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TECHNICAL WRITING vs. ACADEMIC WRITING

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TECHNICAL WRITING vs. ACADEMIC WRITING TYPES of WRITING PERSONAL ACADEMIC PROFESSIONAL PERSONAL WRITING Purpose/Objective: to entertain to inform Evaluation: desired ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: TECHNICAL WRITING vs. ACADEMIC WRITING


1
TECHNICAL WRITINGvs.ACADEMIC WRITING
2
TYPES of WRITING
  1. PERSONAL
  2. ACADEMIC
  3. PROFESSIONAL

3
PERSONAL WRITING
  • Purpose/Objective
  • to entertain
  • to inform
  • Evaluation
  • desired emotional response
  • informed

4
PERSONAL WRITING
  • Graphics
  • emoticons
  • text-messaging lingo
  • Formats
  • e-mail
  • letters
  • journals
  • text messages

5
PERSONAL WRITING
  • Audience
  • equal knowledge
  • friends
  • colleagues
  • Informality

6
TECHNICAL WRITINGvs.ACADEMIC WRITING
7
AUDIENCES
  • Specific Audiences
  • boss
  • supervisor
  • team
  • committee
  • politicians
  • bank officers
  • general public
  • General Audience
  • generic reader
  • teacher
  • perhaps fellow students

AW
TC
8
AUDIENCES
  • 1 Document Many Readers
  • (Many Readers Many Needs)
  • food chain
  • boss, supervisor
  • team
  • engineers
  • workers
  • politicians
  • bank officers
  • general public
  • 1 Document 1 Reader
  • (1 Reader 1 Need)
  • teacher

TC
AW
9
PURPOSES
  • Purpose
  • Writing Situation
  • Objective
  • Why was the document written?

10
PURPOSES
  • Situation-Oriented
  • see a need
  • address a need
  • internal motivation
  • professional motivation
  • outcome-oriented
  • to get something accomplished
  • Assignment-Oriented
  • passive (vs. active)
  • given a topic, test
  • given an assignment
  • external motivation
  • scholastic motivation
  • grade-oriented
  • grade, g.p.a., degree

TC
AW
11
EVALUATION CRITERIA
  • Success
  • satisfaction of the needs of all readers
  • something was done
  • informed
  • persuaded
  • Success
  • correct answer
  • right information
  • unity, coherence
  • support, detail
  • grammar

AW
TC
12
APPLICATIONS
  • Real-World Applications
  • case studies
  • illustrative scenarios
  • operations management
  • for a job
  • for a raise or promotion
  • for a bid
  • practical
  • College Application
  • academic writing
  • essays
  • essay exams
  • for academics
  • for grade
  • for degree
  • show what you know
  • demonstrative

TC
AW
13
DISCIPLINES
  • Across Disciplines
  • interdisciplinary
  • computer sciences
  • psychology
  • mixture of
  • history
  • math
  • science
  • technology
  • Single Discipline
  • discipline-specific
  • literary data for an English paper
  • historical information on a history paper
  • psychological ideas on a psychology test
  • rarely a mixture

TC
AW
14
PAGE DESIGN
  • Paragraphs
  • 6-10 lines
  • vary lengths for visual
  • White Space
  • Columns
  • Headings
  • Lists
  • Graphics
  • Varying Fonts
  • Use of Color
  • Relative Spacing
  • Relative Margins
  • Relative Justification
  • Paragraphs
  • Minimum of 3-5 sentences
  • No maximum length
  • NO
  • White Space
  • Columns
  • Headings
  • Lists
  • Graphics
  • Varying Fonts
  • Use of Color
  • Double Spacing
  • Equal Margins
  • Left Justification

TC
AW
15
COMPONENTS
  • Oral, Visual, Written
  • produce documents
  • present documents
  • write to be read
  • write to be seen
  • write to be heard
  • Written
  • infrequent oral and visual components
  • predominant written component
  • write to be read
  • by teacher
  • write to be graded
  • not to be seen or heard

TC
AW
16
GRAPHICS
  • tables
  • charts
  • graphs
  • diagrams
  • photographs
  • maps
  • blue prints
  • uncommon
  • photographs

TC
AW
17
FORMATS
  • memos
  • e-mails
  • letters
  • cover letters
  • resumes
  • proposals
  • manuals
  • portfolio
  • abstracts
  • reports
  • formal
  • informal
  • essay questions
  • essays based on the rhetorical strategies
  • Description
  • Narration
  • Illustration
  • Process-Analysis
  • Division-Classification
  • Comparison-Contrast
  • Definition
  • Cause-Effect
  • Pro-Con Argument

TC
AW
18
GRAMMAR
  • Grammar-less
  • visual-oriented
  • grammar less important
  • fragments permissible
  • active voice
  • descriptive writing
  • concise sentences
  • spelling!
  • proofread!
  • Grammar-full
  • written-oriented
  • grammar key
  • sentence errors avoided
  • active voice
  • descriptive writing
  • concise sentences
  • spelling!
  • proofread!

TC
AW
19
CONCLUSIONS
  • Technical Communication
  • Practicality in the employment world
  • Real-World application
  • Academic Writing
  • Demonstration of knowledge
  • Limited to academia

20
CONCLUSIONS
  • Technical Communication
  • By an informed writer
  • Conveying necessary information
  • Both visually verbally
  • To a lesser-informed reader
  • (writer teacher)
  • Academic Writing
  • By a student-learner for an expert reader

21
CONCLUSIONS
  • Technical Communication
  • Read by many,
  • To satisfy the needs of many
  • Academic Writing
  • Read by one,
  • To appease the criteria of one

22
CONCLUSIONS
  • Technical Communication
  • Information Retrieval
  • organization format designed
  • to help readers quickly easily locate
    information
  • Academic Writing
  • Information Retrieval
  • little concern beyond a logical organization

23
CONCLUSIONS
  • Technical Communication
  • Public Speaking component
  • formal conference speeches
  • informal meeting speeches
  • Academic Writing
  • Limited Public Speaking opportunities
  • conferences or rare class projects
  • Public Speaking courses

24
DEFINITION
  • Technical Communication
  • Encompasses a wide range
  • of writing and speaking responsibilities
  • required to communicate your ideas
  • on the job.

25
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26
SIMILARITIES
  • Grammar
  • active voice
  • descriptive writing
  • concise sentences
  • spelling!
  • proofread!

27
SIMILARITIES
  • Writing as a Process
  • Planning
  • Drafting
  • Revising

28
EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHIES
  • writing process product
  • HEURISTIC
  • process
  • reader-focused
  • how-to
  • analyze-and-compose process
  • PRESCRIPTIVE
  • product
  • writer-focused
  • models/forms of writing
  • writing product
  • prescriptive
  • teach from models
  • rhetorical strategies
  • writer-focused

TC
AW
29
ACADEMIC WRITING
  • Purpose/Objective
  • to demonstrate knowledge
  • to show what you know
  • Audience
  • superior knowledge
  • teachers, perhaps peer editors
  • Evaluation
  • correct information
  • unity, coherence,
  • depth, clarity, grammar
  • Graphics
  • limited
  • to explain or persuade

30
ACADEMIC WRITING
  • Formats
  • Description
  • Narration
  • Illustration
  • Process-Analysis
  • Division-Classification
  • (Rhetorical Strategies or Writing Models)
  • Comparison-Contrast
  • Definition
  • Cause-Effect
  • Pro-Con
  • Argument-Persuasion

31
TECHNICAL WRITING
  • Purpose/Objective
  • to entertain
  • to inform
  • Audience
  • equal knowledge
  • friends, colleagues
  • Evaluation
  • desired emotional response
  • informed
  • Graphics
  • emoticons
  • text-messaging lingo
  • Formats
  • e-mail
  • letters
  • journals
  • text messages
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