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Psychological Disorders

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Psychological Disorders liudexiang Overview Perspectives on psychologcal disorders Mood disorders Anxiety disorders Psychosomatic and somatoform disorders ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Psychological Disorders


1
Psychological Disorders
  • liudexiang

2
Overview
  • Perspectives on psychologcal disorders
  • Mood disorders
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Psychosomatic and somatoform disorders
  • Dissociative disorders

3
Perspectives on psychologcal disorders
  • Biological model
  • Psychoanalytic model
  • Cognitive-behavioral model
  • Diathesis-stress model
  • Systems approach

4
Biological model
  • Biological model View that psychological
    disorders have a biochemical or physiological
    basis.

5
Psychoanalytic model
  • Psychoanalytic model View that pscychological
    disorders result from unconscious internal
    conflicts.

6
Cognitive-behavioral model
  • Cognitive-behavioral model View that
    psychological disorders result from learning
    maladaptive ways of thinking and behaving.

7
Diathesis-stress model
  • Diathesis-stress model View that people
    biologically predisposed to a mental disorder
    will tend to exhibit that disorder when
    particularly affected by stress.

8
System approach
  • System approach View that biological,
    psychological, and social risk factors combining
    to produce psychological disorders. Also known as
    the biopsychosocial model of psychological
    disorders.

9
Mood disorders
  • Depression
  • Suicide
  • Mania and bipolar disorder

10
Mood disorders
  • Mood disorders Disturbance in mood or prolonged
    emotional state.
  • Depression A mood disorder characterized by
    overwhelming feelings of sadness, lack of
    interest in activities, and perhaps excessive
    guilt or feelings of worthlessness.

11
Mood disorders
  • Mania A mood disorder characterized by euphoric
    states, extreme physical activity, excessive
    talkativeness, distractedness, and sometimes
    grandiosity.

12
Mood disorder
  • Biopolar disorder A mood disorder in which
    periods of mania and depression alternate,
    sometimes with periods of normal mood
    intervening.

13
Anxiety disorders
  • Anxiety disorders Disorders in which anxiety is
    a characteristic feature or the avoidance of
    anxiety seems to motivate abnormal behavior.

14
Specific phobia
  • Specific phobia Anxiety disorder characterized
    by an intense, paralyzing fear of something.

15
Agoraphobia
  • An anxiety disorder that involves multiple,
    intense fears of crowds, public places, and other
    situations that require separation from a souce
    of security such as the home.

16
Panic disorder
  • An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent
    panic attacks in which the person suddenly
    experiences intense fear or terror without any
    reasonable cause.

17
Generalized anxiety disorder
  • An anxiety disorder characterized by prolonged
    vague but intense fears that are not attached to
    any particular object or circumstance.

18
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • An anxiety disorder in which a person feels
    driven to think disturbing thoughts or to
    perform senseless rituals.

19
Pcychosomatic disorders
  • Disorders in which there is real physical illness
    that is largely caused by psychological factors
    such as stress and anxiety.

20
Somatoform disorders
  • Disorders in which there is an apparent physical
    illness for which there is no organic basis.

21
Conversion disorders
  • Somatoform disorders in which a dramatic specific
    disability has no physical cause but instead
    seems related to psychological problems.

22
Dissociative disorders
  • Disorders in which some aspect of the personality
    seems separated from the rest.

23
Dissociative identity disorder
  • Also called multiple personality disorder which
    is characterized by the separation of the
    personality into two or more distinct
    personalities.

24
Depersonalization disorder
  • A dissociative disorder whose essential feature
    is that the person suddenly feels changed or
    different in a strange way.

25
Personality disorders
  • Disorders in which inflexible and maladptive ways
    of thinking and behaving learned early in life
    cause distress to the person or conflicts with
    others.

26
Schizoid personaltiy disorder
  • Personality disorder in which a person is
    withdrawn and lacks feelings for others.

27
Paranoid personality disorder
  • Personality disorder in which the person is
    inappropriately suspicious and mistrustful of
    others.

28
Dependent personaltiy disorder
  • Personality disorder in which the person is
    unable to make choices and decisions
    independently and cannot tolerate being alone.

29
Avoidant personality disorder
  • Personality disorder in which the persons fears
    of rejection by others lead to social isolation.

30
Narcissistic personality disorder
  • Personality disorder in which the person has an
    exaggerated sense of self-importance and needs
    constant admiration.

31
Borderline personality disorder
  • Personality disorder characterized by marked
    instability in self-image, mood, and
    interpersonal relationships.

32
Antisocial personality disorder
  • Personality disorder that involves a pattern of
    violent, criminal, or unethical and exploitative
    behavior and an inability to feel affection for
    others.

33
The End
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