I BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth: And in Jesus Christ his only Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; he descended into - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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I BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth: And in Jesus Christ his only Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; he descended into

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Title: I BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth: And in Jesus Christ his only Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; he descended into


1
I BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty, Maker of
heaven and earth And in Jesus Christ his only
Son, our Lord who was conceived by the Holy
Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under
Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried
he descended into hell the third day he rose
again from the dead he ascended into heaven, and
sitteth on the right hand of God the Father
Almighty from thence he shall come to judge the
quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost
the holy catholic church the communion of
saints the forgiveness of sins the resurrection
of the body and the life everlasting. Amen
The Creed
I BELIEVE in the CHURCH
2
I BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty, Maker of
heaven and earth And in Jesus Christ his only
Son, our Lord who was conceived by the Holy
Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under
Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried
he descended into hell the third day he rose
again from the dead he ascended into heaven, and
sitteth on the right hand of God the Father
Almighty from thence he shall come to judge the
quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost
the holy catholic church the communion of
saints the forgiveness of sins the resurrection
of the body and the life everlasting. Amen
3
Key Question What is the Church?
The Creed I Believe in the Church
4
Is it the Roman Catholic Church?
The Creed I Believe in the Church
5
Is it a building?
The Creed I Believe in the Church
6
Ekklesia Lit. Called Out Ones a regularly
summoned legislative body, assembly people with
shared belief, community, congregation
  • Christs Bride (Ephesians 522-29)
  • Branches on a vine (John 151-10)
  • A Flock (John 10)
  • A Household (Galatians 610)
  • A Building/temple with Christ the foundation
    (Eph. 220-22)
  • A Body (1 Cor. 1212-27)

The Creed I Believe in the Church
7
The Promise of the Church
"Gathering them together, He commanded them not
to leave Jerusalem, but to wait for what the
Father had promised, Which, He said, you heard
of from Me for John baptized with water, but you
will be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many
days from now. So when they had come together,
they were asking Him, saying, Lord, is it at
this time You are restoring the kingdom to
Israel? He said to them, It is not for you to
know times or epochs which the Father has fixed
by His own authority but you will receive power
when the Holy Spirit has come upon you and you
shall be My witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in
all Judea and Samaria, and even to the remotest
part of the earth." (Acts 14-8)
The Creed I Believe in the Church
8
The Birth of the Church
" When the day of Pentecost had come, they were
all together in one place. And suddenly there
came from heaven a noise like a violent rushing
wind, and it filled the whole house where they
were sitting. And there appeared to them tongues
as of fire distributing themselves, and they
rested on each one of them. And they were all
filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak
with other tongues, as the Spirit was giving them
utterance."(Acts 21-4)
The Creed I Believe in the Church
9
The Birth of the Church
Three feasts that help define the birth of the
Church
  1. The feast of Passover
  2. The feast of First Fruits
  3. The feast of Pentecost

The Creed I Believe in the Church
10
The Birth of the Church
  • Came ten days after Christs ascension
  • Pentecost means fiftieth day
  • The Jews had a feast called the feast of
    Pentecost because it took place fifty days after
    the feast of first fruits, which followed the
    Passover. It was also called the feast of harvest
    and feast of weeks
  • Pentecost also commemorated the giving of the
    Mosaic law because the Jewish people believe the
    law was given to them about fifty days after the
    beginning of their journey to the Promised Land

The Creed I Believe in the Church
11
The Birth of the Church
The first mentioned is the Passover (Lev.
234-5). To escape the plague of the firstborn in
Egypt, the Israelites had to kill a lamb and put
its blood on the doorposts and lintel. The angel
of death then passed over that house. Christ's
blood fulfills the typical prophecy of the
passover lamb, for His death is what protects us
from God's wrath. And according to God's plan,
Christ died on Passover.
The Creed I Believe in the Church
12
The Birth of the Church
This first fruits feast was on the day after the
Sabbath following the Passover--the Sunday after
Passover (Lev. 239-14). The first fruits were
taken from barley crops. A farmer who wanted to
determine if he would have a good crop that year
would go to different sections of the barley
field and pull out some samples. If they all
looked good, he could say that the whole crop was
guaranteed to be good based on the first fruits.
By doing this they would be reminded to praise
God for the upcoming harvest. It was a good
reminder to trust in God. Christ was resurrected
on the day of first fruits.
The Creed I Believe in the Church
13
The Birth of the Church
Fifty days after the feast of first fruits came
the feast of harvest (Lev. 2315-16), also known
as Pentecost. The wheat was not ready to be
harvested at the time of this feast
nevertheless, two loaves were made from what was
there. The idea of the feast was to celebrate the
completion of harvest in advance. The feast of
harvest predicts what happened on the day of
Pentecost in Acts 2. Christ died on the Passover,
rose on the feast of first fruits, and signaled
His coming harvest on Pentecost.
The Creed I Believe in the Church
14
The Suddenness of the Church
Born Instantly
Leaves Instantly
The Creed I Believe in the Church
15
The Body of Christ
Christ the Head
Ends at Rapture
Began at Pentecost
Church Age
The Creed I Believe in the Church
16
Two Dimensions of Church
Church
Universal
Local
The Creed I Believe in the Church
17
Two Dimensions of Church
Universal Church Local church
Invisible Visible
One Church Many churches
An organism An organization
Saved members Saved and lost members
Living and dead members Living members
Whole body of Christ Part of the body of Christ
Christ is visible Head in heaven Christ is invisible Head on earth
No elders in deacons Elders and deacons
No ordinances Two ordinances
No denomination Many denominations
Indestructible Destructible
The Creed I Believe in the Church
18
The Universal Church
"Simon Peter answered, You are the Christ, the
Son of the living God. And Jesus said to him,
Blessed are you, Simon Barjona, because flesh
and blood did not reveal this to you, but My
Father who is in heaven. I also say to you that
you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build My
church and the gates of Hades will not overpower
it."(Matthew 1616-18) "But Saul began ravaging
the church, entering house after house, and
dragging off men and women, he would put them in
prison."(Acts 83) "And He put all things in
subjection under His feet, and gave Him as head
over all things to the church, which is His body,
the fullness of Him who fills all in
all."(Ephesians 122-23) "He is also head of
the body, the church and He is the beginning,
the firstborn from the dead, so that He Himself
will come to have first place in
everything."(Colossians 118)
The Creed I Believe in the Church
19
The Universal Church
The Body of Christ (1 Cor. 12)
  • An organic unity as one body (vv. 12-13)
  • A diversity of many members (14-20)
  • A universality because all believers are in it
    (13)
  • A mutuality because the members mutually edify
    one another (21-27)
  • A visibility through its visible members
  • A spiritual animation through the Holy Spirit

The Creed I Believe in the Church
20
The Universal Church
  • The Bride of Christ (Rev. 219)
  • The wife of Christ (Eph. 524-25)
  • The Firstborn of Christ (Heb. 1223)
  • The Building of Christ (Eph. 220)
  • A Spiritual House (1 Pet. 25)
  • A Holy Priesthood (1 Pet. 25)
  • A Royal Priesthood (1 Pet. 29)
  • A Chosen People (1 Pet. 29)
  • The People of God (1 Pet. 210)
  • A Flock of Christ (John 2115-17)

The Creed I Believe in the Church
21
The Universal Church
Chosen From Eternity "just as He chose us in Him
before the foundation of the world, that we would
be holy and blameless before Him. In
love"(Ephesians 14) Invisible "But you have
come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living
God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to myriads of
angels, to the general assembly and church of the
firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, and to God,
the Judge of all, and to the spirits of the
righteous made perfect,"(Hebrews 1222-23)
Increasable And the Lord was adding to their
number day by day those who were being
saved."(Acts 247)
The Creed I Believe in the Church
22
The Universal Church
Indivisible "being diligent to preserve the unity
of the Spirit in the bond of peace. (Ephesians
43) Invincible "I also say to you that you
are Peter, and upon this rock I will build My
church and the gates of Hades will not overpower
it."(Matthew 1618) Apostolic "So then you are
no longer strangers and aliens, but you are
fellow citizens with the saints, and are of Gods
household, having been built on the foundation of
the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus Himself
being the corner stone,"(Ephesians 219-20)
The Creed I Believe in the Church
23
The Universal Church
Ethnically Neutral "There is neither Jew nor
Greek, there is neither slave nor free man, there
is neither male nor female for you are all one
in Christ Jesus."(Galatians 328) Regenerate "
Jesus presented another parable to them, saying,
The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a man
who sowed good seed in his field."(Matthew 1324)
Spiritually Equal "to be specific, that the
Gentiles are fellow heirs and fellow members of
the body, and fellow partakers of the promise in
Christ Jesus through the gospel,"(Ephesians 36)
The Creed I Believe in the Church
24
The Local Church
Christ is the Head of all Local Churches
  • He holds the messengers in His right hand (Rev.
    120)
  • He rebukes the churches for their sin (29)
  • He commands them to repent (v. 5)
  • He will judge and reward them for their deeds
    (vv. 5, 10, 26, 312)
  • He takes away their lampstand (church) if they
    are not faithful (v. 5)
  • He searches all of their minds and hearts (v.
    23)
  • He convicts them by His Spirit (322)

The Creed I Believe in the Church
25
Government of the Local Church
  • Episcopal episocpos bishop and overseer.
    Has authority over elders and congregation. Roman
    Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Methodist, Anglican,
    and some Lutheran.
  • Presbyterian presbuteros order, wiser. A
    board of elders hold final authority in church
    affairs. Presbyterian, some Baptist, and Reformed
    churches
  • Congregational congregation has final
    authority. Baptist, many independent

The Creed I Believe in the Church
26
Government of the Local Church
Elders
  • A position of authority (Acts 225)
  • A position of dignity (Prov. 3123)
  • A position of maturity (1 Tim. 51)
  • A position of wisdom
  • An overseer (1 Pet. 225)
  • A ruler (2 Tim. 316-17)
  • An under-shepherd (1 Pet. 51-4)
  • A teacher (1 Tim 32)
  • An apologist (Titus 19)
  • An arbiter of disputes (1 Cor. 61-4)
  • A watchman (Heb. 1317)
  • Elders are to be men ( 1 Tim 32)
  • Should be obeyed, submitted to, honored,
    entreated (not rebuked)

The Creed I Believe in the Church
27
Government of the Local Church
Deacons
  • Originated with the complaint of widows being
    overlooked for food (Acts 6).
  • Deacons were to assist the elders in church
    service
  • Relieve the elders of menial tasks so they
    (elders) could concentrate on prayer and ministry
    of Word of God
  • In charge of social and physical ministries
  • Took care of widows and orphans
  • 1 Timothy 31-18 lays down the qualifications
  • Men worthy of respect
  • Not addicted to wine
  • Keep hold of the deep truths with clear
    conscience
  • First must be tested
  • Must manage his household and children well
  • Husband of one wife

The Creed I Believe in the Church
28
Government of the Local Church
Congregation
  • The congregation screen their own membership
    (Jude unbelievers crept in)
  • Chose the leadership (Acts 6)
  • Exercised church discipline (1 Cor. 5).
  • Made final decisions in case of offense (Matt
    18).
  • Commissioned missionaries (Acts 13).
  • Involved itself with doctrinal decisions (Acts
    15).
  • Ultimately ruled with elder guidance

The Creed I Believe in the Church
29
Ordinances of the Local Church
  • Catholic seven sacraments Baptism, Eucharist,
    Penance, Extreme Unction, Holy Order, Matrimony
  • No ordinances only produce endless supply of
    conflict that take away from real work.
  • Berean one ordinance the Lords Supper
  • Protestant two ordinances baptism and the
    Lords Supper.

The Creed I Believe in the Church
30
Ordinances of the Local Church
Baptism "Go therefore and make disciples of all
the nations, baptizing them in the name of the
Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit,"(Matthew
2819) The Lords Supper " While they were
eating, Jesus took some bread, and after a
blessing, He broke it and gave it to the
disciples, and said, Take, eat this is My
body. And when He had taken a cup and given
thanks, He gave it to them, saying, Drink from
it, all of you"(Matthew 2626-27) " For I
received from the Lord that which I also
delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus in the
night in which He was betrayed took bread and
when He had given thanks, He broke it and said,
This is My body, which is for you do this in
remembrance of Me. In the same way He took the
cup also after supper, saying, This cup is the
new covenant in My blood do this, as often as
you drink it, in remembrance of Me. For as often
as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you
proclaim the Lords death until He comes."(1
Corinthians 1123-26)
The Creed I Believe in the Church
31
Ordinances of the Local Church
Q What is the basic difference in the view of
the ordinances? A Catholics consider them to be
a cause of grace in ones life Anglicans and
Lutherans believe they are a means of grace the
rest view them as a symbol of grace. Q What
are common truths regarding baptism? A Belief is
a condition for being baptized it is a external
sign of an inward reality it is performed by
full immersion it is the first act of obedience
after salvation it is not necessary for
salvation. Q What are common truths regarding
the Lords Supper? A It is symbolic in nature
the elements do not become the actual body and
blood of Christ it is an act of remembrance,
communion, covenantal acknowledgement
fellowship, thanksgiving, proclamation, and
anticipation.
The Creed I Believe in the Church
32
Relationship of Church and State
  • Secularism the state dominates the church and
    ends up imposing irreligion
  • Theocracy the state is dominated by the church
    and ends up imposing its religion on all
  • Jeffersonianism acknowledges there is a divine,
    natural law, but denies that any revelation from
    God has been given as the prescribed basis for
    government

The Creed I Believe in the Church
33
First Coming Was Not Political
My kingdom is not of this world. If My kingdom
were of this world, then My servants would be
fighting so that I would not be handed over to
the Jews but as it is, My kingdom is not of this
realm. "(John 1836) Although His disciples
wanted Him to overthrow the Romans and the Jews
were looking for a political Messiah, Christs
first coming was not political in nature.
The Creed I Believe in the Church
34
Relationship of Church and State
Secularism Jeffersonianism Theocracy
Nature of state Secular Just Religious
Church/State Separation Cooperation Union
Nature of religious freedom Freedom from all religions Freedom for all religions Freedom for a particular religion
Extent of religious freedom For none For all For a preferred religion
Belief in God Discouraged Encouraged Demanded
Basis of civil law Human experience Natural law (gen. Revelation) Divine law (special revelation)
Example Marxist China Early America Iran
The Creed I Believe in the Church
35
Relationship of Church and State
  • Jefferson believed unalienable rights are rooted
    in the Laws of Nature that derive from
    Natures God.
  • Natural law is not a humanly descriptive is
    but a divinely prescriptive ought
  • Natural law is the first principle governing
    human action just the laws of logic are the first
    principles governing human thought

The Creed I Believe in the Church
36
Relationship of Church and State
Congress shall make no law respecting an
establishment of religion, or prohibiting the
free exercise thereof or abridging the freedom
of speech, or of the press or the right of the
people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the
Government for a redress of grievances. First
Amendment
The phrase separation of church and state is
generally traced to the letter written by Thomas
Jefferson in 1802 to the Danbury Baptists, in
which he referred to the First Amendment to the
United States Constitution as creating a "wall of
separation" between church and state.
Any wall of separation was spoken of to protect
the church from the government not the government
from the church.
The Creed I Believe in the Church
37
The Church and Replacement Theology
The Church is not Israel
"Give no offense either to Jews or to Greeks or
to the church of God"(1 Corinthians 1032)
The Creed I Believe in the Church
38
The Church and Replacement Theology
Israel Church
Headship Moses Christ
Origin Abraham Pentecost
Nature Earthly (political body) Heavenly (spiritual body)
Governing principle Law of Moses Grace of Christ
Holy Land Divine inheritance None
Davidic Covenant Promised to Israel No promise to Church
Constituents Jews only Jews/Gentiles
Membership Physical birth Spiritual birth
Function Channel of blessing to world Glorify God Bride of Christ Provoke Israel
The Creed I Believe in the Church
39
The Church and Replacement Theology
  • The unconditional covenant and land promises made
    to Israel has never been fulfilled
  • A literal, physical Kingdom was offered to
    Israel but was rejected, and still must come
  • Jesus foretold a literal reign over Israel at His
    second coming
  • The promised Messianic Kingdom was not yet
    fulfilled at Christs ascension
  • Jesus specifically stated in Acts 1 that the
    Kingdom would be restored to Israel in Acts 1
  • Biblical prophecy stated that Israel would
    physically be re-gathered prior to Christ return
    (happened in May, 1948)

The Creed I Believe in the Church
40
The Church and Replacement Theology
If the Abrahamic Covenant is unconditional in
nature (not dependent upon Abraham, Isaac, Jacob,
and their physical descendants, the people of
Israel, meeting conditions for the fulfillment of
its promises), then every promise of that
covenant must be fulfilledincluding the promises
that Israel would be given forever the land
described in Genesis1518, and that the Abrahamic
Covenant would be an everlasting covenant for
Israel. This would mean that Israel would last
forever as a people and that God has a future for
that nation and its land. It would also mean that
the biblical prophecies concerning the future of
Israel and its land are to be interpreted
literally and that the Dispensational-Premillennia
l view of those prophecies is correct. Renald
Showers
The Creed I Believe in the Church
41
Our (the Churchs) Mission Now
  • Glorify God (1 Cor. 1031)
  • Visible manifestation of Christs body (Eph
    43-6)
  • Edify Christs body (Eph. 411-13)
  • Evangelize the lost (1 Cor. 1126)
  • Exhibit Gods wisdom and grace (Eph. 39-11)

The Creed I Believe in the Church
42
I BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty, Maker of
heaven and earth And in Jesus Christ his only
Son, our Lord who was conceived by the Holy
Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under
Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried
he descended into hell the third day he rose
again from the dead he ascended into heaven, and
sitteth on the right hand of God the Father
Almighty from thence he shall come to judge the
quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost
the holy catholic church the communion of
saints the forgiveness of sins the resurrection
of the body and the life everlasting. Amen
The Creed
I BELIEVE in the CHURCH
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