Rapid Needs Assessment of Internally Displaced Women - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Rapid Needs Assessment of Internally Displaced Women PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 4663f9-MTcyN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Rapid Needs Assessment of Internally Displaced Women

Description:

Rapid Needs Assessment of Internally Displaced Women Institute for Policy Studies First Findings and Recommendations: DRAFT September 30, 2008 NOTE: Respondents could ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:101
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 41
Provided by: europeand
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Rapid Needs Assessment of Internally Displaced Women


1
Rapid Needs Assessment of Internally Displaced
Women
  • Institute for Policy Studies
  • First Findings and Recommendations DRAFT
  • September 30, 2008

2
This Assessment was carried out by the Institute
for Policy Studies (IPS) with financial and
technical support of UNIFEM
  • The findings and recommendations expressed in
    this Assessment are those of Institute for Policy
    Studies, and do not necessarily represent views
    of UNIFEM.

3
Aim
  • To contribute to accurate understanding of the
    needs of internally displaced persons allowing
    for better targeted assistance capable of
    producing equal outcomes for women, girls, boys,
    and men.

4
Objectives of the Assessment
  • to provide a snapshot of socio-economic
    conditions of persons, especially women,
    displaced as a result of August events
  • to assess womens engagement into decision-making
    to include their needs and issues in the design
    and management of the collective centres/camps as
    well as their access to humanitarian aid and
    services, with an eye on their special needs
    (reproductive health, GBV)
  • to provide findings and recommendations of the
    assessment to UN, international, and local NGOs
    and government representatives to further
    elaborate their interventions not only in a short
    run of the humanitarian crisis but also in a
    longer run, at a recovery stage.

5
Guiding Frameworks and Tools
  • CEDAW
  • UN SC Resolutions on Women, Peace and Security
    1325 1820
  • IASC materials on gender in humanitarian action
  • WHO and UN Action Against Sexual Violence in
    Conflict guidelines and other tools.

6
Assessment Methodology
  • Quantitative component survey
  • 1144 face-to-face interviews with IDPs residing
    in collective
  • centers in Tbilisi, Gori, and Kutaisi
  • The sample of the respondents corresponded to age
    and
  • sex distribution of the population of Georgia
  • Only one person per room/tent was interviewed
  • 47.1 men and 52.9 women were questioned.
  • Age groups 18-24 - 17.4 55-64 - 20.7
  • 25-44 - 45.1 65 gt16.8

7
Assessment Methodology
  • Qualitative component
  • 15 discussions with the groups of IDPs in
    collective centers (men, women and mixed sex)
  • 30 in-depth interviews with representatives of
    International organizations, government, local
    NGOs
  • Study was carried out through 5-29 September,
    2008
  • This presentation includes predominantly the
    findings of the survey and discussions with IDPs

8
Education Level of IDPs
  • Majority of interviewed IDPs has secondary
    education.
  • More women (25.8) than men (21.6) have higher
  • (university) education.

9
Demographic Data
  • 97.0 of respondents are
  • Georgian, 2.2 are Osetian, and
  • 0.8 are of other ethnicity.
  • 9.3 have polyethnic families,
  • mostly Georgian and Ossetian.
  • On average families comprise of 4
  • members (range 1-10). In total
  • 1144 respondents named 5083
  • family members.
  • Among them
  • Children up to 5 - 8.1
  • Children between 5-18 -19.6
  • Adults 18-65 - 65.1
  • Persons older than 65 - 9.5

10
War Experience
  • 89.6 of respondents has been exposed to bombing
    (92 of men and 87 of women)
  • 67.8 to military actions (70 of men and 66 of
    women)
  • 50.0 have witnessed death or wounding (66 of
    men and 34 of women)
  • More men (10.2 and 16.0) than women (4.7 and
    7.9) experienced physical and verbal abuse.
  • Most often abusers were
  • 41.7 estimated behavior of Ossetian civilians as
    friendly, 24.3
  • as neutral and 34.0 as hostile.

Ossetian boeviks (79 cases) Ossetian civilians (38 cases)
Russians (41 cases) Cossacks (29 cases)
11
Kidnapping and GBV
  • 19.5 - reported having information about
    kidnapping
  • 6.3 - reported having information about sexual
    violence against women. Out of these 70
    respondents, 21.4 said they had information
    about cases of rape, 32.8 - group rape,14.3 -
    rape attempt,31. - did not specify kind of
    abuse)
  • 1.0 - reported witnessing rape
  • 1.6 - reported witnessing torture.

12
Hostility and Friendliness to IDPs
13
Leaving Conflict Area
  • Majority of respondents (83.9) left during the
    military actions (7-12 August), 10.5 left after
    the open confrontation was over, only 5.6 left
    before the conflict began
  • 68.7 of respondents left home directed by their
    own conviction
  • 50.1 of respondents that did not get any
    assistance leaving their homes.

14
Situation at Places of Permanent Residence
  • 13.7 does not have information about the
    condition of their houses
  • 87.4 point that their harvest and 87.5 that
    their orchards are completely destroyed. 71.2
    reports that their domestic animals have been
    slaughtered or taken away
  • 25.8 reports having family members, 29 of
    relatives and 42.1 of neighbors left in the
    places of permanent residence
  • Those who have information about their houses,
    report that they are

15
Current State and Needs
  • 88.2 of IDPs are registered with authorities.
    The biggest share of respondents are registered
    in Kutaisi (93.4), followed by Tbilisi (90,1),
    and Gori (85.0)
  • Monetary support from the state is available for
    very limited number of respondents (13.7)
  • Lack of cash is identified by IDPs as one of the
    most urgent problems. They do not have
    information on possibilities of getting
    entitlements and compensations for their lost
    property
  • The condition of getting assistance only in case
    of being present at collective center during
    distribution process, and not having information
    about the schedule of these distributions
    restricts IDPs mobility, and attendance of
    schools by children.

16
Shelter
  • On average, 6 persons share a room. More people
    share room / tent in
  • Gori M10.6), than in Tbilisi (M4.3) or Kutaisi
    (M3.4).
  • Assessment of shelter conditions
  • Good 7.4 Moderate 58.8 Poor 33.9
  • Lock of rooms are functioning - 63.8
  • Lack private space to get dressed - 85.7
  • The top priority need is having a private room
    for a family - 17.7
  • of respondents who do not have

17
Water and Sanitation
  • Respondents have pointed out that
  • 17.8 - there are mice, cockroaches, and rats
    in the building
  • 47.3 - there is an insufficient number of
    functioning water taps
  • 74.6 - has permanent water supply
  • 13.7 - get water on schedule
  • 9.6 - get water occasionally
  • 27.3 - name access to water as a priority need
  • 85 - do not have access to warm water
  • 87.7 - do not have a possibility to take a
    shower
  • 51.6 - point that the number of restrooms is
    not enough
  • 46.8 - assess conditions of the restrooms
    as bad
  • 67.8 - there are no separate restrooms for men
    and women (Tbilisi 42.3 Gori 19.1, Kutaisi
    19.4)
  • 71.0 - lock inside restrooms are functioning,
    electricity provided
  • 10.1 - (14.2 - women, 6.0- men), feel
    insecure going to restrooms after dark
  • 21.9 - name improvement of
    conditions/increase number of restrooms as a
    priority need

18
Food
  • Respondents have pointed out that
  • 61.7 - do not have enough food
  • 85.9 - of Tbilisi IDPs point at food deficiency,
    compared to 58.8 in Kutaisi and 11.3 in Gori
  • 55.9 - evaluate food quality as neither bad nor
    good, 17.5 evaluate it as bad and 26.6 as
    good
  • 54.7 - point that almost never have a hot meal.
    Hot meal is more available for the respondents
    in Gori - 96.4, in Kutaisi - 62.2 or Tbilisi
    - 31.4
  • 1.7 - had a chance to take dairy product and
    13.5 to take fruits, 28.9 to take vegetables
    and 47.6 to take meat during a week preceding
    the survey. The best situation is in Gori and
    the worst in Kutaisi
  • 84.8 - prefers to receive the products and cook
    for the family
  • 11.3 - prefers to be served prepared meals

19
Non-food Items
Most Requested Non-food Items
  • Most pressing needs - cloths and shoes - 70.8
  • 88.1 does not have enough cloths (Kutais79
    Gori 71.9, Tbilisi 56.9)
  • 72.5 does not have enough shoes (Tbilisi 88.5,
    Gori 88.6 Kutaisi 85.4)
  • Underclothes is much demanded, especially by
    women.

20
Needs of Pregnant Women
5.8 of respondents reported having a pregnant
family member. Below are listed shortages
experienced by the pregnant women
21
Childrens Needs
  • 58.6 of respondents have children under the age
    of 18
  • 34.5 of respondents have children between 2-5
  • 58 of respondents have children under 2
  • 78.5 of children do not have textbooks and
    school supplies while only 1.6 have
  • 63.2 of respondents know which school their
    children will attend, 18.3 do not know and
    18.5 do not have school age children
  • 44.0 of respondents children have been
    examined by doctors, 25.8 were consulted by a
    psychologist, 3,6 had been in touch with a
    social workers. In Tbilisi access to examination
    and consultations have been the lowest and in
    Kutaisi the highest.
  • 58.5 report having a playing ground in the
    vicinity of collective center. It is the most
    available in Gori and the least available in
    Tbilisi.
  • Most Urgent Needs of Children

22
Health And Wellbeing
  • 13.4 - of respondents had a disabled person as a
    family member, out of these 175 persons 32.4 -
    women, 67.6 -men
  • 87.5 of women and 79.5 of men stressed that
    they need medicines for family members
  • Examined by doctors Consultation by
    psychologists
  • Women - 62.7, men - 46.1 Women -35.3.
    men- 24.5
  • 30.4 of women think that men drink more alcohol
    and 34.1 of men think that they drink less
    alcohol after displacement
  • During the displacement 3.6 of men and 8.6 of
    women reported witnessing family conflicts
  • IDPs Self-evaluation of Health Condition as Bad

23
Economic Condition
  • IDPs assessment of their families economic
    conditions before the conflict
  • 21.7 - well-off
  • 67.7 - medium affluence
  • 10.9 - poor Main Sources
    of Income

24
Economic Condition
  • Impoverishment of displaced persons is obvious
  • They lost their property and the main source of
    income and subsistence harvest and domestic
    animals
  • Portion of households with monthly income of more
    than GEL200 decreased from 59.1 to 13.0
  • 14.7 of the respondents pointed at having no
    income at all
  • 92.1 of respondent wants to continue the
    activities they pursued before displacement,
    38.3 expressed desire to be retrained, 39.3
    wants to acquire a new profession
  • 60.8 of men and 39.2 of women want to go abroad
    for work
  • 56.0 of men and 44.0 of women show interest in
    taking loans to start/develop small businesses
  • 79.3 of males and 20.7 females are legal owners
    of the left behind houses from 1011 respondents
    who answered the relevant question.

25
Access to information
  • 64.6 - did not receive information on
    assistance
  • 72.4 - did not receive information on
    resettlement
  • 87.5 - did not receive information on return
  • Respondents in Kutaisi are the most and in
    Tbilisi the least informed on assistance and
    shelter
  • Respondents from Gori are the most and from
    Tbilisi the least informed on return
  • Source of Information

26
Access to Information
  • 77.4 - has a mobile phone
  • 23.8 - does not have a possibility to use it
  • More persons in Gori (19.1), than in Kutaisi
    (17.5) or Tbilisi (14.0) do not have an access
    to telephone
  • 63.0 - can watch TV. More people in Kutaisi
    (87.6), than in Gori (77.5) and Tbilisi (49.7)
    have such possibility
  • 20.5 think that women, and 18.1 that men are
    better informed on ongoing political events,
    while the majority 61.4 points that there is no
    gender difference in this respect

27
Management
  • 68.4 - thinks that the distribution of the
    assistance is mostly fair. Respondents in
    Kutaisi point to least injustice (6.2) and Gori
    respondents the most (16.1), with Tbilisi in
    between (15.6).
  • 18.9 - pointed that their family members ever
    participated in distribution. Participation of
    IDPs in the distribution of assistance is low
    in all regions.
  • 10.9 - pointed that they were consulted on
    their relocation preferences (30.0 Kutaisi,
    34.9 in Gori, 5.2 in Tbilisi).
  • 12 - of IDPs were consulted on aid
    distribution. Best situation is in Kutaisi -30,
    the worst in Tbilisi - 5, with Gori in between
    -18.
  • 67.1 - of respondents had one elected
    representative. Among those elected 62.6 were
    male, 37.4 - female. 8.0 of respondents
    pointed that had two persons, one male and one
    female.
  • 5.2 - of respondents reported having committee
    of IDPs

28
Recommended Actions
  • 1. Policy Measures
  • Advocate with the government for speeding up the
    process of granting legal status to all IDPs who
    cannot return to their respective homes, which
    will be paired with relevant entitlements and
    benefits. It is critical that the assistance is
    bound to individual IDPs and rather than their
    presence in the Collective Centres during the
    distribution process
  • As the main source of income was selling of
    agricultural products that the big majority of
    IDPs lost due to August events, it is critical to
    provide them with one-time compensations
  • Advocate with the government and provide support
    to the government to implement Domestic Violence
    Law of 2006 and Action Plan providing
    victims/survivors of domestic violence (including
    sexual violence suffered during the conflict),
    with shelters, crises and rehabilitation centres
    and a hotline

29
Recommended Actions
  • 1. Policy Measures
  • Start a dialogue with the government for the
    elaboration of the Gender Equality Law providing
    for the establishment of a sustainable national
    gender equality mechanism responsible for
    mainstreaming gender equality principles in state
    programmes, as well as national coordination of
    gender equality policies
  • Advocate with the National Bank of Georgia to
    appeal to private banks for considering writing
    off loans and/or suspending accrual of the
    interest on the loans disbursed to the IDPs The
    National Bank may encourage private banks through
    certain incentives e.g. offer beneficial
    provision levels for such non-performing loans
  • Follow up on the commitment made by the Ministry
    of Education and Science in relation to
    cancellation of tuition fees for displaced
    students.

30
Recommended Actions
  • 2. Measures on the Level of Institutions
  • Shelter / space arrangements in Collective
    Centres
  • To aim at locating only one family per room to
    meet minimal privacy needs of IDPs
  • In each medium and big size collective centre,
    allocate a space for 1. pupils to do their
    homework 2. kindergarten run by IDPs 3.
    help/information desk officer 4. cooking.
  • Water and sanitation
  • Increase the number and improve the conditions of
    restrooms, make sure that there are separate
    restrooms for women and men in every collective
    centre
  • Ensure that access to water is provided in every
    collective centre
  • Provide possibilities for washing and bathing.

31
Recommended Actions
  • Food
  • Provide balanced diet for children under the age
    of 5, and nutritious diets for pregnant women and
    lactating mothers
  • Provide vegetables, fruits and dairy products
    especially to children, pregnant, and lactating
    women and elderly
  • Provide food to returnees in the buffer zones
  • In planning rehabilitation and finding durable
    solutions provide IDP families with land for
    cultivation.
  • Non-food items
  • Expedite the provision of beds to everyone,
    including mattresses, pillows, blankets, and
    linens also baby carriages, diapers, chamber
    pots, and toys
  • Speed up the provision of winter clothes and
    shoes. In addition to the provision of
    undergarments, socks, tights, and slippers
  • Provide with minimal facilities for cooking in
    the collective centres.

32
Recommended Actions
  • Health
  • Organize sufficient number of mobile teams of
    doctors and psychologists (family doctors,
    gynaecologists, and psychologists) visiting the
    collective centres, buffer zone and other
    conflict affected villages (as soon as security
    situation allows)
  • Attend to the psychological state of displaced
    persons through various outreach strategies e.g.
    create a helpline with anonymous psychological
    counselling service in cooperation with local
    NGOs, establish and support functioning of
    various groups for psychological rehabilitation,
    separately targeting women, girls, men, and boys
  • Promote healthy life-style, provide information
    on nutrition of children, people with special
    needs (pregnant and lactating mothers,
    chronically ill) and adults
  • Provide regularly and in prescribed quantities
    medication to chronically ill
  • Provide with wheel-chairs the disabled persons.

33
Recommended Actions
  • Protection
  • Organize and support functioning of interagency
    (including NGOs) mobile teams of three/four
    persons that will visit collective centres,
    buffer zone and other conflict affected areas to
    observe human rights situation in the camps and
    report back to relevant government structures
  • Ensure recruitment of women among the deployed
    security forces in the buffer zone and other
    conflict affected areas, in addition ensure that
    police officers, both women and men, receive
    trainings in effective response to gender based
    violence (including domestic violence)
  • Ensure that gender balance is observed while
    selecting persons serving as providers of
    information or other services to IDPs
  • Provide IDPs with legal counselling in relation
    to their liabilities towards banks, in cases of
    domestic violence, property restitution issues,
    etc
  • Return should be encouraged only after warranting
    high security conditions, including operation of
    Georgian police and demining of the territory
  • Study the needs of IDPs living in private
    dwelling, also study the needs of their host
    families to design and provide relevant support.

34
Recommended Actions
  • Access to Information
  • Support creation of an information bank on
    central level in the Ministry of Refugees and
    Accommodation on the existing / planned
    assistance initiatives
  • Create information/help desks in all collective
    centres, working in close collaboration with the
    MRA information bank, and having at least one
    information officer (desirably an IDP) who would
    be equipped with relevant information on type,
    amount, timing, and criteria for receiving
    assistance, including the names of contact
    persons for respective assistance or services for
    IDPs to refer further
  • Strengthen national gender equality mechanism
    (Gender Equality Council under the Speaker of the
    Parliament) through supporting its newly
    established Gender Resource Centre in Gori
    (GRCG), aimed at the provision of information
    pertaining to relevant services offered by state
    and non-state actors (through hotline, which will
    be based on information database), gender
    mainstreaming and coordination of gender-related
    initiatives in humanitarian and recovery
    activities

35
Recommended Actions
  • Access to Information
  • Advocate with the government that IDPs are
    provided with information regarding realistic
    prospects of return and resettlement, as well as
    the amount and type of compensation, including
    other material aid that they can expect
  • Provide information to the population of affected
    zones, with special programs aimed at children as
    well as women and men on threats of landmines
  • Develop communication strategy in a way to ensure
    that messages are understandable for the majority
    of people who have only secondary education

36
Recommended Actions
  • Economic Condition
  • Support establishment of a kindergarten type
    facilities in the collective centres employing
    predominantly IDPs, which would allow IDP women
    to take part in capacity building initiatives
    that will be offered at an early recovery stage,
    as well as to engage in economic activities
  • Provide the possibility of generating income,
    especially to longer term IDPs targeting both
    women and men through their capacity building and
    vocational trainings as well as provision of
    micro credit
  • Advocate with the government that IDPs located in
    Tbilisi are provided with monthly tickets for
    transportation
  • Involve IDPs in rehabilitation process to avoid
    creating in them feeling of helplessness,
    dependence and to generate income.

37
Recommended Actions
  • 3. Community Level Measures
  • Inform IDPs about available health,
    psychological, legal and other services
  • Increase awareness of families on health-related
    risks and hygiene, targeting both women and men
  • Raise the awareness of IDPs with regard to
    domestic violence and respective protection
    measures as foreseen by the Domestic Violence
    Law, as well as on the exacerbated potential for
    human trafficking
  • Strengthen the capacities of women to voice their
    priorities, enhance the empowerment and economic
    reintegration of IDPs and other conflict affected
    women (heads of households, single mothers, and
    widows) through small-scale business, including
    agri-business and skills building

38
Recommended Actions
  • 3. Community Level Measures
  • Support initiatives of displaced and conflict
    affected women to track funds allocated for
    meeting their needs and participate in the
    post-conflict recovery
  • Support peace activism, confidence building and
    people-to-people diplomacy initiatives through
    joint projects across ceasefire lines for
    youngsters, women and men on detrimental effects
    of conflicts, conflict prevention, resolution
    skills, and womens rights drawing on CEDAW, SCR
    1325 and 1820
  • Strengthen womens groups to continuously monitor
    and document human rights concerns of displaced
    and other conflict affected women, as well as of
    women living in the conflict zones, thereby
    creating an effective mechanism for dialogue
    between women across ceasefire lines and relevant
    decision-makers to address documented human
    rights concerns.

39
Recommended Actions
  • Management of Collective Centers
  • Advocate and support increased participation of
    IDP women and men in the management of collective
    centres through elected IDP committees (having
    quotas of at least 40 percent representation of
    one sex)
  • Strengthen the capacity of elected committees
    jointly with a group of IDPs, and develop their
    general ToR to ensure that these committees
  • - advocates for increased transparency and
    fairness in aid distribution
  • - ensures the communication flow between IDPs
    and state structures
  • - Increases participation of IDPs in decision
    making concerning
  • return, resettlement, and assistance issues.
  •  

40
Thank you!!!
About PowerShow.com