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Sustainable Cities: Urban Land Use and Management

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Key Concepts Urbanization and Urban Growth Patterns of Urban Growth Cities over 10 million Urbanization in the US Urban Sprawl ... Urban Land Use and Management ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sustainable Cities: Urban Land Use and Management


1
Sustainable Cities Urban Land Use and Management
G. Tyler Millers Living in the Environment 13th
Edition Chapter 25
Dr. Richard Clements Chattanooga State Technical
Community College Modified by Charlotte
Kirkpatrick
2
Key Concepts
  • Distribution of urban and rural populations
  • Factors determining urban development
  • Resource and environmental problems in urban areas
  • Effects of transportation systems on urban growth
  • Planning and controlling urban growth
  • Making cities more sustainable and desirable

3
Urbanization and Urban Growth
  • Urban (metropolitan) area
  • Rural area
  • Village
  • City
  • Degrees of urbanization
  • Urban growth natural increase and immigration

4
Patterns of Urban Growth
  • Increasing proportion of population
  • Great increase in large cities (gt1,000,000)
  • Increasing rapidly in developing counties
  • Urban growth slower in developed countries
  • Poverty in urban areas increasing (See Spotlight
    p. 663)

5
Cities over 10 million
6
Urbanization in the US
  • Migration to large central cities
  • Migration from cities to suburbs
  • Migration from north and east to south and west
  • Urban sprawl
  • Spatial patterns of development (see Fig. 25-9 p.
    667)

7
Urban Sprawl
8
Concentration/Distribution of People in US
9
Major Urban Regions in the US
Fig. 25-6 p. 665
10
Megalopolis
11
Impacts of Urban Sprawl
Fig. 25-8 p. 666
12
Urban Resource and Environmental Problems
  • Air and water pollution waste management
  • Reduction in vegetation
  • Importation of food, energy, and materials
  • Climate impacts urban heat island
  • Noise pollution
  • Impacts on surrounding rural areas

13
Urban Areas Inputs and Outputs
Fig. 25-11 p. 669
14
Urban Heat Island
Fig. 25-13 p. 670
15
Noise Pollution
16
Transportation and Urban Development
  • Individual transit
  • Mass transit
  • Buses
  • Trains
  • Automobiles (See Pro/Con p. 673)

17
Urban Land-Use Planning and Control
  • Land-use planning (See Case Study p. 677)
  • Ecological land-use planning (See Solutions p.
    681)
  • Property taxes
  • Zoning
  • Smart growth
  • Urban growth boundary
  • Cluster development (See Fig. 25-22 p. 682)
  • Greenways

18
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23
Solutions Making Urban Areas More Livable and
Sustainable
  • New cities and towns
  • Ecocity (green city)
  • Trees and climate-specific landscaping
  • People-oriented
  • People-involved

See Guest Essay p. 684
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