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Taking Inventory: Africa's Mineral

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Title: Taking Inventory: Africa's Mineral


1
Taking Inventory Africa's Mineral Agricultural
Resources their Impact in Today's Global
Economy
  • Haki Kiema
  • February 25, 2009

2
Outline
  • Overview of Africas Geography
  • Minerals
  • Diamonds
  • Gold
  • Uranium
  • Petroleum
  • Agricultural Resources
  • Cash Crops Coffee, Tea, Cocoa
  • Shea Butter
  • Aloe Vera
  • African Wildlife
  • Conclusion

3
Overview of Africas Geography
  • Disclaimer Africa has too many resources to
    concisely present on, the presentation will
    therefore focus on some of the major world
    minerals resources used in trade
  • http//videos.howstuffworks.com/hsw/7697-africa-ge
    ographical-features-of-africa-video.htm

4
Minerals Resources
  • The African continent supplies about half of the
    world's diamonds as well as large quantities of
  • Gold
  • Uranium
  • Platinum, copper, chromite, cobalt, manganese,
    antimony, phosphate rock, asbestos, bauxite, tin,
    iron ore, tungsten, lead, zinc, silver, vanadium,
    and coal
  • From these countries come diamonds, gold, copper,
    cobalt, and a variety of other minerals.

5
Diamond
  • Minerals were created when magma poured into
    older geological formations and cooled slowly
    allowing the minerals to concentrate
  • A similar process produced diamond-bearing
    kimberlite deposits in countries such as the DRC,
    Botswana, South Africa, and Angola.
    Elsewhereincluding Sierra Leone and other parts
    of the DRCold streambeds contain diamonds that
    have been washed downstream.
  • Used as an abrasive in
  • Cutting,
  • Grinding,
  • Drilling and polishing procedures
  • Used as a gemstone
  • One of the main minerals responsible for major
    conflicts in the continent

6
Diamond Producers
7
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8
Gold
  • Gold is extracted from rich reefs that consist of
    layers of old metamorphosed sediments that have
    been tilted upwards.
  • Uses
  • Currency
  • Electronics the telephone (i.e. circuits)
  • Space Aeronautics radiation shield
  • Medicine treats rheumatoid arthritis
  • Environmental catalyst in green chemistry
  • Nanotechnology nanostructures construction
  • Engineering lubricating coating
  • Food Drink gold leaf
  • Beauty as nanoparticles
  • Jewelry
  • One of the main minerals responsible for major
    conflicts in the continent

9
World Gold Supply
10
(No Transcript)
11
Oil Production
12
Uranium Production
13
Sub-Saharan Africa Mineral Resources Political
Instability
14
Coffee
15
2006 Coffee Production
16
Tea
Asia is the largest tea-producing region, in
Africa, the crop is mostly grown in the East
African region with Kenya being the regions
largest tea exporter
17
Cocoa Production
18
Shea Butter The Organic Gem of Africa
  • Derived from the fire-resistant Shea/Karite tree
  • Tree grows naturally in the wild in the dry
    savannah belt of West Africa
  • 1st fruits produced when tree is 20 years old,
    reaches full production at 45 years and can
    produce for up to 200 years
  • It takes 30 labour intensive hours to produce 1
    kg of Shea Butter

19
About Shea Butter
  • High in Vitamin A, E F essential for healthy
    skin
  • Uses
  • Cooking oil/cocoa butter replacement in the
    chocolate industry
  • In cosmetics as a moisturizer, for the body,
    face and hair
  • Emollient for dry skin
  • Anti-inflammatory agent

20
Shea Butter Continued
  • Sun protectant provides 0 6 SPF depending on
    the shea butter grade
  • It has been used to improve the following
  • Eczema, itchy skin, wrinkles, scars, stretch
    marks, psoriasis, poison ivy, acne, joint
    muscle pain, insect bites, amongst other
    conditions

21
Aloe Vera
  • Derived from the aloe vera plant.
  • Probably originated from North Africa is
    closely related to Aloes in the same region
  • Species introduced to Asia Southern Europe in
    the 17th century

22
Aloe Vera Contd
  • Uses
  • Cosmestics manufacture of soaps, lotions,
    sunscreen, make-up
  • Alternative medicine topical use in wound/burn
    healing
  • Insufficient scientific evidence A.Vera saps
    effect in wound healing

23
African Wildlife Some Interesting Facts
  • Did you know
  • Victoria Falls (located between Zambia
    Zimbabwe) is one of the 7 natural wonders of the
    world
  • Four of the five fastest land animals live in
    Africa - the cheetah (70 mph), wildebeest, lion,
    and Thomson's gazelle (all about 50 mph)
  • The world's biggest frog is found in Cameroon.
    Named the goliath frog, their body can be
    one-foot long.
  • The only place where shools of fresh water
    sardines are found is in Lake Tanganyika.
  • The largest seal colony in the southern
    hemisphere is a Cape Cross in Namibia.

24
Conclusion
  • Its impossible to quantify the vastness of the
    continents wealth/resources
  • African minerals resources help to drive the
    global economywith many more yet to be
    discovered
  • The continents economic potential has barely
    been attained
  • Considering Africa as an equal in the global
    financial market will reap great financial
    rewards for all

25
Questions
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