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The Progressive Reform Era

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Progressive Era During the Progressive Era, the period from 1890-1920, reformers tried to alleviate the effects of ... accident and health insurance, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Progressive Reform Era


1
The Progressive Reform Era
  • 1890-1920

2
Progressive Era
  • During the Progressive Era, the period from
    1890-1920, reformers tried to alleviate the
    effects of industrialization, immigration, and
    urbanization
  • What were some of these negative effects of
    these changes??????????
  • Their goals were to make govt more responsive to
    its citizens needs!!!!!!!

3
Progressive Goals and Beliefs
  1. Govt should be more accountable to its citizens
  2. Govt should curb the power and influence of
    wealthy interests
  3. Govt should be given expanded powers so that it
    could become more active in improving the lives
    of its citizens
  4. Govts should become more efficient and less
    corrupt

4
Progressive Constitutional Amendments
  • 16th Amendment income tax
  • 17th Amendment direct election of senators
  • 18th Amendment banned the sale, production, or
    import of alcohol
  • 19th Amendment womens suffrage

5
Muckrakers
  • During the Progressive Era, many journalists
    began to expose illegal and unfair practices
    called the Muckrakers
  • Journalists raking the muck (manure) out of
    society exposing illegal and wrongful
    businesses and politicians and investigating
    terrible living and working conditions

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7
Upton Sinclair The Jungle
  • Journalists like Upton Sinclair played a key role
    in alerting the public to wrongdoing in politics
    and business
  • Sinclair exposed the filthy conditions in the
    meatpacking industry and helped shift public
    opinion for involvement
  • While Teddy approved of legitimate exposure, he
    condemned those using yellow journalism to make
    money

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9
Protecting Public Health
  • Public horror over exposed disgusting health
    conditions in food processing plants led to the
    Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection
    Act 1906 laws required accurate labeling of
    ingredients, strict sanitary conditions, and a
    rating system for meats
  • The govt also established the Department of Labor
    which supported laws to benefit women and children

10
Ida Tarbell
  • In 1904, The History of Standard Oil Company
    revealed to the public the sometimes illegal, and
    very immoral, abuses committed by Standard Oil
    and John D. Rockefeller
  • Tarbell, an investigative journalist, helped
    create public opinion against Standard Oil and
    led to the breakup of that major monopolistic
    trust

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14
Progressivism and Resistance
  • Progressives sought increased govt involvement in
    peoples lives and some of their ideas were met
    with resistance poor families needed the extra
    income their children provided
  • Others were critical and resisted because they
    did not want govt involvement in their daily lives

15
Expanded Role of Govt
  • Although some Progressive leaders sought more
    govt control of to protect workers, most opposed
    govt control of businesses (except for essential
    public services water, electricity)
  • Progressives also believed that govt ought to
    increase its responsibility for the welfare of
    the people more social welfare programs

16
Social Welfare Programs
  • These social welfare programs would ensure a
    minimum standard of living
  • Progressives pressed for unemployment benefits,
    accident and health insurance, and social
    security for the disabled and the elderly
  • Envisioned a govt that relied on experts to plan
    efficient programs, managed by professionals, not
    politicians hoped would end corruption

17
State Reforms
  • Progressives first worked to oust party bosses
    and give more power to citizens passed laws to
    increase the role of govt in business regulation
    and social welfare
  • The direct primary in which citizens rather
    than political leaders choose political
    candidates by 1916, all but 3 states

18
State Reforms
  • Other state reforms included the initiative
    process where citizens can put a proposed law on
    the ballot for voter acceptance by collecting
    signatures on a petition
  • Also the referendum process that allow citizens
    to approve or reject a law passed by the
    legislature

19
State Reforms
  • Also recall which allowed them to remove public
    officials from office before an election
  • In 1913, the Seventeenth Amendment, allowing the
    direct election of senators, was ratified by the
    states an example of national-scale Progressive
    reforms
  • Many state govts were also persuaded by
    Progressives to make reforms in the workplace

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22
Wilson and Social Reforms
  • President Wilson took little action to pursue
    social justice reform NAACP was founded, but
    govt did nothing to support equal rights
  • Reform was of less interest in the US as World
    War I approached, and Progressivism began to die
    out
  • However, the voice for womens suffrage the
    right to vote only grew stronger

23
Suffrage at Last
  • Women first demanded the right to vote in the
    mid-18th century among those early leaders were
    Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who
    supported civil disobedience the nonviolent
    refusal to obey a law in hopes of changing it
    both would die before realizing their dreams

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28
Womens Suffrage and TN
  • The US entered WWI in April 1917 and women across
    the country volunteered for service and the
    country left behind the idea of separate
    spheres for women and men
  • Womens suffrage was forgotten until the end of
    the war in 1919 state ratification was a bitter
    battle especially in Tennessee the pivotal
    state

29
19th Amendment Ratified
  • Ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment (19th)
    ended when Tennessee, in August 1920, became the
    36th state to ratify the suffrage amendment
  • The 19th Amendment marked the last major reform
    of the Progressive Era WWI would forever change
    the US and its direction
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