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Ancient River Valley Civilizations

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The Growth of Civilization Agricultural Revolution: ... Complex Institutions Religion in the Indus Valley Hinduism A second religion of the Indus Valley is Buddhism. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient River Valley Civilizations


1
Ancient River Valley Civilizations
  • 1. Mesopotamia Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
  • 2. Egypt Nile River
  • 3. India Indus and Ganges Rivers
  • 4. China Yellow and Yangtze Rivers

2
  • The Growth of Civilization
  • Agricultural Revolution farming created settled
    communities
  • The five traits of a civilization
  • Cities
  • Writing
  • Specialized workers
  • Complex institutions
  • Technology

3
Mesopotamia / Fertile CrescentLocated
between Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
4
Some contributions of ancient civilizations
  • Sumer first civilization, plow, sailboat,
    wheel, cuneiform, ziggurats, polytheism
  • Babylon Code of Hammurabi
  • Phoenicians the alphabet and improved
    shipbuilding
  • Jews ethical monotheism, Judaism
  • Persians well-built empire based on tolerance

5
Egypt, Gift of the Nile
6
History of pharaohs
  • Around 3200 B.C., King Narmer of Upper Egypt
    conquered Lower Egypt and united the two kingdoms
  • The Egyptian kinds used the title of pharaoh
    and were considered god/kings

7
Some contributions of Egyptian civilization
  • Hieroglyphics
  • Egyptian religion (polytheistic)
  • Pyramids
  • Mummification
  • Medicine

8
Indus Valley
  • Located between Indus and
  • Ganges Rivers

9
Some of the many contributions of Indus Valley
civilizations include. . .
  • Sanskrit
  • Hinduism
  • Buddhism
  • Reincarnation
  • Caste system

10
Complex Institutions Religion in the Indus
ValleyHinduism
  • Hinduism is a mixture of Aryan and ancient Indian
    culture
  • The sacred writings are the Vedas that explain
    the basic philosophy of Hinduism.
  • Beliefs include reincarnation, moksha, and castes.

11
A second religion of the Indus Valley is Buddhism.
  • Founder Siddhartha Gautama
  • Beliefs Four Noble Truths, Eightfold Path,
    Nirvana
  • No complex rituals, as in Hinduism, and it is
    taught in the everyday language.

12
Chinas River Valley
  • Located between the Yellow (Huang-He) and Yangtze
    (Chang Jiang) Rivers

13
Chinese philosophies
  • Confucianism based on family, respect and
    education
  • Daoism based on living simply and harmony with
    nature
  • Legalism based on a strict and powerful
    government

14
Some of Chinas many contributions include. . .
  • Printing
  • The Great Wall of China
  • Dynastic cycle
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