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... also depicted as rootless Jews direct global conspiracy - Smart/crafty - Manipulate others Blood and Soil Ataka (Bulgaria): ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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FASCISM Closer in time, Closer to home
Dr. Zoltán Grossman Member of the
Faculty (Geography/Native American Studies) The
Evergreen State College Olympia,
Washington http//academic.evergreen.edu/g/grossma
Marquette Park neighborhood, Chicago
What fascists are not
Not upholding economic status quo Not simply
authoritarian conservatives Not simply
fundamentalist Christians Not simply angry
What fascists are
Right-wing revolutionaries against status quo
(liberal or conservative) Extreme nationalism
and/or racism Law Order Absolute rule of
core ethnic/racial group See similar problems as
Left, but not class analysis explain world
through nation/race, conspiracy theories
Magyar Gárda (Hungarian Guard) Jobbik
party for radical change
What fascists are
"The role of racism and the role of anti-Semitism
and of scapegoating in general is quite different
for a fascist movement from that of a right-wing
conservative movement or a traditional Klan-type
movement. That is, it is not to put people in
their place. It is not to make a sub-class out
of them and to exploit, or super-exploit, their
labor. It is genocidal. It is
exterminationist. --Ken Lawrence
Blood and Soil
  • Each race/ethnic nation has its place
  • Need to stay in ancestral homeland (separatism)
  • Racial mixing as violating nature (Turner
  • Jews (and Gypsies) historically
  • depicted as rootless.
  • Cosmopolitan or separated from land
  • African Diaspora also depicted as rootless
  • Jews direct
  • global conspiracy
  • - Smart/crafty
  • - Manipulate others

Blueprint for US revolution by National
Alliance leader Wm. Pierce
Ataka (Bulgaria) I dont want to live in a
Gypsy country, 2011
Ethnic/Racial Consciousness over Class
Fascists as economic populists depicted as
champions of majority ethnic groups working
class (Mussolini ex-socialist, NSDAP) Reality
quite different suppress strikes, advocate
labor and capital as partners to build the
nation (Fasces as symbol) Corporate backing for
Fascists/Nazis (Militarism as superprofitable Exp
ansion benefits both German farmer settlers
(lebensraum) and rich industrialists. Law
Order is good for business.
Fasces Roman symbol of strength through unity
Hitler greets Krupp von Bohlen
Scapegoating as Social Control of Majority
Fascism flourishes in economic crisis
Scapegoating minority as source of problem, not
majority elite. Rulers need to identify enemies
both below and above the majority. Win over
Middle by diverting animosity toward poor,
also by emphasizing threat from above, to
detract attention from ruling institutions.
(Warren, The Radical Center) Majority citizens
portrayed as underdogs, or victims of
elite-underclass conspiracy Hungary Jews EU
above, Roma below U.S. Coastal elites above,
immigrants below
Jobbik/Magyar Gárda march through Hungarian Roma
Minutemen on Arizona border
Manipulating paganism, youth counterculture
Early Nazis used Pre-Christian pagan warrior
ethos Later tried to secure loyalty of Christian
churches Celebrate rural homeland as symbol of
organic purity City as degraded, cosmopolitan,
distant from nature Hiking societies, chorale
groups, youth health groups Hitler was a
vegetarian and loved dogs German Left held
rallies and speeches, failed to articulate
Wandervogel (Wandering Birds) proto-hippies
later joined Hitler Youth, SA Brownshirts
Nationalist Rock
Exploiting anti-elite/ anti-government sentiment
Fascists can oppose Corporate
globalization, Outsourcing of jobs
overseas, Environmental pollution, Demise of
family farms, Consumerist culture, Iraq and
Afghan wars, CIA drug running, Foreign arms
sales, Free trade (EU, NAFTA, WTO), but for
opposite reasons than the left. They exploit
and manipulate legitimate issues for their own
nefarious ends. In competition with the left for
LaRouche cult against VP Cheney
Public face of French National Front
Differences among fascists
Axis or Fascist International is
difficult Competing national priorities (or
territories) Differences over primary
enemy (Japanese fascists sheltered Jews in
Shanghai) Differences over central role of
traditional institutions (Church central in
Clerical Fascism) Fascism about ethnicity
Nazism about race. Mussolini (Italy), Horthy
(Hungary), Franco (Spain) were Fascists but not
Hungary annexes southern Slovakia, 1938
The Result Racial Pride Disappears
U.S. Fascist Sympathizers, 1920s-30s Many Western
conservatives saw communism as the main enemy
(e.g., in Spain)

Charles Lindbergh with Hermann Göring
Father Charles Coughlin addresses rally, radio
William D. Pelley of Silver Shirts
German- American Bund
Henry Luce, Time publisher
Henry Fords The International Jew The Worlds
Foremost Problem
Modern Fascist Leaders
Jean-Marie Le Pen (France), 2nd for French
presidency, 2002 Jörg Haider (Austria), party in
government, 2000-04 Gábor Vona (Hungary), Jobbik
party won 17 of vote, 2010 David Duke, Lyndon
LaRouche, etc. (U.S.) Popularize racist policies
(e.g., anti-immigrant) that are then taken up by
conservative politicians to win votes.
Klan/Nazi leader David Duke won majority of white
vote in Louisiana governors race, 1991
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Searchlight (UK) on European fascism http//www.s
earchlightmagazine.com Center for New
Community http//www.buildingdemocracy.org Turn
it Down Campaign Against White Power
Music http//turnitdown.newcomm.org Political
Research Associates http//www.publiceye.org Hate
watch http//www.splcenter.org/intel/hatewatch Ha
te symbols http//www.adl.org/hate_symbols/default
Novel warns of American homegrown fascism, 1935
Militia followers bomb Oklahoma City, 1995
Jobbik gains 17 of vote, 46 seats
in Hungarian Parliament, 2010
Extreme-right recruiting in Tea Party (NAACP
report, 2010)
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