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Suicide

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Assessing Risk of Suicide Male stressors: ... These include: Depression, Schizophrenia, Substance misuse, Personality disorders. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Suicide


1
Suicide
2
OVERALL TRENDS
  • Australia 2213 suicides in 2003. 2320 in 2002.
  • The Australian suicide rate in 2003 was 24 lower
    than in 1997.
  • Western Australia 246 suicides in 2002,
  • 314 suicides
    in 1998.
  • The male suicide death rate is four times higher
    than the corresponding female rate.
  • 25 of male deaths between the ages of 20 and 35.

3
Australian Rate of Suicide for Males and Females,
1993 - 2003
4
  • Aboriginality
  • Suicide rates amongst Aboriginal males were
    more than double those of all males in the State.
  • Aboriginal female suicide is rare.
  • Psychiatric Disorders
  • One third of male suicides and just over a
    half of female suicides were found to have
    suffered from a diagnosed psychiatric disorder in
    the 12 months prior to their death. These
    include
  • Depression, Schizophrenia,
  • Substance misuse, Personality disorders.

5
  • Geography
  • Kimberley and Goldfields Health Zones at 1.9
    and 1.5 times greater risk. This reflects the
    higher risk for aboriginality and young males in
    these areas.

6
Assessing Risk of Suicide
  • More than half of all males and 80 of females
    who completed suicide, sought some form of
    professional help in the 12 months prior to their
    death.
  • Increased alcohol and other drug use frequently
    occurs in the period before suicide.

7
Assessing Risk of Suicide
  • Male stressors
  • relationship breakdown psychiatric disorder
  • drug abuse
  • financial problems
  • Female stressors
  • psychiatric illness
    relationship breakdown,
  • issues with family / friends
    physical illness

8
Suicide and Marital Status
Marital status Males Rates Females Rates
Never married 1007 47 39.3 193 36 9.2
Married 734 34 17.8 191 36 4.6
Divorced 237 11 51.5 83 16 14.5
Widowed 60 3 34.0 48 9 6.4
De facto/ unknown 112 5 - 18 4 -
Total 2,150 533
9
Australian Suicide Age and Gender Distribution
1993 and 2003
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