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Mental Health Nursing I NURS 1300 Unit VII Eating Disorders

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Mental Health Nursing I NURS 1300 Unit VII Eating Disorders Objective 1 Define anorexia, bulimia, and morbid obesity Anorexia = self-starvation with a disruption in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mental Health Nursing I NURS 1300 Unit VII Eating Disorders


1
Mental Health Nursing I NURS 1300 Unit
VII Eating Disorders
2
Objective 1 Define anorexia, bulimia, and morbid
obesity
  • Anorexia self-starvation with a disruption in
    metabolism due to inadequate calorie intake
  • Bulimia food-gorging binges followed by the
    purging of food, usually through self-induced
    vomiting or laxative abuse
  • Morbid obesity chronic disease defined by
    having a Body Mass Index (BMI) of more than 40

3
Objective 2 Identify populations at risk for
eating disorders
  • Anorexia
  • individuals experiencing major life changes
  • adolescent girls and young adult women
  • athletes, actors, dancers, models, or anyone
    whose thinness is a professional requirement

4
Objective 2 (contd)
  • Bulimia
  • 90 of people suffering from bulimia are women
  • other risk factors include exposure to American
    ideals of beauty
  • Morbid obesity
  • all populations at risk
  • 61 of adults in the U.S. are overweight
  • more and more children are falling victim to
    obesity

5
Objective 3 Identify possible causes of eating
disorders
6
Anorexia
  • Low self-esteem
  • Social isolation
  • Perfectionism
  • Tends to run in families
  • Stressful events
  • Uncomfortable emotions
  • control is achieved over weight and food
  • satisfaction in this area becomes important if
    the rest of ones life is chaotic and emotionally
    painful

7
Bulimia
  • Dieting
  • Stress
  • Uncomfortable emotions
  • purging and other actions to prevent weight gain
    allows one to feel more in control of his or her
    life
  • control over weight eases stress and anxiety

8
Morbid obesity
  • Strong genetic component
  • Excessive calorie intake
  • Thyroid disorders
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Current trends and attitudes in the U.S.
  • food as social outlet
  • high-fat/high-calorie comfort foods
  • clean-your-plate mentality

9
Objective 4 Identify symptoms of three eating
disorders
10
Anorexia
  • Thinking one looks fat even if bone-thin
  • Brittle hair and nails
  • Skin dry and yellow
  • Depression
  • Hypothermia
  • Lanugo
  • Strange eating habits
  • cutting food into tiny pieces
  • preparing elaborate meals one doesnt eat

11
Bulimia
  • Individual may be thin, overweight, or average
  • Use of diet pills
  • Going to the bathroom shortly after eating
  • Exercising even when hurt, sick, or tired
  • Signs of vomiting
  • Distorted body image
  • Moody or sad

12
Morbid obesity
  • Type II diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Heart disease
  • Gall bladder disease
  • Stroke
  • Depression
  • Low self-esteem

13
Objective 5 List nursing care and medical
treatments for clients with eating disorders
14
Anorexia
  • Interventions aimed at restoring weight to
    reverse medical complications
  • Hospitalization to stabilize dangerously low
    weight
  • Individual, family, and group therapy
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • Psychotherapy to deal with underlying emotional
    issues

15
Bulimia
  • Learning healthy eating patterns
  • Coping with thoughts and feelings
  • Individual, group, and family therapy
  • Medications
  • antidepressants
  • anxiolytics

16
Morbid obesity
  • Sensitivity training due to discrimination by
    health care workers
  • Weight management
  • Nutrition education
  • Exercise program
  • Bariatric surgery
  • gastric bypass
  • gastric banding
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