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Unit 15 Clothes Make the Man --Uneasy

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Unit 15 Clothes Make the Man --Uneasy An Integrated English Course (5) PART I: CLASS PLANNING 1. Teaching Materials Textbook: An Integrated English Book 5; Teacher ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Unit 15 Clothes Make the Man --Uneasy


1
Unit 15 Clothes Make the Man --Uneasy
  • An Integrated English Course (5)

2
  • PART I CLASS PLANNING

3
1. Teaching Materials
  • Textbook An Integrated English Book 5
    Teachers Book
  • Dictionaries Oxford Advanced Learners
    English-Chinese Dictionary (Fourth edition) A
    New English-Chinese Dictionary .

4
2. Teaching Objectives
  • To know some basic features of expositive
    writing
  • To grasp the new words and expressions

5
3. Time Allocation
  • Periods 1-2 Analysis of Text I and Rhetorical
    Notes Part I of the text (Para. 1)
  • Periods 3-4 Part II of the text (Paras 2-5)
  • Periods 5-6 Part III of the text (Para. 6)
    Comprehension questions Exercises, Oral
    Activities Text II

6
4. Teaching Methods
  • Interactive teaching
  • Communicative teaching

7
5. Teaching Aids
  • Lecture notes prepared by the teacher

8
  • PART II TEACHING LECTURES
  • Periods 1-2 (80 min )

9
  • ? Aid Lecture notes prepared by the teacher
  • ? Warm-up Questions
  • What kind of clothes do you like to wear? Is
    it important what a person wears, especially in
    public?

10
  • ? Contents
  • ? About the Lesson
  • This expository essay deals with the changes in
    masculine fashion, focusing on the drastic
    changes in the West in the1960s, pointing out the
    significance of masculine choices of clothes, and
    laying bare masculine narcissism and vanity.

11
  • ? Structural Analysis of Text I
  • Para. 1 tells us that the 1960s saw a large
    number of men feeling more uneasy about what to
    wear, and that the choices men had to make always
    had an absolute anonymous meaning in the world
    of men, an identifying stamp usu.
    incomprehensible to female judgment.

12
  • Para.2-5 is the main part of the essay.
  • Para.6 is the last part. In this part, the
    writer first offer reasons why men hate fashion
    risks and then describes masculine fashion
    preferences and their purposes in the
    contemporary age.

13
  • ? Detailed Study of Para. 1 of Text I
  • Analysis
  • The first paragraph tells us that the 1960s saw
    a large number of men feeling more uneasy about
    what to wear, and that the choices men had to
    make always had an absolute and enormous meaning
    in the world of men, an identifying stamp usually
    incomprehensible to female judgment

14
  • ? Gist Questions
  • 1)Why did the choices men made have an enormous
    meaning in the world of men?

Because they marked or embodied mens individual
identity.
15
  • 2) What do you know about mens and womens
    choices of clothes in the 1960s?

Mens choices of clothes were quite limited. Men
had only a small range of possible alternatives.
In contrast, women had a huge range of personally
acceptable possibilities. The choices men had to
make never looked very momentous to a feminine
eye accustomed to a large range of personally
acceptable alternatives, but they always had an
absolutely enormous meaning in the world of men.
16
  • ? Contents Detailed study of Para. 1 of Text I
  • 1)The idea that one might agonize over whether
    to grow sideburns or wear trousers of a radically
    different shape had never occurred to a whole
    generation.
  • A whole generation had never thought that one
    might suffer extreme agony about whether to grow
    sideburns or wear trousers of a completely
    different shape.

17
  • agonize to suffer great pain, anxiety or worry
    intensely about sth.
  • The woman agonized about her child's safety.
  • He agonized himself with the thought of his
    possible failure in the exam.
  • He agonized for a whole week about whether he
    should take this poorly-paid job after a long
    time of unemployment.

18
  • Radically fundamentally thoroughly completely
  • Everything has been changing radically.
  • Terrorism is reported to be worsening radically.

19
  • Sideburns patches of hair growing on the side
    of a mans face in from of the ears.
  • His sideburns grow luxuriantly, which makes it
    easy to recognize him.
  • By the way, in British English, the word
    sideboards could be used instead of sideburns.

20
  • 2)Before the mid '60s whether to wear a tie was
    the most dramatic sartorial problem everything
    else was a subtle matter of surface variation.
  • Before the mid '60s whether to wear a tie was
    the biggest decision for men to make about
    (tailored) clothing everything else was just
    trivial, superficial change that was hardly
    noticeable.

21
  • Dramatic of a drama, i.e. of plays for the
    theater, radio or TV of plays as a branch of
    literature or a performing art
  • The play is a dramatic representation of a real
    event.
  • Her opening remarks were simply dramatic.

22
  • sartorial elating to clothes, especially the
    style of clothes that a man wears - used
    especially humorously
  • a man of great sartorial elegance
  • Parson was distinguished for his lack of
    sartorial style.

23
  • Subtle fine, delicate, not easy to detect or
    describe ingenious
  • She has a subtle charm and a subtle humor.
  • There is a subtle distinction between the two
    synonyms.
  • The teacher made a subtle analysis of the
    problem.

24
  • 3)Brace to mentally or physically prepare
    yourself or someone else for something unpleasant
    that is going to happen
  • brace yourself (for something)
  • Nancy braced herself for the inevitable
    arguments.
  • You had better brace yourself - I have some bad
    news.

25
  • brace yourself to do something
  • Cathy braced herself to see Matthew, who she
    expected to arrive at any minute.
  • To make something stronger by supporting it
  • Wait until we've braced the ladder.
  • Workers used steel beams to brace the roof.

26
  • 4)All the delicate shades of significance
    expressed by the small range of possible
    alternatives used to be absorbing enough
  • All the subtle degrees of significance made
    know or conveyed by the limited number of
    alternatives were often difficult enough in the
    past.

27
  • Absorbing holding ones attention fully
    interesting and appealing
  • What an absorbing film it is!
  • The scenic spot presents an absorbing view.

28
  • Double-breasted having two fronts with two sets
    of buttons and buttonholes, and the two fronts
    overlapping across the body.
  • I bought a double-breasted suit.
  • As far as I know, some people dont like
    double-breasted overcoats.

29
  • 5)A hat with a tiny bit of nearly invisible
    feather was separated as by an ocean from a hat
    with none, and white-on-white shirts, almost
    imperceptibly complex in weave, were totally
    shunned by those men who favoured white
    oxford-cloth shirts.

30
  • A hat with a little bit of hardly discernable
    feather was absolutely differentiated from a a
    hat with no feather at all, and white shirts
    decorated with white patterns, which were nearly
    subtly complex in weave, were totally avoided by
    those who preferred to wear white oxford-cloth
    shirts.

31
  • Shun to avoid keep clear of, keep away from
  • The country did not want to shun the war.
  • She tries to shun publicity.
  • Most medical graduates shun posts in geriatric
    medicine.

32
  • 6)mystify to bewilder, puzzle
  • Her mystifying disappearance puzzled us.
  • I am mystified I just cant see how he managed
    to climb to the top of the tower.
  • ferocity quality of being fierce, a ferocious
    act
  • The criminal that committed ferocities received
    due punishment.
  • Our fighters resumed their attack against the
    enemy with the greatest ferocity.

33
  • 7)padding soft material used to fill out
    things unnecessary material in a book, essay,
    speech, etc.
  • The padding feels soft and touches smooth.
  • The sofa is filled with padding and springs.
  • There is a lot of padding in the novel.

34
  • Cuff the end of a coat or shirt sleeve at the
    wrist.
  • The frayed cuffs of his coat are an obvious
    indication of his financial status.

35
  • Periods 3-4 ( 80 min )

36
  • ? Aid Lecture notes prepared by the teacher
  • ? Gist Questions
  • 1) What can you infer about masculine fashion in
    the 1960s?

37
  • Nipped-in waistlines, vivid turtlenecks, long
    hair with sideburns, and bell-bottom trousers
    constituted the typical masculine fashion in the
    1960s. those who ignored the popular fashion were
    stamped as convinced followers of the old order.
    Men found it impossible to resist the changes,
    and they had to follow the popular fashion.

38
  • 2)Why did the author say that the difference
    between mens and womens clothes used to be an
    easy matter from every point of view?

The writer said so because clothes worn by men
and women used to be so sexually distinctive that
it was no trouble for anyone to tell the
difference.
39
  • ? Contents Detailed study of Paras 2-5 of Text I
  • Analysis
  • Paragraphs 2-5, the main part of the expositive
    essay, first inform us that it had never been
    very hard for men to dress themselves until the
    early 1960s, when the rate of change in masculine
    fashion accelerated with disconcerting violence,
    shedding a new light on all the steady old
    arrangements, and men found it impossible to
    ignore the changes. Next, this section
    illustrates that fact that in general, men of all
    ages want to retain the habit portraying a
    suitable self-image and then carefully tending it.

40
  • 1) Even imaginative wives and mothers could
    eventually be trained to reject all seductive but
    incorrect choices with respect to tie fabric and
    collar shape that might connote the wrong flavor
    of spiritual outlook, the wrong level of
    education, or the wrong sort of male bonding.

41
  • Even wives and mothers full of imagination could
    finally learn to say "No" to all attractive but
    improper choices concerning tie fabric and collar
    shape, because such choices might give strong
    suggestions of incorrect mental attitudes, the
    low level of education or the inappropriate sort
    of male intimacy.

42
  • Fabric cloth made of threads knitted, woven, or
    felted together
  • These are cotton fabrics.
  • We must expose the cracks in the social fabric.
  • Many elements formed the fabric of his
    character.

43
  • Connote to imply in addition to the literal or
    primary meaning
  • The word mother generally connotes love, care,
    tenderness, etc.
  • Smoke connotes fire.
  • Terrorism connotes killing of innocent people.

44
  • Flavor taste, flavoring characteristic
    atmosphere
  • Condiments give flavor to food.
  • It is a drama with a European flavor.
  • Visiting this rural area, you can enjoy the
    full flavor of English country life.

45
  • Outlook a view from a place foreseeable
    future metal attitude
  • The outlook from the top of the mountain is
    breathtaking.
  • The economic outlook of our country is bright.
  • I detected that his outlook on life had changed.

46
  • 2) double standard
  • a set of principles concerning dressing
    permitting greater opportunity or liberty to the
    male than to the female.
  • Flourish to be very successful, very active,
    prosper
  • No new business can flourish in the present
    economic climate.
  • This species of flower flourishes in a warm
    climate.
  • His sideburns are flourishing.

47
  • 3) disconcerting making you feel slightly
    confused, embarrassed, or worried
  • a disconcerting question
  • discomfiture a state of being disconcerted or
    baffled
  • The discomfiture in the ruling party was well
    known to the public.
  • Our fondest dreams ended in discomfiture.

48
  • 4) A look in the mirror suddenly revealed man to
    himself wearing his obvious chains and shackles,
    hopelessly unliberated.
  • Seeing his own image in the mirror, a man
    suddenly realized that he was obviously wearing
    old-fashioned clothes which were binding him to
    the old order, thus having no hope of ever
    catching up with the new fashion.

49
  • It is to be noted that the phrase chains and
    shackles in the above sentence is used
    metaphorically, referring to outdated clothes
    which made the man so uncomfortable as if he was
    wearing a straightjacker.
  • Tend to take care of , look after
  • When his wife is busy with housework, he had to
    tend their baby.
  • Look at his carefully tended moustache.

50
  • 5) So universal was the skirted female shape and
    the bifurcated male one that a woman in men's
    clothes was completely disguised, and long hair
    or gaudy trimmings were never the issue.

51
  • It was a usual phenomenon that women wore skirts
    and men wore trousers. This fashion was so
    widespread that a woman wearing men's clothes was
    completely disguised, and those who had long hair
    or those who wore clothes with gaudy trimmings
    were identified at a glance.

52
  • 6) incur
  • if you incur a cost, debt, or a fine, you have
    to pay money because of something you have done,
    to experience, suffer sth. unpleasant as a result
    of one's own behavior.
  • incur expenses/costs/losses/debts etc

53
  • If the council loses the appeal, it will incur
    all the legal costs.
  • the heavy losses incurred by airlines since
    September 11th
  • If you incur something unpleasant, it happens
    to you because of something you have done
  • incur somebody's displeasure/wrath/ disapproval
    etc
  • She wondered what she'd done to incur his
    displeasure this time.

54
  • Periods 6( 80 min )

55
  • ? Aid Lecture notes prepared by the teacher
  • ? Gist Questions
  • 1)Why do men secretly hate fashion risks?

56
  • According to the last paragraph, men secretly
    hate fashion risks for the following reasons.
    Firsts, most men find it impossible to leap
    backward across the traditional centuries into a
    comfortable renaissance zest for these dangers,
    since life is difficult enough nowadays.
    Secondly, along with fashion came the pitiless
    exposure of masculine narcissism and vanity, so
    long submerged and unknown. Thirdly, men had lost
    the habit of showing their concern for personal
    appearance. Fourthly, men formerly free from
    doubt wore their new finery with immense
    self-consciousness.

57
  • 2)What do you know about the men referred to at
    the end of the text?

Some men still have been wearing shoes with high
heels and platform soles, because they want to
look after and to change their gait. Men who
suddenly find that they are quite willing to wear
long hair and fur coats and carry handbags have
excluded shoes with high hells and platform soles
and got rid of the waist-length shirt opening
that exposes trinkets lying embedded against the
chest hair.
58
  • ? Detailed Study of Para. 6 of Text I
  • Analysis
  • Paragraph 6, the last section of the essay,
    first offers reasons why men hate fashion risks
    and then proceeds to describe masculine fashion
    preferences and their purposes in the
    contemporary age.

59
  • 1) Most of them find it impossible to leap
    backward across the traditional centuries into a
    comfortable renaissance zest for these dangers,
    since life is hard enough now anyway.
  • Most men find that they are not in a position
    to keenly appreciate or comfortably enjoy running
    fashion risks just as people in the Renaissance
    did, since life is difficult and strenuous enough
    now anyway.

60
  • 2) vanity too much pride in yourself, so that
    you are always thinking about yourself and your
    appearance
  • Sabrina had none of the vanity so often
    associated with beautiful women.
  • vanity table a dressing table

61
  • Vanity Fair
  • (1847-48) a novel by William Thackeray about
    upper class English society at the time of the
    war against Napoleon. The characters in the book,
    who include Becky Sharp, are often shown to be
    stupid or to have no moral principles.

62
  • Blatantly in a flagrant, unashamed way or
    manner offensively noisy or obtrusive
  • That big country blatantly intruded into the
    small nations national affairs.
  • They are telling lies blatantly.

63
  • 3) Men formerly free from doubt wore their new
    finery with colossal self-consciousness, starting
    covertly at everyone else to find out what the
    score really was about all this stuff.

64
  • Men who used to have full confidence in the way
    they were dressed wore their new gaudy dress with
    excessive awareness of their own appearance,
    casting furtive glances at everyone else to find
    out what they thought of the new showy dress.

65
  • Covertly in a secret or secretive way
  • Terrorists had been operating covertly in the
    United States long before the 9/11 incident.
  • The opposition party is scheming covertly to
    overthrow the prime minister.

66
  • 4) appropriate to take something for yourself
    when you do not have the right to do this
  • He is suspected of appropriating government
    funds.
  • to take something, especially money, to use for
    a particular purpose
  • appropriate something for something
  • Congress appropriated 5 million for
    International Woman's Year.

67
  • Dandy a man that is too much concerned about
    his elegant appearance
  • The man warned his son to stay away from those
    upper-class dandies.
  • Of all the books on the desk, this novel is a
    dandy.
  • It is to be heeded that the word great in the
    great dandies is used as a case of irony.

68
  • 5) cultivated applying oneself to improve or
    developing the mind nurtured.
  • He is a very cultivated young man.
  • They are people with cultivated tastes.
  • trinket a trifling ornament, jewel, etc. esp.
    one worn upon the person
  • The shop sells postcards and trinkets.
  • He bought her a few trinkets and took her to
    the theatre.

69
  • Nestle to settle oneself comfortably press
    oneself against another in affection
  • She nestled into the cushions.
  • A dog nestled at her feet.
  • The mother nestled her babys head close
    against her chest.

70
  • 6) Skirts, I need not add, never caught on I do
    not have to add that skirts never became
    fashionable among men.
  • Catch on to become popular or widespread
  • The movie did not catch on as predicted.
  • Foreign festival, such as Valentines, would
    catch on in big cities of China.

71
  • 2. Comprehension Questions
  • 1) To what degree is the statement "men knew how
    lucky they were" true?
  • 2) What does the expression "to dress for all
    that complex multiple role-playing" imply?

72
  • 3 . Oral Activities
  • clothes for men and women. What is your opinion
    about this trend? Give reasons.

73
  • 1)Positive reasons With the development of
    society, men and women, despite their biological
    differences, are playing more and more similar
    roles in all walks of life. Since the social
    demarcation lines is blurred, why is it necessary
    for men and women to dress in such different ways?

74
  • 2)Negative reasons Variety is the spic of life.
    Life would be colorless and boring if people of
    different sexes wear similar clothes. Men and
    women, on the other hand, are still considerably
    different in many aspects, in spite of the fact
    that the difference between mens and womens
    roles seems to be lessening.

75
  • 4. Text II Questions for discussion
  • 1)What does the author conclude about women in
    the old days?
  • As a source of cheap labor for business and
    industry, and unpaid labor in the home, women
    were allowed only limited roles in society and
    didnt have completed political, economic, and
    social equality with men.

76
  • 2)What is implied about womens role
    expectations in modern societies?
  • Today, in most societies, womens role
    expectations are often formed by female
    stereotypes ----oversimplified characteristics
    applied as a generalization to all women. The
    prevailing view is that womens abilities in the
    workplace and in public life are limited by their
    physical fragility and by their roles as mothers.
    As a result, there is a continuing domestic
    bondage of women.

77
  • 3)What facts does the author give to counter the
    argument that women are physically inferior to
    men?
  • Many top women gymnasts have demonstrated their
    extraordinary strength. Girls and women have
    fewer orthopedic injuries than men. Womens
    smaller hearts can work relatively harder than
    mens without any ill effects, which equips
    women to participate in all sorts of hitherto
    exclusively male activities. Furthermore, women
    have greater tolerance for fatigue, which tends
    to even things out.

78
  • 4)According to the passage, what is
    fundamentally proper in the differentiation
    between the roles of the two sexes?
  • Differences between the roles of two sexes
    dont necessarily make much of a difference where
    relative performance is concerned. There are many
    objective pieces of evidence for the erosion of
    mans status. In the first place, many
    characteristics traditionally regarded as
    masculine and feminine are not different, they
    are just relative, and frequently irrelevant in
    comparison to skill. Secondly, there are many
    convergencies between male and female behavior.

79
  • 5)What is the authors purpose in this writing?
  • In most human societies mens role is tied up
    with their right, or ability, to practice some
    activity that women are not allowed to practice.
    The author challenges several long-established
    attitudes, especially the notion that women are
    physically inferior to men and therefore they
    could find fulfillment only as wives and mothers.
    They contend that this notion constitutes a
    conspiracy to prevent women from competing with
    men. What has to be changed are the obsolete
    feminine and masculine sex roles that dehumanize
    sex and women.
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