Competitive Kenyan Horticulture Industry: Practical application of quality standards in Kenya Presented by: Timothy I Mwangi Date: 20th September 2011 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Competitive Kenyan Horticulture Industry: Practical application of quality standards in Kenya Presented by: Timothy I Mwangi Date: 20th September 2011

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Title: Competitive Kenyan Horticulture Industry: Practical application of quality standards in Kenya Presented by: Timothy I Mwangi Date: 20th September 2011


1
Competitive Kenyan Horticulture Industry
Practical application of quality standards in
Kenya
Presented by Timothy I Mwangi
Date 20th September
2011
UNECE, Accra Ghana

2
  • USAID-KHCP
  • 2010-2015
  • Primary goal is to increase incomes of 200,000
    small scale producers and improve food security

3
Introduction..
  • Agriculture accounts for about 24 of Kenya's
    with an estimated 75 of the population depending
    on the sector either directly or indirectly.
  • Kenyas agriculture is largely dependent on
    seasonal rainfall. Kenya as a major exporter
    especially to the EU is expected to meet
    importing countries market requirements.
  • Horticulture sub-sector projected to be over 33
    of agricultural GDP.

4
.Introduction
  • Kenya continues to be a major exporter of
    horticultural produce to world markets, with 403
    thousand tons worth (945 million) in 2010 being
    exported mainly to the EU (over 80 ).
  • The main exports of fruits include avocadoes,
    mangoes, pineapples, passion fruits,
  • Vegetables French beans, runner beans, snow peas
    and Asian vegetables.

5
Horticultural Exports Volume Value in US (1
US 81 KShs)
6
Horticulture trade is mainly private sector led
with government support.
GOK
Government offers a good trading environment,
regulates, oversees the trade and compliance to
standards.
7
To implement the OECD/UNECE standards team work
is appreciated.
Standards implementers and custodian
  • KEPHIS Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service
    takes the lead role as it is the the Regulatory
    Agency mandated to ensure
  • Quality of agro-inputs
  • Quality of produce (phytosanitary and physical
    quality)
  • Inspection and certification of
    production/grading facilities
  • Inspection and certification of export imports
  • Information sharing in marketing standards
  • KEPHIS on behalf of Kenya - Certifies and issues
    conformance certificate as per EU approval (EC)
    No 431/2006 of 15th March 2006. Kenya is
    considered an approved source for fruits and
    vegetables into the European Commission.
  • In 2009, Kenya became a member of the OECD Fresh
    Fruits and Vegetable (FFV) scheme.
  • EU Regulation 1148/2001 Article 7 , Recognizes
    conformance checks and certification by approved
    third countries that currently includes Kenya,
    Morocco, South Africa,Senegal, India, New
    Zealand, Turkey

8
Besides KEPHIS, to implement the OECD/UNECE
standards team work is appreciated.
.Standards implementers and custodian
  • KEBS Kenya Bureau of Standards main
    standards body and custodian of all standards in
    Kenya , KS 1758 code of practice for horticulture
  • FPEAK Fresh Produce Exporters Association of
    Kenya growers and exporters trade association
    self regulation, Owners of KenyaGAP
  • HCDA horticulture crops development Authority
    - registration of exporters and contract farming,
    has HCDA code
  • KRA Kenya revenue authority Taxes compliance
    and documentation

9
Efforts of Kenya towards continued compliance
with requirements of OECD FFV scheme / 1
  • Kenya has taken the application of standards
    seriously and embarked on building of fresh
    produce markets.
  • Efforts have been made to sell fresh produce from
    designated points that are safe and hygienic.
    This is a major challenge as produce grown is a
    lot.
  • Attendance and holding of meetings and workshops
  • UNECE Working Party (WP) Number 7 in Geneva (May
    2010)
  • International Harmonization of Quality Standards
    for Fresh Fruit and Vegetables for Countries of
    Africa in South Africa (April 2010)
  • OECD 15th International Training Course in
    Slovakia (September 2010)
  • National workshops in 2010 and 2011 with OECD
    experts facilitating.

10
Efforts of Kenya towards continued compliance
with requirements of OECD FFV scheme / 2
  • KEPHIS Inspectors are equipped with basic quality
    inspection tools.
  • Currently, up to sixty two exporters require
    conformity certification to European market i.e.
    Germany, France, UK, Spain, The Netherlands and
    Belgium.
  • Traceability, the regulators and producers of
    fresh fruits and vegetables in the country have
    been working on their traceability systems.
  • A number of farms, institutions in the
    horticulture value chain are ISO certified, or
    comply with KenyaGAP (over 200), GLOBALG.A.P or
    other Private standards.
  • The Fresh Produce and Exporters Association of
    Kenya (FPEAK) launched a local standard procedure
    manual for fruits and vegetables, a major
    development in the horticultural industry (May,
    2010).
  • Electronic export certification was launched on
    19th April 2011 and is expected to strengthen
    traceability measures. Over 200 exporters use
    this system to log their produce destined for
    export markets.

11
Some tools of trade
KEPHIS inspector in full gear
Complied produce
Inspection in progress
12
Standards and Trade can be both barriers or
advantages relating to market entry and growth
Key challenges
  • Training Inspectors, Trainers, Language and
    translations
  • Implementation Professionals, on plant/farm,
    sometimes interpretation differs
  • Dynamism of standards Improves every year
  • Size of growers large, medium, small holders
  • Wide geographical coverage and porous borders
  • Finances cost of inspection, training, external
    and internal certification
  • Climatic change

13
INDUSTRY intervention
Kenya has realised the importance of standards
and compliance
  • compliance and certification to standards local
    and export market - GAP, Social, food safety
  • Training Group dynamics, standards, agronomy
    fruits, vegetables, flowers, root crops, oil
    crops, auditing and inspection,
  • Implementation, Auditing, Certification ,
  • Growers guide Agronomy and standards
  • New products development and market
    diversification

14
Key considerations as we move forward
  • Maintaining approval status requires continued
    investment in compliance, continually guiding
    producers to meet standards - good for continued
    export markets
  • A faster spillover to the domestic market/
    harmonization of export and domestic market
    requirements implies higher returns to the farmer

15
Efforts made
ANNUAL NATIONAL WORKSHOP ON APPLICATION OF
COMMERCIAL QUALITY STANDARDS FOR FRUITS AND
VEGETABLES 4th to 7th April, 2011 KEPHIS
Headquarters, Nairobi, Kenya
16
..Efforts made traceability
Farmer on farm
Grading in the field
Final packaging
Complied produce
17
.Efforts made
  • KEPHIS manual French beans, Avocado, passion
    fruits, peas
  •  Posters beans, avocado, peas

18
Areas where effort will be directed in the short
term
ITEM
1. Training of growers/Producers on Quality Standards i.e. annual workshops and regional targeted workshops
2. Training of Retailers and Super markets
3. Follow-up Trainings for Staff Stakeholders
4. Follow-up meetings with Stake-holders Regulators on harmonization of Inspection procedures Standard Implementation
5. Annual participation in Standards Trainings representation in OECD Scheme meetings
6. Development of more reference material for Trainings and Information dissemination i.e. for commodities not done e.g. Mangoes, aubergines, runner beans.
19

For Further Information contact Kenya
Horticulture Competitiveness Project
(KHCP) Nairobi, Kenya khcp_at_fintrac.com Tel
254-20-2121838/2121839/2023314 Fax 2121837
The KHCP is managed for USAID by Fintrac Inc.,
www.growkenya.org E-mail khcp_at_fintrac.com
20

For Further Information contact Managing
Director KENYA PLANT HEALTH INSPECTORATE SERVICE
(KEPHIS) P. O. Box 49592-00100 Nairobi,
Kenya. Tel 254-20-3536171 or 3536172 Fax
254-20-3536175 E-mails director_at_kephis.org Websi
te www.kephis.org
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