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Distance Learning: Trends, Opportunities,

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Distance Learning: Trends, Opportunities, & Current Statistics Presenters Bonnie Fink: Interim Director, Center for Teaching, Learning and Technology – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Distance Learning: Trends, Opportunities,


1
Distance Learning Trends, Opportunities,
Current Statistics
Presenters
Bonnie Fink Interim Director, Center for
Teaching, Learning and Technology Sheryl Hansen
Director, Development Programs, Ohio Learning
Network Connie Molnar Director, Distance Learning
  • February 9, 2006

2
Agenda
  • Distance Learning An Overview from OLN
  • Ohio Learning Network
  • Trends and Driving Factors
  • What is Happening in Ohio?
  • Distance Learning at BGSU
  • What are we doing?
  • How are we doing?
  • A success story
  • A View From the Trenches
  • An Online Faculty Perspective
  • Community and Accessibility in an Online Classroom

3
Distance Education An Overview
4
About OLN
  • OLN seeks to raise the overall educational
    attainment for all Ohioans
  • Expand access to learning opportunities
  • Assist campuses use of technology for learning
  • Support leading-edge activities
  • Facilitate partnerships and collaborations among
    higher education, schools, business and industry,
    and local communities

5
OLN/BGSU Partnerships
  • Grants (9)
  • Partnership (2000)
  • Learning Communities
  • Learning Institute
  • Course Redevelopment
  • Emerging Needs Content
  • Leadership
  • Governing Board
  • Committee/advocacy
  • Academic Outreach
  • Professional Development

6
DL Is Still About Learning Just at a Distance
Students and instructors are not in the same
place at the same time.
  • Distance learning has existed for decades (U of
    South Africa, first in 1946) via correspondence,
    video, TV, cable. More recently CD, DVD, web
  • Late 1900s -- first US university online courses
    offered

7
DL Has Moved into the Mainstream
  • 2.35 million online enrollments in 2004, 18.2
    increase over 2003
  • 63 of institutions offering undergrad F2F also
    offer undergrad online courses
  • 65 of institutions use core faculty to teach
    online courses
  • 56 of institutions identify online education as
    critical long term strategy
  • Top 4 Disciplines that offer DL at Public
    Institutions
  • 54.6 Arts and Sciences, Gen Studies, Humanities
  • 51.3 Business
  • 43.0 CIS
  • 40.7 Social Sciences and History

Sloan, Growing by Degrees, 2005
8
Do you Know
  • 56 of Americans have access to Internet
  • 61 of workers want on line training
  • 58 million log on daily
  • 94 of Ohioans use computers at home
  • And increases in U.S. (and global) digital
    divides

9
In Ohio, Too!
  • With about 585,000 college students in Ohio and
    approximately 44,971 Ohio e-learning students
    37,471 e-learners in public institutions (2004),
    probably 7,500 more in privates . .
  • Almost 8 of Ohio students take online courses

10
Why Do Institutions Offer Online Opportunities?
  • Access to higher education
  • Hope for increased revenues greater fiscal
    efficiencies
  • Learner expectations
  • Societal expectations
  • Promise of increased learning via new technologies

11
(No Transcript)
12
Learners expect . . .
  • Technology enhanced/delivered
  • gamers
  • participatory / experiential preferences
  • mobile
  • Anywhere, anytime learning
  • Flexible, focused content
  • Prefer increments modules, info bits
  • Access to learning - constant and lifelong

13
Whats Ahead?
  • New/emerging technologies
  • Greater competition and need for collaboration
    shared services and content
  • Institutional change, culture shifts
  • Greater focus on students
  • Who are they?
  • What do they already know?
  • How do they learn?
  • What services should we provide?

14
Tech on the Horizon?
  • New Media Consortium and ELI see
  • Social Computing common in 1 year
    (weblogs.swarthmore.edu/burke/?p87)
  • Personal Broadcasting within 1 year
    (cscwww.cats.ohiou.edu/aac/lab/techies)
  • Phones in their Pockets in 2-3 years
    (cnx.rice.edu/content/co/10286/1.1/)
  • Educational Gaming in 2-3 years
    (spacepioneers.msu.edu/)
  • Augmented Reality and Enhanced Visualization in 4
    -5 years (vam.anest.ufl.edu/wip.html)
  • Context-Aware Environments and Devices in 4 -5
    years (www.coolclassroom.org/home.html)

Horizon Report, 2006
15
Increased Competition and For-Profits
  • Other States enroll Ohioans (Indiana Wesleyan
    enrolls 600)
  • For Profits - Phoenix, Capella
  • On-line high schools (20) in Ohio?
  • Increasing International Options (China, EU)

16
Greater Focus on Students
  • Who are they? How do we expand beyond
    traditional age students?
  • How do we engage them? How do they learn? How do
    we know?
  • What student services are needed?
  • What technical sophistication do our future
    students have?

17
Media exposure
By age 21, the average person will have
  • spent 10,000 hours engaged in video games
  • received 200,000 emails
  • watched 20,000 hours of TV
  • spent 10,000 hours on a cell phone
  • spent under 5,000 hours reading

Prensky, 2003
18
Do you know . . .
  • that among children age 6 and under (born 1996
    -- college age in 2014)
  • 48 of children have used a computer
  • 27 4-6 year olds use a computer daily
  • 39 use a computer several times a week
  • 30 have played video games

Kaiser Family Foundation, 2003
19
Age vs. learning preferences
Students who were very satisfied with Web-based
learning by generation
60
40
30
Percentage
20
10
?Dziuban, 2004
0
20
OLN Services
  • ODCE Conference - March
  • OLN website
  • OLN Grants Program
  • Learning Communities Initiative
  • e-Learning Athenaeum of Ohio (ELA)
  • Ohio IT Clearinghouse
  • e-Learning Adjunct Professor Exchange
  • OhioLEARNS! DL Portal
  • TEACHU - online seminars
  • E 4 Me how to DL course
  • technopoli e-calendar
  • CourseCheck DL tool
  • 100 Online Teachers Community
  • Collaborative Learning Environment Hosting

21
Resources
Bounded Exuberance e-Learning in Ohio Ohio
Learning Network, 2005 http//www.oln.org/about_ol
n/pdf/Bounded-web.pdf Growing By Degrees Online
Education in the United States, 2005 The Sloan
Consortium http//www.sloan-c.org/resources/surv
ey.asp The Effects of Electronic Media on
Children Ages Zero to Six A History of Research
Kaiser Family Foundation, http//www.kff.org/entm
edia/7239.cfm Horizon Report New Media
Consortium NLII Collaboration
http//nmc.org/pdf/2005_Horizon_Report.pdf
22
Resources continued
  • Marc Prensky http//www.marcprensky.com/writing/
    default.asp
  • Educating the Net Generation, Diana Oblinger,
    (Educause free e-book). http//www.educause.edu/bo
    oks/educatingthenetgen/5989
  • Stevens Web, Stephen Downes
  • http//www.downes.ca/cgi-bin/page.cgi?dbpostqc
    rdate1114559592formatfull

23
Distance Education at BGSU
Interactive Distance Education for All Learners
24
What does IDEAL do?
  • Provides leadership, coordination, and support of
    campus distance programs and course development.
  • Provides training in online pedagogy and
    technology and instructional design.
  • Maintains a current centralized source of
    information on distance learning for faculty,
    staff, and students.
  • Conducts research in new technologies, best
    practices, innovations.
  • Provides guidance in policy development, research
    and grant opportunities.
  • Represents BGSU at state and national conferences.

25
IDEAL History and Milestones
  • Blackboard CMS implemented Fall 2001
  • IDEAL Established 2001
  • DL Advisory Board Established 2001
  • Defined terminology (Web- Based, Centric,
    Assisted)
  • Modification to blue/green sheet process for
    online courses
  • IDEAL checklist developed
  • NCA Accreditation 2004
  • Received OLN Best Practices for Student
    Services award 2005

26
IDEAL staff
  • Bruce Edwards, Associate Dean
  • Connie Molnar, Director, IDEAL
  • Debbie Milligan, Admin Assistant
  • Instructional Designers
  • Terence Armentano
  • Garrick Ducat
  • Michael Kudela
  • Garrett Whitehead

27
BGSU Online Information
28
Online Course Enrollments
29
Online Degree Programs
  • Advanced Technological Education
  • Bachelor of Liberal Studies
  • Bachelor of Science in Nursing
  • Masters Degree in Education/Assistive
    Technologies
  • Ph. D in Technology Management (consortium
    degree)

30
Online Certificate Programs
  • International Scientific and Technical
    Communication
  • Food and Nutrition
  • Quality Systems
  • Reading Endorsement

31
Resources at BGSU
32
Distance Education Web Sites
  • http//online.bgsu.edu

33
Distance Education Web Sites
  • http//ideal.bgsu.edu

34
Distance Learning Newsletter
35
Pedagogical and technical training
  • Online seminar for new instructors.
  • In-class seminars.
  • Departmental presentations.
  • Individual consultations.

36
Other IDEAL Activities
  • Distance Learning Advisory Board.
  • Collaborations, grants, conferences.
  • Research of new technologies, current trends,
    best practices.
  • Participation on BGSU committees and
    organizations.

37
A Success Story
38
Sloan Semester
  • National collaborative project organized by the
    Sloan Consortium and SREB to provide free online
    courses to students impacted by Hurricane Katrina.

39
Sloan Student Participation
  • Over 4,000 enrollments nationally 1,700 students
    involved.
  • 150 participating institutions around the US.
  • BGSU faculty and staff made this project possible.

40
Student Feedback
  • When the storm hit and I realized home wouldn't
    be the same my first question to myself was what
    am going to do about school? I am very thankful
    for this opportunity. It also helps to keep my
    mind off other depressing events. Thank you so
    much for this online class.

41
Student Feedback
  • Thank you for all your helpI sincerely
    appreciate this opportunity to further my
    education.
  • Thanks so much for EVERYTHING. I appreciate your
    help and this opportunity.
  • I am anxious to resume classes and look forward
    to the opportunity to do so.  Thank you for this
    opportunity and your kind words
    of encouragement.

42
  • Without distance courses, BGSU could not
    accommodate these students.

43
Student Inquiries
  • Adult learners
  • Military personnel
  • People who have workforce changes and/or
    educational requirements
  • International students
  • Parents
  • BGSU Alumni
  • Residential students

44
An Online Faculty Perspective
45
The fourth revolution after speech, writing, and
print, is skywriting.
  • Stevan Harnad (1991) Post-Gutenberg Galaxy The
    Fourth Revolution in the Means of Production of
    Knowledge

46
The concept movement from virtual reality to
reality and from distance learning to presence
learning has at its basis multiple transitions of
human awareness in relation to technology.
  • Peter Chepya, E-Personality The Fusion of IT
    and Pedagogical Technique Educause Quarterly,
    Volume 28, Number 3, 2005

47
  • Virtual reality is reality for online students.
  • Distance learning can be presence learning.
  • The Internet, as the medium, becomes the shared
    place.

48
Combining pedagogical techniques, instructional
design, and technology creates
  • Access
  • Community

49
TECH 302
50
TECH 448
51
Online learning now depends more on the ability
of educators and trainers to tutor and support
learners online than on the technology itself.
  • Dr. Ian Heywood, 2000 World Open Learning
    Conference and Exhibition, Birmingham, England.

52
Bonnie Fink Interim Director Center for Teaching, Learning and Technology 419.372.5563/bfink_at_bgsu.edu
Sheryl Hansen Director, Professional Development Programs Ohio Learning Network 614.995.3240/shansen_at_oln.org
Connie Molnar Director IDEAL (Interactive Distance Education for All Learners) 419.372.7900/cmolnar_at_bgsu.edu
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