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GEORGIA SOCCER COACHING SCHOOL

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GEORGIA SOCCER COACHING SCHOOL ... Cannot handle tactics Don t really play soccer but play at soccer UNDERSTAND PLAYERS CHARACTERISTICS U-6 Players ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: GEORGIA SOCCER COACHING SCHOOL


1
GEORGIA SOCCERCOACHING SCHOOL
  • G COURSE
  • For U-6 and U-8 Recreational Coaches
  • October 2009

2
OUR CHALLENGE CHANGE THE CULTURE
  • Change from a Coach-centered approach to a
    Player-centered approach
  • Change from a Drills mentality to Game-like
    activities approach
  • Change from a result-oriented philosophy to a
    process-oriented one
  • Adults need to learn to view the game through the
    childs eyes

3
THE PLAYER-CENTERED APPROACH
  • The Player is the central focus
  • Understand players characteristics
  • Allow players to take ownership
  • Allow players to make own decisions
  • Allow players to solve problems
  • Avoid over-coaching. Let go!!
  • Avoid coaching in absolutes
  • Avoid coach-controlled choreography
  • Avoid imposing adult agenda/expectations on kids

4
THE PLAYER AND HIS/HER BALL
  • First introduction to soccer
  • Egocentric stage
  • Fascination with new toy
  • Dont want to share their new toy
  • Learning to control their body and the ball
  • Cannot handle opponents yet

5
OBJECTIVES OF THE COURSE
  • Understand characteristics of U-6/U-8
  • Understand their needs and capabilities
  • Able to organize appropriate practice sessions
  • Understand the importance of dribbling
  • KINS Program
  • Understand rationale of Small-Sided Soccer
  • Become a comfortable and confident coach

6
UNDERSTAND PLAYERS CHARACTERISTICS
  • U-6 Players Motor Skills
  • Differences between Boys and girls minimal
  • Motor skills start with the head and move
    downward and outward
  • No sense of pace
  • Easy fatigue, rapid recovery
  • Catching skills not developed
  • Eye-hand and eye-foot coordination primitive
  • Need to explore quality of rolling/bouncing balls
  • Movement education, locomotor/nonlocomotor

7
UNDERSTAND PLAYERS CHARACTERISTICS
  • U-6 Players Cognitive Skills
  • Short attention span
  • Play consists of high degree of
    imagination/pretend
  • Illogical thinking
  • Constantly in motion. No sense of pace
  • Can tend to only one task at a time
  • No understanding of time/space relationships
  • Can only handle simple, one-step instructions
  • Focus only on ball. Cannot handle tactics
  • Dont really play soccer but play at soccer

8
UNDERSTAND PLAYERS CHARACTERISTICS
  • U-6 Players Psycho-Social Skills
  • Developing self-concept through movement
  • Egocentric. Do not play with but play in
    parallel
  • No concept of TEAM or group dynamics
  • See world only from their perspective (physically
    and emotionally)
  • Need generous praise and opportunity to play
    without pressure
  • Fragile psychologically

9
UNDERSTAND PLAYERS CHARACTERISTICS
  • U-8 Players Motor Skills
  • Motor skills continuing to improve but still
    primitive
  • Catching and bouncing skills beginning to improve
  • Constantly in motion. Hyper with energy to burn
  • Still lack adult like stamina and tires quickly
  • Prone to heat injuries
  • Lack visual acuity to deal with air balls
  • throw ins, goal kicks, corner kicks issues
  • Movement education still the key (locomotor,
    non-locomotor and manipulative)

10
UNDERSTAND PLAYERS CHARACTERISTICS
  • U-8 Players Cognitive Skills
  • Fantasy age disappearing. Some start to think
    and solve problems but do the first thing that
    comes to mind
  • Attention span still short. Players are fidgety
  • Controlling the ball still main focus. Cannot
    think ahead
  • Concept of time and space still forming
  • Limited self evaluation effort equal success
  • Doesnt recognize some relationships and assumes
    some that do not really exist

11
UNDERSTAND PLAYERS CHARACTERISTICS
  • U-8 Players Psycho-Social Skills
  • Becoming self-conscious. Act less goofy.
  • Looking for approval from adults. Like to show
    off.
  • Negative comments carry great weight.
  • They want everyone to like them.
  • Like to imitate the big guys (sport heroes,
    adults)
  • Likes soccer because its fun. Intrinsically
    motivated
  • Playmates emerge. Universe expanded.
  • Limited Team identity.
  • Father becomes more influential

12
UNDERSTAND PLAYERS CHARACTERISTICS
  • U-6/U-8 Rec Soccer Skills
  • They dont pass they kick
  • The swarm
  • Cannot handle throw-ins
  • Cannot handle goal kicks
  • Cannot handle corner kicks
  • Implications for Field size
  • No such thing as a wrong technique
  • Randomness of play

13
PLAYER DEVELOPMENT PHILOSOPHY
  • Must focus on dribbling KINS approach
  • Max ball touches (every player with the ball)
  • Must be fun. Motivate to participate.
  • No tactics. No positions.
  • Rules modified to accommodate players level
  • Activities vs drills, to promote thinking
  • De-emphasize winning/losing. No scores.
  • Criticism not appropriate. Develop rapport.

14
PLAYER DEVELOPMENT PHILOSOPHY
  • Philosophy of Equal Opportunities
  • Increase number of potential growth experiences
    at each practice and game
  • Each participant challenged and grow at their own
    ability level
  • Better players contribute to growth of players
    who are a level below
  • More turns, more ball contacts, less down-time
  • Choose activities that allow everyone to play and
    accomplish above stated goals/philosophy

15
PLAYER DEVELOPMENT PHILOSOPHY
  • Slanty Line Theory
  • Replace traditional rope game of high water-low
    water where everyone jumps over straight line
    rope
  • The traditional straight line rope eliminates the
    weakest players early (those who need the
    activity the most)
  • Use slanty line rope so each player can engage at
    his/her level and experience success
  • When players feel comfortable, secure they seek
    out new challenges.
  • Choose activities that allow everyone to stay
    engaged without getting eliminated early

16
PLAYER DEVELOPMENT PHILOSOPHY
  • Flow State Model
  • Flow is the period of time in which the activity
    or task matches your ability
  • If too easy it becomes boring. If too hard
    it becomes frustrating.
  • When in a state of flow, players lose track of
    time and experience happiness and success
  • When not in a state of flow, other behavioral
    states may occur (misbehave, inattentive, bored,
    anxious, etc).
  • Choose activities that allow everyone to reach a
    state of flow quickly, with action, opportunities
    challenges

17
KINS PROGRAM
  • KINS Kicking Is Not Soccer
  • Emphasize the skill of DRIBBLING
  • Foundation/preparation skill for every other
    skill
  • Must start early and develop feel/composure on
    ball
  • Best time to learn from Trial and error
  • Discourage aimless booting of the ball
  • Emphasis on Booting stunts development
  • Players conditioned to get rid of the ball
  • Promote decision making by players
  • Warm up emphasize dribbling

18
BENEFITS OF KINS PROGRAM
  • Improves skill and enjoyment of players
  • Provides built-in on-going coaching assistance
  • Easier to enlist parents to volunteer as coach
  • Develop club identity and loyalty
  • Raises the skill level of the recreational level
  • Raises the skill level of the select level
  • KINS Program Manual in www.gasoccer.org

19
TEAM MANAGEMENTSAFETY AND RISK MANAGEMENT
  • Coach has responsibility for safety of players
  • Safe environment (field, goals, equipment)
  • Free of physical, sexual, or verbal abuse
  • Coach proper technique
  • Safe activities and proper warm up
  • Supervision of players, size mismatch
  • Quick and sufficient medical response
  • Common sense with weather/lightning

20
TEAM MANAGEMENTSAFETY AND RISK MANAGEMENT
  • Calmness during games keep cool head
  • Frequent water breaks
  • Get certified with Coaching License
  • Get certified with First Aid course
  • Know the laws of the game
  • Coaches Connection membership
  • www.usyouthsoccer.org

21
TEAM MANAGEMENTETHICAL ASPECTS
  • Standards of behavior (moral ethical)
  • In the best interest of the individual player
  • Respect all participants (opponents, ref, etc)
  • Respect others confidentiality/privacy
  • Provide feedback in caring/sensitive manner
  • Developing players character, values, positive
    self-image, self confidence more important than
    soccer skills and team results.

22
TEAM MANAGEMENTCARE AND PREVENTION
  • Always ERR on the side of caution
  • First Aid kit
  • Prevention is key
  • Player Safety Information Card
  • Rule of Thumb when handling injury
  • Avoid panic. Inspire confidence and reassure
    player.
  • Check for history of injury (how it happened)
  • Check for Breathing, bleeding, deformity,
    discoloration
  • Avoid moving the player if potential injury to
    back/neck
  • Use common sense and seek professional help

23
TEAM MANAGEMENTCARE AND PREVENTION
  • Coaches need to know
  • Rest Ice Compression Elevation
  • Strains and Sprains
  • Blisters
  • Broken bones and recognition of them
  • Cramp
  • Heat exhaustion
  • Concussions and head injuries

24
TEAM MANAGEMENTTEAM ORGANIZATION
  • Training sessions 45 min to 1 hr
  • Comprise of many short activities
  • No Laps, Lines, or lectures
  • Maximize ball touches
  • Movement education
  • Equipment needs (cones, extra balls, air pump,
    bibs, First aid kit, Ice, goals)

25
TEAM MANAGEMENTTEAM ORGANIZATION
  • Principles of Teaching
  • Players learn from doing, not from listening
  • Dont over coach
  • Create games that promote thinking
  • Wean them out of dependence on adults
  • Parents should not coach the players
  • Parents should not tell players to kick or boot
    ball
  • Coaches should also keep instructions to a
    minimum
  • Parent pre-season Meeting

26
COMMONLY ASKED QUESTIONS
  • Why 3v3/4v4?
  • What about Passing at U-6/U-8?
  • How to handle player who refuses to participate?
  • How do we handle a timid player?
  • How to handle a dominating player?
  • How to handle a disruptive player?
  • How to handle dangerous physical play?

27
Georgia SoccerCoaching Education Program
  • Practice Planning
  • SoccerROM

28
Practice Planning SoccerROM
  • SoccerROM is an online application, not just a
    web site
  • Designed to work for coaches of all levels
  • Makes it easy for coaches to plan practices and
    bring new ideas to their players
  • Extends education beyond the clinic (before the
    course and after)
  • Georgia Soccer is providing FREE SoccerROM
    subscriptions to coaches who attend a coaching
    course
  • It is very important that you have a WRITTEN
    practice plan with you every time you step on the
    field
  • Having a plan in your head isnt enough!
  • Your sessions dont have to come from SoccerROM,
    but this makes it easy!

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When you have finished your plan, simply print it
out using the Print feature of your web
browser, and youll get a one- to two-page plan
that you can take with you to your session.
  • To get started
  • Go to www.SoccerROM.com
  • Click on Subscribe Now!
  • Go through the registration process, and enter
    the following Program ID Code when prompted
  • GA09CED716
  • When asked for payment, pick Check
  • Your account will be activated within a few hours!

37
GEORGIA SOCCERCOACHING SCHOOL
  • G COURSE
  • October 2009
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