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Teaching for Inclusion: Participation and Engagement for All Students


The Educational Benefits of Diversity Classroom Guidelines Social Identity Profile Using Classroom Diversity to Enhance Learning Recognize variations among student ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Teaching for Inclusion: Participation and Engagement for All Students

Teaching for Inclusion Participation and
Engagement for All Students
  • A.T. Miller, Ph.D.
  • Coordinator of Multicultural Teaching and
  • University of Michigan

  • Introduce yourself to the people around you with
    two pieces of information
  • How are you a typical or expected faculty member
    or instructor in your field?
  • In what way are you a surprising or
    unconventional faculty member or instructor in
    your field?

Making Differences Important
  • Address the stereotypes or standard expectations
    of your field/college
  • Make variety and many contributions known and
  • Be sure to rotate roles among students and open
    procedures and participation

What is the link between cultural diversity,
community, and academic improvement for all
Effective participation by members of all groups
in the civic life of our Nation is essential if
the dream of one Nation, indivisible, is to be
realized.All members of our heterogeneous
society must have confidence in the openness and
integrity of the educational institutions. --
U.S. Supreme Court, June 2003
The Educational Benefits of Diversity
Students who experienced the most racial and
ethnic diversity in classroom settings and in
informal interactions with peers showed the
greatest engagement in active thinking processes,
growth in intellectual engagement and motivation,
and growth in intellectual and academic skills.
--Michigan Student Study, Gurin, Gurin, Wade, et.
Classroom Guidelines
Make the rules clear, and agree how they apply to
all in the classroom, including you. Be aware
and intentional about the effects of your own
identity on students and the classroom atmosphere.
Social Identity Profile
  • Take time to fill in the way you would define
    your own group memberships under the various
    categories listed
  • Check off those group memberships that are
    relevant under each heading
  • Take time for a brief timed discussion according
    to directions

Using Classroom Diversity to Enhance Learning
  • Recognize variations among student preferences
    and strengths
  • Help students understand and value the
    differences between each other
  • Make sure that student assignments and
    participation are open to all equally
  • Dont make spokespeople or examples of any
    particular students.

Some Principles for Teaching Inclusively
  • Use dynamics of group work
  • Avoid gate keeping/tracking
  • Concept-based AND problem-based
  • Study groups outside of class
  • Avoid under-teaching
  • Relevant and varied modeling, topics, examples,
    and projects

Dynamics of Group Work
  • Teacher chooses groups and teams
  • Change groups at least once
  • Provide roles, structures, procedures
  • Heterogeneous ability within groups
  • Grade the group
  • Varied learning styles
  • http//www.ncsu.edu/felderpublic/ILSpage.html

Avoid Gate Keeping
  • Be the coach, not the judge
  • Dont set up students in competition with each
    other (never grade on a curve, avoid winners
    and losers)
  • Grade to clear standards and expectations
  • Use exams as group goals

Problem vs. Concept-based
  • Balance these approaches
  • Recognize the biases of the material and field
    you teach and compensate
  • Allow for varied methods that achieve correct
  • Include plenty of examples and applications

Study Groups
  • Encourage students to work together outside of
    class in regular study groups
  • Provide structure, roles, and guidance to such
  • Assign and change groups at least once a semester

  • Monitor your own behavior, or ask a colleague to
    observe you
  • Be sure to rotate classroom roles and
    expectations in a regular pattern throughout all
  • Be aware of those students you identify with and
    those who put you off

Constant Relevant Variation
  • Draw on variety of resources for problems,
    examples, procedures.
  • Make room for student contributions, especially
    in areas unfamiliar to you
  • Exchange ideas with colleagues of varied
  • Take students into the community

General Climate
  • Open and challenging atmosphere
  • Use differences constructively
  • Give students shared responsibility
  • Encourage full participation
  • Provide a variety of modalities
  • Guide and support students to apply learning to
    their individual experiences
  • Reframe to take heat off surprising or
    unpopular individual contributions

Questions and Comments
Contact Information
A.T. Miller Coordinator of Multicultural Teaching
and Learning University of Michigan 1327 Geddes
Avenue Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1632 atmiller_at_umi
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