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Wilderness First Aid

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Lesson 1: Wilderness First Aid Kits Emergency Reference Guide p. 15-17 Wilderness and Remote First Aid Kits Objectives: Describe the contents of a Wilderness/Remote ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Wilderness First Aid


1
Lesson 1 Wilderness First Aid Kits Emergency
Reference Guide p. 15-17
2
Wilderness and Remote First Aid Kits
  • Objectives
  • Describe the contents of a Wilderness/Remote 1st
    Aid Kit
  • Determine how to modify a kit for group size
  • Describe ways to improvise missing/needed items

3
1st Aid Kit Overview
  • Factors for Determining what goes in the kit
  • Environment, altitude, season, type of terrain
  • Number of people in the group
  • Length of the trip
  • Distance to travel for help/availability of
    rescue
  • Experience of group
  • Pre-existing conditions

4
Exercise What Goes In the Kit?
  • Get together in groups of 4-6 and make a list of
    items you would bring in a wilderness first aid
    kit
  • One for crew of 12 hiking in high mountains
  • One for crew of 12 canoeing/kayaking
  • One for crew of 12 sailing

5
1st Aid Kit Contents
  • Adhesive Bandages Sterile gauze pads
  • Non adherent Sterile Pads Bulky Absorbent
    Dressing
  • Cloth based tape self adherent gauze roller
    bandage
  • Butterfly bandages antitbiotic cream
  • Triangular bandages safety pins
  • Elastic bandages moleskin
  • Alcohol or soap pads sugar packets
  • Aspirin Acetaminophen
  • Benadryl Ibuprofen
  • Non latex gloves splinter tweezers
  • Thermometer Sam Splint
  • CPR Breathing Barrier

6
1st Aid Kits- Key Points
  • Evaluate repack kit for each trip
  • Renew expired medications
  • Replace damaged items
  • Update supply based on environment
  • Dont carry items you dont know how to use
  • Encourage each group member to have personal kit

7
Prevent Disease Transmission
8
Routes of Disease Prevention
  • Direct - Touching body fluids
  • Indirect - Touching bandages or contaminated
    equipment
  • Airborne - Inhalation of droplets from a sneeze
    or cough
  • Vector-borne - By an animal bite or insect sting

9
Steps to Prevent Disease
  • Wear gloves
  • Dispose of soiled items properly
  • Remove soiled gloves properly
  • Cover cuts, scrapes, etc.
  • Wash hands with soap and water
  • Avoid touching eyes, nose, etc.
  • Use a mask for CPR and rescue breathing
  • See a doctor if exposure occurs

10
Glove Removal
  • Pinch and Partly remove first Glove and pull
    glove toward fingers
  • Remove second glove (inside out) using partially
    gloved hand
  • Finish removing both gloves (inside out)
  • Discard in appropriate container
  • Wash hands

11
Glove Removal
12
Questions??? What else could you add to your
First Aid Kit?
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