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African-American History

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African-American History Literature from an Historical Perspective * * * * * * * ORAL TRADITION 1619-1808 ORAL TRADITION 1619-1808 Work Songs We are going down to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: African-American History


1
African-American History
  • Literature from an Historical Perspective

2
ORAL TRADITION
  • 1619-1808

3
ORAL TRADITION 1619-1808
  • Work Songs
  • We are going down to Georgia, boys
  • To see the pretty girls, boys
  • Well give em a pint of brandy, boys
  • And a hearty kiss, besides, boys.
  • Spirituals
  • Joshua fit de battle of Jericho,
  • Jericho, Jericho,
  • Joshua fit the battle of Jericho,
  • And de walls come tumbling town.

4
Oral Tradition
  • Folktales--Africa
  • The Elephant and the Tortoise
  • Slave Folktales
  • Rabbit Teaches Bear a Song

5
Oral Tradition
  • Phillis Wheatley (1770s)
  • Twas mercy brought me from my Pagan land,
  • Taught my benighted soul to understand
  • That theres a God, that theres a Savior too
  • Once I redemption neither sought nor knew.
  • Some view our sable race with scornful eye,
  • Their colour is diabolic die.
  • Remember, Christians, Negros, black as Cain,
  • May be refind, and join th angelic train.

6
ABOLITIONISTS
  • 1808-1865

7
ABOLITIONISTS 1808-1865
  • Olaudah Equiano (1745-1797)
  • One day, when we had a smooth sea and moderate
    wind, two of my wearied countrymen who were
    chained together, preferring death to such a life
    of misery, somehow made through the netting and
    jumped into the seaMany a time we were near
    suffocation from the want of fresh air, which we
    were often without for whole days together.

8
Slave Narratives
  • Sojourner Truth (1779-?)
  • Aint I A Woman?
  • Frederick Douglas (1817-1895)
  • Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass
  • Harriet A. Jacobs (1813-1897)
  • Incidents in the Life of a Salve Girl, Written
    by Herself
  • William Wells Brown (1815-1884)
  • Clotel The Presidents Daughter, A Narrative of
    Slave Life in the United States

9
POST CIVIL WAR
  • 1865-1915

10
POST CIVIL WAR 1865-1915
  • Charles Chesnutt (1858-1932)
  • The Goophered Grapevine
  • Paul Dunbar (1872-1906)
  • We Wear the Mask
  • Booker T. Washington (1856-1915)
  • Up From Slavery
  • W.E. Du Bois (1868-1963)
  • The Souls of Black Folks

11
We Wear the Mask
  • WE wear the mask that grins and lies,     It
    hides our cheeks and shades our eyes,     This
    debt we pay to human guile     With torn and
    bleeding hearts we smile,     And mouth with
    myriad subtleties.

12
We Wear the Mask
  • Why should the world be over-wise,     In
    counting all our tears and sighs?     Nay, let
    them only see us, while             We wear the
    mask.
  • We smile, but, O great Christ, our cries     To
    thee from tortured souls arise.     We sing, but
    oh the clay is vile     Beneath our feet, and
    long the mile     But let the world dream
    otherwise,             We wear the mask!

13
RENAISANNCE
  • 1915-1945

14
RENAISANNCE 1915-1945
  • Marcus Garvey (1887-1940)
  • Speech on Disarmament Conference
  • Claude McKay (1889-1948)
  • If We Must Die
  • Langston Hughes (1902-1967)
  • Harlem
  • Gwendolyn Bennett (1902-1981)
  • Heritage
  • Richard Wright (1908-1960)
  • Black Boy

15
Harlem
  • What happens to a dream deferred?
  • Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or
    fester like a sore And then run? Does it stink
    like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over like
    a syrupy sweet?
  • Maybe it just sags like a heavy load.
  • Or does it explode?

16
PRE-CIVIL RIGHTS
  • 1945-1960

17
PRE-CIVIL RIGHTS 1945-1960
  • Margaret Walker (1915-)
  • For My People
  • Gwendolyn Brooks (1917-)
  • We Real Cool
  • Lorraine Hansberry (1930-1965)
  • A Raisin in the Sun
  • Ralph Ellison (1914-1994)
  • Invisible Man
  • James Baldwin (1924-1987)
  • Sonnys Blues

18
CIVIL RIGHTS TO NOW
  • 1960 to Present

19
CIVIL RIGHTS TO NOW 1960 to Present
  • Malcolm X (1925-1965)
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968)
  • Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (1950-)
  • Maya Angelou (1928-)
  • I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings
  • Toni Morrison (1931-)
  • The Bluest Eyes
  • Alice Walker (1944-)
  • Everyday Use
  • Terry McMillan (1951-)
  • How Stella God Her Groove Back
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