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Jacksonian America

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Jacksonian America Age of the Common ... Democrats 2. Whig Party (1834-1856) 3. Advantages of two-party system - multi-sectional; bring compromise 4. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Jacksonian America


1
Jacksonian America
  • Age of the Common Man, or triumph of demagoguery

2
I. End of the Era of Good Feelings
3
A. Panic of 1819
  • 1st national economic crisis
  • 2. wildcat banks
  • 3. Blame directed at the monster bank

4
B. The Missouri Compromise
  • 1819, balance between free/slave states

5
  • 2. 2nd MO Compromise
  • exclusion of free negroes and mulattoes
  • Sovereignty state or feds

6
C. The Corrupt Bargain
  • Election of 1824
  • J. Quincy AdamsFederalist tendencies
  • 2. Split Republicansbuck tails1826
    Democratic-Republicans

7
D. Expansion of democracy
  1. 1830 5 states require property to vote-
    majority rule sentiment
  2. Martin Van Buren- find popular leader

8
II. King Andrew
  • The first modern President
  • Rise of mass American society
  • Manipulation of two-party system

9
A. Modern Presidency
  • Loved, hated
  • Rested his legitimacy on will of the people
  • Compare w/ Lyceum Address

10
B. Mass society
  • Vertical v. horizontal society
  • No boundaries means no safety nets- economic
    growth breeds uncertainty
  • A. De Tocqueville political democracy leads to
    cultural democratization

11
C. Permanent two-party system
  • 1.Democratic Republicans Democrats
  • 2. Whig Party (1834-1856)
  • 3. Advantages of two-party system-
    multi-sectional bring compromise
  • 4. Disadvantages- demonize opponents for
    political gain
  • - too associated with regional interests

12
III. The dark side of democracy
  • Tyranny of the majority

13
A. War on the Bank
  1. Inhibited prosperity? - market revolution
  2. Withdrew federal funds- Panic of 1837

14
B. Tolerated mob violence
  • Attacks on abolitionist presses
  • 1833 Elijah Lovejoy
  • 2. Religious intolerance
  • - Joseph Smith
  • - Mormon Extermination Order, 1838

15
C. Jacksons Indian policy
  • Five Civilized TribesCherokee, Choctaw,
    Chickasaw, Creek, Seminole
  • 2. Northern tribes
    Peorias, Kaskaskians, Kickapoos,

    Sauks, Foxes, Winnebagos

16
  • 3. Indian Removal Act, 1830- carrot and stick
    approach
  • 4. Black Hawks War,
  • 1831-32
  • Black Hawk

17
  • 5. Cherokee
  • - 1820s, bicameral legislature, courts,
    constitution, alphabet
  • - 1828, GA nullifies Cherokee constitution gold
    rush

18
  • 6. Marshall SC, 1831, 1832
  • All GA legislation null and void
  • John Marshall has made his decision, now let
    himenforce it.

19
  • 7. Trail of Tears, 1831-1838
  • John Ross

20
D. John C. Calhoun and the Nullification Crisis
  • 1. 1828 Tariff of Abominations
  • 2. Va. Ky. Resolutions (1798)
  • 3. 1833 Jacksons Force Bill

21
IV. Progressive democratization in the Age of
Jackson
  • Reform in a horizontal society

22
A. Industrialization
  • Bourgeoisie, middle class
  • Civic activism as response to social illsreject
    laissez faire
  • Liberalism Jeremy Bentham, utilitarianism

23
B. Alternatives
  • Utopian Socialism Robert Owen New Harmony, IN
  • 2. MormonismJoseph Smith
  • Communitarian lifestyle


24
  • 3. Civil disobedience Henry David Thoreau
  • no obligation to follow
    immoral laws

25
C. 2nd Great Awakening
  • Rejection of materialism
  • Temperance, abolition

  • William Lloyd Garrison
  • A covenant with death and an agreementwith
    Hell

26
D. Origins of feminism
  • Cult of domesticity / separate spheres?
  • Middle class women and powerconsumerism,
    associationism
  • abolition, temperance, child labor,
    education
  • Politicization of womens concerns

27
  • 3. Seneca Falls Convention, 1848Elizabeth Cady
    Stanton, Lucretia Mott
  • Declaration of Sentiments
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