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In the Name of the God (Allah) Most Merciful Most Compassionate

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Title: In the Name of the God (Allah) Most Merciful Most Compassionate


1
In the Name of the God (Allah) Most Merciful Most
Compassionate
2
Islamic Greeting
  • Al Salamu alaykum (Peace be upon you)

Saudi Arabia
3
Introduction to Islam
  • Ayman Alzaatreh

4
Muslim Population
5
Muslim Population by Region
6
Numbers of Mosques in United States
The US Mosque Survey 2011 counted a total of
2,106 mosques as compared to the year 2000 when
1,209 mosques were counted representing a 74
increase from 2000.
7
What is Islam?
Islam Surrender and submission to the God
Muslim One who submits to the God
Madison Ave, NY
8
  • If we break down the meaning of Islam, then we
    need 6 English words to describe it
  • Surrender
  • Submission
  • Obedience
  • Sincerity
  • Peace
  • Tranquility

9
Beliefs and Principles
Six Pillars of Faith
  • God (Allah)
  • Angels
  • Revealed Messengers
  • Revealed Books
  • Day of Judgment
  • Pre-destination

Kaba Mecca, Saudi Arabia
10
Belief in God
  • Tawheed (Monotheism)

Say He is Allah the One and Only Allah is the
eternal absolute He neither begets nor is
begotten Nor is there to Him any
equivalent.". Surah (Chapter) 112
11
Belief in Angels
  • Gabriel (Archangel) Was Responsible for
    Transmitting the Quran to the Prophet
  • Many Others

12
Some of Prophets of Islam
  • Adam
  • Noah
  • Abraham
  • Ishmael
  • Isaac
  • Solomon
  • David
  • John the Baptist
  • Zechariah
  • Moses
  • Jesus
  • Mohammed

Istanbul, Turkey
13
Some of Revealed Books
  • Torah (Moses)
  • Zaboor (David)
  • Gospel (Jesus)
  • Quran (Mohammed)

14
The Quran
  • The Muslim Holy Book.
  • Revealed to Prophet Mohammed over a twenty three
    year period.
  • It is the word of God.
  • Delivered by the angel Gabriel.

15
Miracle of The Quran
  • The miracle of the Quran is that will remain
    without changing until the day of judgment.
  •  Allah says in the Quran Verily we It is we
    who have sent down the Dhikr (The Quran) and
    surely, we will guard it (from corruption)

16
More Miracles of the Quran
  • With power did We construct heaven. Verily, We
    are expanding it. (5147)
  • Have not those who disbelieved known that the
    heavens and the earth were one connected entity,
    then We separated them?... (2130)
  • He is the one who has set free the two kinds of
    water, one sweet and palatable, and the other
    salty and bitter. And He has made between them a
    barrier and a forbidding partition. (2553)
  • http//islamyesterday.com/science/

17
Fatiha
18
Translation of Surah Fatiha
  • In the name of Allah Most Gracious Most Merciful.
  • Praise be to Allah the Cherisher and Sustainer of
    the Worlds.
  • Most Gracious Most Merciful.
  • Master of the Day of Judgment.
  • Thee do we worship and Thee aid we seek.
  • Show us the straight path.
  • The way of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy
    Grace Those whose (portion) is not wrath and who
    go not astray.
  • Surah (Chapter) 1

19
Gods Relationship With Humanity
  • When my servants ask thee concerning Me, I am
    indeed close (to them)
  • I listen to the prayer of every suppliant when he
    calleth on Me
  • Let them also with a will listen to My call and
    believe in Me that they may walk in the right
    way.
  • 2186

Faisal Mosque Islamabad, Pakistan
20
Quran on Race Relations
  • O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of
    a male and a female and made you into nations and
    tribes that ye may know each other (not that ye
    may despise each other). Verily the most honored
    of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the
    most righteous of you. And Allah has full
    knowledge and is well acquainted (with all
    things).
  • 4913

21
Quran on Religious Freedom
  • Let there be no compulsion in religion. Truth
    stands out clear from error whoever rejects evil
    and believes in Allah hath grasped the most
    trustworthy hand-hold that never breaks. And
    Allah heareth and knoweth all things.(2256)
  • Those who believe (in the Qur'an) and those who
    follow the Jewish (Scriptures) and the Christians
    and the Sabians and who believe in Allah and the
    last day and work righteousness shall have their
    reward with their Lord on them shall be no fear
    nor shall they grieve. 262

New Mexico, USA
22
The Prophet Muhammad's(PBUH) Last Sermon
  • After praising thanking GOD he said "O People,
    lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether,
    after this year, I shall ever be amongst you
    again. Therefor listen to what I am saying to you
    very carefully TAKE THESE WORDS TO THOSE WHO
    COULD NOT BE PRESENT HERE TODAY.
  • O people, just as you regard this month, this
    city as sacred, so regard the life property of
    every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods
    entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurt
    no one so that no one may hurt you. Remember that
    you will indeed meet your LORD, and that HE will
    indeed reckon your deeds. Beware of Satan, for
    the safety of your religion.

23
The Prophet Muhammad's(PBUH) Last Sermon
  • O people it is true that you have certain rights
    with regard to your women, but they also have
    rights over you. Remember that you have taken
    them as your waives only under ALLAH's trust
    with His permission. If they abide by your right
    then to them belongs the right to be fed
    clothed in kindness. Do treat your women well
    be kind to them for they are your partners
    committed helpers.
  • O people, listen to me earnest, worship your
    LORD, do your five daily prayers, fast during the
    month of Ramadan, give your wealth to
    Zakat(Charity). Perform Hajj (Pilgrimage) if you
    can afford to.

24
The Prophet Muhammad's(PBUH) Last Sermon
  • All mankind are from Adam Eve, an Arab has no
    Superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has
    superiority over an Arab ALSO a white has no
    superiority over a black nor a black has any
    superiority over white except by piety good
    action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to
    another Muslim that the Muslims constitute one
    brotherhood.
  • Remember, one day you will appear before the GOD
    answer for your deeds. So beware, do not stray
    from the path of righteousness after I am gone.
  • O people, NO PROPHET OR APOSTLE WILL COME AFTER
    ME NO FAITH WILL BE BORN. Reason well,
    therefor, O people, understand words which I
    convey to you. I leave behind me two things, The
    QURAN my examples the Sunnah if you follow
    these you will never go astray.

25
Day of Judgment
  • Belief in Hereafter.
  • Accountability for how one lived life.
  • Accountability for ones actions.
  • Balance of both good and bad deeds.

BAD
GOOD
26
The 5 basics of Islam
  • SHAHADAH - Declaration of faith
  • SALAT - Five compulsory daily prayers
  • ZAKAH- Welfare distribution
  • SAWM - Fasting in Ramadhan
  • HAJJ - Pilgrimage to Makkah

27
Shahadah (Declaration of Faith)
  • Believe that there is nothing worthy of worship
    except the God, and Mohammed (Peace Be Upon Him)
    is His last messenger.

28
Meaning of Shahadah
  • Allah is He, than Whom there is no other god-
    Who knows (all things) both secret and open He,
    Most Gracious, Most Merciful. Allah is He, than
    Whom there is no other god- the Sovereign, the
    Holy One, the Source of Peace (and Perfection),
    the Guardian of Faith, the Preserver of Safety,
    the Exalted in Might, the Irresistible, the
    Supreme Glory to Allah! (High is He) above the
    partners they attribute to Him. He is Allah, the
    Creator, the Evolver, the Bestower of Forms (or
    Colours). To Him belong the Most Beautiful Names
    whatever is in the heavens and on earth, both
    declare His Praises and Glory and He is the
    Exalted in Might, the Wise. (5922-24)

29
Salat (Prayer)
  • Worship 5 times a day
  • Fajr pre-dawn
  • Zuhr noon
  • Asr mid-afternoon
  • Maghrib after sunset
  • Isha night
  • Qibla (Facing Mecca)
  • Adan (Call to prayers)
  • Jummah (Friday Congregational Prayers)

30
Zakat (Charity)
  • Eligible Muslims pay alms, on an annual basis
    that helps to purify their wealth.
  • Funds collected are distributed to the poor,
    orphans, and needy in society.
  • Zakah consists of giving 2.5 of ones
    accumulated wealth.

31
Saum (Fasting)
  • Cannot eat from dawn to sunset
  • Muslims fast during the month of Ramadan
  • Fasting helps Muslims
  • O ye who believe! fasting is prescribed to you as
    it was prescribed to those before you that ye may
    (learn) self-restraint.
  • 2183
  • Ramadan is the (month) in which was sent down the
    Qur'an as a guide to mankind also clear (Signs)
    for guidance and judgment (between right and
    wrong). So everyone of you who is present (at
    his home) during that month should spend it in
    fasting but if anyone is ill or on a journey the
    prescribed period (should be made up) by days
    later. Allah intends every facility for you He
    does not want to put you to difficulties. (He
    wants you) to complete the prescribed period and
    to glorify Him in that He has guided you and
    perchance ye shall be grateful.
  • 2185

32
Hajj (Pilgrimage)
  • Must be performed once in a lifetime if
    financially and physically capable.
  • Many of the Rites of Hajj Commemorate the trials
    of Prophet Abraham and his family.
  • About 3 millions people perform the Hajj annually.

Mecca Saudi Arabia
33
Islamic Holidays
  • Eid ul- Fitr (end of Ramadan)
  • Commemorates the end of fasting.
  • Eid ul- Adha (10th day of the month of Hajj)
  • Commemorates the Hajj and the sacrifices of
    Prophet Abraham

34
Islamic Law
  • Religious Rituals
  • Prayer
  • Fasting
  • Pilgrimage
  • Etc.
  • Mundane Acts
  • Business Dealings
  • Marriage Contracts
  • Criminal Justice
  • Medical Ethics
  • Etc.

35
Islamic Law
  • Sources of Islamic Law
  • Quran
  • Verbatim revealed word of God.
  • Considered 100 authentic.
  • Hadith
  • The sayings and practices of the Prophet.
  • Not considered 100 authentic.
  • Authenticity of individual Hadith are criticized
    and rated from indisputable to forgery.
  • Five Principle Objectives
  • Religion
  • Life
  • Intellect
  • Honor
  • Property

Madina, Saudi Arabia
36
Dietary Restrictions
  • For meat to be permissible it must be slaughtered
    from a person who believed of existence of the
    God.
  • Meat in the United States meets this requirement.
  • Some Muslims, however, will not eat meat unless
    it has been slaughtered by a Muslim.
  • Such meat is usually termed Halal.
  • Not permitted
  • Pork based products including gelatin (kosher
    gelatin is okay)
  • Alcohol products including in cooking

37
Addressing Stereotypes
38
Lack of Information about Islam
  • Reason why people connect Islam with violence
  • Christianity is not judged by the actions of a
    few of its followers because people know
    Christianity and Christians.
  • Timothy McVeigh
  • The KKK, Nazis, Skinheads
  • Ethnic Cleansing by the Serbs
  • Branch Dividians
  • Abortion center bombers
  • Crusades

39
Jihad
  • The Act of Struggling and Persevering.
  • Struggling to better oneself
  • Struggle to overcome adversity
  • Adversity tests ones virtues.
  • Jihad is for example fighting to remain patient
    when patience is difficult not when it is easy.
  • My standing before you is an example of Jihad.

40
Jihad
  • Fight in the cause of God those who fight you but
    do not transgress limits for God loveth not
    transgressors. 2190
  • If they seek peace, then you seek peace. And
    trust in God for He is the One that hears and
    knows all things. 861

41
Modesty in Islam
  • Islam values modesty as integral to societal
    morality.
  • Muslims see the exploitation of sexuality or
    sexual imagery, especially feminine sexuality, as
    clear evidence for the need for modesty.
  • Modesty in Islam applies to both men and women.
  • Modesty consists of both appearance and actions.

42
Hijab as Sign of Modesty
  • Muslim men and women dress in accord with the
    rules of modesty.
  • Muslim women cover their hair in accordance to
    the Quran.
  • Muslim women who cover their hair do not regard
    it as a sign of oppression but one of liberation
    from being judged purely on physical qualities.
  • Those who wear hijab should be treated with
    respect.

43
Further References
  • Brief Introduction
  • www.islam-brief-guide.org
  • General Islamic Website
  • www.ilovezakirnaik.com/videos/index.htm
  • www.islam.org
  • Council on American Islamic Relations
  • www.cair-net.org
  • Great Collection of Links
  • www.jannah.org
  • History of Islamic Sciences
  • users.erols.com/zenithco/

44
Q A
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