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Identification and Assessment of Environmental and Heritage Concerns for Mining Exploration Industry

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Seminar Outline. Relevant Departments/agencies for administration of environmental and heritage legislation. Roles and responsibilities. Your obligations – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Identification and Assessment of Environmental and Heritage Concerns for Mining Exploration Industry


1
Identification and Assessment of Environmental
and Heritage Concerns for Mining Exploration
Industry
2
Seminar Outline
  • Relevant Departments/agencies for administration
    of environmental and heritage legislation.
  • Roles and responsibilities
  • Your obligations
  • A selection of real world matters in the
    environment and heritage
  • A closer look at the topical area of CSG

3
So, I hope youre feeling enthused and interested
by all that
4
Australian/Federal/Commonwealth Departments and
Legislation
  • Department of Sustainability, Water, Population
    and Communities
  • Key legislation is the Environment Protection
    and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999,
    sometimes called the EPBC Act.
  • Commonwealth Role and EPBC Act Objectives
  • Also responsible for many other Acts relating to
    Antarctica, Environment Protection, Reservoirs of
    National Significance, Water, Sewerage, Hazardous
    Waste, Meteorology, Sea Installations, Ozone
    Protection and Greenhouse Gasses to name a few.

5
Australian/Federal/Commonwealth Departments and
Legislation
  • Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry
    (DAFF).
  • Deal with legislation regarding agricultural and
    veterinary chemicals, animal health, dairy
    control, farming households, fisheries, forestry,
    imported foods, cattle diseases, natural
    resources management, plant health, quarantine,
    exporting and primary industries research and
    development.

6
South Australian Departments/agencies with some
interest in Environmental Concerns
  • Department of Environment, Water and Natural
    Resources (DEWNR) http//www.environment.sa.gov.au
    /About_Us/Legislation
  • Department of Premier and Cabinet (DPC)
  • Department of Planning Transport and
    Infrastructure (DPTI)
  • Environment Protection Authority (EPA)
  • Primary Industry and Regions SA (PIRSA)
  • Natural Resources Management Boards (NRMB)
  • Natural Resources Management Council (NRMC)

7
South Australian Departments/agencies with some
interest in Heritage Concerns
  • DEWNR and the South Australian Heritage
    Council are responsible for protecting and
    conserving non-Aboriginal cultural heritage of
    state significance, with a focus on built and
    maritime heritage under
  • Heritage Places Act 1993 
  • Historic Shipwrecks Act 1981 (state) 
  • Historic Shipwrecks Act 1976 (Commonwealth).
  • Aboriginal Affairs and Reconciliation Division of
    the Department of Premier and Cabinet manages
    Aboriginal heritage under
  • Aboriginal Heritage Act 1988.

8
Departments that Administer Environmental
Legislation in Other States
  • NSW Department of Natural Resources
  • NSW Department of Primary Industries
  • VIC Department of Environment and Primary
    Industries
  • WA Department of Environment and Conservation
  • QLD Department of Environment and Heritage
    Protection
  • QLD Department of Natural Resources and Mines
  • QLD Department of Energy and Water Supply
  • Most States also have Environment Protection
    Authorities/Agencies

Note This is not a complete listing of
relevant Departments
9
Legislation
  • All Legislation at State or Federal Level can be
    accessed from the Australasian Legal Information
    Institute - AUSTLii site.
  • http//www.austlii.edu.au/
  • South Australian Legislation can be accessed at
    the Government of South Australia
    Attorney-Generals Department.
  • http//www.legislation.sa.gov.au/index.aspx

10
General Environmental Duty
  • YOU have a duty of care to the environment this
    regulatory instrument is found in a range of
    State and Federal legislation
  • Do NO harm where possible
  • MINIMISE harm where unavoidable
  • NOTIFY of concerns on common sense matters.

11
Oh My God! Are we there yet? Sigh!
12
What would you report to your field supervisor on
matters of environment and heritage?
13
What would you report to your field supervisor on
matters of environment and heritage?
14
What would you report to your field supervisor on
matters of environment and heritage?
15
What would you report to your field supervisor on
matters of environment and heritage?
16
What would you report to your field supervisor on
matters of environment and heritage?
17
What would you report to your field supervisor on
matters of environment and heritage?
18
What would you report to your field supervisor on
matters of environment and heritage?
19
Natural Resources Management
Jurisdiction Activity Commonwealth State Region (i.e. Catchment Management Authority) Local govern-ment Individuals / corpor-ations
Adherence to international / national conventions
Leadership and catalysing change
Administer land and water legislation and regulation - -
Undertake regional and local planning
Support for research and development -
Development of national NRM policy
NRM extension and community capacity building
On-ground management (except for crown lands) - -
On-ground management of crown lands -
Typical division of responsibilities for natural
resource management in Australia Levels of
responsibility- Not relevant Low Medium
High
20
Natural Resources Management
  • NRM timeline and institutional responsibilities
    in relation to the South Australian context.

21
Sorry, did I snore too loudly!?
22
Selected Water Resources of Significance, Eastern
Australia, where mining occurs
  • Great Artesian Basin 1 700 000 Km2 Largest and
    deepest in the world, underlies 23 of Australia.
    Surat Basin and Bowen Basin are Sub-Basins of the
    GAB and often referred to in relation to CSG
    mining.
  • Lake Eyre Basin 1 200 000 Km2 One of the largest
    inland draining basins in the world, covers 16
    of Australia.
  • Murray Darling Basin 1 061 469 Km2 . Of the
    approximately 13,000 gigalitres of flow in the
    basin, 11,500 gigalitres are removed for
    irrigation, industrial use, and domestic supply.
    Agricultural irrigation accounts for about 95 of
    this. Covers about 14 of Australia.

23
Murray Darling Basin
24
Lake Eyre Basin
25
Great Artesian Basin
26
Great Artesian Basin Profile
27
So, Groundwater Stuff, What does it all mean?
and, whats it got to do with mining?
  • Artesian, Confined, under pressure
  • Sub-Artesian, under pressure but land surface is
    higher than pressure head to which water can be
    raised.
  • Non-Artesian, Unconfined, not under pressure
  • Aquifer, Groundwater resource
  • Aquitard, Confining Layer for an aquifer

28
Artesian Aquifers and Basins
29
Surat and Bowen Basins
30
CSG Wells in the Surat and Bowen Basins in
Relation to QLD Town Localities
31
Liverpool Plains
32
The Extent of Environmental Issues
  • Climate change Global warming, Fossil fuels ,
    Sea level rise, Greenhouse gas, Ocean
    acidification, Environmental impact of the coal
    industry Urban Heat Islands.
  • Conservation Species extinction, Pollinator
    decline, Coral bleaching, Holocene extinction,
    Invasive species, Poaching, Endangered species.
  • Energy Energy conservation, Renewable energy,
    Efficient energy use, Renewable energy
    commercialization, Environmental impact of the
    coal industry, Environmental impact of hydraulic
    fracturing.
  • Environmental degradation Eutrophication,
    Habitat destruction, Invasive species, Soda lake.
  • Environmental health Air quality, Asthma,
    Environmental impact of the coal industry,
    Electromagnetic fields, Electromagnetic radiation
    and health, Indoor air quality, Lead poisoning,
    Sick Building Syndrome, Environmental impact of
    hydraulic fracturing
  • Genetic engineering Genetic pollution,
    Genetically modified food controversies

33
The Extent of Environmental Issues
  • Intensive farming Overgrazing, Irrigation,
    Monoculture, Environmental effects of meat
    production, Slash and burn, Pesticide drift,
    Plasticulture
  • Land degradation Land pollution,
    Desertification
  • Soil Soil conservation, Soil erosion, Soil
    contamination, Soil salination, Alkali soils
  • Land use Urban sprawl, Habitat fragmentation,
    Habitat destruction
  • Nanotechnology Nanotoxicology, Nanopollution
  • Nuclear issues Nuclear fallout, Nuclear
    meltdown, Nuclear power, Nuclear weapons ,
    Nuclear and radiation accidents, Nuclear safety ,
    High-level radioactive waste management
  • Overpopulation Burial, Water crisis,
    Overpopulation in companion animals, Tragedy of
    the commons, Gender Imbalance in Developing
    Countries , Sub-replacement fertility levels in
    developed countries

34
The Extent of Environmental Issues
  • Ozone depletion CFC , Biological effects of UV
    exposure
  • Pollution Environmental impact of the coal
    industry , Nonpoint source pollution , Point
    source pollution , Light pollution, Noise
    pollution , Visual pollution
  • Water pollution Environmental impact of the
    coal industry , Acid rain, Eutrophication, Marine
    pollution, Ocean dumping , Oil spills , Thermal
    pollution , Urban runoff, Water crisis, Marine
    debris, Microplastics , Ocean acidification ,
    Ship pollution, Wastewater, Fish kill, Algal
    bloom, Mercury in fish, Environmental impact of
    hydraulic fracturing
  • Air pollution Environmental impact of the coal
    industry, Smog, Tropospheric ozone, Indoor air
    quality, Volatile organic compound, Atmospheric
    particulate matter, Environmental impact of
    hydraulic fracturing
  • Reservoirs Environmental impacts of reservoirs
  • Resource depletion Exploitation of natural
    resources, Overdrafting

35
The Extent of Environmental Issues
  • Consumerism Consumer capitalism, Planned
    obsolescence , Over-consumption
  • Fishing Blast fishing, Bottom trawling, Cyanide
    fishing, Ghost nets, Illegal, unreported and
    unregulated fishing, Overfishing, Shark finning,
    Whaling
  • Logging Clearcutting, Deforestation, Illegal
    logging
  • Mining Acid mine drainage, Environmental impact
    of hydraulic fracturing, Mountaintop removal
    mining, Slurry impoundments
  • Toxins Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), DDT,
    Endocrine disruptors, Dioxin, Toxic heavy metals,
    Environmental impact of the coal industry,
    Herbicides, Pesticides, Toxic waste, PCB,
    Bioaccumulation, Biomagnification, Environmental
    impact of hydraulic fracturing
  • Waste Electronic waste, Litter, Waste disposal
    incidents, Marine debris, Medical waste,
    Landfill, Leachate, Environmental impact of the
    coal industry, Incineration, Great Pacific
    Garbage Patch, Exporting of hazardous waste,
    Environmental impact of hydraulic fracturing

36
Im soooo pleased its all over!
37
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