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HAZMAT

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Back to the Game Board DOT Regulations for 2 These pages in the ERG list the materials in alphabetical order. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HAZMAT


1
HAZMAT Review
Wes Adams
2






Hazardous Materials Basics
DOT Regulations
Common Elements
Chemical Reactions
Chemistry
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
5
3






Flammable Solids
Gases and Liquids
Oxidizers
Corrosives
Toxic Substances
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
5
4






Organics
Polymers
Explosives
Miscellaneous Hazards
Radioactive Materials
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
Hazardous Materials Basics for 1
The most common element in the Earths crust.
Check Your Answer
6
Hazardous Materials Basics for 1
What is oxygen?
Back to the Game Board
7
Hazardous Materials Basics for 2
In 1986 Congress, as a result of the Bhopal,
India incident, enacted this.
Check Your Answer
8
Hazardous Materials Basics for 2
What is EPCRA?
Back to the Game Board
9
Hazardous Materials Basics for 3
The red section of an NFPA placard indicates this.
Check Your Answer
10
Hazardous Materials Basics for 3
What is a flammability hazard?
Back to the Game Board
11
Hazardous Materials Basics for 4
This is performed prior to site entry in order to
aid in the selection of appropriate personal
protective equipment.
Check Your Answer
12
Hazardous Materials Basics for 4
What is a preliminary evaluation?
Back to the Game Board
13
Hazardous Materials Basics for 5
This is the highest level of hazardous materials
responder and should be aware things like of
route of exposure to hazardous materials, acute
and delayed toxicity, local and systemic effects,
dose response, and synergistic effects in
addition to the requirements of the previous
levels.
Check Your Answer
14
Hazardous Materials Basics for 5
What is the incident commander?
Back to the Game Board
15
Chemistry for 1
Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc is this.
Check Your Answer
16
Chemistry for 1
What is a mixture?
Back to the Game Board
17
Chemistry for 2
This is the change between the solid and liquid
states.
Check Your Answer
18
Chemistry for 2
What is melting?
Back to the Game Board
19
Chemistry for 3
This is the symbol for the element iron.
Check Your Answer
20
Chemistry for 3
What is Fe?
Back to the Game Board
21
Chemistry for 4
The number of neutrons in an atom of
phosphorus-31.
Check Your Answer
22
Chemistry for 4
What is 16?
Back to the Game Board
23
Chemistry for 5
The seventh column of the periodic chart
containing the elements fluorine, chlorine,
bromine, iodine, and astatine are referred to as
this.
Check Your Answer
24
Chemistry for 5
What are halogens?
Back to the Game Board
25
DOT Regulations for 1
Class 4.3 hazardous materials refer to these
materials.
Check Your Answer
26
DOT Regulations for 1
What is dangerous when wet?
Back to the Game Board
27
DOT Regulations for 2
A liquid or solid that even in small quantities
and without external ignition source can ignite
within five minutes after coming in contact with
air.
Check Your Answer
28
DOT Regulations for 2
What are pyrophoric materials?
Back to the Game Board
29
DOT Regulations for 3
These pages in the ERG list the materials in
alphabetical order.
Check Your Answer
30
DOT Regulations for 3
What are the blue pages?
Back to the Game Board
31
DOT Regulations for 4
The placard below indicates this kind of material.
Check Your Answer
32
DOT Regulations for 4
What are nonflammable gases (class 2.2)?
Back to the Game Board
33
DOT Regulations for 5
The placard below indicates this kind of material.
Check Your Answer
34
DOT Regulations for 5
What are Miscellaneous Hazardous materials (class
9)?
Back to the Game Board
35
Common Elements for 1
This gaseous element comprises about 21 of the
atmosphere.
Check Your Answer
36
Common Elements for 1
What is oxygen?
Back to the Game Board
37
Common Elements for 2
This element is the most chemically active
nonmetal and forms compounds with all elements
except the lighter noble gases.
Check Your Answer
38
Common Elements for 2
What is fluorine?
Back to the Game Board
39
Common Elements for 3
Products made from this element can be used to
sterilize water and as a bleaching agent of paper
pulp and certain textiles.
Check Your Answer
40
Common Elements for 3
What is chlorine?
Back to the Game Board
41
Common Elements for 4
4/5 of this element used annually is used to make
sulfuric acid.
Check Your Answer
42
Common Elements for 4
What is sulfur?
Back to the Game Board
43
Common Elements for 5
Coal, diamond, and graphite are allotropes of
this element.
Check Your Answer
44
Common Elements for 5
What is carbon?
Back to the Game Board
45
Chemical Reactions for 1
This class of fire results when flammable gases
and flammable (organic) liquids burn.
Check Your Answer
46
Chemical Reactions for 1
What is class B?
Back to the Game Board
47
Chemical Reactions for 2
The type of reaction indicated here 2 H2O2(aq) ?
2 H2O(l) O2(g)
Check Your Answer
48
Chemical Reactions for 2
What is a decomposition reaction?
Back to the Game Board
49
Chemical Reactions for 3
This factor that affects reaction rates causes
combustion reactions to occur much more quickly
if the oxygen content of the air is elevated.
Check Your Answer
50
Chemical Reactions for 3
What is reactant concentration?
Back to the Game Board
51
Chemical Reactions for 4
Applying water is the most common way of putting
out a fire. Water is useful mostly because it
takes away this away from the fire.
Check Your Answer
52
Chemical Reactions for 4
What is heat?
Back to the Game Board
53
Chemical Reactions for 5
A KHCO3 extinguisher is sometimes called this.
Check Your Answer
54
Chemical Reactions for 5
What is purple K?
Back to the Game Board
55
Gases and Liquids for 1
Since corn oil has a specific gravity of 0.91 it
do this on water.
Check Your Answer
56
Gases and Liquids for 1
What is float?
Back to the Game Board
57
Gases and Liquids for 2
Since propane has a vapor density of 1.5 it do
this in air.
Check Your Answer
58
Gases and Liquids for 2
What is sink into low lying areas?
Back to the Game Board
59
Gases and Liquids for 3
This is the minimum temperature at which a
flammable liquid first forms an ignitable mixture
with air.
Check Your Answer
60
Gases and Liquids for 3
What is the flash point?
Back to the Game Board
61
Gases and Liquids for 4
This is the largest amount of a gas or vapor that
will burn when exposed to an ignition source.
Check Your Answer
62
Gases and Liquids for 4
What is the Upper Explosive Limit (UEL)?
Back to the Game Board
63
Gases and Liquids for 5
A liquid that has a flash point below 73oF and a
boiling point below 100oF is referred to as a
this of class of flammable liquid.
Check Your Answer
64
Gases and Liquids for 5
What is class IA?
Back to the Game Board
65
Flammable Solids for 1
This group of elements from the periodic chart
reacts violently with room temperature water.
Check Your Answer
66
Flammable Solids for 1
What are alkali metals?
Back to the Game Board
67
Flammable Solids for 2
A W with a line drawn through it on the white
section of an NFPA placard cautions against
adding this.
Check Your Answer
68
Flammable Solids for 2
What is water?
Back to the Game Board
69
Flammable Solids for 3
Sodium Burns with this color of flame.
Check Your Answer
70
Flammable Solids for 3
What is yellow/orange?
Back to the Game Board
71
Flammable Solids for 4
Most combustible metal fires are this class of
fire.
Check Your Answer
72
Flammable Solids for 4
What is class D?
Back to the Game Board
73
Flammable Solids for 5
When water is added to calcium carbide it
liberates this gas.
Check Your Answer
74
Flammable Solids for 5
What is acetylene?
Back to the Game Board
75
Oxidizers for 1
Oxidizers are in this class of hazardous
materials.
Check Your Answer
76
Oxidizers for 1
What is class 5.1?
Back to the Game Board
77
Oxidizers for 2
The following reaction illustrates this redox
pair partner Mg ? Mg2 2e-
Check Your Answer
78
Oxidizers for 2
What is an oxidation?
Back to the Game Board
79
Oxidizers for 3
The fluorine in the following reaction is this
F2 2 I-1 ? I2 2 F-1
Check Your Answer
80
Oxidizers for 3
What is the oxidizing agent (oxidizer)?
Back to the Game Board
81
Oxidizers for 4
The bombing of the Federal Building in Oklahoma
City on April 19, 1995 involved mixing this
oxidizer with diesel fuel.
Check Your Answer
82
Oxidizers for 4
What is ammonium nitrate?
Back to the Game Board
83
Oxidizers for 5
This often explosively unstable oxidizing organic
material can form in old ether bottles.
Check Your Answer
84
Oxidizers for 5
What are organic peroxides?
Back to the Game Board
85
Corrosives for 1
A solution with a ph 5.4 is considered this.
Check Your Answer
86
Corrosives for 1
What is acidic?
Back to the Game Board
87
Corrosives for 2
One hazard of this acid is that it will extract
water from organic materials like sugar for one.
Check Your Answer
88
Corrosives for 2
What is sulfuric acid?
Back to the Game Board
89
Corrosives for 3
This oxidizing acid causes yellow burns on
contact with exposed skin.
Check Your Answer
90
Corrosives for 3
What is nitric acid?
Back to the Game Board
91
Corrosives for 4
Grades of this acid above 73 are not offered for
transportation because they are explosively
unstable.
Check Your Answer
92
Corrosives for 4
What is perchloric acid?
Back to the Game Board
93
Corrosives for 5
The best way to deal with a large spill of a
corrosive material is to do this.
Check Your Answer
94
Corrosives for 5
What is to neutralize it with an appropriate
material?
Back to the Game Board
95
Toxic Substances for 1
This route of exposure refers to a substance that
penetrates the epidermis into the dermis and the
blood stream.
Check Your Answer
96
Toxic Substances for 1
What is skin absorption?
Back to the Game Board
97
Toxic Substances for 2
These are toxic substances that cause liver
damage, alcoholic beverages for one.
Check Your Answer
98
Toxic Substances for 2
What are hepatoxins?
Back to the Game Board
99
Toxic Substances for 3
This is an injury, disease or death caused by
continued or repeated short-term exposures over a
period of a few days, weeks, or longer periods.
Check Your Answer
100
Toxic Substances for 3
What is chronic effect?
Back to the Game Board
101
Toxic Substances for 4
The dosage of a toxic substance when administered
to laboratory animals kills half of them is
referred to as this.
Check Your Answer
102
Toxic Substances for 4
What is Lethal Dose 50 kill (LD50)?
Back to the Game Board
103
Toxic Substances for 5
This is the time weighted average TLV of a toxic
substance that workers can be continuously
exposed for eight hours in conformance with OSHA
regulations.
Check Your Answer
104
Toxic Substances for 5
What is the Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL)?
Back to the Game Board
105
Organics for 1
This type of hydrocarbon has at least one
carbon-carbon triple bond .
Check Your Answer
106
Organics for 1
What is alkyne?
Back to the Game Board
107
Organics for 2
These three aromatic compounds make up the BTX
family.
Check Your Answer
108
Organics for 2
What are benzene, toluene, and xylene?
Back to the Game Board
109
Organics for 3
The functional group in this molecule for example.
Check Your Answer
110
Organics for 3
What is an aldehyde?
Back to the Game Board
111
Organics for 4
This type of organic solvent is typically not
flammable.
Check Your Answer
112
Organics for 4
What are halogenated hydrocarbons?
Back to the Game Board
113
Organics for 5
Drinking as little as 0.6 pints of this alcohol
can cause death while lesser amounts cause
irreversible blindness.
Check Your Answer
114
Organics for 5
What is methanol?
Back to the Game Board
115
Polymers for 1
These polymers are materials that if a moderate
amount of deforming force is added will return to
its original shape.
Check Your Answer
116
Polymers for 1
What are elastomers?
Back to the Game Board
117
Polymers for 2
This type of polymerization has alternating types
of units (A-B-A-B).
Check Your Answer
118
Polymers for 2
What is a co-polymer?
Back to the Game Board
119
Polymers for 3
This is written next to the guide book number in
the ERG to indicated a material will hazardously
polymerize.
Check Your Answer
120
Polymers for 3
What is a P?
Back to the Game Board
121
Polymers for 4
This decomposition and formation of flammable
vapor away from the heat source can cause this in
which the fire spreads to another room with out
direct contact from the fire.
Check Your Answer
122
Polymers for 4
What is flashover?
Back to the Game Board
123
Polymers for 5
This is the most common polymer made in the US.
Check Your Answer
124
Polymers for 5
What is polyethylene? Used to make milk jugs,
trash bags, plastic wrap etc.
Back to the Game Board
125
Explosives for 1
These shock waves are associated with the
explosives shattering power called this.
Check Your Answer
126
Explosives for 1
What is the brisance?
Back to the Game Board
127
Explosives for 2
The type of explosion that can occur in a grain
elevator is called this.
Check Your Answer
128
Explosives for 2
What is a dust explosion?
Back to the Game Board
129
Explosives for 3
All explosive materials are stored in these
buildings by Federal, state, and local
regulations.
Check Your Answer
130
Explosives for 3
What are magazines?
Back to the Game Board
131
Explosives for 4
According to DOT regulations, the hazard class
that houses explosives there are this many
divisions.
Check Your Answer
132
Explosives for 4
What is 6?
Back to the Game Board
133
Explosives for 5
The bombers of the USS Cole used this as an
explosive.
Check Your Answer
134
Explosives for 5
What is C-4?
Back to the Game Board
135
Miscellaneous Hazards for 1
OSHA specifies this Level of PPE as the minimum
protection for workers in danger of exposure to
unknown chemical hazards.
Check Your Answer
136
Miscellaneous Hazards for 1
What is Level B?
Back to the Game Board
137
Miscellaneous Hazards for 2
The area immediately around the spill is called
this.
Check Your Answer
138
Miscellaneous Hazards for 2
What is the hot zone (exclusion zone)?
Back to the Game Board
139
Miscellaneous Hazards for 3
The mail attacks that followed the September 11
terrorist attacks involved this biological agent.
Check Your Answer
140
Miscellaneous Hazards for 3
What is anthrax?
Back to the Game Board
141
Miscellaneous Hazards for 4
This hazardous material is a waste, or reusable
material, that contains an infectious substance
and is generated in the diagnosis, treatment, or
research of humans or animals.
Check Your Answer
142
Miscellaneous Hazards for 4
What is an regulated medical waste?
Back to the Game Board
143
Miscellaneous Hazards for 5
A Japanese doomsday cult, used this chemical
agent in a terrorist attack on the Tokyo subway
system that killed 12 and sent more than 5,000
people to hospitals.
Check Your Answer
144
Miscellaneous Hazards for 5
What is Sarin? (used by Aum Shinrikyo)
Back to the Game Board
145
Radioactive Materials for 1
The number of protons does Uranium-238 has.
Check Your Answer
146
Radioactive Materials for 1
What is 92?
Back to the Game Board
147
Radioactive Materials for 2
This is the time it takes for ½ of a radioactive
material to decay.
Check Your Answer
148
Radioactive Materials for 2
What is the half life?
Back to the Game Board
149
Radioactive Materials for 3
This type of radiation types causes the most
damage from an external source .
Check Your Answer
150
Radioactive Materials for 3
What is gamma radiation?
Back to the Game Board
151
Radioactive Materials for 4
Exposure to this radioactive material accounts
for on average 50 the 360 mrem annual exposure
to ionizing radiation.
Check Your Answer
152
Radioactive Materials for 4
What is radon?
Back to the Game Board
153
Radioactive Materials for 5
This nuclear power plant disaster that occurred
in 1986 which is still known as the worst
peace-time nuclear disaster on record.
Check Your Answer
154
Radioactive Materials for 5
What is Chernobyl?
Back to the Game Board
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