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SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND MEDICAL EDUCATION

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SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND MEDICAL EDUCATION Science Technology Materia medica Medical education SEMINAR ON MEDICAL EDUCATION VIRTUAL REALITIES ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND MEDICAL EDUCATION


1
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND MEDICAL EDUCATION
  • Science
  • Technology
  • Materia medica
  • Medical education

2
SEMINAR ON MEDICAL EDUCATION
Fourier, a French mathematician was in Egypt with
Napoleon in 1799. He postulated several formulae
in 1820s. The full use of his work came from
reconstructing CT images in 1970s. By that time,
the technology of X-rays, tomography, radiation
and its detection, electronics at room
temperature all these were made use of in
computing acquired data, their analysis and the
resultant output as a coherent image. Each of the
above mentioned steps has its own fascinating
history.
3
It is so easy now to say what about this
patients CT. Not less than 40 casualty patients
per day have a CT done for them in any of the
major hospitals. This example shows us that
Fourier did not have the technology that appeared
150 years later. It did not, however, stop him
from formulating his equations. Fourier was a
scientist.
4
Einstein in 1915 set the scientific basis for
what was later to be known as lasers. It is
needless to say the multiple uses that are made
today in modern medicine.
5
In parallel, Mendel 1850's wrote the basis of
phenotypes and genotypes based on observation on
the common pea flower. Nowadays the science of
Genomics is here with its evolution in the last
50 years through both science and technology.
6
What about medicine? Medicine uses all these
scientific and technological advances for better
diagnosis and treatment of diseases.
7
We live in rapidly evolving times. The 1990's
have seen the birth of the internet (WWW). It
has become a part of our lives and is becoming a
part of our culture, I foresee, in very few
years, each one of our young physicians with a
Personal Digital Assistant ( PDA) in his pocket
instead of the notebook and pencil.
8
He will be constantly connected through a hot
node and data transfer will be easy and
instantaneous. Picture archiving and
communication systems ( PACS) will be widely
available in hospitals. Distance learning and
conferencing will be much more accessible.
9
TEAM WORK
  • It will be much easier to work as a TEAM through
    communication.
  • The education and cultural systems should aim at
    encouraging this type of learning within TEAMS.

10
It is very difficult for any person nowadays to
acquire a state of the art knowledge of science,
technological development and at the same time
the required medical skills. Assignments should
be made to groups and not to individuals and
notes given to the most creative ones. It is
only through different teaching and learning
systems that we will achieve INNOVATIVE progress
as individuals, groups and nations.
11
VIRTUAL REALITIES
  • Technologies will be part of our training with
    simulation programs.

12
Since their introduction in 1996, HMDs (Head
Mounted Displays) have established themselves as
the premier patient distraction and entertainment
system within the dental industry. The reason for
this is simple HMDs are the only video
entertainment device that can both immerse and
focus the patient's attention away from the
procedures being performed. The patented optical
design and high resolution micro-display
technology combine to deliver a giant screen
image with superb clarity. Thousands of dentists,
hygienists, doctors and nurses are using our head
mounted display systems. For the ultimate in
Patient Distraction and Video Entertainment try
the i-glasses VIDEO or the V-Real Viewer.
13
BASIC CURRICULA SHOULD INCLUDE
  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical engineering with an insight to the
    future . Nanotechnology, virtual reality., their
    various applications etc.
  • Molecular biology
  • Immunology

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18
ACTUAL MEDICAL EDUCATION WITH INCREASED CONTACT
HOURS AT
  • Outpatient clinics
  • Acute medicine and emergency rooms with back up
  • medical and surgical teams
  • Outgoing teams to study regional community
    problems
  • Students medical associations, journal clubs
    should be encouraged within disciplined
    frameworks and rewarded.
  • Again credit and actual marks to be given to
    those students who work within teams
    isolationalism should not be permitted anymore.

19
  • Lectures should be made available on line this
    insures that a lecture has been well prepared, no
    time is lost taking notes, relevant questions to
    the professors will be asked and that lectures
    will be constantly upgraded.
  • Bench marking and self evaluation programs
  • Continuous education programs for graduates.

20
  • Social occasions help getting people together and
    renew contacts.
  • Alumni associations help bridging generation gaps
    and exchange experience particularly with those
    who have emigrated to developed countries with
    more advanced tools systems.

21
  • Looking at the future and learning how to
    prevent disease is again through better knowledge.

22
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23
  • This is an example of an Alzheimers patient and
    her PET image .
  • hopefully a preventable illness in the
    immediate future.

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25

As we grow older, we have an increased chance of
being ill, we shall be treated by our students.
If we teach them well we shall be properly
managed, if not we shall pay the price
26
THANK YOU
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