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GEORGIA SOCCER COACHING SCHOOL

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GEORGIA SOCCER COACHING SCHOOL F COURSE For U-10 and U-12 Recreational Coaches October 2009 When you have finished your plan, simply print it out using the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: GEORGIA SOCCER COACHING SCHOOL


1
GEORGIA SOCCER COACHING SCHOOL
  • F COURSE
  • For U-10 and U-12 Recreational Coaches
  • October 2009

2
OUR CHALLENGE CHANGE THE CULTURE
  • Change from a Coach-centered approach to a
    Player-centered approach
  • Change from a Drills mentality to Game-like
    activities approach
  • Change from a result-oriented philosophy to a
    process-oriented one
  • Adults need to learn to view the game through the
    childs eyes

3
THE PLAYER-CENTERED APPROACH
  • The Player is the central focus
  • Understand players characteristics
  • Allow players to take ownership
  • Allow players to make own decisions
  • Allow players to solve problems
  • Avoid over-coaching. Let go!!
  • Avoid coaching in absolutes
  • Avoid coach-controlled choreography
  • Avoid imposing adult agenda/expectations on kids

4
THE GAME IS THE TEACHER
  • Players enjoy game-like activities as opposed to
    drills
  • Players learn from doing, not
  • from listening to lectures
  • Players learn best from activities
  • that replicate the real game
  • The Game is The Teacher means more game-like
    practices, not more league games
  • The Small-sided games are most appropriate

5
OBJECTIVES OF THE COURSE
  • Understand characteristics of U-10/U-12
  • Understand their needs and capabilities
  • Able to organize appropriate practice sessions
  • Acquire the tools to evaluate players skills
  • Learn the key coaching points for basic skills
  • Understand rationale of Small-Sided Soccer
  • Become a comfortable and confident coach

6
UNDERSTAND PLAYERS CHARACTERISTICS
  • U-10 Players Motor Skills
  • Boys and girls begin to develop separately
  • Motor skills starting to refine
  • But diversity in playing ability, coordination
    and physical maturity (Select vs Rec)
  • Rapid gains in learning new skills
  • Prone to heat related injuries
  • Lack adult level stamina but recover quicker

7
UNDERSTAND PLAYERS CHARACTERISTICS
  • U-10 Players Cognitive Skills
  • Less egocentric more cooperative
  • Start to think logically, but related to concrete
    objects
  • Still live in the here and now world
  • Start to understand Team concept
  • Able to sequence thoughts and start to think
    ahead
  • But ability to think limited by ball skills
  • Start to understand concept of time and space
  • Attention span still short. Players are fidgety
  • Demonstrates increased responsibility

8
UNDERSTAND PLAYERS CHARACTERISTICS
  • U-10 Players Psycho-Social Skills
  • Enjoy competition
  • Respond to Cooperative and Competitive
    activities
  • Begin to appreciate the need for Rules and Limits
  • Peer pressure and team identity is important
  • Still look up to adults and seek approval Role
    models
  • Still fragile psychologically and avoids being
    embarrassed in front of peers
  • Start to compare their ability to others
  • Acquire sport heroes

9
UNDERSTAND PLAYERS CHARACTERISTICS
  • U-12 Players Motor Skills
  • Motor skills continuing to refine almost adult
    like
  • Increased diversity in playing ability and
    physical maturity (puberty begins at 10 for girls
    and 12 for boys)
  • Rapid gains in learning new skills can execute
    more complex skills sequence
  • Still prone to heat related injuries
  • Lack adult level stamina but recover quicker
  • Athleticism is genetic and fitness has a ceiling

10
UNDERSTAND PLAYERS CHARACTERISTICS
  • U-12 Players Cognitive Skills
  • Begin to acquire adult logic
  • Start to think in abstract terms
  • Able to sequence thoughts and start to think
    ahead
  • But ability to think limited by range of skills
  • Full-sided game is still information overflow
  • No longer follow adults blindly it has to make
    sense
  • Start to understand concept of time and space
  • Attention span still short. Players are fidgety

11
UNDERSTAND PLAYERS CHARACTERISTICS
  • U-12 Players Psycho-Social Skills
  • Enjoy competition
  • Spend increasing time with peers, less with
    parents
  • Popularity and self-esteem important (enter
    puberty)
  • Watch TV more and engage less in unstructured
    play
  • Start to compare their ability to others and
    question their participation in sports
  • Still look up to adults and seek approval Role
    models
  • Acquire sport heroes but migrate towards friends
    of similar socioeconomic status and hobby interest

12
UNDERSTAND PLAYERS CHARACTERISTICS
  • U-10/U-12 Rec Soccer Skills
  • Still learning basic techniques
  • First touch a problem
  • Passing range vs kicking range
  • Crossing a problem
  • Shooting off a dribble, pivot and shoot
  • Implications for Field size
  • Athletic development coordination
  • Randomness of play

13
PLAYER DEVELOPMENT PHILOSOPHY
  • Must focus on technique
  • Max ball touches (ball ratio, small groups)
  • Must be fun
  • Players exposed to different positions
  • Rules modified to accommodate players level
  • Activities vs drills, to promote thinking
  • De-emphasize winning/losing
  • Values, life lessons, positive self-image
  • Bill of Rights for young athletes

14
PLAYER DEVELOPMENT PHILOSOPHY
  • Philosophy of Equal Opportunities
  • Increase number of potential growth experiences
    at each practice and game
  • Each participant challenged and grow at their own
    ability level
  • Better players contribute to growth of players
    who are a level below
  • More turns, more ball contacts, less down-time
  • Choose activities that allow everyone to play and
    accomplish above stated goals/philosophy

15
PLAYER DEVELOPMENT PHILOSOPHY
  • Slanty Line Theory
  • Replace traditional rope game of high water-low
    water where everyone jumps over straight line
    rope
  • The traditional straight line rope eliminates the
    weakest players early (those who need the
    activity the most)
  • Use slanty line rope so each player can engage at
    his/her level and experience success
  • When players feel comfortable, secure they seek
    out new challenges.
  • Choose activities that allow everyone to stay
    engaged without getting eliminated early

16
PLAYER DEVELOPMENT PHILOSOPHY
  • Flow State Model
  • Flow is the period of time in which the activity
    or task matches your ability
  • If too easy it becomes boring. If too hard
    it becomes frustrating.
  • When in a state of flow, players lose track of
    time and experience happiness and success
  • When not in a state of flow, other behavioral
    states may occur (misbehave, inattentive, bored,
    anxious, etc).
  • Choose activities that allow everyone to reach a
    state of flow quickly, with action, opportunities
    challenges

17
ROLE OF THE COACH
  • As a Facilitator
  • As a Positive Role Model
  • As one who understands who he is coaching
  • As a Teacher (learning process, guided discovery)
  • As one who knows the Components of Soccer
  • Technique Tactics
  • Psychology Fitness

18
ROLE OF THE COACH
  • COACHING STYLE TO MODEL
  • Father/mother figure, friendly, caring, giving
  • Exudes confidence
  • Comfortable dealing with people of all ages
  • COACHING STYLE TO AVOID
  • Drill sergeant, in your face shouter,
    self-absorbed
  • Often result of lack of confidence
  • Inexperience in coaching soccer and trying to
    hide inexperience behind aggressive coaching
    style
  • Personality traits
  • Cant handle misbehavior, dis-obeyance

19
TEAM MANAGEMENT SAFETY AND RISK MANAGEMENT
  • Coach has responsibility for safety of players
  • Safe environment (field, goals, equipment)
  • Free of physical, sexual, or verbal abuse
  • Coach proper technique
  • Safe activities and proper warm up
  • Supervision of players, size mismatch
  • Quick and sufficient medical response
  • Common sense with weather/lightning

20
TEAM MANAGEMENT SAFETY AND RISK MANAGEMENT
  • Calmness during games keep cool head
  • Do not meet with individual players alone
  • Frequent water breaks
  • Use practice vests rather than play skins
  • Get certified with Coaching License
  • Get certified with First Aid course
  • Know the laws of the game
  • Coaches membership US Youth Soccer/NSCAA

21
TEAM MANAGEMENT ETHICAL ASPECTS
  • Standards of behavior (moral ethical)
  • In the best interest of the individual player
  • Respect all participants (opponents, ref, etc)
  • Respect others confidentiality/privacy
  • Provide feedback in caring/sensitive manner
  • Developing players character, values, positive
    self-image, self confidence more important than
    soccer skills and team results.

22
TEAM MANAGEMENT CARE AND PREVENTION
  • Always ERR on the side of caution
  • First Aid kit
  • Prevention is key
  • Player Safety Information Card
  • Rule of Thumb when handling injury
  • Avoid panic. Inspire confidence and reassure
    player.
  • Check for history of injury (how it happened)
  • Check for Breathing, bleeding, deformity,
    discoloration
  • Avoid moving the player if potential injury to
    back/neck
  • Use common sense and seek professional help

23
TEAM MANAGEMENT CARE AND PREVENTION
  • Coaches need to know
  • Rest Ice Compression Elevation
  • Strains and Sprains
  • Blisters
  • Broken bones and recognition of them
  • Cramp
  • Heat exhaustion
  • Concussions and head injuries

24
TEAM MANAGEMENT TEAM ORGANIZATION
  • Players play every position
  • Equipment needs (cones, extra balls, air pump,
    bibs, First aid kit, Ice, goals)
  • Parent Meeting pre-season
  • Duration of practices (60-90 minutes 2/week)
  • Plan practice (enjoyment, objectives, realism)
  • Progress from simple to complex (warm-up,
    individual activities, small-group, large group)

25
Georgia Soccer Coaching Education Program
  • Practice Planning
  • SoccerROM

26
Practice Planning SoccerROM
  • SoccerROM is an online application, not just a
    web site
  • Designed to work for coaches of all levels
  • Makes it easy for coaches to plan practices and
    bring new ideas to their players
  • Extends education beyond the clinic (before the
    course and after)
  • Georgia Soccer is providing FREE SoccerROM
    subscriptions to coaches who attend a coaching
    course
  • It is very important that you have a WRITTEN
    practice plan with you every time you step on the
    field
  • Having a plan in your head isnt enough!
  • Your sessions dont have to come from SoccerROM,
    but this makes it easy!

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When you have finished your plan, simply print it
out using the Print feature of your web
browser, and youll get a one- to two-page plan
that you can take with you to your session.
  • To get started
  • Go to www.SoccerROM.com
  • Click on Subscribe Now!
  • Go through the registration process, and enter
    the following Program ID Code when prompted
  • GA09CED716
  • When asked for payment, pick Check
  • Your account will be activated within a few hours!

35
GEORGIA SOCCER COACHING SCHOOL
  • F COURSE
  • October 2009
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