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US-AEP Study exchange in San Francisco San Jose Fremont Sunnyvale

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Title: US-AEP Study exchange in San Francisco San Jose Fremont Sunnyvale


1
US-AEP Study exchange in San Francisco San
Jose Fremont Sunnyvale
Topics clean air program
eco-tourism Solid waste management
recycling Smart growth redevelopment
Renewable energy (EfW)
2
???????????????????????????????
Smart growth ????????????????????
vs. Smart integration ????????????
?????
3
What is smart growth
  • Creating livable communities by developing
    efficiently within a reasonable growth boundary
  • Vital economy
  • Strong neighborhoods
  • Healthy environment

4
???????????? ?????? ?????????
????????????? ???????????????????????
??????????????????????? ??????????????????????????
??????????????????
5
??????? Smart growth principles ????????????????
??? Mix land uses
6
??????? Smart growth principles ????????????????
????? create transportation choices
7
??????? Smart growth principles ????????????????
??????? create a walkable community
8
??????? Smart growth principles ????????????????
??????????????? care of unique and special
resources
9
??????? Smart growth principles ????????????????
????????????????????????promote community
collaboration
10
??????? Smart growth principles ????????????????
????????? conserve natural resources
11
Smart growth principles preserve open space
12
Smart growth strategies ??????????
  • General plan ???????
  • growth management ??????????????????
  • Transportation/land use integration
    ??????????????????????????????-???????????
  • Economic development ?????????????
  • Downtown revitalization ?????????????????????????
    ?????
  • Urban conservation/preservation
    ???????????????????????????

13
Smart growth strategies ???????
  • ?????? Horizon ???????? ??2000
  • Green line ?????????????????
  • Urban reserve ???????????????????
  • San Jose 2020 ???????????????????
  • Transit corridors ????????????????????????
  • Housing ???????
  • Sustainable city ????????????????????????

14
Growth management ??????????????
  • Legend ?????????
  • Sphere of influence ?????????????
  • Urban growth boundar ??????????????? ????????
  • Urban service area ????????????????

15
Green line ??????????????
16
Infill development ????????????????????
17
Transportation /Land use development ?????????????
??????????????????????????????
18
Transit corridors ????????????????????????
19
Economic development ?????????????????????????????
??
20
Downtown revitalization ??????????????????????????
???????????
???????? ?????????
??????
???????????????????
???????????????
??????????????????????????
21
Urban conservation/preservation
Historic preservation ?????????????????????????
Neighborhood services ???????????????? -
parks, libraries, etc ?????????? ????????
- code enforcement ?????????????????? -
traffic calming ????????????? Housing
programs ??????????????? Strong
neighborhoods initiative ??????????????????????
????????????
22
housing
  • Housing choice
  • ????????????
  • All household types
  • ???????????
  • All income levels
  • ??????????????
  • Ownership and rental housing
  • ??????????????????

23
Fiscal management
  • Capital improvement program imple ments the
    general plan
  • ?????????????
  • Location and type of development affect the costs
    of providing services
  • ??????????????????????????????????????
  • Importance of job-generating uses to strengthen
    municipal budget
  • ??????????????????????????????????????????????????
    ?????????????

24
Efficiency delivery of services
  • Public safety
  • ????????????????
  • Neighborhood services
  • ????????????????
  • Culture services
  • ??????????????????
  • Other regional service
  • ?????????????????????

25
Future growth locations ?????
26
Coyote valley urban service
  • 2500 housing units
  • ????
  • Pedestrian and transit oriented,mixed use
    development
  • ????????????????????
  • ??????????????????
  • Triggers and timing ???????
  • - 5000 job in N. Coyote ????????
  • - city-wide service levels
  • fiscal stability ???????????????????????

27
Now dream
28
Now dream
29
Sustainable city ????????????????????????
  • Energy and water conservation
  • ?????????????????????
  • Recycling programs
  • ???????????
  • Water quality protection
  • ??????????????
  • Habitat protection
  • ??????????????????????? ??? ??? ?????

30
Recycling program
31
Recycling program
32
Clean air program GHG reduction Renewable energy
  • Bicycle safety in San Francisco
  • Electric vehicle, Alternative Energy
  • Renewable energy water hydro wind solar cell
    fuel cell H2 biofuel - Energy from waste
  • - New emerging technologies - Biomass Plasma
    Pyrolysis Gasification Vitrifrication

33
Smart integration
Technologies
Policy
Market
34
(No Transcript)
35
solar
thermal
photosynthesis
ecology system
solar energy
respiration
Biomass plankton moss hemp rubber trees
natural solar cell
36
Renewable energy
  • Solid Waste water sludge digestion to energy
    methane
  • Solid waste Mass Burn Combustion (MBC) to energy
  • Ability to generate syngas for energy
    production
  • - Inefficiency in energy recovery
  • - Effluent such as dioxins and furans still
    exist (CO2
  • and H2O)
  • - Production of ash that still require
    landfill
  • Biomass, Solids, Liquid, Toxic/Hazardous and
    Organic Wastes Gasification and Vitrification
  • Production of CO and H2
  • Produce slag that can be used as
    construction
  • aggregates zero landfill option
  • Complete disassociation of organic matters,
    furans and dioxins have
  • no chance to exist due to high thermal
    enthalpy

37
Plasma Technology NASAs Success Story
Plasma technology
NASA
success story
38
The Plasma Solution
Plasma Harnessing the Power
E m C
39
Plasma Torch Plasma Heat
40
NASA 1962 EARLY HEAT SHELD TESTS
41
Plasma Gasification Vitrification
42
Waste is completely reduced to gas and slag
43
Plasma Tile More Superior to Recycled Glass
44
Analysis toxic used automobile tires by plasma
pyrolysis tech
  • In this work, ashes generated during the plasma
    pyrolysis of used automobile tires using a DC
    Argon thermal plasma were analyzed
  • using Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) and
  • produced syngas composition was analyzed by
    FT-IR..
  • The gas analysis indicates a significant quantity
  • of combustible gases (CH4, C2H2, C2H4, CO, H2
    etc..) was
  • produced from the thermal plasma pyrolysis of
    used tires.
  • The results also indicate that a majority of the
    heavy metals present in used tires were
    concentrated in the ashes deposited in reaction
    chamber wall and in the two-stage filtering
    system.
  • Furthermore the heavy metal concentration
  • decreases significantly with increasing distance
    from the plasma torch.
  • Toxic components such as Zn, As and Cl were also
    collected in the filtering process.

WPD.01 Evaluation of Ash Toxicity Generated
From the Thermal Plasma Pyrolysis of Used
Automobile Tires J.S. Chang, D.R. Novog, S. Jamal
(Dept. of Eng. Phys., McMaster University,
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8S 4M1)
45
In this work, ashes generated during the plasma
pyrolysis of used automobile tires using a DC
Argon thermal plasma were analyzed using Neutron
Activation Analysis (NAA) andproduced syngas
composition was analyzed by FT-IR..
46
The gas analysis indicates a significant quantity
of combustible gases (CH4, C2H2, C2H4, CO, H2
etc..) was produced from the thermal plasma
pyrolysis of used tires
47
The results also indicate that a majority of the
heavy metals present in used tires Were
concentrated in the ashes deposited in reaction
chamber wall and in the two-stage filtering system
48
Analysis toxic used automobile tires by plasma
pyrolysis tech
Furthermore the heavy metal concentration
decreases significantly with increasing distance
from the plasma torch. Toxic components such as
Zn, As and Cl were also collected in the
filtering process.
49
Paper toxic analysis
  • http//flux.aps.org/meetings/BAPSGEC96/abs/S280001
    .html .................search
  • WPD.01 Evaluation of Ash Toxicity Generated
    From the Thermal Plasma Pyrolysis of Used
    Automobile Tires
  • J.S. Chang, D.R. Novog, S. Jamal (Dept. of Eng.
    Phys., McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario,
    Canada, L8S 4M1)

50
solution Energy you can cultivate Biomass
51
Moscone center
52
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