Christology: The study of the doctrine of Christ or The study of Jesus as the Christ. I will introduce Christology according to the four major titles ascribed to Jesus by the New Testament writers. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Christology: The study of the doctrine of Christ or The study of Jesus as the Christ. I will introduce Christology according to the four major titles ascribed to Jesus by the New Testament writers.

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Title: Christology: The study of the doctrine of Christ or The study of Jesus as the Christ. I will introduce Christology according to the four major titles ascribed to Jesus by the New Testament writers.


1
ChristologyThe study of the doctrine of Christ
or The study of Jesus as the Christ.I will
introduce Christology according to the four major
titles ascribed to Jesus by the New Testament
writers.
Christology
2
Christology
  • Son of Man
  • Old Testament Background
  • Daniel 713-14
  • I saw in the night visions, and behold, with the
    clouds of heaven there came one like a son of
    man, and he came to the Ancient of Days and was
    presented before him. 14 And to him was given
    dominion and glory and kingdom, that all peoples,
    nations, and languages should serve him his
    dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall
    not pass away, and his kingdom one that shall not
    be destroyed.
  • It is the chief passage in the OT where the
    concepts of Jesus ministry come together
  • Son of Man and the Kingdom of God are found
    together.

3
Christology
  • Inter-Testamental References
  • 1 Enoch 3-6, 627, 70.1 4 Ezra
  • New Testament References
  • The phrase occurs 81 xs in NT
  • 69 in Synoptics (Matthew, Mark, Luke)
  • 9 in John,
  • 1 Acts 756,
  • Rev 113, 1414
  • With the exception of the 3 references in Acts
    and Revelation, it is exclusively used by Jesus
    Himself. Even in the exceptions, it is describing
    Jesus in Daniel-like language.

4
Christology
  • In the Gospels, three kinds of Son of Man
    sayings
  • 1. Present Earthly Activity of the Son of Man
  • Mark 210 But that you may know that the Son of
    man has authority on earth to forgive sins
  • Mark 228 so the Son of man is Lord even of the
    Sabbath.
  • Luke 734 The Son of man has come eating and
    drinking and you say, Behold, a glutton and a
    drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!

5
Christology
  • 2. Suffering / Death / Resurrection of Son of Man
  • Mark 831 And he began to teach them that the
    Son of man must suffer many things, and be
    rejected by the elders and the chief priests and
    the scribes, and be killed, and after three days
    rise again. (Note other passion predictions in
    Mark 931-32 and 1032-33.)
  • Mark 1045 For the Son of man also came not to
    be served but to serve, and to give his life as a
    ransom for many.

6
Christology
  • 3. Future coming / Judging Son of Man
  • Mark 838 For whoever is ashamed of me and of my
    words in this adulterous and sinful generation,
    of him will the Son of man also be ashamed, when
    he comes in the glory of his Father with the holy
    angels.
  • Mark 1326 And then they will see the Son of man
    coming in clouds with great power and glory.
  • Mark 1461-62 Again the high priest asked him,
    "Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed One?"
    And Jesus said, I am and you will see the Son
    of man seated at the right hand of Power, and
    coming with the clouds of heaven.

7
Christology
  • Son of Man Summary
  • Keep in mind, that to die was not part of OT
    prophecies or expectations regarding the Messiah.
    Thus, Jesus choose a new understanding and shaped
    in under the title Son of Man
  • Keep in mind, only Jesus used the title, Son of
    Man.
  • The early church did not use the phrase in its
    early confessions because it was not obviously
    understandable to the gentile world as divine.
    Nor did it appear to set Christ off from the rest
    of the human race as distinctive/unique.
  • Keep in mind, it clearly indicates that Jesus
    spoke with divine authority. The Son of Man
    sayings just may point more to Jesus divinity
    than do the more overt phrases of Son of God.

8
Christology
  • 2. Son of God
  • Old Testament Background
  • Psalm 2
  • 2 Samuel 74-14
  • Psalm 8919-45

9
Christology
  • Son of God . . . In John
  • Center of Johns Christology
  • Son - 29 xs
  • Father - 100 xs
  • John Purpose statement
  • But these are written that you may believe that
    Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by
    believing you may have life in his name. (John
    2031 )
  • Pre-existent Son
  • Personal Intimacy with the Father, ABBA
  • Obedience to the Will of the Father
  • Unique Son of God

10
Christology
  • Summary of Son of God
  • 1. Jesus does not reject the Son of God
    designation but he does further qualify it. (Mark
    1461-62).
  • He eludes that he is a Son of a new order.
  • 2. Jesus did not proclaim that he was the Son of
    God. And when others did he often commanded them
    to be silent. It was Jesus greatest temptation
    to become the wrong kind of Son of God.
  • True Son had a earthly cross not a throne.
  • Son of Man, Jesus designation of Choice
  • Son of God, Apostles designation of Choice

11
Christology
  • 3. Christ / Messiah
  • Latin Christus Greek Christos Hebrew
    Mashiach
  • In Old Testament Books
  • Only 45 xs
  • In Post-Exilic times
  • Rise of Messiah came about due to Israels
  • the loss of Land and demise of Davidic kings
  • In the Qumran Scrolls (Dead Sea Scrolls)
  • 150 B.C. - 70 A.D.
  • Messiah of Aaron (Priestly Messiah)
  • Messiah of David (Kingly Messiah)

12
Christology
  • 3. Christ / Messiah
  • In Pauline Books
  • Christ was favorite title / almost a name
  • Early dates of Pauls books tell us it was an
    early Christian Confession
  • In Gospels
  • Title/Role different than anyone expected
  • Command to silence, until post-crucifixion
    correction
  • Mark 827-30 Luke 2339

13
Christology
  • Summary of Christ / Messiah
  • 1. Crucifixion of Jesus was a major obstacle for
    the early church to overcome for them to accept
    Jesus as Messiah
  • Messiah had to be re-defined according to
    Jesus teaching and His categories.
  • 2. Christ as name / title by Paul assures the
    Early church was adopting Jesus definition.

14
Christology
  • 4. Lord
  • Earliest confession of the early church was Jesus
    is Lord
  • 1 Cor 123
  • Rom 86 Rom 109
  • Phil 211
  • When did this confession arise?
  • Post-Resurrection

15
Christology
  • Summary of Lord
  • 1. It is NOT likely that anyone confessed Jesus
    as Lord (meaning divine) during his ministry.
  • 2. After Easter, with force the church proclaimed
    the truth of Jesus Lord.

16
Christology
  • Summary of Christ Titles
  • Son of Man Jesus clearly affirmed himself to be
    Son of Man more divine than human. (see Dan 7)
  • Son of God more of a human designation than
    divine implied by his unique sonship
    relationship with the Father (see Gospel of John)
  • Messiah Jesus did not openly reject this title
    when it is ascribed to him, yet he always seems
    to qualifies it with a corrective (e.g., Son of
    Man).
  • Lord This was confession of Church, post-Easter

17
Pauline Christology
  • Pauline Christology
  • The origin of Pauls Christology thought goes
    back to that event Acts 9.
  • 1. Corporate Christology
  • 2. Re-evaluate Jesus
  • 3. Re-evaluate Jesus as Divine

18
Pauline Christology
  • What did Paul believe about Jesus?
  • 1. Confessions about Christ
  • Jesus is Lord (1 Cor 121-3)
  • 2. Christological Hymns
  • Phil 26-11 Hebrews 11-4
  • Col 115-20 1 Timothy 316
  • 3. Corporate Christology
  • In Christ (Gal 328 Rom 81 Phil 38)
  • The Body of Christ (Rom 124 1 Cor 1212)
  • 4. Christos

19
Christology of Revelation
  • Revelation is full of Jewish thinking about
    Jesus, Jewish imagery.
  • Most of Revelation is portraying Jesus as the
    lion not lamb.
  • Also, most of Jesus earthly ministry is
    submerged beneath his accomplishments of Cross
    and Resurrection.
  • His life is seen from Cross time frame to
    present,
  • No language as servant, prophet, human, savior,
    Rabbi.
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