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Assistive Technology Tools and Strategies for Educators

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Assistive Technology Tools and Strategies for Educators Session Goals Overview of assistive technology Consideration of AT in the IEP 5 Step Process of Considering AT ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Assistive Technology Tools and Strategies for Educators


1
Assistive Technology Tools and Strategies for
Educators
2
Session Goals
  • Overview of assistive technology
  • Consideration of AT in the IEP
  • 5 Step Process of Considering AT in Writing,
    Reading, and Communication

3
What is Assistive Technology?
  • Assistive technology is a broad and inclusive
    term that can cover everything from computers to
    pencil grips.
  • The legal definition of assistive technology
    includes any device that helps a person with a
    disability function in a given environment, but
    does not limit the device to expensive or high
    tech options.
  • Assistive technology can include simple devices
    or low tech options such as laminated
    communication boards, removable highlighter
    tapes, reading guides and even Velcro.

4
How is Assistive Technology defined in the law?
  • Definition of AT includes both assistive
    technology devices and assistive technology
    services
  • An assistive technology device is any item, piece
    of equipment or product system, whether acquired
    commercially off the shelf, modified, or
    customized, that is used to increase, maintain,
    or improve the functional capabilities of
    children with disabilities.

5
Assistive Technology Service
  • An assistive technology service means any service
    that directly assists a child with a disability
    in the selection, acquisition, or use of an
    assistive technology device. IDEA 97

6
Assistive Technology and the IEP
  • Reauthorization of the Individuals with
    Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) by Congress in
    2004- school districts must consider whether a
    child needs assistive technology devices and
    services (IDEA, 2004).
  • Assistive technology services must be considered
    during the development of an Individualized
    Education Program (IEP) for any student receiving
    special education services.

7
Who is eligible to receive assistive technology?
  • All children with disabilities- birth -21 who are
    eligible for special education services must be
    provided with AT
  • Students who do not qualify for special
    education, but are determined handicapped under
    Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 are
    eligible for accommodations assistive
    technology (Section 504 uses handicapped -
    IDEA uses disability)

8
IDEA and Assistive Technology
  • IDEA requires school systems to educate students
    3-21 with a free appropriate public education
    (FAPE) and be educated in the least restrictive
    environment (LRE).
  • Parents can be involved in all decisions about
    identification, evaluation and placement.
  • In the consideration of AT, decisions must be
    made with due consideration to FAPE, LRE,
    parental involvement and parents due process
    rights.

9
Categories of functional need
  • Reading
  • Written Expression
  • Math
  • Communication
  • Recreation
  • Daily organization
  • Seating positioning
  • Hearing
  • Seeing
  • Self care
  • Mobility
  • Other areas

10
What is under the AT Umbrella?
  • Curriculum
  • Written language communication
  • Reading
  • Math
  • Access
  • Mobility
  • Wheelchairs, walkers or any device that helps a
    student move/interact with environment
  • Alternative Augmentative Communication (AAC)
  • Communication boards, devices, listening devices
  • Environmental Control
  • Daily living vocational aids, architectural
    modifications, and recreational technologies
  • Sensory Hearing/Vision
  • Hearing hearing aids, closed captioned TV
  • Visual aids magnifying devices, cassette tape
    readings, computer adaptations, Braille writer

11
Enhance Student Learning Continuum of Devices
  • Consider impact of no technology low
    technology mid technology high technology
  • Handwriting difficulty
  • Pen/pencil grip
  • Raised lined paper
  • Answers tape recorded
  • If no independence or success-portable word
    processor/computer with specialized software
  • If low tech device meets students need, school
    is not obligated to purchase high-tech device
  • IEP teams should explore all options, low to
    high, remembering that high end has requirements
    for training, maintenance, and repair

12
Lets Revisit the AT Categories to Enhance
Student Learning
  • Curriculum
  • Reading and Writing
  • Low tech accommodations
  • Post-it notes
  • Page up
  • Erasable highlighters
  • Magnification

13
Reading Mid-Tech Accommodations
  • Reading Pen/Iris Pen Scan and
  • Reads individual words
  • Defines
  • Provides Auditory and Visual Feedback
  • Increase reading fluency comprehension

14
Reading and Writing High Tech Accommodations
  • Software word processors
  • Word prediction
  • Talking word processor
  • Screen reader
  • Screen enlargement
  • Writing With Symbols 2000
  • Start to Finish Books
  • Talking Word Processors
  • WYNN
  • Read Write Gold
  • Kurzweil
  • WriteOutloud
  • Intellitools Suite

15
Reading and Writing
  • Access
  • Enlarged keyboard
  • Keyguards
  • Trackballs
  • Touch window
  • Special switches
  • Spell Checker
  • Grammar Checker
  • Inspiration/Kidspiration
  • CoWriter 4000
  • MS Office Accessibility Features
  • Talking Word Processors
  • WYNN
  • Read Write Gold
  • Kurzweil
  • WriteOutloud
  • Intellitools Suite

16
Access-Hardware Adaptations
  • Alternative Keyboard-Intellikeys
  • Trackball/Joystick
  • Touch Window
  • Key guard
  • Switch Access

17
Enhance Student Learning in Math- Low Tech
High Tech
  • Manipulatives
  • Number Line
  • Math Fact Sheet
  • Calculator
  • IntelliMathics
  • Authoring program
  • Virtual manipulatives
  • Equation Editor
  • View/Toolbars/Customize/Command/Insert/Equation
    Editor

18
Mobility Accommodations
  • Wheelchairs
  • Walkers
  • Crutches
  • Orthotics
  • Standing Aids
  • Auto Accessories-Mirrors

19
Alternative Augmentative Communication (AAC)
  • Picture communication books
  • DynaMyte- portable touch screen with audio/visual
    capabilities
  • ChatPC
  • Message Mates

20
Environmental Control Devices
  • Amplified Photo Phone
  • Utensil Holders
  • Built Up Utensils
  • Elastic Shoe Laces
  • Velcro Button Tabs

21
Sensory Aids Hearing and Visual
  • Visual aids
  • Magnifying devices
  • Cassette tape recordings
  • Computer adaptations
  • Braille writer
  • Hearing Aids
  • Hearing aids
  • Closed captioned TV

22
Assistive Technology in the School
  • Assistive technology must be considered when a
    childs IEP is developed, reviewed or revised
  • All IEP team members need to know when where
    specific technologies are used to meet needs of
    the students educational program
  • AT in the IEP can be listed in
  • Supplemental Aides Modifications
  • Provided in regular classroom to be educated in
    LRE
  • Special Education
  • AT will specifically relate to IEP Goals
    Objectives
  • Using specific software to complete a task
  • Related Service
  • Supportive services that are required to assist a
    child with a disability benefit from special
    education
  • Similar to OT, PT, Speech, counseling, mobility
    services
  • IEP Goals must be developed when AT is related
    service

23
Resources
  • RESNA-Rehabilitation Engineering Assistive
    Technology Society of North America
    http//www.resna.org/
  • Closing the Gap http//www.closingthegap.com
  • Council for Exceptional Children (CEC)
    http//www.ced.sped.org/
  • Assistive Technology Industry Association (ATIA)
    http//www.atia.org/
  • The Alliance for Technology Access
    http//www.ataccess.org
  • Wisconsin Assistive Technology Initiative
    http//www.wati.org/
  • AbleData http//www.abledata.com/
  • Fidgets www.fidgets.com
  • OnionMountain http//www.onionmountaintech.com/in
    dex.php
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