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Leadership Programme Asia Pacific 2012 Module 2 Strategic Thinking and Decision Making

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Title: Leadership Programme Asia Pacific 2012 Module 2 Strategic Thinking and Decision Making


1
Leadership Programme Asia Pacific 2012Module 2
Strategic Thinking and Decision Making
2
  • Strategic Thinking
  • and Decision-Making
  • Thinking Strategically
  • De Bonos Six Thinking Hats model

3
Thinking Strategically
4
Thinking strategically
  • Your boss has just told you to think
    strategically about a challenge or issue
  • What does this mean?

5
Thinking strategically
  • Strategic thinking is about analysing
    opportunities and challenges from a broad
    perspective and understanding the potential
    impact your resulting decisions and actions might
    have on others
  • Strategic thinkers visualise what might or could
    be, and take an holistic approach to day-to-day
    issues and challenges
  • Strategic thinking is a process, rather than a
    onetime event

6
Thinking strategically
  • When you think strategically, you consider the
    bigger picture the larger environment in
    which youre operating
  • You ask questions and challenge assumptions about
    how things work in your organisation and industry
  • You gather complex, often ambiguous data and
    interpret it
  • And you use the insights gained to make smart
    choices and chose appropriate courses of action
  • Objective to generate the best possible outcomes
    and results tomorrow from the opportunities
    presented to you today

7
Thinking strategically
  • Question
  • Why is strategic thinking important?
  • What are the benefits for your organisation?

8
Thinking strategically the benefits
  • You set the direction - chart a course for your
    team that aligns with the overall corporate
    strategy
  • You make smart longer-term decisions that
    complement and align with decisions that others
    across your organisation are making
  • You gain your peoples commitment to supporting
    your decisions
  • You boost your teams performance and maximise
    business results
  • You foster a culture that supports fresh thinking
    and embraces strategic initiatives and change

9
What are the steps in strategic thinking?
  • Strategic thinking can be divided into two
    phases, each consisting of specific steps
  • Phase 1 setting the stage/context
  • Phase 2 applying your skills

10
Phase 1 setting the scene
  • Phase 1 consists of two steps
  • Seeing the bigger picture understanding the
    broader business environment in which you operate
  • Articulating strategic objectives determining
    what you hope to achieve by thinking strategically

11
Phase 2 applying your skills
  • Phase 2 consists of five steps
  • Identifying relationships, patterns and trends
    spotting patterns across seemingly unrelated
    areas/events categorising related information to
    reduce the number of issues to be dealt with at
    one time
  • Getting creative generating alternatives/options
    visualising new possibilities challenging your
    assumptions opening yourself up to new
    information
  • Analysing information sorting out, analysing,
    and prioritising the most important information
    relevant to the situation

12
Phase 2 applying your skills
  • Phase 2 consists of five steps
  • Prioritising your actions staying focused on
    your objectives while handling multiple demands
    and competing priorities
  • Making trade-offs recognising the potential
    advantages and disadvantages of an idea or course
    of action making choices regarding what you will
    and wont do balancing short- and longer-term
    concerns

13
The real voyage of discovery consists not in
seeking new lands but in seeing with new eyes


Marcel Proust
14
De Bonos Six Thinking Hats Model
15
Looking at a topic from all points of view
16
Six thinking hats
  • Six Thinking Hats is a powerful strategic
    thinking technique that helps you look at
    opportunities and challenges from a number of
    different perspectives
  • It helps you make better decisions by pushing you
    to move outside traditional or habitual ways of
    thinking
  • It helps you understand the full complexity of a
    situation, and spot issues and opportunities
    which you might otherwise not notice
  • This globally renowned tool was created by Dr.
    Edward de Bono in his book Six Thinking Hats

17
Six thinking hats
  • Unstructured thinking can be confusing, and
    emotional at times
  • Without a framework, creative thinking can jump
    around and it can be difficult to reach a
    conclusion
  • Six Thinking Hats is a tool designed to change
    the way individuals or a team thinks and
    communicates
  • The six hat model suggests that there are six
    basic types of thinking represented by six
    coloured hats.
  • Each hat can be used at different points in the
    thinking process to provide an effective
    strategic thought framework

18
Six thinking hats
  • Six Thinking Hats is a good technique for
    looking at a problem or the effects of a decision
    from a number of different points of view
  • It allows necessary emotion and scepticism to be
    brought into what would otherwise be purely
    rational decisions
  • Decisions and plans will mix ambition, skill in
    execution, sensitivity, creativity, critical
    appraisal, what if thinking and good
    contingency planning
  • The Six Hats approach defuses disagreements,
    reduces adversarial thinking and encourages
    clearer, more effective thinking and idea
    development

19
Six thinking hats
The White HatInformation available and needed The Red HatIntuition, feelings, and hunches
The Black HatCautions and difficultiesWhere things might go wrong The Yellow HatValues and benefitsWhy something might work
The Green HatAlternatives and creative ideas The Blue HatManaging the thinking process
20
White hat- the information hat
  • With the white thinking hat on, you focus on
    facts, reality
  • What information do we have?
  • What information do we need?
  • What information is missing?
  • What questions do we need to ask?
  • How are we going to get the information we need?

21
Red hat- the feelings hat
  • With the red thinking hat on, you focus on
  • Your feelings
  • Your emotions
  • Your intuition
  • Gut feel
  • Empathy how others might react emotionally
  • Trying to understand the intuitive responses of
    people who do not fully know your reasoning

22
Black hat- the critical appraisal hat
  • With the black thinking hat on, you
  • Look at things carefully, cautiously and
    defensively try to see why ideas and approaches
    might not work
  • Consider the weaknesses, threats, risks involved
  • Black Hat thinking helps to make your plans
    tougher and more resilient identifies
    weaknesses and risks
  • Black Hat thinking is one of the real benefits of
    this technique, as many successful people get so
    used to thinking positively that often they
    cannot see problems in advance, leaving them
    under-prepared for difficulties

23
Yellow hat- the glass half-full hat
  • With the yellow thinking hat on, you focus on
  • Positive thinking
  • The optimistic viewpoint best possible outcomes
  • The benefits and value of the decision
  • The opportunities that arise from it
  • Constructive thinking, making things happen
  • Yellow Hat thinking helps you to keep going when
    everything looks gloomy and difficult

24
Green hat- the creative hat
  • With the green thinking hat on, you focus on
  • Energy
  • Creativity
  • Brainstorming
  • Freewheel, blue skies thinking
  • Proposals, new ideas, new concepts, suggestions
  • Options, alternatives
  • Change
  • New approaches to problems

25
Blue hat- the process hat
  • With the blue thinking hat on, you focus on
  • Managing the thinking process
  • The Blue Hat is the hat worn by people chairing
    meetings
  • When running into difficulties because ideas are
    running dry, they may direct activity into Green
    Hat or Yellow Hat thinking. When contingency
    plans are needed, they will ask for Black Hat
    thinking, and so on

26
Using the six hats
  • There are two basic ways to use the hats
  • Singly, to request a specific type of thinking,
    e.g. I think we need some Green Hat thinking
    here to inject some ideas and suggestions or I
    think we need some Black Hat thinking at this
    point to identify the risks involved
  • In sequence to explore a subject or solve an
    issue or problem

27
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