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Housing Homeless People: Making best use of the housing stock

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Title: Housing Homeless People: Making best use of the housing stock


1
Housing Homeless People Making best use of the
housing stock
  • Isobel Anderson

2
Research questions
  • How is allocation practice changing in response
    to abolition of the priority need test in the
    homelessness legislation?
  • How do social landlords make most effective use
    of available stock?
  • To what extent are other options for settled
    accommodation being developed?

3
Methods
  • Review of legal requirements, guidance for
    practice and research literature
  • Overview of homelessness and housing statistics
    (2000/1 -2010/11)
  • Qualitative group discussions with local
    practitioners

4
Law and discretion
Year Law/Guidance on Allocations
1966 1977 1987 2001 2002 2003 2005 2009 2010 2011 2012 Housing Scotland Act Reasonable Preference Categories Homeless Persons Act local authority duties Consolidating Housing Act homelessness a RPC Housing Act Scottish Secure Tenancies, Expanded TA duty Housing Allocations Guidance (Scottish Exec) Homelessness Act phase out priority need distinction Revised Homelessness Code of Guidance Guidance on common housing registers Homelessness Prevention Housing Act (duty to assess support) S32 amendments (PRS) Guidance on social housing allocations Welfare Reform Act Consultation on allocations flexibility for landlords Consultation on private rented sector strategy
5
Issues from the review
  • Tensions between housing those most in need and
    managing sustainable communities (normal?)
  • Encouraged to operate flexibly to prioritise
    homeless households alongside other needs.
  • Less guidance on matching people to properties.
  • Required to monitor the effectiveness, but
    limited evidence
  • Scope to improve coordination and collaboration

6
Percentage of homeless applicants who had any
member of the household on a waiting list for
social housing at the time of applying in 2010/11
7
Number of homeless households in temporary
accommodation by accommodation type (2001 to 2012)
8
Local authority permanent lettings during 2001/2
to 2010/11 and lets to homeless households
9
Source of lets for all RSLs 2011-12
10
Total lettings as a result of local authority
nominations to RSLs (2001-02 to 2010-11)
11
Scottish housing stock (000s) by tenure, 2001 to
2010
12
Making better use of the stock?
  • Shift to homelessness prevention (Housing
    Options)
  • Value of reasonable preference categories?
  • Matching single people to vacancies
  • Quotas choice based systems
  • Transfers and mutual exchanges
  • LA referrals to RSLs
  • Use of private rented sector
  • Co-ordinated lettings plans

13
Conclusions and issues emerging
  • Effectiveness good housing management
  • Sustainability of 2012 commitment
  • Balance of LA/RSL contribution to housing
    homeless households
  • Tensions reflect scarcity
  • Achieving fairness and effectiveness in
    allocations?
  • Co-ordination and quotas

14
Recommendations
  • Retain a clear responsibility for the rehousing
    of statutorily homeless households in both the
    local authority and RSL sectors, in new
    legislation.
  • Explore enhanced strategic co-ordination of
    lettings through joint plans and procedures to
    optimise effective use of sock, and balance
    meeting different needs.
  • Review the Short Assured Tenancy with a view to
    providing more security for statutorily homeless
    households being housed in the private rented
    sector.
  • Differential implementation of housing benefit
    and welfare reform
  • Increase the supply of one bedroom properties
    available for single homeless people (?)
  • Explore the potential benefits of proactively
    encouraging mutual exchanges
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