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Title: This document is contained within the Fire Management Toolbox on Wilderness.net. Since other related resources found in this toolbox may be of interest, you can visit this toolbox by visiting the following URL:


1
  • This document is contained within the Fire
    Management Toolbox on Wilderness.net. Since other
    related resources found in this toolbox may be of
    interest, you can visit this toolbox by visiting
    the following URL http//www.wilderness.net/index
    .cfm?fusetoolboxessecfire. All toolboxes are
    products of the Arthur Carhart National
    Wilderness Training Center.

2
MINIMUM IMPACT SUPPRESSION TACTICS
(MIST) Wilderness Fire Resource Advisor
Training April 24-26, 2007 Duluth, MN
Chris Holbeck Environmental Planning and
Partnerships Specialist Dept BAER Team
Leader Voyageurs National Park
3
Effective Strategies and TacticsRole of the
WRAWhy READs are Necessary
4
Putting out the fire shouldnt cause more damage
than the fire itself
5
GENERALLY Personnel, and equipment carry exotic
plant seeds Decontaminate gear coming and
goingWater operations impact wetland and
riparian areas Pick a hardened area for filling
bladder bags Know what retardant is used before
the fire Fueling stations always spill Use
adequate spill containmentExcavators are better
than dozersMap locations of potential impacts
Work with your FMO Ops staff to develop a Pre
Suppression Plan
6
LINE CONSTRUCTION Let it burn, its wilderness
after all Burn out from natural barriers
Scratch rather than dig, find a rakeLean
toward wet line, water drops, sprinklersUse the
tactics, and equipment with the least impact,
pair the width depth of the line to fires
behaviorBlast it, it creates more natural
appearing fire-lines and stumps. Its also non
toolRemove ground fuel, but dont disturb the
soil
7
Line Construction continuedMinimize cutting of
trees, burned trees, and snags, move the line
insteadCabin cut stumps and ends for
esthetics Scrape around tree bases rather than
cut the treeCheck critical resource maps and
avoid, arch sites, cultural heritage sites,
wetlands, TE locations
8
MOPUP Develop a reasonable mop up strategy with
Operations /- 100ftProtect unburned islands
in the interiorWet mop or cold trail the
perimeterObstruct access to the lineto prevent
equestrian and OHV traffic Protect habitat
trees, manage hazard trees
9
AVIATION MANAGEMENTHeli Spot Exotics from the
Heli Base Saw damage Trailing Heli Base Soil
Compaction Exotics introduction Haz Mat spills
Water Acquisition Aquatic exotics Bank
erosion Use of Retardant Contamination Acidi
fication
Work with your FMO Air Ops staff to develop a
Pre Suppression Aviation Plan
10
ICP, Spike Camps, Drop Points Overnight crews
in non wildernessSelect a previously disturbed
area that will accommodate the intended
useAvoid lake side, stream, side or other wet
areas. Pre hardened surfaces are best, harden
the surface if you have toGet a camp
managerContain your wasteUse LNT, if you have
to create a spike camp
11
Document Impacts
12
SAFETY Considerations for the WRA LCES, 18
Watchouts 10 Standard Orders.Use natural
openings for safety zonesCreate a black
spotBurn more rather than clear more Identify
unique hazards to your areaWork into wilderness
from the edgeDont go direct
13
On the Home Unit, or as READ to the IMT
  • Find the Pre Suppression Plan
  • Consult Resource Specialists on location of
    sensitive resources
  • Attend and Speak at Planning Meetings and Morning
    Briefing
  • Meet with Ops Sec Chief, Division, Crew Boss and
    Squad Boss
  • Develop written procedures and guidelines and
    integrate in IAP

Call for more READs
14
READ for Squad, Crew, or Division
  • Find the Pre Suppression Plan
  • Consult Resource Specialists on location of
    sensitive resources
  • Attend Planning Meetings and Morning Briefing

You work for the Agency Administrator Consult
the agency Rep on your level of authority
15
Why READs are Necessary
  • Prevent Avoidable Suppression Impact
  • Document Location and Type of Impacts
  • Transition to Rehab or BAER
  • Apply Land Manager Specific Fire Management
    Philosophy

16
Suppression ImpactsParadise Fire
17
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