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ALCOHOL

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ALCOHOL Unit # 3 Miss Martini ... Active ingredient in alcohol Flour yeast Ethanol gasoline Period of time forgotten the day following alcohol abuse Pass out Sleep ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ALCOHOL


1
ALCOHOL
  • Unit 3
  • Miss Martini

2
Alcohol Today
  • Nations 1 Drug Problem ( depressant)
  • 100 million adults (60-70 of total population
    use)
  • Used more than any other drug
  • 10 million adult alcoholics
  • 3 million teenage alcoholics/ problem drinkers

3
Alcohol Today
  • ½ of all crime
  • 75 of violent crimes
  • Alcohol is negatively linked with violence, rape,
    suicide, breaking the law, academic apathy,
    accidental death, injuries, irresponsible
    decisions, STI/ STDs, job loss, divorce, and
    serious illness.
  • Alcohol related diseases lead to 12,000 deaths/
    year
  • 1 Cirrhosis
  • (linked with long term excessive alcohol use)

4
Motor Vehicle Deaths
  • 1982
  • 25,000 (57 of deaths)
  • 1993
  • 17,400 (44)
  • 2000
  • 16,068 (38)
  • 2002
  • 17,419 (41)
  • 2003
  • 17,401 (40)

5
Classes of Drinkers (3 classes)
  • Social
  • Moderate, safe amounts consumed by adult (21 yrs
    or older)
  • Ex/ occasionally has a beer with dinner
  • Problem
  • Self or others at risk
  • Person starts to build up a tolerance, may
    experience blackouts
  • Ex/ drinks until they vomit, drives when
    drinking, doesnt remember what happened the
    night they consumed alcohol
  • Alcoholic
  • dependent

6
Responsible (over 21) Alcohol Use
  • Know limit MODERATION
  • Space out drinks
  • Small glasses
  • Dilute mix drinks
  • Eat while consuming
  • Dont drink and drive
  • Dont drink and use medication
  • Dont drink if pregnant or not sure
  • Babys of mothers who drink may be born with
    fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)
  • Delayed physical and mental growth

7
1 Drink (1/2 oz of pure ethanol) (active drug
in wine, beer, liquor is ethyl or ethanol alcohol)
  • One 12 oz can of beer (4.5 alcohol)
  • 1 ¼ oz of 80 proof hard liquor
  • (distilled ex/ whiskey, gin, brandy) (40
    alcohol)
  • Proof amount of alcohol in a beverage as
    measured by , double the of alcohol
  • Ex/ Beverage with 20 alcohol is 40 proof
  • 1 oz of 100 proof liquor
  • 3-5 oz of wine (12-14 alcohol)
  • 1 wine cooler (1.5-6 alcohol)
  • 1 mixed drink (see above)

8
Alcohol the Body
  • About 20 of alcohol consumed is absorbed into
    bloodstream through stomach walls.
  • The majority is absorbed through intestine walls.
  • The remaining alcohol is excreted through urine,
    perspiration, or breath.

9
How Alcohol Affects the Body (impair judgment,
loosen inhibitions, dull reflexes)
  • Nervous system
  • Brain
  • Blackouts (a period in which a person cannot
    remember what has happened following alcohol
    use)
  • (start to see with problem drinkers)
  • Seizures
  • Dementia (decline in all areas of mental
    functioning)
  • Digestive system
  • Developing cancers of mouth, esophagus, stomach
  • Ulcers
  • Liver disease (cirrhosis- liver begins to fill
    with fat)
  • Immune system
  • Increased risk of developing illnesses
  • Respiration infections
  • Tuberculosis
  • Certain cancers

10
Affects on Body
  • Cardiovascular system
  • Damages organs
  • Increased risk for cardiovascular disease, high
    blood pressure, stroke
  • Skeletal system
  • Body loses calcium
  • Osteoporosis
  • Urinary system
  • Can cause kidney failure
  • Reproductive system
  • Female cause irregular periods
  • Male affects size of testes and muscle
    development

11
Alcohol Affects Every Cell in the Body
  • Most alcohol is changed to harmless waste by the
    liver
  • Liver can only process about 1 drink/ hour
  • If drink more then this the excess alcohol build
    up in the body
  • Alcohol goes to body tissue before excretion
  • Effects of alcohol intensify
  • Concentration of alcohol in blood increases

12
Hangover- a result of the chemicals used to make
alcohol.
  • The only true treatment for a hangover is TIME,
    not coffee, cold shower, etc.
  • One of the worst things you can do for a person
    is give them another alcoholic beverage.

13
Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC)
  • Higher the BAC, the greater the effects of
    alcohol on the body.
  • If the amount of alcohol (a toxin) is too large,
    stomach will reject it
  • Vomiting
  • Too much of a toxin (alcohol) can be poisonous.
  • Binge drinking
  • Consumption of large amount of alcohol in short
    amount of time
  • Linked with rape, unprotected sex, death, fights,
    poor decisions, alcohol poisoning
  • Alcohol poisoning signs
  • Unconscious, cant be woken, vomiting while
    passed out, breathing slow, pale/ cold/ clammy
    skin
  • Call 911 immediantly

14
Factors that affect BAC (see text pg
412)
  • Amount consumed
  • Body weight
  • Feelings
  • Amount of food eaten
  • Carbonation of beverage
  • Speed consumed
  • of body fat
  • Gender
  • Presence of other drugs in blood
  • Age

15
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16
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17
What Happens as BAC Increases
  • See text page 413
  • wksht

18
Alcohol Laws
  • BAC ( of alcohol in blood)- only factor which
    legally determines level of intoxication
  • Liquor Control Board
  • Controls all sales of alcoholic beverages in PA
  • Underage Drinking
  • Zero-tolerance law
  • Lowers the legal BAC level for intoxicated
    drivers under 21 yrs of age
  • Driving Under the Influence (DUI)
  • Breathalyzer test accurate and common way police
    check BAC
  • Under 21 yrs 0.02
  • Over 21 yrs 0.08
  • Reason for these laws is to protect the health,
    lives, and property of the public

19
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20
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21
Laws
  • Parents can not buy alcohol for their children
    even if it is their own home.
  • Parents can be held accountable face fines for
    serving minors on their property.
  • A person under 21 yrs. Can be arrested/ fined for
    underage drinking in PA if they are
  • Consuming
  • Transporting
  • Possessing alcohol

22
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23
Law Activity
  • Newspaper headline
  • Local Teen Arrested for Drunk-Driving Incident
  • What possible events led to the teens arrest?
  • Who was with the teen before this incident?
  • How did the teen get the alcohol?
  • What was this incident they were arrested for?

24
  • Use Alcohol Laws packet
  • 1. List laws teen may have violated
  • 2. What behaviors may have led to teen being
    arrested?

25
  • Use refusal skills worksheet
  • 1. Create a safer ending to this situation
    using refusal skills so that this incident does
    not occur.
  • a. Give reason for refusal
  • b. Show your concern
  • c. Provide alternatives
  • d. Use body language to reinforce what you say
  • e. Take a definite action

26
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27
Alcoholism (see text pg 419)
  • Disease in which there is physical and
    psychological dependence on alcohol.
  • Early stage- social drinker becomes a problem
    drinker
  • Late stage- problem drinker becomes alcoholic
  • Difficulty controlling behavior
  • Denial
  • Withdrawal
  • Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome
  • Is the reaction of the body to sudden stopping of
    drinking
  • Delirium Tremens
  • Is a severe form of alcohol withdrawal syndrome
    in which there are hallucinations and muscle
    convulsions
  • Affects on others

28
Getting Help
  • Interventions are held to help make the alcoholic
    aware of the problem (see wksht)
  • Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)
  • Recovery program for people who have alcoholism
  • Al-Anon
  • Recovery program for people who have friends or
    family members with alcoholism
  • Ex/ help spouse of an alcoholic, family member or
    friend
  • Al-Ateen
  • Recovery program for teens who have a family
    member or friend with alcoholism

29
Intervention Steps
  • Stop enabling behaviors
  • Talk to your friend
  • Ask another friend to help
  • Follow through
  • Seek adult or professional help

30
SWAT
31
What drug classification is Alcohol?
  • Stimulant
  • Depressant
  • Hallucinogen
  • Narcotic

32
Someone who drinks moderately
  • Alcoholic
  • Problem
  • Social
  • Dead

33
Recovery program for teens of an alcoholic family
  • AA
  • Al-anon
  • AAA
  • Ala-teen

34
Possible result of a pregnant women using alcohol
  • TAS
  • FAS
  • SIDS
  • DUH

35
One factor that affects BAC
  • Gender
  • Shower
  • Sleep
  • Caffeine

36
This class of drinker starts to experience
blackouts
  • Social
  • Problem
  • Alcoholic
  • Sober

37
Example of one drink
  • 1 oz of beer
  • 2 oz 100 proof
  • 3-5 oz wine
  • 2 mixed drinks

38
BAC limit for 21 or older
  • .06
  • .02
  • .08
  • .1

39
Common way police check BAC
  • Breathalyzer
  • Urine
  • Saliva
  • Ear wax

40
Person most likely found at Ala-non meeting
  • Alcoholic
  • Wife of alcoholic
  • Co-worker of alcoholic
  • dog

41
Only thing that legally determines intoxication
  • Color of skin
  • BAC
  • Ability to drive
  • Ability to walk

42
Most important thing to do in case of alcohol
poisoning
  • Lay on side
  • call 911
  • Put to sleep
  • eat bread

43
Person under 21 has legal intoxication level
beginning at
  • .04
  • .08
  • .02
  • .01

44
Severe form of alcohol withdrawal
  • Alcoholic
  • Delirium tremens
  • Scratching
  • cold

45
Organization that controls sales of alcohol in PA
  • PCP
  • LCP
  • LCB
  • OCB

46
Over the legal limit and driving, could be
arrested for
  • Under age drinking
  • DUI
  • Zero tolerance
  • DWU

47
Active ingredient in alcohol
  • Flour
  • yeast
  • Ethanol
  • gasoline

48
Period of time forgotten the day following
alcohol abuse
  • Pass out
  • Sleep
  • DUI
  • Blackout

49
First step of an intervention
  • Follow through
  • Talk to your friend
  • Stop enabling
  • Seek adult/ professional

50
Drinking a lot in a small amount of time
  • Overdose
  • binge drinking
  • Blackout
  • pass out

51
These are put in place to protect the health,
lives, and property of the public
  • BAC
  • Seatbelts
  • Alcohol laws
  • air bags

52
Stage of alcoholism where a social drinker
becomes a problem drinker
  • Late
  • Early

53
Effects of alcohol on the liver
  • Cirrhosis
  • Obesity
  • Cancer
  • Softening

54
How does alcohol effect the brain
  • Speeds it up
  • slows it
  • Hallucinates
  • causes it to think
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