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Semester Exam Review

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Semester Exam Review Evolution Taxonomy viruses bacteria protists fungi plants invertebrates vertebrates Human body 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 200 200 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Semester Exam Review


1
Semester Exam Review
Evolution
Taxonomy
viruses
bacteria
protists
fungi
plants
invertebrates
vertebrates
Human body
100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200
300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300
400 400 400 400 400 400 400 400 400 400
500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500
600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600
700 700 700 700 700 700 700 700 700 700
2
  • WRONGTRY AGAIN.

3
  • AWESOME!

4
100
  • According to Darwin, any inherited characteristic
    that increases an organisms fitness for survival
    is
  • Mutation
  • An adaptation
  • A gene
  • An acquired trait

5
200
  • The forelimbs of humans, cats, dolphins, and bats
    are similar. These similarities indicate that all
    these organisms had a common ancestor. Scientists
    call these similarities
  • Similar structures
  • Homologous structures
  • Fossils
  • Vestigial organs

6
300
  • Which of the following phrases best describes the
    results of natural selection?
  • The natural variation found in all populations.
  • Unrelated but similar species living at different
    locations.
  • Changes in the inherited characteristics of a
    population
  • The struggle for existence undergone by all
    living things.

7
400
  • When lions prey on a herd of antelope, some
    antelope are killed and some escape. Which part
    of Darwins concept of natural selection might be
    used to describe this situation?
  • Acquired characteristics
  • Reproductive isolation
  • Survival of the fittest
  • Descent with modification

8
500
  • In humans, the pelvis and femur are involved in
    walking. In whales, the pelvis and femur shown in
    the picture above are examples of
  • Fossils
  • Vestigial structures
  • Acquired traits
  • Natural variation

9
600
  • Scientists combine fossil evidence, body
    structure, DNA and early embryological
    development to
  • a. determine what bones an animal has in its
    forelimbs.
  • determine the evolutionary relationships among
    species.
  • decide which fossils are older than others.
  • d. determine whether an organism will have
    gills during early development.

10
700
According to the diagram above, how many species
of Darwins ground finches are in the Galapagos
Islands? 3 4 6 10
11
100 Taxonomy
  • To which kingdom would a unicellular organism
    found living in an extreme environment belong?
  • Eubacteria
  • Archaebacteria
  • Protista
  • Fungi

12
200
  • Which of the following characteristics belongs to
    members of the Kingdom Animalia?
  • F. Cell walls made of chitin
  • G. Unicellularity
  • H. Cells that lack organelles
  • J. Cells that lack cell walls

13
300
  • The organism pictured at right is a unicellular
    organism belonging to
  • A. Kingdom Eubacteria.
  • B. Kingdom Animalia.
  • C. Kingdom Protista.
  • D. Kingdom Plantae.

14
400
  • Scientists assign each kind of organism a
    universally accepted name in the system known as
  • F. traditional classification.
  • G. cladistics.
  • H. binomial nomenclature.
  • J. the three domains.

15
500
  • The proper order for Linnaeuss taxonomic
    categories of classification from most broad to
    most specific is
  • a. species, genus, family, order, class,
    phylum, kingdom
  • b. kingdom, family, genus, order, species,
    phylum, class
  • c. species, kingdom, genus, class, family,
    phylum, order
  • d. kingdom, phylum, class, order, family,
    genus, species

16
600
  • Using the classification chart above, which two
    kingdoms are comprised of organisms that are
    multicellular, autotrophic and have cell walls of
    cellulose?
  • Eubacteria and Archaebacteria
  • Protista and Plantae
  • Animalia and Plantae
  • Protista and Animalia

17
700
  • The science that specializes in the
    classification of newly found organisms is
  • A. anatomy
  • B. taxonomy.
  • C. botany.
  • D. paleontology.

18
100 Bacteria
  • Eubacteria and Archaebacteria differ in
  • A. the presence of a nucleus
  • B. the makeup of their cell walls
  • C. size.
  • D. the presence of a cell wall

19
200
  • Which of the following are members of the kingdom
    Archaebacteria?
  • F. methanogens
  • G. eubacteria
  • H. eukaryotes
  • J. E.coli

20
300
  • The structure in Figure 19-1 represents a(an)
  • A. virus.
  • B. archaebacterium.
  • C. methanogen.
  • D. eubacterium.

21
400
  • When treated with Gram stain, Gram positive
    Eubacteria appear
  • F. violet.
  • G. pink.
  • H. yellow.
  • J. orange.

22
500
  • The method called Gram staining is used to tell
  • A. what shape a prokaryote has
  • B. how a prokaryote obtains energy
  • C. what kind of cell wall a prokaryote has
  • D. whether a prokaryote has flagella

23
600
  • Figure 19-2 shows how prokaryotes can be
    identified by
  • F. the composition of their cell walls.
  • G. their reaction to the Gram stain.
  • H. their cell shapes.
  • J. their methods for obtaining energy.

24
700
  • 21. Which cell shape in Figure 19-2 is called a
    coccus?
  • A. A
  • B. B
  • C. C
  • D. None of the above

25
100 Viruses
  • The outer protein coat of a virus is called a
  • A. DNA core.
  • B. capsid.
  • C. bacteriophage.
  • D. tail sheath.

26
200
  • All viruses are made of proteins and
  • F. nucleic acids.
  • G. prophages.
  • H. bacteriophages.
  • J. endospores.

27
300
  • A lytic infection concludes with the
  • A. embedding of viral DNA.
  • B. production of a prophage.
  • C. bursting of the host cell.
  • D. production of messenger RNA.

28
400
  • Unlike lytic viruses, lysogenic viruses do NOT
  • F. inject their genetic material into the host
    cell.
  • G. enter the lytic cycle.
  • H. lyse the host cell right away.
  • J. infect host cells.

29
500
  • Viral diseases can be
  • F. treated with antibiotics and prevented with
    vaccines.
  • G. treated with vaccines and prevented with
    antibiotics.
  • H. prevented with antibiotics but not treated
    with vaccines
  • J. prevented with vaccines but not treated with
    antibiotic.

30
600
  • Figure 19-3, the structure labeled C is
  • A. DNA.
  • B. the capsid.
  • C. the tail fiber.
  • D. the sheath.

31
700
  • In Figure 19-4, which disinfectant was the most
    effective at controlling the growth of the
    bacteria ?
  • F. Disinfectant 1
  • G. Disinfectant 2
  • H. Disinfectant 3
  • J. None of the above

32
100 protists
  • What characteristic of plants is shared by green
    algae?
  • a. Cell wall composition
  • b. Photosynthetic pigments
  • c. Multicellularity
  • d. None of the above

33
200
  • A bloom is
  • F. the clouding of water by sewage.
  • G. an enormous mass of algae that can be fatal to
    ocean life.
  • H. a symbiotic relationship between algae and
    coral.
  • J. None of the above.

34
300
  • Which substances allow algae to harvest and use
    energy from sunlight?
  • a. Cilia and chlorophyll
  • b. Flagella and pseudopods
  • c. Chlorophyll and other accessory pigments
  • d. Cilia and contractile vacuoles

35
400
  • Protists that break down organic material include
    the
  • F. fungus-like protists.
  • G. animal-like protists.
  • H. plant-like protists.
  • J. None of the above

36
500
  • Which of the below protists utilizes pseudopods
    for feeding and movement?
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

37
600
  • Which of the following shows the correct pairing
    of the protist above and the structure it uses
    for movement?
  • A flagella
  • B cilia
  • C flagella
  • D pseudopods

38
700
  • Which of the following characteristics of algae
    make them vital in maintaining life on Earth?
  • A. They are rich in vitamin C.
  • B. They produce chemicals that are used to treat
    health problems.
  • C. They produce much of the Earths oxygen via
    photosynthesis.
  • D. They produce chemicals that are used to make
    plastics, waxes and paints.

39
100 Fungi
  • All fungi
  • F. make their own food.
  • G. absorb their food.
  • produce mushrooms.
  • have chlorophyll.

40
200
  • Most fungi reproduce
  • A. asexually only.
  • B. sexually only.
  • C. both sexually and asexually.
  • D. by budding

41
300
  • Sporangia are found on the tops of specialized
    hyphae called
  • F. sporangiophores.
  • G. mycelia.
  • H. gametangia.
  • J. stolons

42
400
  • Fungal hyphae, shown in Figure 21-1, differ in
    that some lack
  • A. cell walls.
  • B. nuclei.
  • C. cellulose.
  • D. cytoplasm.

43
500
  • Mushrooms are classified as
  • F. imperfect fungi.
  • G. sac fungi.
  • H. common molds.
  • J. club fungi

44
600
  • An important role of fungi in an ecosystem is
  • a. photosynthesis.
  • b. breaking down dead organisms.
  • c. making alcohol.
  • d. killing bacteria.

45
700
  • Which of the following statements about fungi is
    true?
  • F. They bind nutrients and store them.
  • G. They return nutrients to the soil.
  • H. They do not affect soil nutrients.
  • J. They deplete the soil of nutrients.

46
100- plants
  • Which of the following is NOT characteristic of
    all plants?
  • A. They are eukaryotic
  • B. They have cell walls
  • C. They produce seeds
  • D. They are multicellular

47
200
  • Plants use the energy of sunlight to
  • F. exchange gases with the atmosphere.
  • G. take in water from the soil.
  • H. carry out cellular respiration.
  • J. carry out photosynthesis

48
300
  • Bryophytes need standing water in order to
  • a. reproduce.
  • b. draw water up by osmosis.
  • c. undergo photosynthesis.
  • d. grow tall.

49
400
  • Xylem tissue is important to ferns because it
  • F. can conduct water over long distances.
  • G. allows water to diffuse into the roots.
  • H. carries carbohydrates to all parts of the
    plant.
  • J. allows ferns to reproduce in dry environments.

50
500
  • Angiosperms produce seeds inside protective
    structures called
  • pollen grains.
  • cones.
  • ovaries.
  • petals

51
600
  • Unlike a dicot, a monocot has
  • F. 4-5 petals per flower.
  • G. two cotelydons.
  • H. taproots.
  • J. parallel leaf veins.

52
700
  • The flower at right is from a _______________
    plant.
  • fern
  • bryophyte
  • monocot
  • dicot

53
100 invertebrates
  • Some type of body symmetry is found in all
    invertebrates EXCEPT
  • F. cnidarians.
  • G. mollusks.
  • H. flatworms.
  • J. sponges.

54
200
  • Which phylum does the organism at right belong
    to?
  • A. Porifera
  • B. Cnidaria
  • C. Mollusca
  • D. Annelida

55
300
  • The distinguishing feature of an animals closed
    circulatory system is
  • F. it does not include a heart.
  • G. blood is contained within vessels that extend
    throughout the body.
  • H. blood is kept at low pressure.
  • J. blood is circulated less efficiently than in
    an open circulatory system.

56
400
  • If an animal has a digestive tract, an open
    circulatory system and an exoskeleton it could be
    a (an)
  • A. arthropod.
  • B. echinoderm.
  • C. cnidarian.
  • D. roundworm.

57
500
  • Sponges are sessile so they can only obtain food
    by
  • F. photosynthesis
  • G. filtering feeding
  • H. swimming along the sea floor and engulfing
    plankton
  • J. using their spiracles to paralyze their prey.

58
600
  • Cephalization refers to the
  • A. division of the body into upper and lower
    sides.
  • B. joining together of specialized cells to form
    tissues
  • C. concentration of sense organs and nerve cells
    in the anterior end of the body.
  • D. formation of body cavity between the germ
    layers.

59
700
  • Which of the following invertebrates is correctly
    paired with the phylum in which it belongs?
  • F. Earthworm - Phylum Platyhelminthes
  • G. Giant squid - Phylum Mollusca
  • H. Tapeworm - Phylum Nematoda
  • J. Slug - Phylum Echinodermata

60
100 vertebrates
  • Controlling body temperature from within is one
    way that endotherms
  • a. maintain homeostasis.
  • b. regulate gas exchange.
  • c. improve excretory function.
  • d. regulate blood circulation.

61
200
  • Which chordates in the graph above are examples
    of ectotherms?
  • F. Only the lizard
  • G. The lizard, snake and alligator
  • H. The snake, alligator and pigeon
  • J. The rabbit, cat and pigeon

62
300
  • According to the graph, which animals body
    temperature is MOST influenced by the temperature
    of the environment?
  • a. Pigeon
  • b. Cat
  • c. Snake
  • d. Lizard

63
400
  • Which of the following facts about amphibians are
    TRUE?
  • F. They can lay their eggs on dry land.
  • G. They have an exoskeleton
  • H. They have thin moist skin, are Ectothermic
    and have an endoskeleton
  • J. They have rough, dry, scaly skin

64
500
  • Suppose a fish was swimming in total darkness.
    Which of the following would be most likely to
    help the fish detect vibrations of predators
    approaching it from behind?
  • a. Eyes
  • b. Lateral line system
  • c. Swim bladder
  • d. Gills

65
600
  • A feature that is shared by crocodilians, birds
    and mammals is a (an)
  • a. open circulatory system
  • b. four-chambered heart
  • c. hollow skeleton.
  • d. lateral line system.

66
700
  • Birds are beneficial to the environment because
    they
  • a. disperse seeds.
  • b. are pollinators.
  • c. help control the insect population .
  • d. All of the above

67
100 human body
  • Which two organ systems work together to help
    deliver oxygen to body cells?
  • F. Digestive and excretory systems
  • G. Circulatory and immune systems
  • H. Endocrine and muscular systems
  • J. Respiratory and circulatory systems

68
200
  • Which endocrine gland(s) communicate with the
    hypothalamus to control many body activities,
    including growth from infancy to adulthood?
  • Adrenal glands
  • B. Pancreas
  • C. Pituitary gland
  • D. Thyroid gland

69
300
  • What kind of body cell is pictured at right?
  • F. Red blood cell
  • G. Osteocyte
  • H. Neuron
  • J. Kidney cell

70
400
  • To which body system does the cell pictured below
    belong to and also play a crucial role in?
  • A. Circulatory system
  • B. Respiratory system
  • C. Excretory system
  • D. Nervous system

71
500
  • What is the most important function of the
    integumentary system?
  • F. Protection
  • G. Transport of materials
  • H. Support
  • J. Disposal of wastes

72
600
  • In the picture of the digestive system at right,
    which letter represents the location where the
    most absorption of nutrients from food takes
    place?
  • A
  • D
  • G
  • H

73
700
  • In the female reproductive system, eggs are
    produced in the
  • F. fallopian tubes
  • G. ovaries
  • H. uterus
  • J. cervix
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