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1914-1918: The World at War

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1914-1918: The World at War Causes of the War The Spark Women and the War Effort Posters: Wartime Propaganda The Western Front: A War of Attrition ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 1914-1918: The World at War


1
1914-1918 The World at War
2
Differing Viewpoints
  • Family Feud
  • Fall of the Eagles
  • The War to End All Wars
  • The War to Make the World Safe for
    Democracy

3
Causes of the War
4
1. The Alliance System
Triple Entente
Triple Alliance
5
Two Armed Camps!
Allied Powers
Central Powers
6
The Major Players 1914-17
Allied Powers
Central Powers
Nicholas II Rus
Wilhelm II Ger
George V Br
Victor Emmanuel II It
Enver Pasha Turkey
Pres. Poincare Fr
Franz Josef A-H
7
Europe in 1914
8
2. Militarism Arms Race
Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers
Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus. in millions of
s.
1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1914
94 130 154 268 289 398
1910-1914 Increase in Defense Expenditures
France 10
Britain 13
Russia 39
Germany 73
9
3. Economic Imperial Rivalries
10
4. Aggressive Nationalism
11
Pan-Slavism The Balkans, 1914
The Powder Keg of Europe
12
The Spark
13
Archduke Franz Ferdinand His Family
14
The Assassination Sarajevo
15
The Assassin
Gavrilo Princip
16
Whos To Blame?
17
The Schlieffen Plan
18
German Atrocities in Belgium
19
Mobilization
  • Home by Christmas!
  • No major war in 50 years!
  • Nationalism!

It's a long way to Tipperary, It's a long
way to go It's a long way to Tipperary,
To the sweetest girl I know! Goodbye,
Piccadilly, Farewell, Leicester Square,
It's a long, long way to Tipperary,
But my heart's right there!
20
Recruitment Posters
21
Recruits of the Central Powers
A German Soldier Says Farewell to His Mother
Austro-Hungarians
22
New French Recruits
23
A German Boy Pretends to Be a Soldier
24
(No Transcript)
25
Women and the War Effort
26
Financing the War
27
For Recruitment
28
Munitions Workers
29
French Women Factory Workers
30
German Women Factory Workers
31
Working in the Fields
32
A Woman Ambulance Driver
33
Red Cross Nurses
34
Women in the Army Auxiliary
35
Russian Women Soldiers
36
Spies
  • Mata Hari
  • Real Name Margareetha Geertruide
    Zelle
  • German Spy!

37
Posters Wartime Propaganda
38
Australian Poster
39
American Poster
40
Financing the War
41
German Poster
Think of Your Children!
42
The Western Front A War of Attrition
43
A Multi-Front War
44
The Western Front
45
Trench Warfare
46
Trench Warfare
No Mans Land
47
Verdun February, 1916
  • German offensive.
  • Each side had 500,000 casualties.

48
The Somme July, 1916
  • 60,000 British soldiers killed in one day.
  • Over 1,000,000 killed in 5 months.

49
War Is HELL !!
50
Sacrifices in War
51
Krupps Big Bertha Gun
52
The Eastern Front
53
The Gallipoli Disaster, 1915
54
America Joins the Allies
55
The Sinking of the Lusitania
56
The Zimmerman Telegram
57
The Yanks Are Coming!
58
Americans in the Trenches
59
The War of the Industrial Revolution New Tech
nology
60
French Renault Tank
61
British Tank at Ypres
62
U-Boats
63
Allied Ships Sunk by U-Boats
64
The Airplane
Squadron Over the Brenta Max Edler von Poosch,
1917
65
The Flying Aces of World War I
Francesco Barraco, It.
Eddie Mick Mannoch, Br.
Eddie Rickenbacher, US
Manfred von Richtoffen, Ger. The Red Baron
Rene Pauk Fonck, Fr.
Willy Coppens de Holthust, Belg.
66
Curtis-Martin U. S. Aircraft Plant
67
The Zeppelin
68
Flame Throwers
Grenade Launchers
69
Poison Gas
Machine Gun
70
Art of World War I
71
A Street in Arras John Singer Sargent, 1918
72
Oppy Wood John Nash, 1917
73
Those Who Have Lost Their Names Albin
Eggar-Linz, 1914
74
Gassed and Wounded Eric Kennington, 1918
75
Paths of Glory C. R. W. Nevinson, 1917
76
German Cartoon Fit for active service!, 1918
77
1918 Flu Pandemic Depletes All Armies
50,000,000 100,000,000 died
78
11 a.m., November 11, 1918
The Armistice is Signed!
79
9,000,000 Dead
80
The Somme American Cemetary, France
116,516 Americans Died
81
World War I Casualties
82
Turkish Genocide Against Armenians
A Portent of Future Horrors to Come!
83
Turkish Genocide Against Armenians
Districts Vilayets of Western Armenia in Turkey 1914 1914 1922
Erzerum 215,000 215,000 1,500
Van 197,000 197,000 500
Kharbert 204,000 204,000 35,000
Diarbekir 124,000 124,000 3,000
Bitlis 220,000 220,000 56,000
Sivas 225,000 225,000 16,800
       
Other Armenian-populated Sites in Turkey      
Western Anatolia 371,800 371,800 27,000
Cilicia and Northern Syria 309,000 309,000 70,000
European Turkey 194,000 194,000 163,000
Trapizond District 73,390 73,390 15,000
Total Total 2,133,190 387,800
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