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Australia, New Zealand, and the Islands of the South Pacific


Australia, New Zealand, and the Islands of the South Pacific Australia, New Zealand, and the Islands of the South Pacific One of the fastest-growing areas for tourist ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Australia, New Zealand, and the Islands of the South Pacific

Australia, New Zealand, and the Islands of the
South Pacific
Australia, New Zealand, and the Islands of the
South Pacific
  • One of the fastest-growing areas for tourist
  • Tourism in the Islands of the Pacific is small,
    isolated due to their long distances from the
    rest of the world

Australia, New Zealand, and the Islands of the
South Pacific
  • Benefited from their larger size and close
    cultural and economic ties to Europe and North
  • Both nations have highly developed economies that
    have all the characteristics of developed nations

Australia, New Zealand, and the Islands of the
South Pacific
  • Different in physical geography, with one large
    and the other small, one mineral-rich and the
    other with few mineral resources, one an island
    nation and the other occupying a continent

South Pacific Islands and their physical
  • Islands of the South Pacific region (often
    referred to as Oceania) can be divided into three
    island groups Melanesia, Micronesia, and
  • Climate of the islands of the South Pacific is
    tropical rain forest with year-round
    precipitation and warm-to-hot temperatures with
    seasonal winds to temper the high humidity

Physical Characteristics of Australia and New
  • Australia
  • Desert climate, which limits agricultural
    activities and settlement, but its large landmass
    includes some of the general climatic regions
  • a) Eastern coastal area from Brisbane south to
    Melbourne has abundant precipitation year-round

Physical Characteristics of Australia and New
  • Range from humid subtropical in the Brisbane
    area, which is a major tourist region similar to
    Miami to the marine west coast in the South
    around Melbourne and Canberra

Physical Characteristics of Australia and New
  • Southwestern and southern parts of Australia have
    a Mediterranean-type climate characterized by
    hot, dry summers and mild, moist winters, similar
    to that of Southern California
  • Important producer of grapes and other crops
    typical of the Mediterranean climates of Southern
    Europe and Southern California

Physical Characteristics of Australia and New
  • c) Northeast region does have the
    internationally known Great Barrier Reef, which
    has led to the development of one of the better
    tourist regions of Australia

New Zealand
  • Consists of two large and a number of small
  • North Island contains the majority of 3.6 million
    residents of New Zealand, which the larger South
    Island and the small islands have fewer people.

New Zealand
  • Landforms are dominated by high mountain ranges,
    particularly the Southern Alps of South Island,
    which reach 12,349 feet at Mt Cook
  • Extensive park system in the Southern Alps and
    the major tourist attraction of its highest peak,
    Mt Cook

New Zealand
  • Climate of New Zealand is a marine west-coast
    climate, and half of the nation is suitable for
    intensive grazing
  • Production of wool and mutton for export for
    Europe has been the economic activity from the
    time of the first European settlements

  • Experienced a rapid rate of growth
  • Increase in tourists to the islands of the South
    and Central Pacific, from 682,629 tourists in
    1975 to 3,066,535 in 1999 creates an annual
    average growth rate

  • Change in Australia/New Zealand in 1999
    represents a growth of over 9 per cent per year
  • Characterized by its isolation, great distances
    from the major tourist-generating countries of
    the world

  • Reflects the combination of distance and cultural
    linkages with former colonial ties
  • Most of the visitors are from the more adjacent
    Pacific region, which includes Asia and Southeast

Cook Islands
  • Incorporate a variety of geographic settings
  • Submerged volcanic peaks covered with coral and
    the steep, raised volcanic peaks of Rarotonga
    with its narrow, fringing reef

Tourism characteristics, Destinations, and
  • Only the Cook islands of the remaining Polynesian
    islands have any tourist industry of consequence
    and even then it is small, attracting most of its
    visitors from Australia and New Zealand

Tourism characteristics, Destinations, and
  • In total 885 rooms in all hotels, motels,
    guesthouses, and hostels combined
  • Known for their volcanic mountains, beautiful
    beaches, and crystal-clear lagoons
  • Coral reef and lagoons are centers of interest
    for snorkeling and scuba diving

New Zealand
  • Physical Characteristics
  • Predominantly mountainous with some large coastal
  • Climate is temperate

Tourism Characteristics
  • Remote from the leading world population centers,
    tourism is one of its fastest growing industries
  • Government actively promotes tourism, with
    offices in many of the industrialized nations of
    the world

Tourism Characteristics
  • Capital Wellington
  • Government Independent State within the
    British Commonwealth
  • Size 103,515 square miles
  • Language English
  • Tourist season Year-round
  • Peak Tourist Season Nov and Dec

Tourism Characteristics
  • Strong ties with the United Kingdom since the
    early 1800s resulted in colonization by British
  • Strong tie is expressed in the high numbers of
    visitors from the United Kingdom arriving for the
    purpose of visiting friends and relatives

Tourism Characteristics
  • Average stay is about 20 days
  • 80 from State of California, United Kingdom and
  • Growing Japanese market is a combination of
    honeymooners and single, female office workers

Tourist Destinations and Attractions
  • Encouraged ecotourism both for preservation and
    as a major source of attractiveness for visitors
  • Maori culture is a major tourist attraction and
    is well presented for the visitor
  • Diverse, scenic physical environment, from
    subtropical beaches in the north through the
    North Islands volcanic and thermal belt

Tourist Destinations and Attractions
  • Auckland is the first region, largest city and
    major international airport
  • Worlds first walk-through aquarium
  • Delightful collection of restored colonial-style
  • Victoria Street Market

Tourist Destinations and Attractions
  • Tot the north of Auckland are the Bay Islands, a
    subtropical area that is a center for waterspouts
  • Bay islands Maritime and Historic Park
    administers, a number of scenic, historic, and
    recreational reserves

Tourist Destinations and Attractions
  • Rotorua on North Island is the largest tourist
    attraction in New Zealand
  • Attracting 60 of all holiday visitors to the
  • Center of the Maori culture and has a model
    village museum, and shop selling Maori handicrafts

Tourist Destinations and Attractions
  • Wellington, the capital, and its harbor serve as
    the major link to the South Island
  • Attractive harbor, wooden houses, and the
    surrounding forested hillsides add to unusual
    museum and botanical gardens to provide an
    interesting attraction

  • Physical Characteristics
  • Low irregular plateau
  • Within the zones of prevailing westerly winds and
    the southeast trades, which provide plentiful
    rainfall on the coast but a very dry interior
  • Parts of the north are tropical with high annual

Tourism Characteristics
  • Rapid growth in both tourism numbers and
  • As large as the United States
  • Federation of six states and two territories with
    dependencies, including Christmas Island, Heard
    and MacDonald Islands etc

Tourism Characteristics
  • Capital Canberra
  • Government Democratic, federal-state system
  • Size 2.9 million miles
  • Language English
  • Tourist Season December
  • Peak Tourist Season December
  • Population 19.4 million

Tourism Characteristics
  • Average stay is 23 days
  • Rapid growth of the Japanese market
  • Decline in percentage from New Zealand is offset
    by an increase from Asian nations such as Japan,
    Singapore and Taiwan and Europe

Tourist Destinations and Attractions
  • Sydney and Melbourne, two largest cities have
    international airports and account for 55 percent
    of all arrivals in the country
  • Variety and diversity of attractions resulting
    from its size and history
  • Southeast of Australia, represented by Sydney and
    Melbourne, are the two poles of attraction for

Tourist Destinations and Attractions
  • Sydney, Australias oldest city, is attractive in
    some ways resembling London, but on a smaller
    scale e.g. Opera House
  • Second largest city and the capital of Victoria
    is the original capital, Melbourne
  • Major sights e.g. Victoria Cultural Center, War
    Memorial Shrine, Botanical Gardens

Tourist Destinations and Attractions
  • Canberra, the capital of Australia
  • Modern planned city focusing on Australias House
    of Parliament

Tourist Destinations and Attractions
  • Queensland has Australias greatest attraction,
    the Great Barrier Reef, stretching for 1,200
    miles along the eastern coast
  • Excellent access to the spectacular underwater
    views of the Great Barrier Reef

Tourist Destinations and Attractions
  • Queensland has the greatest tourist destination
    in such towns as the Gold Coast and the Sunshine
  • Comparable to the coastal resort developments in
    Spain and could be similar to Waikiki Beach in
  • Major attractions e.g. Dreamworld, Sea World,
    Surfers paradise