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Philosophy 251: Introduction to Philosophy Dr. Stephen H. Daniel

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Philosophy 251: Introduction to Philosophy Dr. Stephen H. Daniel Get a syllabus before or after class Get a textbook Locate your graduate instructor – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Philosophy 251: Introduction to Philosophy Dr. Stephen H. Daniel


1
Philosophy 251Introduction to PhilosophyDr.
Stephen H. Daniel
  • Get a syllabus before or after class
  • Get a textbook
  • Locate your graduate instructor
  • Craig Gonzales sections 502, 503, 509
  • Heinrik Hellwig sections 504, 505, 506
  • Kyle Mask sections 501, 507, 508
  • Jake Greenblum sections 510, 511, 512

2
To Do Well in the Course
  • Read the textbook before class
  • Make an outline that combines notes from your
    reading of the text, website summary, and class
    notes
  • Website http//philosophy.tamu.edu/
    sdaniel/251sy06c.html
  • Visit the instructor and TAs during office hours
    or call or email us

3
The PHIL 251 Websitehttp//philosophy.tamu.edu/
sdaniel/ 251sy06c.html
  • This site contains
  • the syllabus
  • outlines for each class
  • past test questions
  • links to the textbook companion site and
    instructor email contacts

4
Course Requirements
  • Read the assigned material
  • Come to lectures and Friday discussions
  • Take the Friday quizzes
  • Take the true/false, multiple- choice
    mid-semester and final exam
  • Extra points short essay questions

5
Misconceptions of Philosophy
  • Philosophy deals only with abstractions it is
    not concrete or practical
  • Philosophy is just a game arguing about words
  • Philosophy is only an expression of personal
    opinions

6
How Philosophy Differs From Religion, Science,
and Law
  • Philosophy challenges believers to explain and
    defend claims of religious truth
  • Philosophy questions the assumptions and
    procedures of science
  • Philosophy does not merely accept social beliefs
    or laws it asks how they are justified

7
Philosophy the Pursuit of Wisdom
  • Born of wonder
  • Why are we here? Does God exist? Why is there
    evil? Do plants have feelings? What is happiness?
  • Aim to clarify ideas and evaluate the reasons
    given to justify beliefs
  • What do you mean? How do you know?

8
A Little Logic
  • A philosophical argument aims to provide
    reasons that make a conclusion probable
    (inductively) or necessary (deductively)
  • A sound argument is deductive and valid (the
    conclusion follows necessarily) and its
    premises are true
  • Ways to critique arguments counterexample,
    show confusion of necessary and sufficient
    conditions, reduce argument to absurdity
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