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Australia, New Zealand, and the Islands of the South Pacific

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Title: Australia, New Zealand, and the Islands of the South Pacific


1
Australia, New Zealand, and the Islands of the
South Pacific
2
Australia, New Zealand, and the Islands of the
South Pacific
  • One of the fastest-growing areas for tourist
    arrivals
  • Tourism in the Islands of the Pacific is small,
    isolated due to their long distances from the
    rest of the world

3
Australia, New Zealand, and the Islands of the
South Pacific
  • Benefited from their larger size and close
    cultural and economic ties to Europe and North
    America
  • Both nations have highly developed economies that
    have all the characteristics of developed nations

4
Australia, New Zealand, and the Islands of the
South Pacific
  • Different in physical geography, with one large
    and the other small, one mineral-rich and the
    other with few mineral resources, one an island
    nation and the other occupying a continent

5
South Pacific Islands and their physical
characteristics
  • Islands of the South Pacific region (often
    referred to as Oceania) can be divided into three
    island groups Melanesia, Micronesia, and
    Polynesia
  • Climate of the islands of the South Pacific is
    tropical rain forest with year-round
    precipitation and warm-to-hot temperatures with
    seasonal winds to temper the high humidity

6
Physical Characteristics of Australia and New
Zealand
  • Australia
  • Desert climate, which limits agricultural
    activities and settlement, but its large landmass
    includes some of the general climatic regions
  • a) Eastern coastal area from Brisbane south to
    Melbourne has abundant precipitation year-round

7
Physical Characteristics of Australia and New
Zealand
  • Range from humid subtropical in the Brisbane
    area, which is a major tourist region similar to
    Miami to the marine west coast in the South
    around Melbourne and Canberra

8
Physical Characteristics of Australia and New
Zealand
  • Southwestern and southern parts of Australia have
    a Mediterranean-type climate characterized by
    hot, dry summers and mild, moist winters, similar
    to that of Southern California
  • Important producer of grapes and other crops
    typical of the Mediterranean climates of Southern
    Europe and Southern California

9
Physical Characteristics of Australia and New
Zealand
  • c) Northeast region does have the
    internationally known Great Barrier Reef, which
    has led to the development of one of the better
    tourist regions of Australia

10
New Zealand
  • Consists of two large and a number of small
    islands
  • North Island contains the majority of 3.6 million
    residents of New Zealand, which the larger South
    Island and the small islands have fewer people.

11
New Zealand
  • Landforms are dominated by high mountain ranges,
    particularly the Southern Alps of South Island,
    which reach 12,349 feet at Mt Cook
  • Extensive park system in the Southern Alps and
    the major tourist attraction of its highest peak,
    Mt Cook

12
New Zealand
  • Climate of New Zealand is a marine west-coast
    climate, and half of the nation is suitable for
    intensive grazing
  • Production of wool and mutton for export for
    Europe has been the economic activity from the
    time of the first European settlements

13
Tourism
  • Experienced a rapid rate of growth
  • Increase in tourists to the islands of the South
    and Central Pacific, from 682,629 tourists in
    1975 to 3,066,535 in 1999 creates an annual
    average growth rate

14
Tourism
  • Change in Australia/New Zealand in 1999
    represents a growth of over 9 per cent per year
  • Characterized by its isolation, great distances
    from the major tourist-generating countries of
    the world

15
Tourism
  • Reflects the combination of distance and cultural
    linkages with former colonial ties
  • Most of the visitors are from the more adjacent
    Pacific region, which includes Asia and Southeast
    Asia

16
Cook Islands
  • Incorporate a variety of geographic settings
  • Submerged volcanic peaks covered with coral and
    the steep, raised volcanic peaks of Rarotonga
    with its narrow, fringing reef

17
Tourism characteristics, Destinations, and
Attractions
  • Only the Cook islands of the remaining Polynesian
    islands have any tourist industry of consequence
    and even then it is small, attracting most of its
    visitors from Australia and New Zealand

18
Tourism characteristics, Destinations, and
Attractions
  • In total 885 rooms in all hotels, motels,
    guesthouses, and hostels combined
  • Known for their volcanic mountains, beautiful
    beaches, and crystal-clear lagoons
  • Coral reef and lagoons are centers of interest
    for snorkeling and scuba diving

19
New Zealand
  • Physical Characteristics
  • Predominantly mountainous with some large coastal
    plains
  • Climate is temperate

20
Tourism Characteristics
  • Remote from the leading world population centers,
    tourism is one of its fastest growing industries
  • Government actively promotes tourism, with
    offices in many of the industrialized nations of
    the world

21
Tourism Characteristics
  • Capital Wellington
  • Government Independent State within the
    British Commonwealth
  • Size 103,515 square miles
  • Language English
  • Tourist season Year-round
  • Peak Tourist Season Nov and Dec

22
Tourism Characteristics
  • Strong ties with the United Kingdom since the
    early 1800s resulted in colonization by British
    settlers
  • Strong tie is expressed in the high numbers of
    visitors from the United Kingdom arriving for the
    purpose of visiting friends and relatives

23
Tourism Characteristics
  • Average stay is about 20 days
  • 80 from State of California, United Kingdom and
    Japan
  • Growing Japanese market is a combination of
    honeymooners and single, female office workers

24
Tourist Destinations and Attractions
  • Encouraged ecotourism both for preservation and
    as a major source of attractiveness for visitors
  • Maori culture is a major tourist attraction and
    is well presented for the visitor
  • Diverse, scenic physical environment, from
    subtropical beaches in the north through the
    North Islands volcanic and thermal belt

25
Tourist Destinations and Attractions
  • Auckland is the first region, largest city and
    major international airport
  • Worlds first walk-through aquarium
  • Delightful collection of restored colonial-style
    shops
  • Victoria Street Market

26
Tourist Destinations and Attractions
  • Tot the north of Auckland are the Bay Islands, a
    subtropical area that is a center for waterspouts
  • Bay islands Maritime and Historic Park
    administers, a number of scenic, historic, and
    recreational reserves

27
Tourist Destinations and Attractions
  • Rotorua on North Island is the largest tourist
    attraction in New Zealand
  • Attracting 60 of all holiday visitors to the
    country
  • Center of the Maori culture and has a model
    village museum, and shop selling Maori handicrafts

28
Tourist Destinations and Attractions
  • Wellington, the capital, and its harbor serve as
    the major link to the South Island
  • Attractive harbor, wooden houses, and the
    surrounding forested hillsides add to unusual
    museum and botanical gardens to provide an
    interesting attraction

29
Australia
  • Physical Characteristics
  • Low irregular plateau
  • Within the zones of prevailing westerly winds and
    the southeast trades, which provide plentiful
    rainfall on the coast but a very dry interior
  • Parts of the north are tropical with high annual
    rainfall

30
Tourism Characteristics
  • Rapid growth in both tourism numbers and
    diversity
  • As large as the United States
  • Federation of six states and two territories with
    dependencies, including Christmas Island, Heard
    and MacDonald Islands etc

31
Tourism Characteristics
  • Capital Canberra
  • Government Democratic, federal-state system
  • Size 2.9 million miles
  • Language English
  • Tourist Season December
  • Peak Tourist Season December
  • Population 19.4 million

32
Tourism Characteristics
  • Average stay is 23 days
  • Rapid growth of the Japanese market
  • Decline in percentage from New Zealand is offset
    by an increase from Asian nations such as Japan,
    Singapore and Taiwan and Europe

33
Tourist Destinations and Attractions
  • Sydney and Melbourne, two largest cities have
    international airports and account for 55 percent
    of all arrivals in the country
  • Variety and diversity of attractions resulting
    from its size and history
  • Southeast of Australia, represented by Sydney and
    Melbourne, are the two poles of attraction for
    tourists.

34
Tourist Destinations and Attractions
  • Sydney, Australias oldest city, is attractive in
    some ways resembling London, but on a smaller
    scale e.g. Opera House
  • Second largest city and the capital of Victoria
    is the original capital, Melbourne
  • Major sights e.g. Victoria Cultural Center, War
    Memorial Shrine, Botanical Gardens

35
Tourist Destinations and Attractions
  • Canberra, the capital of Australia
  • Modern planned city focusing on Australias House
    of Parliament

36
Tourist Destinations and Attractions
  • Queensland has Australias greatest attraction,
    the Great Barrier Reef, stretching for 1,200
    miles along the eastern coast
  • Excellent access to the spectacular underwater
    views of the Great Barrier Reef

37
Tourist Destinations and Attractions
  • Queensland has the greatest tourist destination
    in such towns as the Gold Coast and the Sunshine
    Coast
  • Comparable to the coastal resort developments in
    Spain and could be similar to Waikiki Beach in
    Hawaii
  • Major attractions e.g. Dreamworld, Sea World,
    Surfers paradise
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