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In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him) in Islam

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Surah 19: 16-21 The Birth of Jesus Mary left the temple and went to Nazarene, ... Slide 7 Slide 8 Articles of faith Messengers and the Prophets of Allah ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him) in Islam


1
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the
MercifulProphet Jesus (peace be upon him) in
Islam
  • Welcome to all our Christian Guests here today !
  • http//www.islamiccenterofolympia.org/

2
Objectives
  • To learn what the muslims believe in about
    Prophet Isa (peace be upon him)
  • To see some particular verses of HQ
  • To see some verses of the HB
  • To demonstrate the true spirit of Interfaith
    dialogue with love, afection tolerance
  • To build bridges and set a precedent for joint
    study of Bible / Torah / Quran etc.

3
Who are nearest to the Muslims ?
  • "...And nearest among them in love to the
    believers wilt thou find those who say 'We are
    Christians' because among these are men devoted
    to learning and men who have renounced the world.
    And they are not arrogant." (The Holy Qurân 582)

4
Jesus - His Titles
  • Though Jesus is mentioned by name in twenty-five
    places in the Holy Qurân, he is also addressed
    with respect as Ibn Maryam, meaning "The son of
    Mary" and as the Maseeh (in Hebrew it is the
    Messiah), which is translated as "Christ". He is
    also known as Abdullah, "The servant of Allah"
    and as Rasul u Allah, the messenger of Allah.

5
251540 total
  • He is spoken of as "The Word of God", as "The
    Spirit of God", as a "Sign of God", and numerous
    other epithets of honor spread over fifteen
    different chapters. The Holy Quran honors this
    mighty messenger of God, and the Muslims have not
    fallen short over the past fourteen hundred years
    in doing the same. There is not a single
    disparaging remark in the entire Quran to which
    even the most critical among the Christians can
    take exception.

6
Muslims love Jesus and defend him
  • Protested against painting Naked Jesus
  • Against the movie Last temptation of Christ
  • Prevent defamation of his name
  • Never written a word against this person
  • Make it an article of faith to believe in him

7
  • Islam definition, linguistic and religious.
  • Articles of faith.
  • The 'Five Pillars' of Islam.
  • MARY (Peace Be Upon her).
  • Isa (Jesus) (Peace Be Upon him)

8
  • Islam Submission.
  • Islam
  • It is the same truth that God revealed to all His
    prophets throughout history
  • Submission to one God (ALLAH) in all aspects of
    life. Worshipping Allah based on his legislation
    that was revealed in divine revelation through
    the prophethood

9
Articles of faith
  • ALLAH the one and only GOD
  • Messengers and the Prophets of Allah.
  • Revelations and the Quran.
  • The Angels.
  • The Day of Judgment.
  • Qadaa and Qadar.

10
Messengers and the Prophets of Allah
  • A Muslim believes in all the Messengers and
    Prophets of Allah without any discrimination.
  • All messengers were mortals, human beings,
    endowed with Divine revelations and appointed by
    God to teach mankind

11
Revelations and the Quran
  • A Muslim believes in all scriptures and
    revelations of God, as they were complete and in
    their original versions
  • The Quran is the sacred book of the Muslims. It
    is the last book of guidance from Allah, sent
    down to Muhammad (Pbuh), through the angel
    Jibraeel (Gabriel).
  • Every word of it is the word of Allah. It has
    remained unchanged even to a dot over the past
    fourteen hundred years.
  • The Quran deals with man and his ultimate goal in
    life. Its teachings cover all areas of this life
    and the life after death.

12
The Day of Judgment
  • This world as we know it will come to an end, and
    the dead will rise to stand for their final and
    fair trial
  • Everything we do, say, make, intend and think are
    accounted for and kept in accurate records
  • Absolute justice.

13
Qadaa and Qadar
  • Means the Timeless Knowledge of Allah and His
    power to plan and execute His plans
  • It implies that everything on this earth
    originates from the one and only Creator who is
    also the Sustainer and the Sole Source of
    guidance
  • Man should think, plan and make sound choices,
    but if things do not happen the way he wants, he
    should not lose faith and surrender himself to
    mental strains or shattering worries.

14
Status of Human beings
  • Man and woman are not a condemned race from birth
    to death, but dignified beings potentially
    capable of good and noble achievements.
  • Every person is born FREE FROM SIN . When the
    person reaches the age of maturity and if he is
    sane, he becomes accountable for all his deeds
    and intentions
  • Adam committed the first sin, but he prayed to
    Allah for pardon and Allah granted Adam pardon.
    (NO ORIGINAL SIN on every baby)

15
Salvation
  • A Muslim believes that man must work out his
    salvation through the guidance of Allah
  • A person must combine faith and action, belief
    and practice.
  • Faith without doing good deeds is as insufficient
    as doing good deeds without faith.
  • Allah does not hold any person responsible until
    he has shown him the Right Way . If people do not
    know and have no way of knowing about Islam, they
    will not be responsible for failing to be Muslim.

16
Acceptance of Faith
  • Islam ensures freedom to believe and forbids
    compulsion in religion (one of the oldest
    synagogues and one of the oldest churches in the
    world are in Muslim countries).

17
The 'Five Pillars' of Islam
  • Are the foundation of Muslim life.
  • The first of which is a state of faith, the other
    four are major exercises of faith of which some
    are daily, some weekly, some monthly, some
    annually and some are required as a minimum once
    in a lifetime
  • The five pillars of Islam are
  • Faith or belief in the Oneness of God (Allah) and
    the finality of the Prophethood of Muhammad
    (pbuh)
  • Establishment of the daily prayers
  • Zakah
  • Fasting and
  • The pilgrimage to Makkah for those who are able.

18
Iman or Faith
  • "There is none worthy of worship except God
    (Allah) and Muhammad is the messenger of God."
    This declaration of faith is called the Shahadah.
  • The Oneness of Allah is the rejection of any
    form of deity other than Allah.
  • Muhammad is His Messenger is the acceptance of
    him being chosen by Allah to convey His message
    of Islam to all humanity and to deliver it from
    the darkness of ignorance into the light of
    belief in, and knowledge of, the Creator.

19
Establishment of the daily prayers
  • Salah the obligatory prayers that are performed
    five times a day, and are a direct link between
    the worshipper and God.
  • Praying to the Creator on a daily basis is the
    best way to cultivate in a man a sound
    personality and to actualize his aspiration

20
Zakah. The financial obligation upon Muslims
  • Refers to the annual amount (2.5) in kind or
    coin which a Muslim with means must distribute
    among the rightful beneficiaries.
  • Everything belongs to God, and that wealth is
    therefore held by human beings in trust.
  • Zakah means both "purification" and "growth." Our
    possessions are purified by setting aside a
    proportion for those in need and for the society
    in general.
  • Like the pruning of plants, this cuts back
    balances and encourages new growth.

21
Zakah.contd
  • purifies the contributor heart from selfishness
    and greed.
  • purifies the heart of the recipient from envy,
    hatred and uneasiness and it fosters instead
    good-will and warm wishes for the contributors
  • it frees society from class welfare, from ill
    feelings and distrust and from corruption.
  • Islam does not hinder private enterprise or
    condemn private possession

22
Fasting
  • abstaining completely from eating, drinking,
    intimate sexual contacts and smoking from the
    break of dawn till sunset
  • a method of self-purification and self-restraint.
  • By cutting oneself from worldly comforts, even
    for a short time, a fasting person focuses on his
    or her purpose in life by constantly being aware
    of the presence of God. God states in the Qur'an
    "O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you
    as it was prescribed to those before you that you
    may learn self-restraint" (Surah 2183)

23
Hajj or Pilgrimage
  • It is a pilgrimage to Mecca, at least once in a
    lifetime and it is obligatory upon every Muslim
    male and female who is mentally, physically and
    financially fit.
  • Peace is the dominant theme. Peace with Allah,
    with one's soul, with one another, with all
    living creatures. To disturb the peace of anyone
    or any creature in any shape or form is strictly
    prohibited.

24
Hajj or Pilgrimagecontd
  • Pilgrims wear special clothes simple garments
    that strip away distinctions of class and
    culture, so that all stand equal before God
  • The rites of the hajj, which are of Abrahamic
    origin, include going around the Ka'bah seven
    times, and going seven times between the hills of
    Safa and Marwa as did Hagar (Hajir, Abraham's
    wife) during her search for water.

25
MARY (PBUH)
  • Mary's Birth
  • The Birth of Mary - Qur'anic
  • Zechariah Becomes Mary's Guardian
  • Mary's High Status
  • Mary's Sustenance - Qur'anic
  • Mary's High Status Sayings of Muhammad (PBUH)

26
Mary's Birth
  • Prophet Zechariah's wife's sister had a daughter
    named Hannah. She was married to Imran, a leader
    of the Israelites
  • She turned to the Lord of the heavens and the
    earth and pleaded with Him for a child. She would
    offer the child in the service of Allah's house,
    in the temple of Jerusalem. Allah granted her
    request.
  • However, while she was pregnant her husband
    passed away. Hannah wept bitterly. Alas, 'Imran
    did not live to see their child for whom they had
    so longed. She gave birth to a girl (Mary).

27
The Birth of Mary - Qur'anic
  • Allah the Almighty said Allah chose Adam, Noah,
    the family of Abraham and the family of Imran
    above the Alamin (mankind and jinns) (of their
    times). Offspring, one of the other, and Allah is
    the All-Hearer, All-Knower.
  • (Remember) when the wife of Imran said "0 my
    Lord! I have vowed to You what (the child that)
    is in my womb to be dedicated for Your services
    (free from all worldly work to serve Your Place
    of worship), so accept this, from me. Verily, You
    are the All-Hearer, the All-Knowing."
  • Then when she delivered her (child Mary), she
    said "0 my Lord! I have delivered a female
    child," - and Allah knew better what she
    delivered, - "and the male is not like the
    female, and I have named her Mary, and I seek
    refuge with You (Allah) for her and for her
    offspring from Satan, the outcast." Surah 3
    33-36

28
Zechariah Becomes Mary's Guardian
  • Hannah had a big problem in reference to her
    promise to Allah, for females were not accepted
    into the temple, and she was very worried. She
    wrapped the baby in a shawl and handed it over to
    the temple elders.
  • This was a child of their late and beloved
    leader, and everyone was eager to take care of
    her. Zechariah said to the elders "I am the
    husband of her maternal aunt and her nearest
    relation in the temple therefore, I will be more
    mindful of her than all of you.
  • As it was their custom to draw lots to solve
    disagreements, they followed this course. Each
    one was given a reed to throw into the river.
    They had agreed that whoever's reed remained
    afloat would be granted guardianship of the girl.
    All the reeds sank to the bottom except
    Zechariah's. With this sign, they all surrendered
    to the will of Allah and made him the guardian.

29
Mary's High Status
  • To ensure that no one had access to Mary,
    Zechariah built a separate room for her in the
    temple
  • One day, he was surprised to find fresh fruit
    which was out of season in her room. As he was
    the only person who could enter her room, he
    asked her how the fruit got there. She replied
    that these provisions were from Allah, as He
    gives to whom He wills. Zechariah understood by
    this that Allah had raised Mary's status above
    that of other women.
  • Thereafter, Zechariah spent more time with her,
    teaching and guiding her. Mary grew to be a
    devotee of Allah, glorifying Him day and night.

30
Mary's High Status - Qur'anic
  • So her Lord (Allah) accepted her with goodly
    acceptance. He made her grow in a good manner and
    put her under the care of Zechariah. Every time
    he entered Al-Mihrab (a praying place or a
    private room), he found her supplied with
    sustenance.
  • He said "0 Mary! From where have you got this?"
  • She said "From Allah. Verily, Allah provides
    sustenance to whom He wills, without limit."
    Surah 3 37

31
Mary's High Status Sayings of Muhammad (PBUH)
  • The Prophet Muhammad said The best of the
    world's women is Mary (in her lifetime), and the
    best of the world's women is Khadijah (in her
    lifetime).

32
Isa (Jesus) (PBUH).
  • Mary Receives News of Jesus 
  • The Birth of Jesus
  • Mary Returns to the City with Jesus 
  • The Miracles of Jesus - Qur'anic
  • Jesus's Abilities and Disciples - Qur'anic
  • Jesus's Crucifixion - Bible Version
  • Jesus's Crucifixion - Qur'anic

33
Which is the only non-Christian religion that
makes it compulsory for its 1.3 billion
followers to believe in Jesus Christ (pbuh) ?
34
Mary Receives News of Jesus, Qur'anic
  • While Mary was praying in the temple, an angel in
    the form of a man appeared before her. Filled
    with terror, she tried to flee
  • Allah the Exalted revealed And mention in the
    Book (the Qur'an, 0 Muhammad the story of) Mary,
    when she withdrew in seclusion from her family to
    a place facing east. She placed a screen (to
    screen herself) from them then We sent to her
    Our Ruh (angel Gabriel), and he appeared before
    her in the form of a man in all respects.
  • She said "Verily! I seek refuge with the Most
    Beneficent (Allah) from you, if you do fear
    Allah."

35
Mary Receives News of Jesus, Qur'anic contd
  • (The angel) said "I am only a Messenger from
    your Lord, (to announce) to you the gift of a
    righteous son."
  • She said "How can I have a son, when no man has
    touched me, nor am I unchaste?"
  • He said "So (it will be), your Lord said That
    is easy for me (Allah) And (We wish) to appoint
    him as a sign to mankind and a mercy from Us
    (Allah), and it is a matter (already) decreed,
    (by Allah). Surah 19 16-21

36
The Birth of Jesus
  • Mary left the temple and went to Nazarene, the
    city in which she had been born where she settled
    in a simple farm house to avoid the public
  • After some months, she could not bear the mental
    strain any longer. Burdened with a heavy womb,
    she left Nazarene, not knowing where to go to be
    away from this depressing atmosphere.
  • She had not gone far, when she was overtaken by
    the pains of childbirth.

37
The Birth of Jesus , Qur'anic
  • So she conceived him, and she withdrew with him
    to a far place (i.e.., Bethlehem valley, about
    four to six miles from Jerusalem). And the pains
    of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm
    tree. She said "Would that I had died before
    this, and had been forgotten and out of sight!"

38
The Birth of Jesus, Qur'anic
  • Then (the baby "Jesus") cried unto her from below
    her, saying "Grieve not! Your Lord has provided
    a water stream under you and shake the trunk of
    palm tree towards you, it will let fall fresh
    ripe dates upon you. So eat and drink and be
    glad, and if you see any human being, say.
    'Verily! I have vowed a fast unto the Most
    Beneficent (Allah) so I shall not speak to any
    human being this day. Surah 19 22-26

39
Mary Returns to the City with Jesus, Qur'anic
  • The baby began to speak "If you meet any person
    say 'I have vowed to fast for The Beneficent and
    may not speak to any human today
  • Then she brought him (the baby) to her people,
    carrying him. They said "0 Mary! Indeed you have
    brought a thing Fariyya (an unheard mighty
    thing). 0 sister of Aaron! Your father was not a
    man who used to commit adultery, nor was your
    mother an unchaste woman."

40
Mary Returns to the City with Jesus, Qur'anic
contd.
  • Then she pointed to him. They said "How can we
    talk to one who is a child in the cradle?"
  • He (Jesus) said "Verily! I am a servant of
    Allah. He has given me the Scripture and made me
    a Prophet And He has made me blessed whosesoever
    I be, and has enjoined on me prayer, and Zakat,
    as long as I live, and dutiful to my mother, and
    made me not arrogant, unblessed. And Salam
    (peace) be upon me the day I was born, and the
    day I die, and the day I shall be raised alive!"
    Surah 19 27-33

41
The Miracles of Jesus - Qur'anic
  • Allah the Almighty said (Remember) when Allah
    will say (on the Day of Resurrection) 'O Jesus,
    son of Mary! Remember My Favor to you and to your
    mother when I supported you with Ruh-ul-Qudus
    (Gabriel) so that you spoke to the people in the
    cradle and in maturity and when I taught you
    writing Al-Hikmah (the power of understanding),
    the Torah and the Gospel and when you made out
    of the clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, by
    My Permission, and you breathed into it, and it
    became a bird by My Permission, and you healed
    those born blind, and the lepers by My
    Permission, and when you brought forth the dead
    by My Permission

42
The Miracles of Jesus - Qur'aniccontd
  • and when I restrained the Children of Israel from
    you (when they resolved to kill you) since you
    came unto them with clear proofs, and the
    disbelievers among them said 'This is nothing
    but evident magic.
  • And when I (Allah) put in the hearts of the
    disciples (of Jesus) to believe in Me and My
    Messenger, they said "We believe. And bear
    witness that we are Muslims. " Surah 5 110-111

43
Jesus's Abilities and Disciples - Qur'anic
  • Almighty Allah also revealed And He (Allah) will
    teach him (Jesus) the Book and Al-Hikmah (i.e.
    the Sunna, the faultless speech of the Prophets,
    wisdom, etc.), (and) the Torah and the Gospel.

44
Jesus's Abilities and Disciples -
Qur'aniccontd
  • And will make him (Jesus) a Messenger to the
    Children of Israel (saying) "I have come to you
    with a sign from your Lord, that I design for you
    out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird,
    and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by
    Allah Leave and I heal him who was born blind,
    and the leper, and I bring the dead to life by
    Allah's leave. And I inform you of what you eat,
    and what you store in your houses. Surely,
    therein is a sign for you, if you believe. And I
    have come confirming that which was before me of
    the Torah, and to make lawful to you part of what
    was forbidden to you, and I have come to you with
    proof from your Lord. So fear Allah and obey me.
    Truly! Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so worship
    Him (Alone). This is the Straight Path."

45
Jesus's Abilities and Disciples - Qur'aniccontd
  • Then when Jesus came to know of their disbelief
    he said "Who will be my helpers in Allah's
    Cause?" The disciples said "We are the helpers
    of Allah we believe in Allah, and bear witness
    that we are Muslims (i.e. we submit to Allah)."
  • Our Lord! We believe in what You have sent down,
    and we follow the Messenger (Jesus) so write us
    down among those who bear witness (to the truth
    i.e. La ilaha ill Allah - none has the right to
    be worshiped but Allah).
  • And they (disbelievers) plotted (to kill Jesus),
    and Allah planned too. And Allah is the Best of
    the planners. Surah 3 48-54

46
Jesus's Crucifixion - Bible Version
  • Finally, they reached a place called Golgotha,
    meaning the Place of Skulls, outside the walls of
    Jerusalem. Instead of giving him a cup of wine
    diluted with scent to help lessen the pain on the
    cross, the soldiers gave Jesus a cup of vinegar
    diluted with gall. Then they crucified him and,
    as a further mockery, two thieves with him.

47
Jesus's Crucifixion - Qur'anic
  • But the faith of Islam came with views quite
    different from that of the extinct gospels with
    regards to both the end of Jesus and his nature.
  • The Glorious Qur'an affirms that Allah the
    Exalted did not permit the people of Israel to
    kill Jesus or crucify him. What happened was that
    Allah saved him from his enemies and raised him
    to heaven. They never killed Jesus they killed
    someone else.

48
Jesus's Crucifixion - Qur'aniccontd
  • Allah the Almighty declared And because of their
    saying (in boast), "We killed Messiah Jesus, son
    of Mary the Messenger of Allah," - but they
    killed him not, nor crucified him, but the
    resemblance of Jesus was put over another man
    (and they killed that man), and those who differ
    therein are full of doubts. They have no
    (certain) knowledge, they follow nothing but
    conjecture. For surely they killed him not (i.e.
    Jesus, son of Mary) But Allah raised him (Jesus)
    up (with his body and soul) unto Himself (and he
    is in the heavens). And Allah is Ever
    All-Powerful, all- Wise. Surah 4 157-158

49
  • Comment - At the end of the debate -
    "Christianity and Islam" - which appeared on the
    SABC-TV program "Cross Questions" on Sunday 5th
    June 1983, the Chairman, Mr. Bill Chalmers
    commented "I think it can be said from this
    discussion that there is, at present, somewhat
    more accommodation on the Islamic side for the
    founder of Christianity than there is on the
    Christian side for the founder of Islam. What the
    significance of that is, we leave it to you, the
    viewer, to determine, but I do think you will
    agree that it is a good thing that we are talking
    together."

50
Comment on Sura Maryam
  • There is a Chapter in the Holy Qurân, named
    Surat Maryam "Chapter Mary", named in honor of
    Mary the mother of Jesus Christ, peace and
    blessings of Allah be upon him again, such an
    honor is not to be found given to Mary in the
    Christian Bible. Out of the 66 books of the
    Protestants and 73 of the Roman Catholics, not
    one is named after Mary or her son. You will find
    books named after Matthew, Mark, Luke, John,
    Peter, Paul and two score more obscure names, but
    not a single one is that of Mary!
  • If Muhammed, salla Allah u alihi wa sallam, was
    the author of the Holy Qurân, then he would not
    have failed to include in it with Mary, the
    mother of Jesus, his own mother Aamina, his dear
    wife Khadija, or his beloved daughter Fatimah.
    But No! No! This can never be. The Qurân is not
    his handiwork!.

51
Jesus Defended
  • Muhammed, salla Allah u alihi wa sallam, the
    Messenger of God, is made to absolve Jesus from
    the false charges and calumnies of his enemies.
  • "And He (God Almighty) hath made me (Jesus) kind
    to my mother, and not overbearing or unblest"
    (1931).

52
Gospel of St.John
  • "And the third day there was a marriage in Cana
    of Galilee and the mother of Jesus was there
    And both Jesus was called, and his disciples, to
    the marriage. And when they wanted wine, the
    mother of Jesus saith unto him, they have no
    wine. Jesus saith unto her, 'Woman, what have I
    to do with thee?

53
"Mother" or "Woman"?
  • According to St. John, in the fourth verse above,
    describing the marriage feast at Cana, we are
    told that Jesus, peace and blessings be upon him,
    behaved insolently towards his mother. He calls
    her "woman," and to rub more salt into the wound
    he is made to say "what have I to do with thee?"
    What connection is there between you and me, or
    what have I got to do with you? Could he have
    forgotten that this very "woman" had carried him
    for nine months, and perhaps suckled him for 2
    years, and had borne endless insults and injuries
    on account of him? Is she not his mother? Is
    there no word in his language for "mother"?

54
Discussion Time 30 mins.
  • Comments, Questions, Contributions, Additions,
    Corrections, anything goes !

55
Recommended links
  • http//www.islamformankind.com
  • http//discover.islamway.com
  • http//thetruereligion.org
  • http//www.whyislam.org

56
For a FREE copy of the English Quran
  • Please call 1-877-WHY-ISLAM or log on to
    www.whyislam.org
  • Call 24 x 7 and ask your questions or chat with a
    friendly rep.
  • You can also ask for 5 FREE books on Islam to
    write a paper for school or just to increase your
    general knowledge.

57
  • THANK YOU for your patient listening and active
    participation !
  • QUESTIONS?
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