
  • Where?
  • Limited space/facilities
  • How?
  • Authoritarian
  • Command and Response
  • Why?
  • Fitness for the army
  • Discipline
  • To replicate the effect of games in public
    schools
  • Who?
  • Army NCOs (Non-commissioned officers, 1870s)
  • Qualified class teachers from 1890s

6
(No Transcript)
7
Who Where Why What How
8
  • Background
  • Poor performance in Boer War (Proposed by Colonel
    Fox from the War Office)
  • Military needs now outweighed educational
    principles
  • It is important that the short time claimed for
    physical training should be wholly devoted to
    useful exercises. No part of that time should be
    wasted on what is merely spectacular or
    entertaining. (Model Course of Physical Training
    1902)

9
  • Syllabus contained Military drill, Exercises,
    weapon training and deep breathing
  • Known as The Model Course
  • Taught by NCOs or teachers they had trained
  • Dull, Repetitive and Cheap
  • Small spaces (playgrounds) but large numbers
  • Designed to promote fitness for military service,
    Training in weapons handling and
    discipline/obedience.
  • Children treated as soldiers

10
(No Transcript)
11
Why? Military Fitness Discipline and
Obedience Health
12
(No Transcript)
13
  • Huge loss of life
  • World War 1
  • Post-War flu epidemic
  • Drill was blamed for lack of fitness of working
    class
  • Fisher Education Act 1918 promoted holiday and
    school camps, playing fields and school swimming
    pools.
  • The 1st Child centred approach
  • Much broader content than any earlier syllabus
  • However, some teachers stayed with the old ways

14
  • Exercises and positions were the same as 1909
    syllabus
  • Now referred to as Physical Training (P.T.)
  • However, much more games
  • Almost half the lesson on free movement,
    including games and dancing.
  • Much more informal
  • More freedom for teachers and pupils
  • Still no trained P.T. teachers

15
  • Set against depression of 1930s
  • Many working classes unemployed
  • A massive development from the syllabus of the
    past
  • Much more progression towards Physical Education
    of the Future. Different sections for different
    age groups.
  • The last syllabus under George Newman.
  • Convergence of Athletics, gymnastics, games
    skills and group work.
  • Also stated good nourishment, effective medical
    inspection and hygiene were essential for the
    development of the child

16
  • The syllabus was designed to work on
  • Therapeutic results
  • Good posture
  • Holistic aims
  • Development of mind and body
  • Good physique
  • Still direct teaching style for most
  • Although some decentralised parts to the lesson
  • Often done in the new schools gymnasia
  • Outdoor lessons recommended for health benefits
  • Encouraged to wear correct kit.

17
Who Where Why What How
18
  • Background
  • Education Act 1944 required playing fields for
    all schools
  • School leaving age raised to 15
  • Lots of expansion in Physical Activity in schools
  • Influences
  • WW2 needed thinking soldiers, and this developed
    into the need for thinking children
  • Modern dance employed as creative approach
  • Problem solving approach recommended in many
    schools

19
  • Contained
  • agility exercise, gymnastics, dance, games and
    swimming
  • Teachers
  • Guided rather than directed
  • Lots of discovery centred tasks
  • Child could interpret the tasks for themselves
  • Designed to develop
  • Physical, social and cognitive skills
  • Enjoyment
  • Facilities
  • Post war re-building period meant lots of new
    facilities
  • Used full apparatus, ropes, bars, boxes, mats
    etc.

20
(No Transcript)
About PowerShow.com