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FAA/Industry Rotorcraft Forum FAA Rotorcraft Directorate Update

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FAA/Industry Rotorcraft Forum FAA Rotorcraft Directorate Update Presented to: FAA/Industry Rotorcraft Forum (Ft. Worth, TX) By: Larry M. Kelly - Manager, Rotorcraft ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: FAA/Industry Rotorcraft Forum FAA Rotorcraft Directorate Update


1
FAA/Industry Rotorcraft Forum FAA Rotorcraft
Directorate Update
Presented to FAA/Industry Rotorcraft Forum (Ft.
Worth, TX) By Larry M. Kelly - Manager,
Rotorcraft Standards Staff Jorge R.
Castillo - Manager, Regulations Policy
Date January 23, 2013
2
Overview
  • Rotorcraft Safety Challenge
  • FAA Rotorcraft Directorate (RD) Organization
    Responsibilities
  • Status of Rotorcraft Advisory Circulars (ACs)
    Policies

3
Rotorcraft Accidents by NTSB Classification10
Years from CY01 to CY10 1,672 Accidents
External Load 1.9
6 Other Categories 1.5
Aerial Observation 3.3
Flight Test 1.4
Business 4.7
Positioning 4.9
Instruction/Training 21.7
Other Work 7.4
EMS 7.8
Personal/Private 20.0
Public Use 7.8
Aerial Application 8.2
Not Categorized 9.3
4
Summary of Accident Contributing Categories
  • Personal/Private
  • Account for approximately 20 - 25 of helicopter
    accidents.
  • Based on estimated operating hours, contribute
    roughly 6 times their fair share.
  • Instruction/Training
  • Account for approximately 20 of helicopter
    accidents.
  • Contribute roughly 1 - 2 times their fair share.
  • Aerial Application
  • Thru 2007, approximately 8 of helicopter
    accidents.
  • Thru 2007, contributed roughly their fair share.
  • An alarming increase in recent years 18 in
    2010, 22 in 2011, 14 in 2012.
  • Now contribute approximately 3 - 5 times their
    fair share.

5
Top Accident Causes and Contributing Factors
  • Loss of Control
  • 41 of Personal/Private
  • 61 of Instructional/Training
  • 32 of Aerial Applications
  • Pilot Judgment and Actions
  • 90 of Personal/Private
  • 93 of Instructional/Training
  • 67 of Aerial Applications
  • Most Common Errors
  • Performance management, i.e. insufficient power
  • Exceeding published aircraft operating limits
  • Loss of tail rotor authority
  • Interference with controls

6
Where are the Safety Opportunities?
  • Three types of operations account for 50 to 60
    of the rotorcraft accidents.
  • Personal/private
  • Instruction/training
  • Aerial applications
  • Each of these operations contributes more than
    its fair share to the number of accidents.
  • For these high offender categories, the
    following are the most significant contributors
  • Loss of Control
  • Pilot Judgment/Action
  • Conclusion We must enable the pilot to make
    better decisions

7
What Role Will Technology Play in Rotorcraft
Safety?
  • Improve Safety?
  • Improved situation awareness
  • Training enhancements
  • Smart power management
  • Smart cockpit
  • Diminish Safety?
  • Distracting or misleading information
  • Snow tire syndrome

8
The Rotorcraft Safety Challenge
  • Recognize that rotorcraft are unique aircraft,
    with unique safety challenges that may not lend
    themselves to fixed-wing solutions.
  • Determine how to use technology to improve
    rotorcraft safety, particularly in high
    offender operations.
  • Find means to encourage practical and economical
    installations of safety enhancing systems which
    may require that we broaden our concept of
    safety to include an evaluation of both risks
    and benefits.

9
AVS Organizational Structure





Associate Administrator for Aviation
Safety AVS-1 Peggy Gilligan, AVS-1 John Hickey,
AVS-2

Associate Administrator for
Aviation Safety


AVS
-
1


Nicholas Sabatini, AVS
-
1



Margaret Gilligan, AVS
-
2






Office of Aerospace

Flight Standards

Aircraft Certificati
on Service

Office of Accident
Office of Rulema
k
ing
Medicine (
AAM
)

Service (
AFS
)

(
AIR
)

(
ARM
)


Investigation Prevention


(AVP)









CAMI

4

Registry


Office of Quality Integ., Exec. Services (AQS)
Air Traffic Safety Oversight Service, (AOV)

Directorates





9 Regions






8 Regions




15

Field O
f
fices


109

39

Field Offices
Field Offices
10
Rotorcraft Directorate (RD)
Kim Smith, Directorate Manager, ASW-100 Lance
Gant, Asst. Directorate Mgr., ASW-101
Larry Kelly, Rotorcraft Standards Staff Manager,
ASW-110 817-222-5110 larry.m.kelly_at_faa.gov
- Jorge Castillo, Regulations and Policy Group
Manager, ASW-111 817-222-5111
jorge.r.castillo_at_faa.gov - Jim Grigg, Safety
Management Group Manager, ASW-112
817-222-5112 jim.grigg_at_faa.gov Scott Horn,
Rotorcraft Cert. Office Acting Manager,
ASW-170 Monica Merritt, Airplane Cert. Office
Manager, ASW-150 Fran Cox, Special Cert. Office
Manager, ASW-190 Bruce Cain, Manufacturing
Inspection Office, ASW-180 - Ken Hickman,
Oklahoma City MIDO-41 - Carlton Cochran, Ft.
Worth, MIDO-42 - Ford Lauer, San Antonio
MIDO-43
11
Rotorcraft Standards Staff, ASW-110
12
RD Standards StaffResponsibilities, ASW-110
  • Support Safety Initiatives (e.g. IHST)
  • Rulemaking Advisory Circular (AC)
  • Parts 27 (Normal) 29 (Transport)
  • ACs 27 29
  • Part 27/29 Certification Standardization Among
    Aircraft Certification Offices (ACO)
  • e.g. Boston, Los Angeles, Alaska ACOs
  • Support Major Domestic Certification Projects
  • Process Issue Papers
  • Equivalent Level of Safety Findings (ELOS)
  • Special Conditions (e.g. Search Rescue,
    Fly-By-Wire)
  • Validation of All TC/ATC Import Rotorcraft
  • Boston ACO (TSOs)
  • NY ACO (STCs)

13
RD Standards StaffResponsibilities, ASW-110
  • Rotorcraft Continued Operational Safety (COS)
  • Airworthiness Directives (ADs)
  • Special Airworthiness Information Bulletins
    (SAIBs)
  • NTSB/FAA Safety Recommendations
  • Accident Investigation Technical Support
  • Rotorcraft RED
  • HUMS, Advanced Flight Controls, Icing
  • Coordination with EASA, TCCA other Authorities
  • Unmanned Aircraft Systems

14
Rotorcraft ACs Policies
  • HTAWS AC 27/29 MG-18 (Draft)
  • To be released once HEMS Final Rule is issued
  • HEMS AC 27/29 MG-6 (Draft)
  • To be released once HEMS Final Rule is issued
  • AC 27/29 Groups 1 2 (Draft)
  • Group 1 consists of material were few changes
    were necessary (Public review Jan/Feb 2013)
  • Group 2 consists of new material and material
    involving more extensive changes (Public review
    Mar/Apr 2013)
  • Electronic Display Systems (EDS)
  • XX.1309/1316/1317 (FHA, Lightning, HIRF)
  • Human Factors
  • Night Vision Imaging Systems (NVIS)

15
Rotorcraft ACs Policies
  • NORSEE Draft
  • Public Review (Jan. 23, 2013)
  • http//www.faa.gov/aircraft/draft_docs/
  • Rotorcraft Laser Filtered Infrared (IR)
    Searchlights- Draft
  • Public comments disposition
  • FAA legal counsel review pending followed by
    Management Coordination
  • National Laser AC Draft (FAA Internal Review
    Mar/Apr 13)
  • Rotorcraft AML Policy
  • Issued in June 2010
  • National FAA AML Memo Clarifying the AML STC
    process (Issued Sept. 2012)
  • National AML Policy

16
Rotorcraft ACs Policies
  • Advanced Flight Controls (e.g. Fly-By-Wire)
  • FAA Review mid 2013
  • Public Review late 2013
  • Auto Flight Guidance Control Systems (AFGCS)
  • FAA Review mid 2013
  • Public Review late 2013
  • Non-Required Equipment
  • FAA Review mid/late 2013
  • Public Review late 2013/early 2014

17
Airborne Software Assurance Guidance
  • AC 20-115C will invoke the following RTCA
    documents
  • RTCA DO-178C, Software Considerations in Airborne
    Systems and Equipment Certification, dated
    December 13, 2011.
  • RTCA DO-330, Software Tool Qualification
    Considerations, dated December 13, 2011.
  • RTCA DO-331, Model-Based Development and
    Verification Supplement to DO-178C and DO-278A,
    dated December 13, 2011
  • RTCA DO-332, Object-Oriented Technology and
    Related Techniques Supplement to DO-178C and
    DO-278A, dated December 13, 2011.
  • RTCA DO-333, Formal Methods Supplement to DO-178C
    and DO-278A, dated December 13, 2011.
  • Public comments - 3rd quarter 2013

18
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