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I BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth: And in Jesus Christ his only Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; he descended into

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Title: I BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth: And in Jesus Christ his only Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; he descended into


1
I BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty, Maker of
heaven and earth And in Jesus Christ his only
Son, our Lord who was conceived by the Holy
Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under
Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried
he descended into hell the third day he rose
again from the dead he ascended into heaven, and
sitteth on the right hand of God the Father
Almighty from thence he shall come to judge the
quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost
the holy catholic church the communion of
saints the forgiveness of sins the resurrection
of the body and the life everlasting. Amen
The Creed
2
I BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty, Maker of
heaven and earth And in Jesus Christ his only
Son, our Lord who was conceived by the Holy
Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under
Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried
he descended into hell the third day he rose
again from the dead he ascended into heaven, and
sitteth on the right hand of God the Father
Almighty from thence he shall come to judge the
quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost
the holy catholic church the communion of
saints the forgiveness of sins the resurrection
of the body and the life everlasting. Amen
3
I BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty, Maker of
heaven and earth And in Jesus Christ his only
Son, our Lord who was conceived by the Holy
Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under
Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried
he descended into hell the third day he rose
again from the dead he ascended into heaven, and
sitteth on the right hand of God the Father
Almighty from thence he shall come to judge the
quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost
the holy catholic church the communion of
saints the forgiveness of sins the resurrection
of the body and the life everlasting. Amen
The Creed
I BELIEVE
4
What I believe in my heart must make sense in my
mind - Ravi Zacharias
The Creed I Believe
5
  • Believe - Pisteuo
  • to consider something to be true and therefore
    worthy of ones trust
  • to entrust oneself to an entity in complete
    confidence

The Creed I Believe
6
Poll Belief in UFOs Matches Belief in OT, NT as
Word of God By Eric Young Christian Post
Reporter Thu, Dec. 11 2008 0151 PM EST A
little more than a third of Americans believe all
the text in the Old Testament or all the text in
the New Testament represent the Word of God,
according to the results of a newly released
poll. Thats about the same as the percentage
of people who believe in UFOs (36 percent) and
less than the amount of people who believe in
ghosts (44 percent), Harris Interactive found
through its online survey.
The Creed I Believe
7
Key Question Why Should Anyone Believe Anything
At All?
The Creed I Believe
8
  • When one person suffers from a delusion, it's
    called insanity. When many people suffer from a
    delusion, it's called religion.
  • Robert Pirsig,
  • American writer and philosopher

The Creed I Believe
9
Why do people believe what they believe?
Sociological
Psychological
Religious
  • Culture
  • Friends
  • Parents
  • Society
  • Comfort
  • Hope
  • Identity/Meaning
  • Peace of Mind
  • Church
  • Guru
  • Holy Book
  • Pastor

Are any of these the right reason to believe?
The Creed I Believe
10
Why should people believe what they believe?
Philosophical Approach To ascertain facts or
truth and the causes of things.
  • Something is worth believing if it is
  • Rational
  • Supported by evidence
  • The best reason for explaining the gathered data

What happens when you dont do this?
The Creed I Believe
11
People almost invariably arrive at their beliefs
not on the basis of proof but on the basis of
what they find attractive Blaise Pascal
The Creed I Believe
12
Good philosophy must exist, if for no other
reason, because bad philosophy needs to be
answered.
- C. S. Lewis
The Creed I Believe
13
See to it that no one takes you captive through
hollow and deceptive philosophy, which depends on
human tradition and the basic principles of this
world rather than on Christ - Colossians 28
The Creed I Believe
14
Philosophy philosophia love of wisdom
"Make your ear attentive to wisdom, Incline your
heart to understanding"(Proverbs 22) "For the
Lord gives wisdom From His mouth come knowledge
and understanding. He stores up sound wisdom for
the upright He is a shield to those who walk in
integrity, Guarding the paths of justice, And He
preserves the way of His godly ones. Then you
will discern righteousness and justice And equity
and every good course. For wisdom will enter your
heart And knowledge will be pleasant to your
soul"(Proverbs 26-10)
The Creed I Believe
15
The Philosophical Tests for Any Valid Belief
System
  1. Logical Consistency
  2. Empirical Adequacy
  3. Existential Relevancy

It must present in a consistent non-contradictory
manner, provide evidential and explanatory
support, and account for the facts of experience
Come let us reason together Isaiah 118
The Creed I Believe
16
They religious beliefs are illusions,
fulfillments of the oldest, strongest, and most
urgent wishes of mankind. We call belief an
illusion when a wish-fulfillment is a prominent
factor in its motivation, and in doing so we
disregard its relation to reality, just as the
illusion itself sets no store by verification -
Sigmund Freud
The Creed I Believe
17
Epistemology The branch of philosophy that
investigates the nature and origin of knowledge
  • Think Critically (examination)
  • Think Clearly (clarification)
  • Think Correctly (argumentation)
  • Think Comprehensively (systematization)

You shall love the Lord your God with all your
mind Matt. 2237
The Creed I Believe
18
Epistemology The branch of philosophy that
investigates the nature and origin of knowledge
  • Minds may be knowing or ignorant
  • Propositions may be true or false
  • Objects may be real or imaginary

Example Unicorns are imaginary objects
therefore, the proposition Unicorns do not
exist is true and when a mind assents to this
proposition, the person knows it to be true and
has acquired knowledge.
The Creed I Believe
19
Forming a Belief
  • A belief begins by understanding that a
    particular idea is plausible
  • A plausibility structure favorable conditions
    form in the mind so that a belief can be
    entertained
  • Anything not viewed as plausible will be rejected
  • Real belief must rest on content (not sincerity
    and fervency of desire)

Beliefs are simply not to be equated with truth
or reality rather, they are to conform to truth
- Paul Copan
The Creed I Believe
20
Hence we account simultaneously for the two
facts that beliefs (a) depend on minds for their
existence, (b) do not depend on minds for their
truth. - Betrand Russell, Atheist, The Problems
of Philosophy
The Creed I Believe
21
Knowledge
When the knower and the known become one
Thomas Aquinas
The Creed I Believe
22
Five Means of Gaining Knowledge
  1. Authoritarianism (Faith) Testimony
  2. Subjectivism Intuition direct contact
  3. Rationalism Through reason alone
  4. Empiricism Experience via the senses
  5. Pragmatism Through natural sciences

Which source(s) of knowledge does Christianity
rely on?
The Creed I Believe
23
If we take in our hand any volume of divinity or
school metaphysics, for instance, let us ask,
Does it contain any abstract reasoning concerning
quantity or number? No. Does it contain any
experimental reasoning concerning matter of fact
and existence? No. Commit it then to the flames,
for it can contain nothing but sophistry and
illusion. - David Hume
The Creed I Believe
24
  • A. J. Ayer
  • Logical Positivism (Scientism)
  • Is the truth claim a tautology?
  • Is the truth claim empirically verifiable?
  • If not, then it is meaningless and emotive at
    best. All God talk is meaningless

The Creed I Believe
25
There is an important difference between the
scientific and legal methods for determining
truth. The legal method does not ignore testimony
or facts because they are not reproducible or
testable. By a process of elimination and
corroboration, the legal method allows history
and testimony to speak for itself until a verdict
is reached beyond a reasonable doubt and the
balance of probability is achieved. I did not
witness various battles that occurred through
history and I cannot reproduce WWII so I must
rely on documents and independent testimony to
determine its plausibility. Certain kinds of
tests are appropriate for different realms of
thought. - Joe Boot
The Creed I Believe
26
"And he who has seen has testified, and his
testimony is true and he knows that he is
telling the truth, so that you also may
believe." - John 1935
The Creed I Believe
27
Subjectivism "For when Gentiles who do not have
the Law do instinctively the things of the Law,
these, not having the Law, are a law to
themselves, (Romans 214)
Authoritarianism (Faith) Therefore many other
signs Jesus also performed in the presence of the
disciples, which are not written in this book
but these have been written so that you may
believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God
and that believing you may have life in His
name. (John 2030-31)
Rationalism "And according to Pauls custom, he
went to them, and for three Sabbaths reasoned
with them from the Scriptures, (Acts 172)
The Creed I Believe
28
Empiricism See My hands and My feet, that it is
I Myself touch Me and see, for a spirit does not
have flesh and bones as you see that I have.
(Luke 2439)
Authoritarianism (Faith) Therefore many other
signs Jesus also performed in the presence of the
disciples, which are not written in this book
but these have been written so that you may
believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God
and that believing you may have life in His
name. (John 2030-31)
Pragmatism The heavens are telling of the glory
of God And their expanse is declaring the work
of His hands."(Psalm 191)
The Creed I Believe
29
Frederick Nietzsche on Faith When faith is
thus exalted above everything else, it
necessarily follows that reason, knowledge and
patient inquiry have to be discredited the road
to the truth becomes a forbidden road. Faith
means not wanting to know what is true.
The Creed I Believe
30
Immanuel Kant on Faith I have therefore found
it necessary to deny knowledge, in order to make
room for faith. - Critique of Pure
Reason Facts have nothing to do with religion.
The Creed I Believe
31
The Bible on Faith Faith Pistis - trust
something/one in whom confidence can be placed
reliability that which evokes trust state of
believing on the basis of the reliability of the
one trusted pertaining to being worthy of belief
or trust conviction of the truth the character
of one who can be relied on. - Greek
Lexicon Now faith is the substance of things
hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.
Hebrews 111
The Creed I Believe
32
How do you Reconcile Faith and Reason in
Christian Belief?
The Creed I Believe
33
Evidence that Jesus can do this
"And they came, bringing to Him a paralytic,
carried by four men. Being unable to get to Him
because of the crowd, they removed the roof above
Him and when they had dug an opening, they let
down the pallet on which the paralytic was lying.
And Jesus seeing their faith said to the
paralytic, Son, your sins are forgiven. But
some of the scribes were sitting there and
reasoning in their hearts, Why does this man
speak that way? He is blaspheming who can
forgive sins but God alone? Immediately Jesus,
aware in His spirit that they were reasoning that
way within themselves, said to them, Why are you
reasoning about these things in your hearts?
Which is easier, to say to the paralytic, Your
sins are forgiven or to say, Get up, and pick
up your pallet and walk? But so that you may
know that the Son of Man has authority on earth
to forgive sinsHe said to the paralytic, I say
to you, get up, pick up your pallet and go home.
And he got up and immediately picked up the
pallet and went out in the sight of everyone, so
that they were all amazed and were glorifying
God, saying, We have never seen anything like
this. - Mark 23-12
produces faith that Jesus can do this.
The Creed I Believe
34
What Part does Man Play and What Part does God
Play in Belief?
The Creed I Believe
35
" For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven
against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of
men who suppress the truth in unrighteousness,
because that which is known about God is evident
within them for God made it evident to them. For
since the creation of the world His invisible
attributes, His eternal power and divine nature,
have been clearly seen, being understood through
what has been made, so that they are without
excuse. (Romans 118-20)
VS.
"But a natural man does not accept the things of
the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to
him and he cannot understand them, because they
are spiritually appraised. (1 Corinthians 214)
The Creed I Believe
36
General Revelation and Reason Show God via His
Effects
The heavens are telling of the glory of God
And their expanse is declaring the work of His
hands. Day to day pours forth speech, And night
to night reveals knowledge. There is no speech,
nor are there words Their voice is not
heard. (Psalm 191-3)
The Spirit Comes to Teach and Testify of God
"Now we have received, not the spirit of the
world, but the Spirit who is from God, so that we
may know the things freely given to us by God,
which things we also speak, not in words taught
by human wisdom, but in those taught by the
Spirit, combining spiritual thoughts with
spiritual words. (1 Corinthians 212-13) The
Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we
are God's children. - Romans 816
The Creed I Believe
37
The Role of God in Matters of Belief
" Now when Jesus came into the district of
Caesarea Philippi, He was asking His disciples,
Who do people say that the Son of Man is? And
they said, Some say John the Baptist and
others, Elijah but still others, Jeremiah, or
one of the prophets. He said to them, But who
do you say that I am? Simon Peter answered, You
are the Christ, the Son of the living God. And
Jesus said to him, Blessed are you, Simon
Barjona, because flesh and blood did not reveal
this to you, but My Father who is in heaven. -
Matthew 1613-17
The Creed I Believe
38
The Role of the Holy Spirit in Belief
" A woman named Lydia, from the city of Thyatira,
a seller of purple fabrics, a worshiper of God,
was listening and the Lord opened her heart to
respond to the things spoken by Paul. (Acts
1614) "for our gospel did not come to you in
word only, but also in power and in the Holy
Spirit and with full conviction just as you know
what kind of men we proved to be among you for
your sake. (1 Thessalonians 15)
The Creed I Believe
39
Revelatory Authoritarianism The primary
foundation of Christian Belief
Special Revelation "All Scripture is inspired by
God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for
correction, for training in righteousness so
that the man of God may be adequate, equipped for
every good work. (2 Timothy 316-17)
General Revelation "For since the creation of
the world His invisible attributes, His eternal
power and divine nature, have been clearly seen,
being understood through what has been made, so
that they are without excuse. (Romans 120)
Ontological Revelation "He is the image of the
invisible God, the firstborn of all creation
For in Him all the fullness of Deity dwells in
bodily form, (Colossians 115,29)
The Creed I Believe
40
Revelatory Authoritarianism That is Rejected by
Fallen Mankind
Special Revelation "For the time will come when
they will not endure sound doctrine but wanting
to have their ears tickled, they will accumulate
for themselves teachers in accordance to their
own desires, and will turn away their ears from
the truth and will turn aside to myths. (2
Timothy 43-4)
General Revelation For they exchanged the truth
of God for a lie, and worshiped and served the
creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed
forever. Amen. (Romans 125)
Ontological Revelation "the wisdom which none of
the rulers of this age has understood for if
they had understood it they would not have
crucified the Lord of glory (1 Corinthians 28)

The Creed I Believe
41
Christianity is Worthy of Belief and Trust
Because
  • It is logically consistent, with no contradictory
    teaching (rationalism, but not omitting
    revelation)
  • It is empirically verifiable grounded in
    space/time history through the legal process of
    evidence (empiricism)
  • It is existentially relevant as no other system
    adequately explains our world as it exists
    (empiricism via the senses)
  • It is carried via trustworthy testimony
    (authoritarian)
  • It is life-changing (subjectivism)
  • It is verifiable via the orderly universe in
    which all live (pragmatic)

The Creed I Believe
42
Christianity is Different Than All Other Belief
Systems. All Others Are
  • Epistemological The path to God or
    enlightenment is through knowledge
  • Pragmatic The path to God or enlightenment is
    through works
  • Existential The path to God or enlightenment is
    through an experience

Christianity is none of the above it is
Ontological
The Creed I Believe
43
The Ontological Nature of Christian
Belief Truth, Knowledge, and Wisdom are a Person
I am the way, and the truth, and the life no
one comes to the Father but through Me. (John
146) "For God, who said, Light shall shine
out of darkness, is the One who has shone in our
hearts to give the Light of the knowledge of the
glory of God in the face of Christ. (2
Corinthians 46) But by His doing you are in
Christ Jesus, who became to us wisdom from God,
and righteousness and sanctification, and
redemption, (1 Corinthians 130)
The Creed I Believe
44
For this reason I also suffer these things, but
I am not ashamed for I know whom I have believed
and I am convinced that He is able to guard what
I have entrusted to Him until that day. - 2
Timothy 112
Whom not What
The Creed I Believe
45
Is belief just a matter of Thinking logically?
Examining the evidence? Recognizing reality?
No. People act contrary to evidence all the
time. There are brilliant people who are
believers in Christ and brilliant people who
choose to disbelieve.
Belief is a Matter of the Will
If one were to prove this God of the Christians
to us, we should be even less able to believe in
him. Nietzsche
The Creed I Believe
46
I want atheism to be true and am made uneasy by
the fact that some of the most intelligent and
well-informed people I know are religious
believers. It isn't just that I don't believe in
God and, naturally hope that I'm right in my
belief. It's that I hope that there is no God! I
don't want there to be a God I don't want the
universe to be like that. - Thomas Nagel
Professor of Philosophy, New York
The Creed I Believe
47
Belief is much more than just intellectual assent
to a truth claim For if we go on sinning
willfully after receiving the knowledge of the
truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for
sins, but a terrifying expectation of judgment
and the fury of a fire which will consume the
adversaries. Anyone who has set aside the Law of
Moses dies without mercy on the testimony of two
or three witnesses. How much severer punishment
do you think he will deserve who has trampled
under foot the Son of God, and has regarded as
unclean the blood of the covenant by which he was
sanctified, and has insulted the Spirit of grace?
For we know Him who said, Vengeance is Mine, I
will repay. And again, The Lord will judge His
people. It is a terrifying thing to fall into
the hands of the living God. (Hebrews 1026-31)
The Creed I Believe
48
If you do not listen, and if you do not take it
to heart to give honor to My name, says the Lord
of hosts, then I will send the curse upon you
and I will curse your blessings and indeed, I
have cursed them already, because you are not
taking it to heart. - Malachi 22 Why are
you reasoning about these things in your hearts?
Mark 28 O foolish men and slow of heart to
believe in all that the prophets have spoken
Luke 2425 for with the heart a person
believes, resulting in righteousness - Romans
1010 When we lack the will to see things as
they really are, there is nothing so mysterious
as the obvious. Irving Kristol, Professor of
Social Thought
The Creed I Believe
49
Truth is subjectivity Soren Kierkegaard
Kierkegaard was not espousing relative truth, but
calling all people to commit themselves to the
truth. Truth has an existential bearing on the
life of the one who commits to it. He knew that
Bible truths were easy to understand in theory,
but difficult to understand in practice the
latter requires obedience.
The Creed I Believe
50
"If you know these things, you are blessed if you
do them. - Jesus, John 1317
Therefore everyone who hears these words of
Mine and acts on them, may be compared to a wise
man who built his house on the rock. And the
rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds
blew and slammed against that house and yet it
did not fall, for it had been founded on the
rock. Everyone who hears these words of Mine and
does not act on them, will be like a foolish man
who built his house on the sand. The rain fell,
and the floods came, and the winds blew and
slammed against that house and it felland great
was its fall. - Jesus, Matthew 724-27
The Creed I Believe
51
The Truth Calls For a Decision
Who do you say that I am? (Matthew 1615)
To answer that question you must come to examine
the claims of Christ, know what you believe and
why
The Creed I Believe
52
Depths/Levels of Belief
Jesus of Nazareth died on a cross
Jesus Christ died for me
VS.
Thats history
Thats the Gospel
The Creed I Believe
53
What Level of Belief Saves?
  • "You believe that God is one. You do well the
    demons also believe, and shudder.
  • James 219
  • You serpents, you brood of vipers, how will you
    escape the sentence of hell?
  • - Matthew 2333

There is a great distinction between assent and
consent
The Creed I Believe
54
Jesus called his disciples to believe truths as
a necessary condition of salvation and
discipleship. In addition, one must entrust
oneself to Christ as Lord. This involves a
whole-hearted commitment beyond bare assent.
However, without the assent, the devotion makes
no sense. Christian faith involves both
intellectual assent (fides) and personal trust
(fiducia) in fact, the latter is logically
dependent on the former for its rationale. Doug
Groothuis from Truth Decay
The Creed I Believe
55
The Creed I Believe
56
I believe in order that I may understand -
Anselm
He who would become educated should begin by
trusting his teacher. He will never master his
science unless he presumes in the beginning that
the doctrine being presented is true even if,
for the moment, he cannot tell why. - Thomas
Aquinas
The Creed I Believe
57
How can you live out your faith without truly
understanding it? - John Hannah
The Creed I Believe
58
I BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty, Maker of
heaven and earth And in Jesus Christ his only
Son, our Lord who was conceived by the Holy
Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under
Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried
he descended into hell the third day he rose
again from the dead he ascended into heaven, and
sitteth on the right hand of God the Father
Almighty from thence he shall come to judge the
quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost
the holy catholic church the communion of
saints the forgiveness of sins the resurrection
of the body and the life everlasting. Amen
The Creed
I BELIEVE
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