Nicholas Copernicus - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Nicholas Copernicus PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 46e365-YWJhY



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Nicholas Copernicus

Description:

Nicholas Copernicus Personal Background 1473 1543 Thorn (now Torum), Poland Merchants & Municipal Officials Polish Astronomer High Social Class Solid Education Best ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:216
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 20
Provided by: glenbest
Learn more at: http://www.eng.usf.edu
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Nicholas Copernicus


1
Nicholas Copernicus
2
Personal Background
  • 14731543
  • Thorn (now Torum), Poland
  • Merchants Municipal Officials
  • Polish Astronomer
  • High Social Class
  • Solid Education
  • Best Universities

3
Personal Chronology
  • Studied Liberal Arts (1491)
  • Jagiellonian Univ.
  • Studied Law
  • Univ. of Cracow
  • Studied Medicine
  • Univ. of Padua
  • Where Galileo taught a century later
  • Didnt Complete Studies

4
Personal Chronology
  • Studied Canon Law (1497)
  • Univ. of Bologna
  • Doctorate, Univ. of Ferrara (1503)
  • Not unusual to get degree elsewhere
  • Lived with Mathematics Prof.
  • Domenico Maria de Novara
  • Lectured on Astronomy
  • Rome (1500)

5
Personal Chronology
  • Domenico Maria de Novara
  • Stimulated Copernicuss Interests
  • Geographical Astronomical
  • Critic of Astronomer Ptolemy
  • Together Observed Occultation
  • Eclipse of the moon
  • Star Aldebaran, 3/9/1497

6
Personal Chronology
  • Return to Poland (1503-1510)
  • Uncle's Bishopric palace
  • Lidzbark Warminski
  • Administration of the Diocese
  • Conflict Against the Teutonic Knights
  • Published First Book
  • Latin translation of letters on morals
  • 7th-century Byzantine writer
  • Theophylactus of Simocatta.

7
Personal Chronology
  • Between 1507 and 1515
  • Completed Astronomical Treatise
  • Known as the Commentariolus
  • Not Published Till 19th Century
  • Principles Heliocentric Astronomy.

8
Personal Chronology
  • Church Administrator (1512)
  • Frauenberg, East Prussia.
  • Financial Responsibilities
  • No Priestly Duties.
  • Commission on Calendar Reform
  • 1515

9
Personal Chronology
  • Wrote a Treatise on Money
  • 1517
  • De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium
  • His Major Work,
  • On the Revolutions of Celestial Spheres
  • Finished by 1530
  • First published by Lutheran printer
  • Nuremberg, Germany, 1543.

10
16th-Century Cosmology
  • Eventually Replaced
  • Copernican Theory
  • Geocentric Universe
  • Earth
  • Stationary and motionless
  • Center of concentric,rotating spheres.

11
16th-Century Cosmology
  • Geocentric Universe
  • Spheres Held Celestial Bodies
  • The moon
  • Mercury
  • Venus
  • The sun,
  • Mars
  • Jupiter
  • Saturn
  • From Earth Outward

12
16th-Century Cosmology
  • Geocentric Universe
  • Finite outermost sphere
  • So-called fixed stars
  • Said to wobble slowly
  • produces precession of the equinoxes
  • Flaws In The Geocentric Universe
  • Apparent retrograde motion
  • Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn
  • Planet motion halts reverses

13
16th-Century Cosmology
14
Copernican System
  • Heliocentric Theory
  • First presented (1512 or earlier)
  • Commentariolus
  • Completed by 1530
  • Published (1543)
  • De revolutionibus orbium coelestium

15
Copernican System
  • Heliocentric Theory
  • Sun is at rest
  • Near the center of the universe
  • Earth spins on its axis once daily
  • Revolves annually around the sun
  • Precesses on its axis
  • Wobbles like a top
  • Planets also rotate

16
Copernican System
17
Copernican System
  • Heliocentric Theory Explains
  • Motions of Sun Stars
  • Retrograde motion of some planets
  • Heliocentric Theory Retains
  • Solid planet-bearing spheres
  • Finite outermost sphere of fixed stars was
    stationary

18
Copernican System
  • Ten Copernicans (1543 and 1600)
  • Worked outside the universities
  • Galileo Kepler
  • Different reasons for support
  • Middle position
  • Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe
  • The earth remained at rest and all the planets
    revolved around the sun as it revolved around the
    earth

19
Copernican System
  • Galileos Ecclesiastical trial (1633)
  • Suppression of Copernican Theory
  • Some Jesuit philosophers
  • Secret followers of Copernicus
  • Others
  • Geocentric-heliocentric system
  • Late 17th century
  • System of celestial mechanics
  • Sir Isaac Newton
About PowerShow.com