Your company polishes the edges of glass plates. Thousands of plates are polished each day. The edges of the glass plates are polished on a fast moving belt covered with abrasive materials. One day an order comes in for polishing glass plates which - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Your company polishes the edges of glass plates. Thousands of plates are polished each day. The edges of the glass plates are polished on a fast moving belt covered with abrasive materials. One day an order comes in for polishing glass plates which

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Title: Your company polishes the edges of glass plates. Thousands of plates are polished each day. The edges of the glass plates are polished on a fast moving belt covered with abrasive materials. One day an order comes in for polishing glass plates which


1
A Slight Polishing
1-1
Plate Thickness is Thin
Plate Thickness is Thick
Plate only comes in one thickness
Edge Breakage is High
Your company polishes the edges of glass plates.
Thousands of plates are polished each day. The
edges of the glass plates are polished on a fast
moving belt covered with abrasive materials. One
day an order comes in for polishing glass plates
which are only .010 inches thick. The first
attempts to polish the edges are catastrophic.
The edges are chipped so badly that the plates
are unusable. Due to the high volume of plates
which are normally processed, it is not practical
to change the machinery. The problem would go
away if the plates were thicker, but they only
come thin.
Question What do the plates look like? Use
Separation By Scale Merging Method (Page I-28)
The Plate Thickness Needs to be Thin Thick
2
  • Time
  • MergingMerge the plates at a critical time
  • MergingInteractingWater between sheets and
    freeze together
  • Attached CarrierMerge with sacrificial
    sheetsmay be shipped with carrier to further
    protect the glass
  • Nested CarrierClamp between Sacrificial sheets
  • Mixed CarrierAlternate sheets of glass with a
    carrier that can be discarded or reconstituted
    such as paraffin

3
  • Gradually
  • We need it thick from the beginning to the end of
    the grinding time so this doesnt make much sense.

4
  • Space
  • Does not need to be thick and thin at the same
    time. It only needs to be thick. This does not
    exclude the possibility that some of the methods
    might still work. For instance, non-uniform
    might work. If the glass were thick on the edges
    and thin in the middle, it could be polished
    without breaking. But, we dont know how to grow
    the glass on the edges.
  • Also, we could make it thick on the edges with a
    carrier only at the edge of the glass. Thus
    leaving the middle thin. But, having it thin in
    the middle doesnt really help anything, it would
    just be along for the ride.
  • Mix with different thicknesses of glass at the
    same time.

5
  • Between Parts and the Whole
  • Merge by CombiningMerge a bunch of plates
    togethermay be shipped in merged.
  • Merge by InteractingMerge with water and freeze.
    Use Adhesive. Suck out the air.
  • Attached CarrierClamp in a carrierMay be
    shipped with Carrier
  • Nested CarrierPut inside a carrier
  • Mixed CarrierAlternate sheets
  • DimensionGo to 3rd Dimension and form a beveled
    edge that has more area.
  • Hide by MergingAttach a thin polished strip and
    attach or melted into a sheet that is unpolished.
  • Merge by InteractingForm an I-beam from 3 sheets
    that gives structural integrity to at least two
    sheets at once. 3 ends are sanded at once.

6
  • Direction
  • DirectionTurn the plate 90 degrees

7
  • Perspective
  • By ComparisonFiner abrasive
  • By ComparisonSlower Belt Speed
  • Frame of ReferenceMove faster in direction of
    belt thus making the relative speed lower.

8
  • Separate by Response to Field
  • Lubricant on the surface of the glass is
    transparent to the large peaks except for the
    tips, leaving only small peaks to dig into the
    glass?

9
  • Between Substance and Field
  • The glass is thin and the stress field is thick
    or dispersed? The stress field must become thick
    or disbursed. This can be accomplished by
    putting slight bevel on the glass first. The
    stress fields are disbursed into the remaining
    material in the bevel and spread out. This is
    actually already done on table top glass.

10
Radiation Treatment
1-2
Radiation Intensity is High
Radiation Intensity is Low
Surrounding Tissue Damage is High
Tumor Shrinkage is Poor
High levels of radiation can damage the structure
of cells and cause them to cease functioning.
This is useful in the treatment of tumors. A
beam of high energy radiation is focused on the
tumor. After the procedure, the tumor shrinks.
Unfortunately, the tissue surrounding the tumor
is also damaged by the high energy radiation.
Question What does the radiation equipment look
like? Use Separate Gradually Gradually Merged
Method (Page I-22)
The Radiation Intensity needs to be High Low
11
  • Time
  • Carriernest the photons in a carrier particle
    that is harmless. The carrier is removed when it
    enters the tumor and wraps up on the exit.
  • Merging many beamslight has low intensity until
    they merge
  • Transformable StateTransform from harmless to
    harmful. Transform with a resonate chamber
    inside the tumor. It re-radiates at a higher and
    more harmful frequency. The particle decays
    inside the tumor.

12
  • Gradually
  • Slowly MergedRotate a single beam around the
    tumor
  • ReuseLow intensity beam enters the tumor and
    bounces around.
  • Reusecircular direction is good, especially if
    it can originate from inside. High Magnetic
    fields.
  • ReuseInput a low intensity microwave beam into
    an insulated tumor. The heat builds up until the
    tumor is killed.

13
  • Space
  • PathOptical fiber or wave guide keeps high
    intensity beam away from healthy tissue.
  • Part mergedFourier Series creates a high
    amplitude radiation inside the tumor
  • Non-UniformFocus a diffuse beam onto the tumor
  • Non-UniformUse a radioactive seed
  • PathRemove the tumor from the body and irradiate
    it.

14
  • Between Parts and the Whole
  • MergingTwo or more beams converge on the tumor

15
  • Direction
  • Directioncircular

16
  • Perspective
  • By ComparisonMake tumor more sensitive to the
    beam. (For example with iron oxide).
  • By ComparisonInflame the tumor bringing to
    critical temperaturethe beam kick it over the
    threshold.
  • By ComparisonCool the tissue around it.

17
  • Separate by Response to Field
  • Tumor is made to only respond to the given
    radiation
  • Or the healthy tissue is made to not respond (be
    transparent) to the radiation

18
  • Between Substance and Field
  • Not possible because a substance cannot have high
    or low intensity

19
Super Yacht
1-3
Assembly Location is at Dock
Assembly Location is In Harbor
Boat is to Large for Dock
Availability of Tools is Poor
A small ship building company considers a
contract to build a super yacht. The yacht is so
big that only a third will fit into their dock.
We will need to build this in the open harbor.
A frustrated engineer says. We cant do that,
we need the availability of lifts and tools.
Question How should the building proceed? Use
Separate In Time Prior Action Method (Page
I-21)
The Building Location should be In the Harbor
At the Dock
20
  • Time
  • ?

21
  • Gradually
  • ?

22
  • Space
  • ?

23
  • Between Parts and the Whole
  • ?

24
  • Direction
  • ?

25
  • Perspective
  • ?

26
  • Separate by Field Response
  • ?

27
  • Between Substance and Field
  • ?

28
Soft Water
1-4
Bubbles Exist in Water
Bubbles Absent in Water
Surfacing is difficult
Damage to divers is High
Question What does the diving pool water look
like? Use Separate in Time Switching
Fields (Page I-16)
The addition of bubbles to diving pools is a good
way to keep diving injuries to a minimum. This
is especially true when diving from great
heights. Unfortunately, the diver is no longer
buoyant in the water and finds it difficult to
surface after a dive.
The Bubbles need to be Existent Absent
29
  • Time
  • The bubbles are turned off just before the dive
    so that there is a layer of bubbles at the
    surface that goes away after the dive.
  • The bubbles are collected around the diver and
    the diver becomes very buoyant.
  • Apply the bubbles to the diver before entry. The
    bubbles disperse after entering the water and the
    diver is buoyant.
  • Water jets unmerge the bubbles after entry.
  • Bubble jets from the sides
  • Questions.
  • On-condition Can the diver entering into the
    water jar the water such that bubbles emerge.
  • Adding FieldsIs there a way to apply a field and
    make bubbles emerge and go away?
  • Can bubbles be made to merge so that the density
    of the water drops or can the bubbles be
    separated so that the water becomes more dense
    after entry?
  • Can a carrier on the surface of the water be
    broken which envelops the diver in bubbles during
    entry?
  • Can a catalyst be on the diverthe catalyst
    removes the bubbles.
  • How to create bubbles that get much bigger as
    they approach the surface.

30
  • Gradually
  • Bubbles Bubbles Bubbles No Bubbles ?

31
  • Space
  • Bubbles are only in one region, say 4 meters.
    The person continues downward while swimming
    sideward until out of this region. The diver
    then becomes buoyant and rises to the surface.
  • A layer of light, pliable plastic spheres float
    on the surface and cushion the diver upon entry.
    Since the layer floats on top of the water, the
    diver can swim through the water while keeping
    the head within the layer of the spheres and
    still breath. The spheres must have some inertia
    to slow the diver down.
  • Questions
  • How can permanent bubbles be suspended in the
    water for a short distance?
  • Can a different gas be used?

32
  • Between Parts and the Whole
  • ?

33
  • Direction
  • ?

34
  • Perspective
  • ComparisonThe bubbles exist relative to the
    buoyancy of the person. The diver is made to be
    very buoyant even in the bubbles. The diver
    wears a suit that contains air pockets. The
    pockets further reduce the effect of impact. The
    bubbles exist in comparison to the inertia forces
    but do not exist compared to the buoyant forces.
  • Frame of ReferenceThe water which contains the
    bubbles is also moving upward. This is the new
    frame of reference. Even though the person is
    sinking, they are still moving upward relative to
    earth, thus making the effect of the bubbles
    non-existent.

35
  • Separate by Field Response
  • Field ResponseThere are two fields in relation
    to the bubbles water buoyancy fields and
    inertia fields. The bubbles must exist when it
    comes to reducing inertia fields and not exist
    when it comes to reducing buoyancy fields. The
    bubbles must be modified to do this.
  • The bubbles must change the pressure field
    exerted by the pressure gradient on buoyant
    objects. The pressure gradient in the water must
    actually increase. There must be a huge pressure
    gradient around the persons body. This implies
    that the gradient of the water density is very
    high. We probably need the water to be even more
    dense than water without bubbles. How can we do
    this?
  • If the water has a high upward velocity, the
    pressure gradient around the person may become
    quite large. If the water which contains the
    bubbles is also moving upward, this will also
    increase the pressure gradient even more than the
    air. It would not require a large upward
    movement of the water to provide this gradient.
    In other words, the increase of water inertia
    would be negligible when the diver entered the
    water. This introduces a new fieldjet pressure

W
V
Vel
36
  • Between Substance and Field
  • The air is the substance and the field of
    interest is the buoyancy forces or the inertia
    forces. The interesting thing here is that the
    bubbles are associated with a LOSS of force. If
    we wanted to get technical, we could call this an
    anti-buoyancy force or an anti-inertial force
    that accompanies the bubbles. The language makes
    logical sense because both the bubbles and the
    low inertia force or the buoyancy forces can
    exist and not exist. The options are the bubbles
    exist but the loss of buoyant forces do not. Or
    the bubbles dont exist but the loss of inertia
    forces continues.
  • We have already explored having the bubbles
    exist, but the loss of buoyancy does not exist by
    saying that the bubbles (or bubbles and water)
    have a high enough velocity that a high pressure
    gradient is maintained around the divers body.

The water exists, but its inertia field does not
exist Means Bubbles not present, But the bubbles
fields are present Means Bubbles not present,
and inertia field not present Velocity of water
is away from the diver.
37
Molecular Wind Pump
1-5
30,000 volts
Local Gas Movement is Small
Local Gas Movement is Large
Only comes one way
A molecular wind is created by applying a very
high voltage source to a very sharp object. The
electrostatic field gradient at the tip is very
high. Any stray electrons in the gas (knocked
off by a stray gamma ray for example) are
accelerated by the field and collide with other
molecules causing an avalanche of charges seen as
a corona discharge. The resulting ionized
molecules are repelled from the charged object,
causing a molecular wind. The wind is localized
to the point and could be used to pump rarified
gas, except that the movement of the gas is so
small.
Flow is Very Small
Question What does the Molecular Wind Pump
look like? Use Separation by Scale Multiplicati
on Method (Page I-28)
The Local Gas Movement should be Small Large
38
  • Time
  • ?

Small FlowAll the time
Large Flow While Pumping
Voltage is Low
Point is Blunt
Pressure is High
Voltage is High
Point is Sharp
Pressure isLow
Movement of Gas is Small
Movement of Gas is Large
Flow f (Voltage, Size of Point, Shape of Point,
Pressure of Gas)
39
  • Gradually
  • Doesnt seem to make sense unless one can start
    small and ramp up fast. Remember that it is not
    the total volume that is moved, but rather the
    mass flow needs to be high.

40
  • Space
  • It does little good to have high flow one place
    and low flow another

41
  • Between Parts and the Whole
  • MergingWe can merge many together in parallel
    and in series

42
  • Direction
  • ?

43
  • Perspective
  • ?

44
  • Separate by Field Response
  • ?

45
  • Between Substance and Field
  • ?

46
Eternal Sand
1-6
Sand Volume Used is Large
Sand Volume Used is Small
Cost is High
Abrasion is Low
Inscriptions on grave stones are made by
sandblasting the polished stone through a rubber
mask. The mask is attached to the stone by
adhesive and later peeled off. The sand is
ejected through a nozzle at high velocity in a
pneumatic stream. The sand can be reused for a
time, but must eventually be replenished because
it breaks down and becomes too fine for use. A
large operation must replenish the sand often and
dispose of the used sand.
Question What does the Sand Delivery System
Look Like? Use Separate Gradually Repeated Use
Method (Page I-23)
The Volume of Sand Used must be Large Small
47
  • Time
  • ?

48
  • Gradually
  • ?

49
  • Space
  • ?

50
  • Between Parts and the Whole
  • ?

51
  • Direction
  • ?

52
  • Perspective
  • ?

53
  • Separate by Field Response
  • ?

54
  • Between Substance and Field
  • ?

55
A Slight Polishing
1-7
Plate Thickness is Thin
Plate Thickness is Thick
Plate only comes in one thickness
Edge Breaking is High
Your company polishes the edges of glass plates.
Thousands of plates are polished each day. The
edges of the glass plates are polished on a fast
moving belt covered with abrasive materials. One
day an order comes in for polishing glass plates
which are only .010 inches thick. The first
attempts to polish the edges are catastrophic.
The edges are chipped so badly that the plates
are unusable. Due to the high volume of plates
which are normally processed, it is not practical
to change the machinery. The problem would go
away if the plates were thicker, but they only
come thin.
Question What do the plates look like? Use
Separation by Scale Carrier Method (Page I-30)
The Plate Thickness Needs to be Thin Thick
56
  • Time
  • ?

57
  • Gradually
  • ?

58
  • Space
  • ?

59
  • Between Parts and the Whole
  • ?

60
  • Direction
  • ?

61
  • Perspective
  • ?

62
  • Separate by Field Response
  • ?

63
  • Between Substance and Field
  • ?

64
Too Flexible
1-8
Boot Flexibility is Very Flexible
Boot Flexibility is Very Stiff
Diameter Measurement is Inaccurate
Boot Life is Low
Various diameters of a thin rubber boot (which
covers part of a car shift mechanism) must be
measured with great accuracy at several points.
Unfortunately, the micrometer which is used
deforms the boot during the measurement. This
makes the measurement inaccurate. How can the
boot be measured more accurately?
Question What does the boot look like? Use
Separation in Time Transformable States
Method (Page I-15)
The Boot Flexibility Needs to be Flexible Stiff
65
  • Time
  • ?

66
  • Gradually
  • ?

67
  • Space
  • ?

68
  • Between Parts and the Whole
  • ?

69
  • Direction
  • ?

70
  • Perspective
  • ?

71
  • Separate by Field Response
  • ?

72
  • Between Substance and Field
  • ?

73
1-9
Blood Brain Barrier
Drug is not a sugar or lipid
Drug is a sugar or Lipid
Passage is Constrained
Drug is ineffective at treating disease
Some medicines need to be delivered to the
brain, but cannot cross the blood-brain barrier.
Molecules that pass easily are lipids and sugars.
How can these medicines be delivered across the
blood-brain barrier?
Question What does the drug look like? Use
Separation by Scale Nesting Method (Page I-30)
The composition should be Lipid non-Lipid
74
  • Time
  • ?

75
  • Gradually
  • ?

76
  • Space
  • ?

77
  • Between Parts and the Whole
  • ?

78
  • Direction
  • ?

79
  • Perspective
  • ?

80
  • Separate by Field Response
  • ?

81
  • Between Substance and Field
  • ?

82
The Farmers Mush
1-10
Preparation Time is Long
Preparation Time is Short
Time of awakening is early
Quality of Cereal is Low
I cant stand cold cereal any more! the farmer
says. Yes, but it takes a long time to make
hot cereal the way that you like it! Im not
getting up any earlier to make it! the farmers
wife complains.
Question How should cooking proceed? Use
Separation in Time Prior Action Method (Page
I-21)
The Preparation Time should be Long Short
83
  • Time
  • ?

84
  • Gradually
  • ?

85
  • Space
  • ?

86
  • Between Parts and the Whole
  • ?

87
  • Direction
  • ?

88
  • Perspective
  • ?

89
  • Separate by Field Response
  • ?

90
  • Between Substance and Field
  • ?

91
A Limit to Cell Phones
1-11
Case Material is Plastic
Case Material is Metallic
Flexibility and EMI Conductivity are high
Price is High
Consumers want cell phones that are thinner,
lighter and cheaper. Plastic is lighter than
metal and generally results in a lower product
cost. However, a plastic phone will have too
much electromagnetic interference and it is too
flexible to hold the phone together.
Question What does the Case look like? Use
Separation by Scale Mixture Method (Page I-29)
The Cases should be Metallic Plastic
92
  • Time
  • ?

93
  • Gradually
  • ?

94
  • Space
  • ?

95
  • Between Parts and the Whole
  • ?

96
  • Direction
  • ?

97
  • Perspective
  • ?

98
  • Separate by Field Response
  • ?

99
  • Between Substance and Field
  • ?

100
Ugly Cookies
1-12
The shape of one side is malformed
The shape of one side is well shaped
These cookies are all that is available
Probability of a good introduction is poor
A production line for gourmet cookies has just
been brought on line and has been in production
for several days. The plant managers wife
inspects the cookies and discovers that they do
not look like her home-made recipe. They are
well shaped on one one side but malformed on the
other. The equipment will have to be retooled
to make them bake right the wife says. Its
too late! The plant manager says. We have
produced ten tons and the cookie introduction is
next week at the Convention.
Question What can be done with the
cookies? Use Separation by Scale Hiding
Method (Page I-29)
The Cookie Shape Should be Malformed Well
Shaped
101
  • Time
  • ?

102
  • Gradually
  • ?

103
  • Space
  • ?

104
  • Between Parts and the Whole
  • ?

105
  • Direction
  • ?

106
  • Perspective
  • ?

107
  • Separate by Field Response
  • ?

108
  • Between Substance and Field
  • ?

109
Take Smaller Bites
2-1
Tooth Spacing is Fine
Tooth Spacing is Coarse
Cutting Speed is Slow
Point Loading is High
Industrial saws push the material into the blade
with a set load. A rule of thumb for cutting a
piece of metal in a band saw is to have at least
three teeth on the piece of metal. This is
because the point loading becomes too high. This
causes bad things to happen such as breaking
teeth, blades or rough cutting. On the other
hand, if the teeth are too fine, the point
loading on each tooth is too small. In a large
production shop where many pieces of metal are
cut, it is necessary to cut both thick and thin
pieces. How can we speed up production?
Question What does the equipment look
like? Use Separation in Space Two Objects
Method (Page I-27)
The Tooth Spacing Needs to be Fine Coarse
110
  • Time
  • On ConditionThe teeth react independently to
    distribute the load evenly between the
    teethperhaps each tooth is on a separate spring.
    A higher point loading causes the first row of
    teeth to move out of the way. The first row
    would have a lower spring rate.
  • ReorientingTwo saw blades side by side can be
    adjusted to give a finer or coarser pitch.
  • Transformable StatesBlades break off. Coarse
    blades brake off to expose finer blades with
    excessive load.
  • Reorient attachment or Reorient non-Uniform in
    Spaceopposite side of blade has opposite
    coarseness.
  • Adding and Subtractingindividually bolt on blade
    or remove a set of blades.
  • Unrolling StretchingTeeth on a stretchable
    blade.

111
  • Gradually
  • ?

112
  • Space
  • ?

113
  • Between Parts and the Whole
  • ?

114
  • Direction
  • ?

115
  • Perspective
  • ?

116
  • Separate by Field Response
  • ?

117
  • Between Substance and Field
  • ?

118
Fish to the Rescue
2-2
Endurance is Low
Endurance is Infinite
No Fish comes this way
Vulnerability is High
Like most large predators, a shark will follow
its prey in close pursuit until the smaller prey
exhausts its energy. Although the prey may be
more nimble, it cannot outrun its larger foe
forever. If the smaller fish could dodge and
dart forever, it could easily outmaneuver the
larger shark.
Question What do the fish look like? Use
Separation by Scale Interacting Method (Page
I-29)
The Fish should have Infinite Endurance Be
Normal
119
  • Time
  • ?

120
  • Gradually
  • ?

121
  • Space
  • ?

122
  • Between Parts and the Whole
  • ?

123
  • Direction
  • ?

124
  • Perspective
  • ?

125
  • Separate by Field Response
  • ?

126
  • Between Substance and Field
  • ?

127
Log Jam
2-3
Stopping Time is Short
Stopping Time is Long
More Inspectors and Idle Time
Log Transportation is Inefficient
Every few hours, a train enters the depot with
several cars full of logs. It is the job of the
inspector to measure each log diameter.
Unfortunately the train does not stay long. So
far, the problem has been solved by hiring many
inspectors. The inspectors have nothing to do
between trains and sit for hours. The
productivity of the inspectors is low. If the
logs would just stay at the station for a long
time, one inspector could do the job and would be
fully occupied.
Question What Does the New Situation look
like? Use Separation in Time Copy / Facsimile
Method (Page I-19)
The Stopping Time Needs to be Long Short
128
  • Time
  • ?

129
  • Gradually
  • ?

130
  • Space
  • ?

131
  • Between Parts and the Whole
  • ?

132
  • Direction
  • ?

133
  • Perspective
  • ?

134
  • Separate by Field Response
  • ?

135
  • Between Substance and Field
  • ?

136
Blistering Coils
2-4
Coil Spacing is Coarse
Coil Spacing is Fine
Outer Product is not Fully Treated
Inner Product is Over Heated
Product on an assembly line must pass under a
heating coil in order to be fully treated. The
product that passes under the center part of the
coil is fully treated, but the product that
passes under the coil at the edge of the conveyor
belt is not fully treated. If the coil spacing
was more fine, the outer product could be fully
treated. However, the product at the center of
the belt is over-heated.
Question What does the Coil look like? Use
Separation in Space Non-Uniform Method (Page
I-24)
The Coil Spacing should be Coarse Fine
137
  • Time
  • ?

138
  • Gradually
  • ?

139
  • Space
  • ?

140
  • Between Parts and the Whole
  • ?

141
  • Direction
  • ?

142
  • Perspective
  • ?

143
  • Separate by Field Response
  • ?

144
  • Between Substance and Field
  • ?

145
Special Delivery
2-5
Package contents are Useful
Package contents are Useless
During war in a third world country, an effective
means of gaining support from the local people is
to give them much needed supplies such as
medicine, food and clothing. In order to avoid
anti-aircraft and small arms fire, the drop plane
must fly high. If the package is dense and
compact, it falls with pinpoint accuracy. A
chute opens near the end to keep the contents
from being damaged. Unfortunately, enemy troops
on the ground then confiscate the package and
horde the supplies to themselves. They quickly
discover that the contents are useful and look
for them.
Enemy Troop Confiscation is High
Value to the Needy is Low
Question What does the Drop Package look
like? Use Separation in Time Separation /
Merging Method (Page I-17)
The Package Contents must be Useful Useless
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Blistering Coils
2-6
Coil Length is Excessive
Coil Length is Width of Belt
Energy Waste is High
Product treatment is not Uniform
Product on an assembly line must pass under a
heating coil in order to be fully treated. The
product that passes under the center part of the
coil is fully treated, but the product that
passes under the coil at the edge of the conveyor
belt is not fully treated. If the coil length is
much longer, the product will be uniformly heated
as it passes under the coil. Unfortunately, a
lot of energy is wasted.
Question What does the Coil look like? Use
Separation by Direction Separate by Path
Method (Page I-32)
The Coil Length should be Excessive The Width
of the Belt
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  • ?

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  • Between Substance and Field
  • ?

163
The Cover that Wasnt
2-7
Tank is Uncovered
Tank is Covered
Structure Damage is High
Part Movement is Slow
In large plating operations, the plating tanks
give off large amounts of corrosive gasses. Over
the course of time, these gasses damage the
plating facility and everything in it. Covering
the tanks with non-corrosive covers would greatly
reduce the evolution of gasses , but a cover
slows down production.
Question What does the tank cover look
like? Use Separation by Field Transparency
Method (Page I-35)
The Plating Tank Needs to be Covered Uncovered
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  • Between Substance and Field
  • ?

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Special Delivery
2-8
Package Configuration is Compact
Package Configuration is Dispersed
During war in a third world country, an effective
means of gaining support from the local people is
to give them much needed supplies such as
medicine, food and clothing. In order to avoid
anti-aircraft and small arms fire, the drop plane
must fly high. If the package is dense and
compact, it falls with pinpoint accuracy. A
chute opens near the end to keep the contents
from being damaged. Unfortunately, enemy troops
on the ground then confiscate the package and
horde the supplies to themselves. Dropping many
packages gets more packages into the hands that
need them, but high winds may disperse the drop
if they are dropped separately.
Ground dispersal is poor
Plane Vulnerability is high
Question What does the Drop Package look
like? Use Separation in Time Separation /
Merging Method (Page I-17)
The Package Configuration must be Compact
Dispersed
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Whats Up Dock
2-9
Dock is Small
Dock is Large
Revenue is Low
Cost of Leasing More Beach is High
Well make a fortune the small investor said.
When they build the houses around this lake,
everyone will want a place to dock their boats
and we got the last parcel on the lake. Yes,
but it is too small to store many boats his
wife complained, And we are not allowed to build
the dock out more than 20 yards. I know she
continued We can fill every available square
foot with dock and boats! We still will not
be able to store enough boats to make money the
investor said after making a few calculations.
Question What does the Dock look like? Use
Separation by Direction New Dimension
Method (Page I-32)
The Dock should be Small Large
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  • ?

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Free-Fall Plating
2-10
Tank State is Free Fall
Tank State is not Free Fall
Plating is only useful during free-fall
Financial Cost is High
Crystals grown in a micro-gravity environment
have unusual properties. Such an environment is
created by objects in free-fall. A space craft
in orbit about the earth achieves this same
effect by being in a constant free fall state.
Plating in such a free-fall state might also have
unusual properties. We are a small company which
cannot afford a shuttle experiment. How can we
perform such experiments.
Question What does the Plating Tank look
like? Use Separation in Time Switching Fields
Method (Page I-16)
A Plating Tank State should be Free Fall Not
Free Fall
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  • ?

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Two Tining Rake
2-11
Tine Stiffness is Flexible
Tine Stiffness is Stiff
Debris leakage is High
Debris Extraction is Difficult
A common garden rake is somewhat inefficient when
raking small debris. While riding over uneven
surfaces, unwanted debris settles into the
uneven surface and the tines ride over the top
with out collecting the debris. If the tines
were more flexible, they could ride over the
uneven surfaces like a leaf rake and collect the
materials. On the other hand, if the tines are
flexible, then the rake is not useful for
extracting embedded debris or for moving earth
about.
Question What does the Rake look like? Use
Separation On Condition Method (Page I-13)
The Tine Flexibility should be Flexible Stiff
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Metallic Film
3-1
Laminate thickness is Thin
Laminate thickness is Thick
Laminate thickness only useful in one thickness
Handling damage is high
In the production of metallic laminates, Thick
metallic films are produced by successively
rolling the metal between rollers until it
reaches the desired thickness. The resulting
film is rolled up into large rolls which are
easily manipulated. When making ultra thin films
for laminates, new problems arise. Because the
film is so thin, both the production and
manipulation becomes difficult. The tolerance
between rollers becomes unreasonable and handling
damage becomes very high.
Question What does the laminate look like? Use
Separation in Time Discarding the Carrier
Method (Page I-19)
The laminate must be Thick Ultra-Thin
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  • ?

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I Just Cant Stop
3-2
Current Path is Interrupted
Current Path is Continuous
Coil Operation not Adjustable
Voltage Spikes are High
Electromagnetic coils are used for many
applications which require the generation of
force. Magnetic fields generated by the coil and
the spool upon which the wire is wound interact
with plungers also made of magnetic materials.
Usually, the flow of current to the coil is
initiated by throwing a switch which allows
electrons to begin flowing. Such coils are
natural inductors, meaning that the flow of
electrons begins slowly, like trying to push a
heavy object. When it comes time to turn off the
coil, the opposite effect occurs. The electrons
do not want to stop moving, but bunch up
causing high voltages. In many applications this
causes difficulties such as sparking
(deteriorating brushes and switches or causing
electromagnetic pulses) or high voltages across
other elements.
Question What does the Coil look like? Use On
Condition Method (Page I-13)
The Current Path Needs to be Continuous
Interrupted
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Take Smaller Bites
3-3
Tooth Spacing is Fine
Tooth Spacing is Coarse
Cutting Speed is Slow
Point Loading is High
A rule of thumb for cutting a piece of metal in a
band saw is to have at least three teeth on the
piece of metal. This is because the point
loading becomes too high. This causes bad things
to happen such as breaking teeth, blades or rough
cutting. On the other hand, if the teeth are too
fine, the point loading on each tooth is too
small. In a large production shop where many
pieces of metal are cut, it is necessary to cut
both thick and thin pieces. How can we speed up
production?
Question What Do the Blades look like? Use
Separation In Time Rearranging / Unfolding
Method (Page I-17)
The Tooth Spacing Needs to be Fine Coarse
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  • ?

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Storing Almost Protons
3-4
Pressure Forces are High
Pressure Forces are Low
Assume that Pressure only comes high
Material Stresses are High
Hydrogen is very difficult to store as a gas.
This is primarily because of the high gas
constant. A small mass of gas can exert very
high pressures when constrained to a small
volume. In order to reduce the stresses in the
vessel walls, the walls are made very thick. The
resulting vessel weight is high (95) compared to
to the weight of the hydrogen (5). If only the
pressure forces were not so high, the vessel
walls could be made much thinner.
Question What does the Pressure Vessel look
like? Use Separation by Scale Countering
Method (Page I-30)
The Pressure Forces should be Low High
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  • ?

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  • ?

244
3-D Vibrator
3-5
Vibration is Two Dimensional
Vibration is Three Dimensional
Pneumatic vibrators only come this way
Vibration Damage is insufficient
A pneumatic vibrator is used to vibrate test
samples in an effort to test the longevity of a
product in a vibratory environment. The vibrator
works by spinning an offset turbine. Since the
turbine can only be spun on one axis at a time it
can only vibrate an object in one plane. It is
necessary to vibrate the test article in 3
dimensions at the same time. How can this be
done?
Question What does the Vibration Machine look
like? Use Separation by Scale Complimentary
Method (Page I-31)
The Vibration Direction should be Two
Dimensional Three Dimensional
245
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  • ?

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  • ?

253
Blistering Coils
3-6
Belt Speed is Fast
Belt Speed is Slow
Edge Product is Under Treated
Center Product is Overheated
Product on an assembly line must pass under a
heating coil in order to be fully treated. The
product that passes under the center part of the
coil is fully treated, but the product that
passes under the coil at the edge of the conveyor
belt is not fully treated. If the belt speed
were slower at the edges, the product will be
uniformly heated as it passes under the coil. If
the belt is slowed down, the center pieces will
be over heated
Question What does the Belt look like? Use
Separation by Perspective Comparison
Method (Page I-33)
The Belt Speed should be Slow Fast
254
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  • ?

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  • ?

262
The Beat Goes On
3-7
Heart Motion is Beating
Heart Motion is Still
Operational Mistakes are Frequent
Trauma to Rest of Body is High
Heart surgery is sometimes required for
battlefield wounds to the heart. Small pieces of
shrapnel become lodged in the heart muscle.
Usually, the heart is stopped, temporarily, to
repair it since it is very difficult to operate
on a beating heart. This stoppage of blood flow
is very traumatic for the rest of the body which
may be badly damaged. If it were possible to
operate on the beating heart, there would likely
be more survivors.
Question What does the Operation System Look
Like? Use Separation by Perspective Frame of
Reference Method (Page I-34)
The Heart Movement must be Beating Still
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  • ?

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Construction Lights
3-8
Light is High
Light is Low
Support is Massive
Lighting Quality is Poor
During large construction projects, it is
desirable to light a work area the size of many
football fields. It would be desirable to have
one very large and high light. But, doing this
is prohibitive because of the large structure
that would be required to support the light.
Question What does the light look like? Use
Separation in Space Extraction Method (Page
I-24)
The construction light needs to be High Low
272
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  • ?

280
Water Wheel
3-9
Pressure Forces are High
Pressure Forces Non-Existent
Turbine blade and component life is low
Turbine Output is Low
Consider an aluminum water wheel. Inlet flow
strikes the blades after accelerating in the
nozzle, transferring energy and momentum to the
blade and wheel. During energy transfer the
blade is bent slightly and released causing it to
vibrate. The resulting alternating stresses
decreases the life of the turbine blades. If the
pressure forces were eliminated, so would the
vibration. (Assume a constant speed).
Question What does the turbine look like? Use
Separation in Time Prior Counter Action (Page
I-21)
The Pressure Forces should be High Non-existent
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  • ?

289
Aircraft Power Generation
3-10
Field Coil Movement is High
Field Coil Movement is Not Moving
Mechanical Complexity is High
Frequency is Variable
Large aircraft generators are composed of
permanent magnet armatures and stationary field
coils. They are driven off of the main turbine
output shaft through a gearbox. Because the
turbine rotates at different speeds, the
frequency coming out of the generator varies. To
make this energy useful, it is electrically
conditioned to give a constant AC or DC voltage.
The equipment necessary to perform this function
would not be required if the field coils were to
rotate relative to the permanent magnet armature
at just the right speed to give the correct
frequency. Unfortunately, accurately rotating
the field coils would require a high degree of
mechanical complexity.
Question What does the Generator look
like? Use Separation between Field and
Substance (Page I-35)
The Field Coils must Move Not Move
290
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  • ?

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The Lesser Weevil
4-1
Weevil size is Small
Weevil size is Large
Weevils only come small
In the war on hunger, Russian scientists were
studying the metabolism of the weevil. This
required the scientists to be able to measure the
body temperature over a period of time. Tiny
temperature probes were proposed, which through
the aid of a microscope could be inserted into
the weevil. The cost of these probes and
placement apparatus were prohibitive. If the
Weevil were only larger, we could put a normal
thermometer into its mouth opening?
Thermometer insertion is difficult or complex
Find at Least One Good Method to Resolve This
Contradiction
The Weevil Needs to be Large Small
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  • ?

307
A Post and an Outpost
4-2
Hole Clearance is Tight
Hole Clearance is Loose
For years your company has produced a aircraft
product which fits over two posts on your
customers aircraft. Both the position and the
diameter of the posts were closely controlled.
Unfortunately, a recent production change by the
customer allows a large variance in the distance
between the posts. Now there is no guarantee
that the part which you produce will fit over the
customers posts. (The diameter of the posts is
still closely held). The customer is unwilling
to change the new production process, but has
instead asked you to modify the part so that it
will always fit snuggly, without rotating. If
the hole clearance is large, they can easily fit
over, but they will not be snug.
Assembly Yield is Poor
Rotational Slop is High
Find at Least One Good Method to Resolve This
Contradiction
The Hole Clearance Needs to be Loose Tight
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  • ?

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Controlled Explosions
4-3
Contact is Existent
Contact is Non-Existent
Timing Between Contacts is Irregular
Contact Conduction is Poor
During mining operations it is necessary to
precisely time a series of explosions. One way
to do this is to drop a conductive plug down an
evacuated tube with electrical contacts spaced at
precise intervals. When the conductive weight
passes a each set of contacts, continuity is
established across the contacts (across the tube)
and an explosive charge is detonated.
Unfortunately, in order to ensure continuity, the
force of the contacts against the conductive
weight needs to be high. This causes friction
and consequently the timing to be erratic.
Remember, this is a Flintstones timer. No
further electronic circuits are available. All
we have are metallic plugs and contacts. (If we
already had magnetic relays, lasers and
electronic timing circuits, we wouldnt be
dropping balls).
Find at Least One Good Method to Resolve This
Contradiction--
There should be Contact No Contact
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  • ?

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  • ?

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  • Between Substance and Field
  • ?
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