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Underground Railroad

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Underground Railroad What do you think of when you hear the words Underground Railroad? True or False: the underground railroad was a real railroad Why did the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Underground Railroad


1
Underground Railroad
2
What do you think of when you hear the words
Underground Railroad?
  • True or False the underground railroad was a
    real railroad

-Even though the UGRR had conductors and
stations there were no physical engines,
stations, or rail cars. -It was a loose system
of people helping escaped slaves reach freedom.
3
  • Why did the Underground Rail Road (UGRR) start?
  • Abolitionists (people against slavery) wanted
    to help assist slaves to freedom
  • Who helped escaped slaves on the UGRR?
  • Everyday people who did not believe in slavery
  • Not many records were kept about the UGRR.
  • Why do you think this?
  • It was dangerous for all the people involved so
    secrecy was needed for safety reasons

4
Secrecy
  • The use of songs filled with code words helped
    spread the word of the Underground Railroad
    without revealing plans.
  • One of these songs was called Follow the Drinking
    Gourd
  • When the sun comes back and the first quail
    calls,Follow the drinking gourd.For the old man
    is awaiting for to carry you to freedom,If you
    follow the drinking gourd.

Do you know where the song is telling you to go?
5
Secrecy
  • Break the code for a prize figure out what each
    word means (where should I go to meet the
    conductor?)
  • TRJW FIF OEKKMNS SOR NMDOW DEE FMEO
  • Why do you think many Slave States made it
    against the law to teach slaves how to read or
    write?

6
Most slaves didnt have specific destinations
just anywhere they could live in peace.
7
Appearances Can Be Deceiving
  • -Runaway slaves would hide in hidden compartments
    in houses to remain undetected

8
Cracking the Code of the UGRR
  • Conductor (old man)- people escorting slaves on
    the UGRR
  • Station- place of safety and temporary refuge
  • Drinking Gourd Big Dipper and the North star
  • Freedom train or Gospel train Underground
    Railroad
  • Heaven or Promised land Canada
  • Station Master keeper of safe-house
  • Stockholder donor of , clothing, or food to the
    UGRR
  • The wind blows from the south today warning of
    slave bounty hunters nearby
  • A friend with friends A password used to signal
    arrival of fugitives with UGRR conductor
  • Load of Potatoes, Parcel, or Bundles of Wood-
    fugitives to be expected

9
Where can freedom be found?
10
Routes to Freedom
  • Many slaves who lived in the more deep South area
    escaped to Cuba, Jamaica, and Mexico.
  • Those closer to the North traveled to free states
    and later Canada
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