Why did the Normans build castles? Watch this clip from Horrible Histories for extra clues? ?Why did they build a castle here? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Why did the Normans build castles? Watch this clip from Horrible Histories for extra clues? ?Why did they build a castle here?

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starter activity Why did the Normans build castles? Watch this clip from Horrible Histories for extra clues? Why did they build a castle here? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Why did the Normans build castles? Watch this clip from Horrible Histories for extra clues? ?Why did they build a castle here?


1
? starter activity
Why did the Normans build castles? Watch this
clip from Horrible Histories for extra clues?
?Why did they build a castle here?
2
Why did castle design change over time?
  • TBAT to compare the differences between motte
    bailey stone keep castles

? LOs
3
Picture of Motte Bailey
When the Normans arrived the first castles they
built were wooden, motte bailey castles
(above.) Make a list of the advantages
disadvantages of this type of castle. ? How could
you improve this castle?
4
Strengths
  • Quick to build
  • Resources easily available
  • Provided living quarters for people animals
  • Easily defendable motte, palisade, ditch,
    drawbridge
  • Portable flat pack castles

Map of location of Motte Bailey castles
Motte and bailey castles built by William the
Conqueror
5
Weaknesses
  • Wooden easily burned down, rot in wet weather
  • Labour intensive
  • Bailey difficult to defend

6
Picture of stone keep castle
Make a list of all the advantages disadvantages
of building this type of this castle. ? Why would
these castles eventually become obsolete?
7
Strengths
  • Impressive
  • Safe base to rule local region
  • Special features portcullis, murder holes,
    arrow slits, merlons crenels
  • Difficult to attack thick walls, hoardings,
    drawbridge moat, round towers

Recognise this castle? Why is it so impressive?
8
Weaknesses
  • Expensive to produce
  • Time-consuming to build
  • Immovable
  • Not impregnable i.e. could break into them!
  • Picture of stone castle being beseiged

9
? Your task
  • Imagine you have been asked to produce a
    makeover show about a family living in a motte
    bailey castle who want to live somewhere a little
    more modern and easier to defend. Work in teams
    of 4/5 and show the changes the programme makes
    to their wooden castle to a state of the art
    stone keep.

10
Success criteria
Red Amber Green
Only mentions a few problems, e.g. ditch and wooden fence. Little or no technical vocabulary. Mentions a good range of problems facing the attacker as well as some weaknesses. Uses some technical words, e.g. palisade Full range of problems for attacker defender. Confident use of technical vocab. Good use of descriptive details.
11
? Homework
  • Produce an A4 estate agents brochure for a
    medieval stone keep castle. Include the following
    information
  • Dimensions
  • Floor plans
  • Types of rooms
  • Defensive features
  • ? You may wish to base it on a local castles such
    as Dover or Bodiam and conduct some independent
    research

12
? Plenary
  • Give each student a card. Make one side of the
    classroom motte and bailey castles, and the other
    stone keeps. Students must move to the correct
    side of the room according to the card they have.

Card sort
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