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Supplemental Feeding for Puppies and Kittens

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Title: Supplemental Feeding for Puppies and Kittens


1
Supplemental Feeding for Puppies and Kittens
  • Dr. Randy Ackman

2
Care for Orphaned Puppies and Kittens
(Supplementation)
  • Reasons for supplementation
  • Poor mother
  • Poor milk production
  • Illness
  • Conformation
  • Large litters
  • Abandonment
  • Death of bitch/queen

http//www.crcbullmastiffs.com/Dolly_s_Newborn_Pup
pies.jpg
3
Care for Orphaned Puppies and Kittens
(Supplementation)
  • Assessment
  • Pink mm
  • No V/D
  • Moving
  • Squirming
  • Nuzzling

4
Care for Orphaned Puppies and Kittens
(Supplementation)
  • When to act
  • Low body temperature
  • Cannot regulate until 3 weeks
  • Heat loss
  • Convection
  • Heat loss through currents in fluids or gases
  • Conduction
  • Heat loss through matter, contact higher to lower
  • Radiation
  • Surface of an object

5
Care for Orphaned Puppies and Kittens
(Supplementation)
Age Puppies (Temp in Fahrenheit) Kittens (Temp in Fahrenheit)
Birth -7days 85-90 88-92
8-14 days 80 80-85
15-28 days 80 80
29-35 days 70-75 75
36 days and older 70 70
Monson, WJ The care and management of orphaned
puppies and kittens. Vet Tech 8(9) 430-434,
1987.
6
Care for Orphaned Puppies and Kittens
(Supplementation)
  • Normal temp
  • Newborns
  • 96-97 degrees F
  • 1 week
  • 100 degrees F
  • Important
  • Raise temperature before supplemental feeding
  • Aspiration
  • Further hypothermia
  • GI Distress and decreased motility

7
Care for Orphaned Puppies and Kittens
(Supplementation)
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Low blood sugar
  • Why?
  • Anorexia
  • Low glycogen stores
  • Stress
  • May need to start with glucose (dextrose)

http//www.marvistavet.com/assets/images/ORPHAN2.g
if
8
Care for Orphaned Puppies and Kittens
(Supplementation)
  • Hydration Status
  • Dehydration
  • SQ fluids
  • IP fluids
  • Warm
  • 0.9 saline

http//www.leerburg.com/Photos/pupmed2.jpg
9
Care for Orphaned Puppies and Kittens
(Supplementation)
  • MAKESHIFT  FORMULA UNTIL  KMR/ESBILAC CAN  BE 
    OBTAINED
  • PUPPIES KITTENS
  • 1 cup whole milk 1/2 cup whole milk
  • 1 tsp. salad oil  1 egg yolk
  • 1 drop multi-vitamins (if you have any)
  • 2egg yolks 3 Tums (antacid) crushed
  • Mix in a blender whichever formula you use.

http//www.marvistavet.com/html/body_orphan_kitten
s.html
10
Care for Orphaned Puppies and Kittens
(Supplementation)
  • Supplementation
  • Several brands
  • Powdered
  • Easier to store for longer periods
  • Less expensive
  • Liquid
  • Ready to go
  • Storage
  • Short shelf life after opening

11
Care for Orphaned Puppies and Kittens
(Supplementation)
  • Weighing the animal
  • Gram scale
  • Less error
  • More accurate
  • Monitors
  • Progress
  • Failure

http//www.zimfamilycockers.com/Abbys2004Litter-Fr
eckles-OneMonthOld.jpg
12
Care for Orphaned Puppies and Kittens
(Supplementation)
  • Feeding the puppy/kitten
  • Initially feed half of requirement
  • Diet change V/D
  • More water added
  • Dehydrated
  • Warm to body temperature
  • Warm water bath
  • Avoid microwave

http//www.bibi.org/box/2005/marco/puppy_infrared.
jpg
13
Care for Orphaned Puppies and Kittens
(Supplementation)
  • Feeding with a nipple
  • Appropriate size
  • Appropriate opening

http//www.leerburg.com/bottlefeeding.htm
14
Care for Orphaned Puppies and Kittens
(Supplementation)
  • How to feed
  • Normal nursing position
  • On stomachs
  • Head elevated
  • Head outstretched

http//www.leerburg.com/bottlefeeding.htm
15
Care for Orphaned Puppies and Kittens
(Supplementation)
  • Feeding with stomach tube
  • 5-8 Fr size tube
  • Measure tube
  • Last rib to tip of nose
  • Remeasure weekly

http//www.leerburg.com/Photos/savepup6.jpg
16
Care for Orphaned Puppies and Kittens
(Supplementation)
  • Post feeding
  • Burped
  • Rubbing back
  • Head up
  • Why?

http//rangeairevision.com/educational/puppies.php
17
Care for Orphaned Puppies and Kittens
(Supplementation)
  • Elimination
  • lt 3weeks cannot eliminate on own
  • Stimulate anogenital area
  • Warm wet cotton ball

http//rangeairevision.com/educational/puppies.php
18
Care for Orphaned Puppies and Kittens
(Supplementation)
  • Weaning
  • Start at three weeks
  • Must teach to lap
  • Supplement with high quality puppy food
  • Switch to water
  • Gruel consistency

http//rangeairevision.com/educational/puppies.php
19
Care for Orphaned Puppies and Kittens
(Supplementation)
  • Weaning
  • Gradual decrease water
  • Feed 3-4X day
  • 10 minutes
  • Provide adequate room
  • Shallow pans
  • Muffin tins

http//images.google.com/images?svnum10hlenlr
qpuppiesnewbornsorphaned
20
  • http//www.leerburg.com/bottlefeeding.htm
  • http//images.google.com/imgres?imgurlhttp//www.
    marvistavet.com/assets/images/ORPHAN2.gifimgrefur
    lhttp//www.marvistavet.com/html/body_orphan_kitt
    ens.htmlh176w194sz25hlenstart7tbnid6xr
    e2WWL1OOHqMtbnh93tbnw103prev/images3Fq3Do
    rphan2Bpuppy26svnum3D1026hl3Den26lr3D

21
  • http//images.google.com/images?svnum10hlenlr
    qtemperaturepuppy
  • http//www.zimfamilycockers.com/whelping.html
  • http//images.google.com/images?svnum10hlenlr
    qpuppiesnewbornsorphaned
  • http//images.google.com/images?hlenqnewbornpu
    ppies
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