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Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths

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Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths (Matthew 5:17-20) 17 Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths


1
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • (Matthew 517-20) 17 Do not think that I came
    to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not
    come to destroy but to fulfill. 18 For assuredly,
    I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away,
    one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from
    the law till all is fulfilled.

2
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • 19 Whoever therefore breaks one of the least of
    these commandments, and teaches men so, shall be
    called least in the kingdom of heaven but
    whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called
    great in the kingdom of heaven.

3
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • 20 For I say to you, that unless your
    righteousness exceeds the righteousness of the
    scribes and Pharisees, you will by no means enter
    the kingdom of heaven.

4
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • 1. What is the distinction between the Law and
    the Prophets? Together what would they have
    comprised?

5
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • Our Saviour was just entering on his work. It was
    important for him to state what he came to do. By
    his setting up to be a teacher in opposition to
    the scribes and Pharisees, some might charge him
    with an intention to destroy their law, and to
    abolish the customs of the nation. He therefore
    told them that he did not come for that end, but
    really to fulfill or accomplish what was in the
    law and the prophets.

6
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • To destroyTo abrogate to deny their divine
    authority to set people free from the obligation
    to obey them. The law. The five books of Moses
    called the law. See Luke 2444.

7
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • Luke 2444 (NKJV) 44 Then He said to them, These
    are the words which I spoke to you while I was
    still with you, that all things must be fulfilled
    which were written in the Law of Moses and the
    Prophets and the Psalms concerning Me.

8
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • The ProphetsThe books which the prophets wrote.
    These two divisions here seem to comprehend the
    Old Testament, and Jesus says that he came not to
    do away or destroy the authority of the Old
    Testament.

9
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • But to fulfilTo complete the design to fill up
    what was predicted to accomplish what was
    intended in them.

10
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • 2. What is the relationship of Jesus to the law?
    Based on Romans 104 and Colossians 213-14, what
    may Jesus have meant till all is fulfilled?

11
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • Romans 104 (NKJV) 4 For Christ is the end of the
    law for righteousness to everyone who believes.

12
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • Colossians 213-14 (NKJV) - 13And you, being dead
    in your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your
    flesh, He has made alive together with Him,
    having forgiven you all trespasses, 14 having
    wiped out the handwriting of requirements that
    was against us, which was contrary to us. And He
    has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to
    the cross.

13
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • 3. What is a jot or a title? Why did Jesus use
    them in v. 18?

14
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • Till heaven and earth passThis expression
    denotes that the law never would be destroyed
    until it should be all fulfilled. It is the same
    as saying everything else may change the very
    earth and heaven may pass away, but the law of
    God shall not be destroyed until its whole design
    has been accomplished.

15
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • One jotThe word jot, or yod, is the name of
    the Hebrew letter I, the smallest letter in the
    Hebrew alphabet.

16
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • One tittleThe word used here, in the Greek,
    means literally a little horn, then a point, an
    extremity. Several of the Hebrew letters were
    written with small points or apices, as in the
    Hebrew letter, shin, or the Hebrew letter, sin,
    which serve to distinguish one letter from
    another.

17
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • To change a small point of one letter, therefore,
    might vary the meaning of a word, and destroy the
    sense. Hence, the Jews were exceedingly cautious
    in writing these letters, and considered the
    smallest change or omission a reason for
    destroying the whole manuscript when they were
    transcribing the Old Testament.

18
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • The expression, one jot or tittle, became
    proverbial, and means that the smallest part of
    the law should not be destroyed.

19
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • 4. Imagine the affect on Jesus audience as Jesus
    told them they must be more righteous than the
    Pharisees. Why would many have considered this
    challenge as impossible?

20
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • 5. Consider the following passages and explain
    what was flawed about the righteousness of the
    Pharisees.
  • Matthew 2323-28
  • Luke 189-14
  • Romans 102-3

21
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • Matthew 2323-28 (NKJV) 23 Woe to you, scribes
    and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you pay tithe of
    mint and anise and cummin, and have neglected the
    weightier matters of the law justice and mercy
    and faith. These you ought to have done, without
    leaving the others undone. 24 Blind guides, who
    strain out a gnat and swallow a camel!

22
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • 25 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees,
    hypocrites! For you cleanse the outside of the
    cup and dish, but inside they are full of
    extortion and self-indulgence. 26 Blind Pharisee,
    first cleanse the inside of the cup and dish,
    that the outside of them may be clean also.

23
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • 27 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees,
    hypocrites! For you are like whitewashed tombs
    which indeed appear beautiful outwardly, but
    inside are full of dead mens bones and all
    uncleanness. 28 Even so you also outwardly appear
    righteous to men, but inside you are full of
    hypocrisy and lawlessness.

24
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • Luke 189-14 (NKJV) 9 Also He spoke this parable
    to some who trusted in themselves that they were
    righteous, and despised others 10 Two men went
    up to the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the
    other a tax collector.

25
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • 11 The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with
    himself, God, I thank You that I am not like
    other menextortioners, unjust, adulterers, or
    even as this tax collector. 12 I fast twice a
    week I give tithes of all that I possess. 13And
    the tax collector, standing afar off, would not
    so much as raise his eyes to heaven, but beat his
    breast, saying, God, be merciful to me a sinner!

26
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • 14 I tell you, this man went down to his house
    justified rather than the other for everyone who
    exalts himself will be humbled, and he who
    humbles himself will be exalted.

27
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • Romans 102-3 (NKJV) 2 For I bear them witness
    that they have a zeal for God, but not according
    to knowledge. 3 For they being ignorant of Gods
    righteousness, and seeking to establish their own
    righteousness, have not submitted to the
    righteousness of God.

28
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • Romans 102-3 (NKJV) 2 For I bear them witness
    that they have a zeal for God, but not according
    to knowledge. 3 For they being ignorant of Gods
    righteousness, and seeking to establish their own
    righteousness, have not submitted to the
    righteousness of God.

29
Murder, Adultery, Marriage and Oaths
  • Romans 102-3 (NKJV) 2 For I bear them witness
    that they have a zeal for God, but not according
    to knowledge. 3 For they being ignorant of Gods
    righteousness, and seeking to establish their own
    righteousness, have not submitted to the
    righteousness of God.
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